The effect of time and temperature on the extraction of xylose and total phenolic compounds with pressurized hot water from hardwood species used for pulp and paper production in the South of France

2021 ◽  
pp. 100832
Nicolas Beaufils ◽  
Jérémy Boucher ◽  
Jérôme Peydecastaing ◽  
Luc Rigal ◽  
Gérard Vilarem ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 40 (3) ◽  
Aline Priscilla Gomes da Silva ◽  
Poliana Cristina Spricigo ◽  
Thais Pádua de Freitas ◽  
Thiago Machado da Silva Acioly ◽  
Severino Matias de Alencar ◽  

Abstract Pereskia aculeata Miller is a native cactaceae found from the Northeast to the South of Brazil. This plant is recognized by the high nutritional value of their leaves, which are the most used in cooking and folk medicine. However, studies on the chemical characteristics and antioxidant capacity of the ora-pro-nobis fruits are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the best harvest point of the ora-pro-nobis fruits to optimize the content of bioactive compounds and their antioxidant capacity. The fruits were manually harvested, defined by their peel colors in three maturity stages: unripe (green), intermediate (yellowish green), and ripe (yellow) stages. The following attributes were evaluated: soluble solids (SS), titratable acidity (TA), SS/TA ratio, pH, and content of bioactive compounds, such as total chlorophylls, carotenoids, yellow flavonoids, total phenolic compounds, and antioxidant capacity. There was a decrease in the content of chlorophyll followed by an increase in the of total carotenoids and yellow flavonoids, due to the maturity stage. For the total phenolic compounds, it was not observed significant difference between the stages. The antioxidant capacity was quantified by the ORAC method in lyophilized pulp in the unripe (1.95 mmol 100 g-1 trolox) and ripe (3.85 mmol 100 g-1 trolox) stages. The lowest contents were observed in the intermediate (0.80 mmol 100 g-1 trolox in lyophilized pulp) stage. The maturity stage significantly influenced the bioactive compounds of ora-pro-nobis, which presented higher values of total carotenoids, yellow flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity in ripe fruits.

2019 ◽  
Vol 2019 ◽  
pp. 1-7 ◽  
Sara Bouhaddaoui ◽  
Rachida Chabir ◽  
Faouzi Errachidi ◽  
Lahsen El Ghadraoui ◽  
Bouchra El Khalfi ◽  

Due to its balanced composition in basic nutrients, its richness in vitamins and in minerals, camel milk has a special place in the daily diet of southern populations. The present study aimed at examining some physicochemical and biochemical characteristics of camel milk (Camelus dromedarius) in Morocco. To achieve this aim, three batches of samples of camel milk were collected from various regions (Dakhla, Errachida, and Fès-Meknes) undergoing physicochemical and biochemical analyses. Results showed that Moroccan camel milk is characterized by slight hydronium potential (pH=6.5), low Dornic acidity (15°D), low density (1.029 kg/l), and high content of ashes (8.06 g/l). Likewise, samples had a high content of macronutrients (Fats: 34.09 g/l; Proteins: 32.4 g/l; Sugar: 49.8 g/l) and micronutrients (Vitamin C: 27.53 mg/l; Flavonoids: 29.05 mg EQ/l: total phenolic compounds: 35.45mg GAE/l). In this respect, working on multiple specimens from different Moroccan regions highlighted an analytical diversity from the south to the north. Comparative study of samples from numerous territories all over the world has confirmed this diversity. North African milk is characterized by high content of proteins, fats, and sugar. On the other hand, oriental milk is peculiarized by high vitamin C content.

