Left Ventricular Activation Time and Pattern Are Preserved With Both Selective and Non-Selective His Bundle Pacing

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ahran D. Arnold ◽  
Matthew J. Shun-Shin ◽  
Nadine Ali ◽  
Daniel Keene ◽  
James P. Howard ◽  
...  
Circulation ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 142 (Suppl_3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Shakeel Jamal ◽  
Beth Bailey ◽  
Rehan Mahmud

Introduction: The relationship between conduction time of a sinus impulse and a paced impulse from His bundle to peak of left ventricular activation (HVAT) has not been systematically studied. Hypothesis: To perform a comparative analysis of HVAT of sinus and paced impulse in non-selective (NS) His bundle pacing (HBP) and selective (S)-HBP. Furthermore, to determine if pacing voltage and presence of His Purkinje system (HPS) disease affects HVAT. Methods: In 102 consecutive patients a comparative analysis of native HVAT and paced HVAT at higher (5-volt) and lower voltage (1-volt) was done in all patients and in groups subdivided into NS-HBP, S-HBP, with and without HPS disease. Results: Compared to sinus HVAT (105.9 ± 24.0 ms), paced HVAT was shorter at 5-volt (97.2 ± 17.9 ms) ( p<0.01 ) and longer at 1-volt ( p<0.01 ). This voltage effect was significant only in NS-HBP (-15.8 ± 15.7 ms, p<0.01 ) but not in selective-HBP (-6.2± 13.6 ms p=0.16 ). In NS-HBP, decrease in HVAT caused by 5-volt was the same in normal vs diseased HPS (-14.5 ± 12.8 vs-13.2 ±16.3 ms). Conclusions: 1) Compared to sinus HVAT, NS-HBP HVAT is significantly shorter at 5-volt, however, tends to prolong at 1-volt.2) The 1-volt to 5-volt HVAT decrease appears to be similar both normal and diseased NS-HBP thus not related to correction of HPS delay. 3) The voltage related decrease in HVAT is significant in presence of pre-excitation wave seen in NS-HBP and is not significant in S-HBP.


Heart Rhythm ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (8) ◽  
pp. S27
Author(s):  
Ahran Arnold ◽  
Matthew J. Shun-Shin ◽  
Daniel Keene ◽  
James P. Howard ◽  
Ji-Jian Chow ◽  
...  

2011 ◽  
Vol 02 (02) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tahmeed Contractor ◽  
Gopi Krishna Panicker ◽  
Behzad Pavri ◽  
Yash Lokhandwala

EP Europace ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_3) ◽  
Author(s):  
A Arnold ◽  
MJ Shun-Shin ◽  
D Keene ◽  
JP Howard ◽  
J Chow ◽  
...  

Abstract Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Public Institution(s). Main funding source(s): British Heart Foundation Background: His bundle pacing can be achieved in two ways selective His bundle pacing, where the His bundle is captured alone, and non-selective His bundle pacing, where local myocardium is also captured resulting a pre-excited ECG appearance. We assessed the impact of this ventricular pre-excitation on left and right ventricular dys-synchrony. Methods We recruited patients who displayed both selective and non-selective His bundle pacing. We performed non-invasive epicardial electrical mapping to determine left and right ventricular activation times and patterns. Results In the primary analysis (n = 20, all patients), non-selective His bundle pacing did not prolong LVAT compared to select His bundle pacing by a pre-specified non-inferiority margin of 10ms (LVAT prolongation: -5.5ms, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.6 to -10.4, non-inferiority p &lt; 0.0001). Non-selective His bundle pacing did not prolong right ventricular activation time (4.3ms, 95%CI: -4.0 to 12.8, p = 0.296) but did prolong QRS duration (22.1ms, 95%CI: 11.8 to 32.4, p = 0.0003). In patients with narrow intrinsic QRS (n = 6), non-selective His bundle pacing preserved left ventricular activation time (-2.9ms, 95%CI: -9.7 to 4.0, p = 0.331) but prolonged QRS duration (31.4ms, 95%CI: 22.0 to 40.7, p = 0.0003) and mean right ventricular activation time (16.8ms, 95%CI: -5.3 to 38.9, p = 0.108) compared to selective His bundle pacing. Activation pattern of the left ventricular surface was unchanged between selective and non-selective His bundle pacing. Non-selective His bundle pacing produced early basal right ventricular activation, which was not observed with selective His bundle pacing. Conclusions Compared to selective His bundle pacing, local myocardial capture during non-selective His bundle pacing produces right ventricular pre-excitation resulting in prolongation of QRS duration. However, non-selective His bundle pacing preserves the left ventricular activation time and pattern of selective His bundle pacing. When choosing between selective and non-selective His bundle pacing, left ventricular dyssynchrony is not an important factor. Abstract Figure: Selective vs Non-Selective HBP


