Autologous fat transfer rescues expanded skin from expansion failure: A retrospective cohort study in Asians

Chen Cheng ◽  
Bin Fang ◽  
Yun Xie ◽  
Pei-Juan Zhao ◽  
Ru-Lin Huang ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 37 (09) ◽  
pp. 962-969
Taylor Sawyer ◽  
Zeenia Billimoria ◽  
Sarah Handley ◽  
Kendra Smith ◽  
Larissa Yalon ◽  

Objective This study aimed to examine the use of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) as adjunctive therapy in neonatal septic shock. Study Design This retrospective cohort study was performed on a convenience sample of neonates in a quaternary children's hospital between January 2018 and February 2019. Results We identified three neonates with septic shock who received TPE. Two neonates had adenovirus sepsis, and one had group B streptococcal sepsis. All neonates were on extracorporeal life support (ECLS) when TPE was started. The median duration of TPE was 6 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 3–15), with a median of four cycles (IQR: 3–5). Lactate levels decreased significantly after TPE (median before TPE: 5.4 mmol/L [IQR: 2.4–6.1] vs. median after TPE: 1.2 mmol/L [IQR: 1.0–5.8]; p < 0.001). Platelet levels did not change (median before TPE: 73,000/mm3 [IQR: 49,000–100,000] vs. median after TPE: 80,000/mm3 (IQR: 62,000–108,000); p = 0.2). Organ failure indices improved after TPE in two of the three neonates. Hypocalcemia was seen in all cases despite prophylactic calcium infusions. One neonate died, and two survived to ICU discharge. Conclusion TPE can be safely performed in neonates with septic shock. TPE may have a role as an adjunctive therapy in neonates with septic shock requiring ECLS.

2017 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 204-207 ◽  
Jan Pieter de Gijt ◽  
Atilla Gül ◽  
Eppo B. Wolvius ◽  
Karel G.H. van der Wal ◽  
Maarten J. Koudstaal

Mandibular midline distraction (MMD) is a relatively new surgical technique for correction of transverse discrepancies of the mandible. This study assesses the amount and burden of complications in MMD. A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients who underwent MMD between 2002 and 2014. Patients with congenital deformities or a history of radiation therapy in the area of interest were excluded. Patient records were obtained and individually assessed for any complications. Complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification system (CDS). Seventy-three patients were included of which 33 were males and 40 were females. The mean follow-up was 2.1 years. Twenty-nine patients had minor complications, grades I and II. Two patients had a grade IIIa and three patients had a grade IIIb complication. Common complications were pressure ulcers, dehiscence, and (transient) sensory disturbances of the mental nerve. This study shows that although MMD is a relatively safe method, complications can occur. Mostly the complications are mild, transient, and manageable without the need for any reoperation.

2016 ◽  
Vol 68 (4) ◽  
pp. 564-570 ◽  
Ian J. Stewart ◽  
Jonathan A. Sosnov ◽  
Jeffrey T. Howard ◽  
Kevin K. Chung

2019 ◽  
Vol 07 (09) ◽  
pp. E1051-E1060 ◽  
Nauzer Forbes ◽  
Robert J. Hilsden ◽  
Gilaad G. Kaplan ◽  
Matthew T. James ◽  
Cord Lethebe ◽  

Abstract Background and study aims Prophylactic endoscopic clips are commonly placed during polypectomy to reduce risk of delayed bleeding, although evidence to support this practice is unclear. Our study aimed to: (1) identify variables associated with prophylactic clip use; (2) explore variability between endoscopists’ clipping practices and (3) study temporal trends in prophylactic clip use. Patients and methods This was a retrospective cohort study in a high-volume unit dedicated to screening-related colonoscopies. Colonoscopies involving polypectomy from 2008 to 2014 were reviewed. The primary outcome was prophylactic clipping status, both at the patient level and per polyp. Hierarchical regression models yielded adjusted odds ratios (AORs) to determine predictors of prophylactic clipping. Results A total of 8,366 colonoscopies involving 19,129 polypectomies were included. Polyp size ≥ 20 mm was associated with higher clip usage (AOR 2.94; 95 % CI: 2.43, 3.54) compared to polyps < 10 mm. Right-sided polyps were more likely to be clipped (AOR 2.78; 95 % CI: 2.34, 3.30) relative to the rectum. Surgeons clipped less than gastroenterologists (OR 0.52; 95 % CI: 0.44, 0.63). From 2008 to 2014, the crude proportion of prophylactically clipped cases increased by 7.4 % (95 % CI: 7.1, 7.6) from 1.9 % to 9.3 %. Significant inter-endoscopist variability in clipping practices was observed, notably, for polyps < 10 mm. Conclusions Prophylactic clip usage was correlated with established risk factors for delayed bleeding. Significantly increased clip usage over time was shown. Given that evidence does not clearly support prophylactic clipping, there is a need to educate practitioners and limit healthcare resource utilization.

JGH Open ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 4 (6) ◽  
pp. 1211-1216
Zhengyi Wang ◽  
Yi Huang ◽  
Hans Nossent ◽  
Jonathan J Chan ◽  
Leon A Adams ◽  

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