Impact of lipid rafts on transient receptor potential channel activities

Danila Bobkov ◽  
Svetlana Semenova
Cells ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 147
Yu Fu ◽  
Peng Shang ◽  
Bo Zhang ◽  
Xiaolong Tian ◽  
Ruixue Nie ◽  

In animals, muscle growth is a quantitative trait controlled by multiple genes. Previously, we showed that the transient receptor potential channel 1 (TRPC1) gene was differentially expressed in muscle tissues between pig breeds with divergent growth traits base on RNA-seq. Here, we characterized TRPC1 expression profiles in different tissues and pig breeds and showed that TRPC1 was highly expressed in the muscle. We found two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (C-1763T and C-1604T) in TRPC1 that could affect the promoter region activity and regulate pig growth rate. Functionally, we used RNAi and overexpression to illustrate that TRPC1 promotes myoblast proliferation, migration, differentiation, fusion, and muscle hypertrophy while inhibiting muscle degradation. These processes may be mediated by the activation of Wnt signaling pathways. Altogether, our results revealed that TRPC1 might promote muscle growth and development and plays a key role in Wnt-mediated myogenesis.

2002 ◽  
Vol 92 (4) ◽  
pp. 1594-1602 ◽  
Michele Sweeney ◽  
Sharon S. McDaniel ◽  
Oleksandr Platoshyn ◽  
Shen Zhang ◽  
Ying Yu ◽  

Asthma is characterized by airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and airway obstruction by bronchospasm and bronchial wall thickening due to smooth muscle hypertrophy. A rise in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) may serve as a shared signal transduction element that causes bronchial constriction and bronchial wall thickening in asthma. In this study, we examined whether capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) induced by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores was involved in agonist-mediated bronchial constriction and bronchial smooth muscle cell (BSMC) proliferation. In isolated bronchial rings, acetylcholine (ACh) induced a transient contraction in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ because of Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores. Restoration of extracellular Ca2+in the presence of atropine, an M-receptor blocker, induced a further contraction that was apparently caused by a rise in [Ca2+]cyt due to CCE. In single BSMC, amplitudes of the store depletion-activated currents ( I SOC) and CCE were both enhanced when the cells proliferate, whereas chelation of extracellular Ca2+ with EGTA significantly inhibited the cell growth in the presence of serum. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of TRPC1, a transient receptor potential channel gene, was much greater in proliferating BSMC than in growth-arrested cells. Blockade of the store-operated Ca2+channels by Ni2+ decreased I SOC and CCE and markedly attenuated BSMC proliferation. These results suggest that upregulated TRPC1 expression, increased I SOC, enhanced CCE, and elevated [Ca2+]cyt may play important roles in mediating bronchial constriction and BSMC proliferation.

2011 ◽  
Vol 110 (3) ◽  
pp. 789-798 ◽  
Kaori Ono ◽  
Masako Tsukamoto-Yasui ◽  
Yoshiko Hara-Kimura ◽  
Naohiko Inoue ◽  
Yoshihito Nogusa ◽  

The sympathetic thermoregulatory system controls the magnitude of adaptive thermogenesis in correspondence with the environmental temperature or the state of energy intake and plays a key role in determining the resultant energy storage. However, the nature of the trigger initiating this reflex arc remains to be determined. Here, using capsiate, a digestion-vulnerable capsaicin analog, we examined the involvement of specific activation of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels within the gastrointestinal tract in the thermogenic sympathetic system by measuring the efferent activity of the postganglionic sympathetic nerve innervating brown adipose tissue (BAT) in anesthetized rats. Intragastric administration of capsiate resulted in a time- and dose-dependent increase in integrated BAT sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) over 180 min, which was characterized by an emergence of sporadic high-activity phases composed of low-frequency bursts. This increase in BAT SNA was abolished by blockade of TRP channels as well as of sympathetic ganglionic transmission and was inhibited by ablation of the gastrointestinal vagus nerve. The activation of SNA was delimited to BAT and did not occur in the heart or pancreas. These results point to a neural pathway enabling the selective activation of the central network regulating the BAT SNA in response to a specific stimulation of gastrointestinal TRP channels and offer important implications for understanding the dietary-dependent regulation of energy metabolism and control of obesity.

2007 ◽  
Vol 282 (46) ◽  
pp. 33868-33878 ◽  
Marcus Semtner ◽  
Michael Schaefer ◽  
Olaf Pinkenburg ◽  
Tim D. Plant

Mammalian members of the classical transient receptor potential channel subfamily (TRPC) are Ca2+-permeable cation channels involved in receptor-mediated increases in intracellular Ca2+. TRPC4 and TRPC5 form a group within the TRPC subfamily and are activated in a phospholipase C-dependent manner by an unidentified messenger. Unlike most other Ca2+-permeable channels, TRPC4 and -5 are potentiated by micromolar concentrations of La3+ and Gd3+. This effect results from an action of the cations at two glutamate residues accessible from the extracellular solution. Here, we show that TRPC4 and -5 respond to changes in extracellular pH. Lowering the pH increased both G protein-activated and spontaneous TRPC5 currents. Both effects were already observed with small reductions in pH (from 7.4 to 7.0) and increased up to pH 6.5. TRPC4 was also potentiated by decreases in pH, whereas TRPC6 was only inhibited, with a pIC50 of 5.7. Mutation of the glutamate residues responsible for lanthanoid sensitivity of TRPC5 (E543Q and E595Q) modified the potentiation of TRPC5 by acid. Further evidence for a similarity in the actions of lanthanoids and H+ on TRPC5 is the reduction in single channel conductance and dramatic increase in channel open probability in the presence of either H+ or Gd3+ that leads to larger integral currents. In conclusion, the high sensitivity of TRPC5 to H+ indicates that, in addition to regulation by phospholipase C and other factors, the channel may act as a sensor of pH that links decreases in extracellular pH to Ca2+ entry and depolarization.

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