Circulation ◽  
1959 ◽  
Vol 19 (6) ◽  
pp. 868-872
Author(s):  
TAKASHI WADA

Author(s):  
Zhiyong Qian ◽  
Yao Wang ◽  
Xiaofeng Hou ◽  
Yuanhao Qiu ◽  
Zeyu Jiang ◽  
...  

2020 ◽  
Vol 29 ◽  
pp. S132
Author(s):  
N. Dayawansa ◽  
U. Mohamed

Heart Rhythm ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 14 (9) ◽  
pp. 1353-1361 ◽  
Author(s):  
Olujimi A. Ajijola ◽  
Gaurav A. Upadhyay ◽  
Carlos Macias ◽  
Kalyanam Shivkumar ◽  
Roderick Tung

1983 ◽  
Vol 51 (9) ◽  
pp. 1571
Author(s):  
Ilya A Ovsyshcher ◽  
Kenneth L Wanderman ◽  
Moshe Gueron

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 822
Author(s):  
Luuk I.B. Heckman ◽  
Justin G.L.M. Luermans ◽  
Karol Curila ◽  
Antonius M.W. Van Stipdonk ◽  
Sjoerd Westra ◽  
...  

Background: Left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP) has recently been introduced as a novel physiological pacing strategy. Within LBBAP, distinction is made between left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) and left ventricular septal pacing (LVSP, no left bundle capture). Objective: To investigate acute electrophysiological effects of LBBP and LVSP as compared to intrinsic ventricular conduction. Methods: Fifty patients with normal cardiac function and pacemaker indication for bradycardia underwent LBBAP. Electrocardiography (ECG) characteristics were evaluated during pacing at various depths within the septum: starting at the right ventricular (RV) side of the septum: the last position with QS morphology, the first position with r’ morphology, LVSP and—in patients where left bundle branch (LBB) capture was achieved—LBBP. From the ECG’s QRS duration and QRS morphology in lead V1, the stimulus- left ventricular activation time left ventricular activation time (LVAT) interval were measured. After conversion of the ECG into vectorcardiogram (VCG) (Kors conversion matrix), QRS area and QRS vector in transverse plane (Azimuth) were determined. Results: QRS area significantly decreased from 82 ± 29 µVs during RV septal pacing (RVSP) to 46 ± 12 µVs during LVSP. In the subgroup where LBB capture was achieved (n = 31), QRS area significantly decreased from 46 ± 17 µVs during LVSP to 38 ± 15 µVs during LBBP, while LVAT was not significantly different between LVSP and LBBP. In patients with normal ventricular activation and narrow QRS, QRS area during LBBP was not significantly different from that during intrinsic activation (37 ± 16 vs. 35 ± 19 µVs, respectively). The Azimuth significantly changed from RVSP (−46 ± 33°) to LVSP (19 ± 16°) and LBBP (−22 ± 14°). The Azimuth during both LVSP and LBBP were not significantly different from normal ventricular activation. QRS area and LVAT correlated moderately (Spearman’s R = 0.58). Conclusions: ECG and VCG indices demonstrate that both LVSP and LBBP improve ventricular dyssynchrony considerably as compared to RVSP, to values close to normal ventricular activation. LBBP seems to result in a small, but significant, improvement in ventricular synchrony as compared to LVSP.


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