2014 ◽  
Vol 63 (2) ◽  
pp. 115-125 ◽  
Maria Nieves Franco ◽  
Teresa Galeano-D^|^iacute;az ◽  
Jacinto S^|^aacute;nchez ◽  
Concha De Miguel ◽  
Daniel Mart^|^iacute;n-Vertedor

OCL ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. 13
Ihssane Ouassor ◽  
Younes Aqil ◽  
Walid Belmaghraoui ◽  
Souad El Hajjaji

The purpose of this study is to assess and evaluate the physicochemical properties of the seed oils of two Moroccan varieties of watermelon “Citrullus lanatus” extracted by three different techniques, a mechanical process using cold press, and two chemical processes using a Soxhlet apparatus and a sonotrode ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) using n-hexane. The total phenolic compounds (TPC) and antioxidant properties against the DPPH radicals (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) were also studied. The seed oils of both varieties of watermelon exhibited high concentrations of unsaturated fatty acids with the predominance of linoleic and oleic fatty acids. The primary sterol was β-sitosterol, and high levels of total tocopherols were observed. Ɣ-tocopherol was the predominant tocopherol in all tested oils. The Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus variety seeds oil exhibited the highest TPC value (89.5 ± 0.06 mg EGA/100 g; EGA: gallic acid equivalent), with 82.4 ± 0.03% DPPH free radical inhibition efficiency. Nevertheless, all tested seeds oils showed a significant amount of total phenolic compounds and a good inhibition against DPPH radicals ranging from 51.1 ± 0.1% to 84.8 ± 0.04%. In addition, the influence of the ultrasonic extraction parameters was studied using two different solvents (n-hexane and the methanol-chloroform mixture), with different particle sizes (500–300 µm), duration (10 and 20 minutes), cycle (1–0.5), amplitude (80–100%) and solvent/seed ratios (1:5 and 1:10), and the seed roasting parameter was also studied. The oil yield was mainly affected by the extraction solvent, then the solvent/seed ratio and the duration, respectively.

2018 ◽  
Vol 10 (19) ◽  
pp. 2197-2204 ◽  
Bruna da Silva Granja ◽  
José Ricardo Honório de Mendonça Filho ◽  
Woodland de Souza Oliveira ◽  
Josué Carinhanha Caldas Santos

An alternative method using MBTH as a spectrophotometric probe for the determination of total phenolic compounds in samples of wines (red and white), coffees (instant and brewed), teas and infusions.

2014 ◽  
Vol 62 (12) ◽  
pp. 2588-2594 ◽  
Harpal Singh ◽  
Sameer Dixit ◽  
Praveen Chandra Verma ◽  
Pradhyumna Kumar Singh

2015 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 173-186 ◽  
Raquel P. F. Guiné ◽  
Maria João Barroca ◽  
Fernando J. Gonçalves ◽  
Mariana Alves ◽  
Solange Oliveira ◽  

2018 ◽  
Vol 48 (3) ◽  
pp. 386-396 ◽  
Vania Silva Carvalho ◽  
Ana Carolina Conti-Silva

Purpose This paper aims to examine the bioactive compounds and texture properties of cereal bars formulated with banana peel flour during storage. Design/methodology/approach Seven cereal bars were produced and stored during 11 months, under vacuum and protected from the light. The total phenolic compounds, the activity antioxidant by ABTS [2,2′-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)] method, the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate) method expressed as EC50 (concentration required to reduce the original amount of free radicals by 50 per cent) and texture properties were evaluated over the storage period. Findings In general, total phenolic compounds decreased during storage (from 4.19 to 1.11 mg GAE. g-1f.w.). Although the total antioxidant activity (ABTS method) increased during the fifth month, it reduced during storage (from 3.41 to 0.30 µmol TE.g-1f.w.); and the EC50 was not modified in many formulations, though it decreased in other formulations during storage period (from 3913 to 19221 g fruit.g-1 DPPH). The force of rupture began to increase in the fourth month (reaching 62.4 N), and hardness began to increase in the ninth month (reaching 444 N). The formulation and time factors influenced the total phenolic compounds, total antioxidant activity (ABTS method), force of rupture and hardness, while EC50 was only influenced by the formulation (p-value = 0.001). A principal component analysis showed that time had little effect on the most important characteristics considered in description of the cereal bars. Originality/value Cereal bars can be consumed up to the third month of storage, considering the texture of the products. Moreover, the presence of bioactive compounds in cereal bars depends on the addition of banana peel flour, which it contributes to the insertion of total phenolic compounds and total antioxidant activity in cereal bars, aggregating functional properties in these products.

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