Si diffusion induced adhesion and corrosion resistance in annealed RF sputtered SiC films on graphite substrate

Nisar Ahmed ◽  
Zuhair S. Khan ◽  
Abaid Ashraf ◽  
Hina Pervaiz ◽  
Mohsin Ali Marwat ◽  
1997 ◽  
Vol 495 ◽  
Maria Hepel

ABSTRACTThe electrodeposition of nickel/silicon carbide (Ni/SiC) composite films formed from modified Watt's bath solutions under potentiostatic conditions on steel substrates was investigated. The effects of deposition potential, pH, variable concentration of SiC in suspension, and additives, such as coumarin and EDTA, on the nickel nucleation and growth transients, as well as on the composition and morphology of Ni/SiC films are described. Improved Vickers microhardness and corrosion resistance of these composite films were found in comparison to those of particle-free deposits.

2013 ◽  
Vol 750 ◽  
pp. 298-301
Yuan Yuan Guo ◽  
Hong Yang Zhao ◽  
Dong Ying Ju ◽  
Alan Hase ◽  
Rong Hua Wei

DLC/SiC films (SiC as a transition layer) were prepared on the surface of magnesium alloy (AZ31) using a plasma immersion ion deposition (PIID) process. A dense and smooth DLC film can be observed by SEM. The surface hardness can be improved to 11.45GPa by deposition of the DLC film. Electrochemical tests show that the corrosion potential of AZ31 with DLC film is increased from -1.7V to -0.6V, which indicates that the DLC film improves the corrosion resistance of Mg alloy.

George H. N. Riddle ◽  
Benjamin M. Siegel

A routine procedure for growing very thin graphite substrate films has been developed. The films are grown pyrolytically in an ultra-high vacuum chamber by exposing (111) epitaxial nickel films to carbon monoxide gas. The nickel serves as a catalyst for the disproportionation of CO through the reaction 2C0 → C + CO2. The nickel catalyst is prepared by evaporation onto artificial mica at 400°C and annealing for 1/2 hour at 600°C in vacuum. Exposure of the annealed nickel to 1 torr CO for 3 hours at 500°C results in the growth of very thin continuous graphite films. The graphite is stripped from its nickel substrate in acid and mounted on holey formvar support films for use as specimen substrates.The graphite films, self-supporting over formvar holes up to five microns in diameter, have been studied by bright and dark field electron microscopy, by electron diffraction, and have been shadowed to reveal their topography and thickness. The films consist of individual crystallites typically a micron across with their basal planes parallel to the surface but oriented in different, apparently random directions about the normal to the basal plane.

Anna C. Fraker

Small amounts of nickel are added to titanium to improve the crevice corrosion resistance but this results in an alloy which has sheet fabrication difficulties and is subject to the formation of large Ti2Ni precipitates. These large precipitates can serve as local corrosion sites; but in a smaller more widely dispersed form, they can have a beneficial effect on crevice corrosion resistance. The purpose of the present work is to show that the addition of a small amount of Mo to the Ti-1.5Ni alloy reduces the Ti2Ni precipitate size and produces a more elongated grained microstructure. It has recently been reported that small additions of Mo to Ti-0.8 to lw/o Ni alloys produce good crevice corrosion resistance and improved fabrication properties.

C. H. Carter ◽  
J. E. Lane ◽  
J. Bentley ◽  
R. F. Davis

Silicon carbide (SiC) is the generic name for a material which is produced and fabricated by a number of processing routes. One of the three SiC materials investigated at NCSU is Norton Company's NC-430, which is produced by reaction-bonding of Si vapor with a porous SiC host which also contains free C. The Si combines with the free C to form additional SiC and a second phase of free Si. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of CH3SiCI3 onto a graphite substrate was employed to produce the second SiC investigated. This process yielded a theoretically dense polycrystalline material with highly oriented grains. The third SiC was a pressureless sintered material (SOHIO Hexoloy) which contains B and excess C as sintering additives. These materials are candidates for applications such as components for gas turbine, adiabatic diesel and sterling engines, recouperators and heat exchangers.

J. Alias

Much research on magnesium (Mg) emphasises creating good corrosion resistance of magnesium, due to its high reactivity in most environments. In this study, powder metallurgy (PM) technique is used to produce Mg samples with a variation of aluminium (Al) composition. The effect of aluminium composition on the microstructure development, including the phase analysis was characterised by optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical property of Mg sample was performed through Vickers microhardness. The results showed that the addition of aluminium in the synthesised Mg sample formed distribution of Al-rich phases of Mg17Al12, with 50 wt.% of aluminium content in the Mg sample exhibited larger fraction and distribution of Al-rich phases as compared to the 20 wt.% and 10 wt.% of aluminium content. The microhardness values were also increased at 20 wt.% and 50 wt.% of aluminium content, comparable to the standard microhardness value of the annealed Mg. A similar trend in corrosion resistance of the Mg immersed in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution was observed. The corrosion behaviour was evaluated based on potentiodynamic polarisation behaviour. The corrosion current density, icorr, is observed to decrease with the increase of Al composition in the Mg sample, corresponding to the increase in corrosion resistance due to the formation of aluminium oxide layer on the Al-rich surface that acted as the corrosion barrier. Overall, the inclusion of aluminium in this study demonstrates the promising development of high corrosion resistant Mg alloys.

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