Study of a hadron monitor for long baseline neutrino facility

Jilei Sun ◽  
Anxin Wang ◽  
Tao Yang ◽  
Yi Wan ◽  
Bingqiang Xiang ◽  
2018 ◽  
pp. 51-54
I. E. Arsaev ◽  
Yu. V. Vekshin ◽  
A. I. Lapshin ◽  
V. V. Mardyshkin ◽  
M. V. Sargsyan ◽  

2013 ◽  
Vol 34 (7) ◽  
pp. 1589-1595
Jing Wang ◽  
Mao-sheng Xiang ◽  
Li-deng Wei ◽  
Hai-liang Wang ◽  
Xi-rui Sun ◽  

2017 ◽  
Vol 13 (S336) ◽  
pp. 201-206 ◽  
Luca Moscadelli ◽  
Alberto Sanna ◽  
Ciriaco Goddi

AbstractImaging the inner few 1000 AU around massive forming stars, at typical distances of several kpc, requires angular resolutions of better than 0″.1. Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations of interstellar molecular masers probe scales as small as a few AU, whereas (new-generation) centimeter and millimeter interferometers allow us to map scales of the order of a few 100 AU. Combining these informations all together, it presently provides the most powerful technique to trace the complex gas motions in the proto-stellar environment. In this work, we review a few compelling examples of this technique and summarize our findings.

2021 ◽  
Vol 503 (4) ◽  
pp. 5984-5996
Mark D Smith ◽  
Martin Bureau ◽  
Timothy A Davis ◽  
Michele Cappellari ◽  
Lijie Liu ◽  

ABSTRACT Supermassive black hole (SMBH) masses can be measured by resolving the dynamical influences of the SMBHs on tracers of the central potentials. Modern long-baseline interferometers have enabled the use of molecular gas as such a tracer. We present here Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations of the elliptical galaxy NGC 7052 at 0${^{\prime\prime}_{.}}$11 ($37\,$pc) resolution in the 12CO(2-1) line and $1.3\,$ mm continuum emission. This resolution is sufficient to resolve the region in which the potential is dominated by the SMBH. We forward model these observations, using a multi-Gaussian expansion of a Hubble Space Telescope F814W image and a spatially constant mass-to-light ratio to model the stellar mass distribution. We infer an SMBH mass of $2.5\pm 0.3\times 10^{9}\, \mathrm{M_\odot }$ and a stellar I-band mass-to-light ratio of $4.6\pm 0.2\, \mathrm{M_\odot /L_{\odot ,I}}$ (3σ confidence intervals). This SMBH mass is significantly larger than that derived using ionized gas kinematics, which however appears significantly more kinematically disturbed than the molecular gas. We also show that a central molecular gas deficit is likely to be the result of tidal disruption of molecular gas clouds due to the strong gradient in the central gravitational potential.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (8) ◽  
pp. 2662
José A. López-Pérez ◽  
Félix Tercero-Martínez ◽  
José M. Serna-Puente ◽  
Beatriz Vaquero-Jiménez ◽  
María Patino-Esteban ◽  

This paper shows a simultaneous tri-band (S: 2.2–2.7 GHz, X: 7.5–9 GHz and Ka: 28–33 GHz) low-noise cryogenic receiver for geodetic Very Long Baseline Interferometry (geo-VLBI) which has been developed at Yebes Observatory laboratories in Spain. A special feature is that the whole receiver front-end is fully coolable down to cryogenic temperatures to minimize receiver noise. It was installed in the first radio telescope of the Red Atlántica de Estaciones Geodinámicas y Espaciales (RAEGE) project, which is located in Yebes Observatory, in the frame of the VLBI Global Observing System (VGOS). After this, the receiver was borrowed by the Norwegian Mapping Autorithy (NMA) for the commissioning of two VGOS radiotelescopes in Svalbard (Norway). A second identical receiver was built for the Ishioka VGOS station of the Geospatial Information Authority (GSI) of Japan, and a third one for the second RAEGE VGOS station, located in Santa María (Açores Archipelago, Portugal). The average receiver noise temperatures are 21, 23, and 25 Kelvin and the measured antenna efficiencies are 70%, 75%, and 60% in S-band, X-band, and Ka-band, respectively.

2019 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
Yaakov Y. Fein ◽  
Philipp Geyer ◽  
Filip Kiałka ◽  
Stefan Gerlich ◽  
Markus Arndt

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