Body mass index in subjects of mapuche ethnicity living in rural and urban environments: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. S625
J.C. Fernández-Cao ◽  
C. Doepking
2017 ◽  
Vol 152 (5) ◽  
pp. S829-S830
Martin C. Wong ◽  
C.H. Chan ◽  
Yanhong Wang ◽  
Jason L. Huang ◽  
Wilson L. Cheung ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Tomoya Ohno ◽  
Dagfinn Aune ◽  
Alicia K. Heath

Abstract Several studies have investigated associations between overweight/obesity and risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, however, the evidence is not entirely consistent, and previous meta-analyses mainly included case–control studies, which can be affected by various biases. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies on adiposity and risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase databases. Random effects models were used to estimate summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for rheumatoid arthritis in relation to different measures of adiposity. Thirteen cohort studies (10 publications) were included. The summary RR per 5 kg/m2 increase in body mass index (BMI) was 1.11 (95% CI 1.05–1.18, I2 = 50%), but the association was restricted to women (1.15, 95% CI 1.08–1.21, I2 = 17%) and not observed in men (0.89, 95% CI 0.73–1.09, I2 = 58%). The summary RR per 5 kg/m2 increment in BMI at age 18 years was 1.17 (95% CI 1.01–1.36, I2 = 26%, n = 3), and per 10 cm increase in waist circumference was 1.13 (95% CI 1.02–1.25, I2 = 44%, n = 2). Higher BMI in middle age, BMI at age 18 years, and waist circumference were associated with increased rheumatoid arthritis risk, suggesting adiposity could be targeted for primary prevention.

2018 ◽  
Vol 48 (15) ◽  
pp. 2477-2491 ◽  
Jess Kerr-Gaffney ◽  
Amy Harrison ◽  
Kate Tchanturia

AbstractSocial anxiety disorder is one of the most common comorbid conditions in eating disorders (EDs). The aim of the current review and meta-analysis is to provide a qualitative summary of what is known about social anxiety (SA) in EDs, as well as to compare levels of SA in those with EDs and healthy controls. Electronic databases were systematically searched for studies using self-report measures of SA in ED populations. In total, 38 studies were identified, 12 of which were included in the meta-analyses. For both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa, there were significant differences between ED groups and HCs, with medium to large effect sizes. Findings from the qualitative review indicate that levels of SA are similar across the ED diagnoses, and SA improves with treatment in AN. In addition, high levels of SA are associated with more severe ED psychopathology, but not body mass index. These findings add to the wider literature on socio-emotional functioning in EDs, and may have implications for treatment strategies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 205 (2) ◽  
pp. 346-355
Lawrence H. Kim ◽  
Paul Doan ◽  
Yilu He ◽  
Howard M. Lau ◽  
Henry Pleass ◽  

2019 ◽  
Vol 133 (1) ◽  
pp. 51S-51S
Rohan D. D'Souza ◽  
Ivan Horyn ◽  
Claude-Emilie Jacob ◽  
Nusrat Zaffar ◽  
Cynthia Maxwell

2012 ◽  
Vol 94 (10S) ◽  
pp. 311
J. Lafranca ◽  
S. M. Hagen ◽  
L. F.C. Dols ◽  
L. R. Arends ◽  
W. Weimar ◽  

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