Risk for stroke and myocardial infarction with abiraterone versus enzalutamide in metastatic prostate cancer patients

ESMO Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (5) ◽  
pp. 100261
A.A. Kulkarni ◽  
N. Rubin ◽  
A. Tholkes ◽  
S. Shah ◽  
C.J. Ryan ◽  
2016 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. S53-S54
Yao-Lin Kao ◽  
Yuh-Shyan Tsai ◽  
Zong-Ying Lin ◽  
Chien-Hui Ou ◽  
Wen-Horng Yang ◽  

2012 ◽  
Vol 2012 ◽  
pp. 1-5 ◽  
Masayoshi Zaitsu ◽  
Mariko Yamanoi ◽  
Koji Mikami ◽  
Yuta Takeshima ◽  
Naohiko Okamoto ◽  

Background. Most patients with metastatic prostate cancer are endocrinologically treated with LHRH agonist, but finally castration-refractory and hormone-refractory cancers occur. Serum testosterone levels get low to “the castration level” by LHRH agonists but may not get low enough against castration-refractory prostate cancer.Methods. As case series, twelve patients suffering from hormone-refractory prostate cancer continuously on LHRH agonist underwent surgical castration. Additionally, one hundred and thirty-nine prostate cancer patients on LHRH agonist or surgical castration were tested for serum total testosterone levels.Results. Surgical castration caused decrease in serum PSA in one out of 12 hormone-refractory prostate cancer patients with PSA reduction rate 74%. Serum total testosterone levels were below the sensitivity threshold (0.05 ng/mL) in 40 of 89 (44.9%) medically castrated patients and 33 of 50 (66.0%) surgically castrated patients (P=.20).Conclusion. Even hormone-refractory prostate cancer patients are candidates for surgical castration because of endocrinological, oncological, and economical reasons.

2006 ◽  
Vol 24 (13) ◽  
pp. 1982-1989 ◽  
Norihiko Tsuchiya ◽  
Lizhong Wang ◽  
Hiroyoshi Suzuki ◽  
Takehiko Segawa ◽  
Hisami Fukuda ◽  

Purpose The prognosis of metastatic prostate cancer significantly differs among individuals. While various clinical and biochemical prognostic factors for survival have been suggested, the progression and response to treatment of those patients may also be defined by host genetic factors. In this study, we evaluated genetic polymorphisms as prognostic predictors of metastatic prostate cancer. Patients and Methods One hundred eleven prostate cancer patients with bone metastasis at the diagnosis were enrolled in this study. Thirteen genetic polymorphisms were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism or an automated sequencer with a genotyping software. Results Among the polymorphisms, the long allele (over 18 [CA] repeats) of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the long allele (over seven [TTTA] repeats) of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 19 were significantly associated with a worse cancer-specific survival (P = .016 and .025 by logrank test, respectively). The presence of the long allele of either the IGF-I or CYP19 polymorphisms was an independent risk factor for death (P = .019 or .026, respectively). Furthermore, the presence of the long allele of both the IGF-I and CYP19 polymorphisms was a stronger predictor for survival (P = .001). Conclusion The prognosis of metastatic prostate cancer patients is suggested to be influenced by intrinsic genetic factors. The IGF-I (CA) repeat and CYP19 (TTTA) repeat polymorphisms may be novel predictors in prostate cancer patients with bone metastasis at the diagnosis.

2014 ◽  
Vol 9 (5) ◽  
pp. 430-434 ◽  
Leonardo O. Reis ◽  
Fernandes Denardi ◽  
Eliney F. Faria ◽  
Elcio Dias Silva

To assess total testosterone and prostatic-specific antigen (PSA) kinetics among diverse chemical castrations, advanced-stage prostate cancer patients were randomized into three groups of 20: Group 1, Leuprolide 3.75 mg; Group 2, Leuprolide 7.5 mg; and Group 3, Goserelin 3.6 mg. All groups were treated with monthly application of the respective drugs. The patients’ levels of serum total testosterone and PSA were evaluated at two time periods: before the treatment and 3 months after the treatment. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was utilized to verify the hypothesis of linear correlation between total testosterone and PSA levels. At the beginning the patients’ age, stage, grade, PSA, and total testosterone were similar within the three groups, with median age 72, 70, and 70 years in Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Three months after the treatment, patients who received Leuprolide 7.5 mg presented significantly lower median total testosterone levels compared with Goserelin 3.6 mg and Leuprolide 3.75 mg (9.5 ng/dL vs. 20.0 ng/dL vs. 30.0 ng/dL, respectively; p = .0072), while those who received Goserelin 3.6 mg presented significantly lower PSA levels compared with Leuprolide 7.5 mg and Leuprolide 3.75 mg (0.67 vs. 1.86 vs. 2.57, respectively; p = .0067). There was no linear correlation between total testosterone and PSA levels. Overall, regarding castration levels of total testosterone, 28.77% of patients did not obtain levels ≤50 ng/dL and 47.80% did not obtain levels ≤20 ng/dL. There was no correlation between total testosterone and PSA kinetics and no equivalence among different pharmacological castrations.

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