Lignocellulose degradation, biogas production and characteristics of the microbial community in solid-state anaerobic digestion of wheat straw waste

2022 ◽  
Vol 32 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Xiangdan Jin ◽  
Weidang Ai ◽  
Wenyi Dong
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Mads Borgbjerg Jensen ◽  
Nadieh de Jonge ◽  
Maja Duus Dolriis ◽  
Caroline Kragelund ◽  
Christian Holst Fischer ◽  

The enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic polymers is generally considered the rate-limiting step to methane production in anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic biomass. The present study aimed to investigate how the hydrolytic microbial communities of three different types of anaerobic digesters adapted to lignocellulose-rich wheat straw in continuous stirred tank reactors operated for 134 days. Cellulase and xylanase activities were monitored weekly using fluorescently-labeled model substrates and the enzymatic profiles were correlated with changes in microbial community compositions based on 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to identify key species involved in lignocellulose degradation. The enzymatic activity profiles and microbial community changes revealed reactor-specific adaption of phylogenetically different hydrolytic communities. The enzymatic activities correlated significantly with changes in specific taxonomic groups, including representatives of Ruminiclostridium, Caldicoprobacter, Ruminofilibacter, Ruminococcaceae, Treponema, and Clostridia order MBA03, all of which have been linked to cellulolytic and xylanolytic activity in the literature. By identifying microorganisms with similar development as the cellulase and xylanase activities, the proposed correlation method constitutes a promising approach for deciphering essential cellulolytic and xylanolytic microbial groups for anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic biomass.

2021 ◽  
Júlia Ronzella Ottoni ◽  
Suzan Prado Fernandes Bernal ◽  
Tiago Joelzer Marteres ◽  
Franciele Natividade Luiz ◽  
Viviane Piccin dos Santos ◽  

Abstract The search for sustainable development has led countries around the world to seek the improvement of technologies that use renewable energy sources. One of the alternatives in the production of renewable energy comes from the use of waste including urban solids, animal excrement from livestock and biomass residues from agro-industrial plants. These materials may be used in the production of biogas, making its production highly sustainable and environmentally friendly, in addition to reducing public expenses for the treatment of those wastes. The present study evaluated the cultivated and uncultivated microbial community from a substrate (starter) used as an adapter for biogas production in anaerobic digestion processes. 16S rDNA metabarcoding revealed domain of bacteria belonging to the phyla Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, Chloroflexi and Synergistota. The methanogenic group was represented by the phyla Halobacterota and Euryarchaeota. Through 16S rRNA sequencing analysis of isolates recovered from the starter culture, the genera Rhodococcus, Vagococcus, Lysinibacillus, Niallia, Priestia, Robertmurraya, Luteimonas and Proteiniclasticum were recovered, groups that were not observed in the metabarcoding data. The groups mentioned are involved in the metabolism pathways of sugars and other compounds derived from lignocellulosic material, as well as in anaerobic methane production processes. The results demonstrate that culture-dependent approaches, such as isolation and sequencing of isolates, as well as culture-independent studies, such as the Metabarcoding approach, are complementary methodologies that, when integrated, provide robust and comprehensive information about the microbial communities involved in various processes, including the production of biogas in anaerobic digestion processes.

2019 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 122066 ◽  
Yang Liu ◽  
Junnan Fang ◽  
Xinyu Tong ◽  
ChenChen Huan ◽  
Gaosheng Ji ◽  

2018 ◽  
Vol 24 (12) ◽  
pp. 9875-9876
Winardi Dwi Nugraha ◽  
Syafrudin ◽  
Windy Surya Permana ◽  
Hashfi Hawali Abdul Matin ◽  

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