Experimental and numerical exploration of defocusing in Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) as an effective processing parameter

2022 ◽  
Vol 149 ◽  
pp. 107846
Binqi Liu ◽  
Gang Fang ◽  
Liping Lei ◽  
Wei Liu
Materials ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 538 ◽  
Fabrizia Caiazzo ◽  
Vittorio Alfieri ◽  
Giuseppe Casalino

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) can fabricate products with tailored mechanical and surface properties. In fact, surface texture, roughness, pore size, the resulting fractional density, and microhardness highly depend on the processing conditions, which are very difficult to deal with. Therefore, this paper aims at investigating the relevance of the volumetric energy density (VED) that is a concise index of some governing factors with a potential operational use. This paper proves the fact that the observed experimental variation in the surface roughness, number and size of pores, the fractional density, and Vickers hardness can be explained in terms of VED that can help the investigator in dealing with several process parameters at once.

2020 ◽  
Vol 106 (7-8) ◽  
pp. 3367-3379 ◽  
Shahriar Imani Shahabad ◽  
Zhidong Zhang ◽  
Ali Keshavarzkermani ◽  
Usman Ali ◽  
Yahya Mahmoodkhani ◽  

Katrin Jahns ◽  
Anke S. Ulrich ◽  
Clara Schlereth ◽  
Lukas Reiff ◽  
Ulrich Krupp ◽  

AbstractDue to the inhibiting behavior of Cu, NiCu alloys represent an interesting candidate in carburizing atmospheres. However, manufacturing by conventional casting is limited. It is important to know whether the corrosion behavior of conventionally and additively manufactured parts differ. Samples of binary NiCu alloys and Monel Alloy 400 were generated by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) and exposed to a carburizing atmosphere (20 vol% CO–20% H2–1% H2O–8% CO2–51% Ar) at 620 °C and 18 bar for 960 h. Powders and printed samples were investigated using several analytic techniques such as EPMA, SEM, and roughness measurement. Grinding of the material after building (P1200 grit surface finish) generally reduced the metal dusting attack. Comparing the different compositions, a much lower attack was found in the case of the binary model alloys, whereas the technical Monel Alloy 400 showed a four orders of magnitude higher mass loss during exposure despite its Cu content of more than 30 wt%.

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (7) ◽  
pp. 796
Aya Takase ◽  
Takuya Ishimoto ◽  
Naotaka Morita ◽  
Naoko Ikeo ◽  
Takayoshi Nakano

Ti-6Al-4V alloy fabricated by laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) and electron beam powder bed fusion (EB-PBF) techniques have been studied for applications ranging from medicine to aviation. The fabrication technique is often selected based on the part size and fabrication speed, while less attention is paid to the differences in the physicochemical properties. Especially, the relationship between the evolution of α, α’, and β phases in as-grown parts and the fabrication techniques is unclear. This work systematically and quantitatively investigates how L-PBF and EB-PBF and their process parameters affect the phase evolution of Ti-6Al-4V and residual stresses in the final parts. This is the first report demonstrating the correlations among measured parameters, indicating the lattice strain reduces, and c/a increases, shifting from an α’ to α+β or α structure as the crystallite size of the α or α’ phase increases. The experimental results combined with heat-transfer simulation indicate the cooling rate near the β transus temperature dictates the resulting phase characteristics, whereas the residual stress depends on the cooling rate immediately below the solidification temperature. This study provides new insights into the previously unknown differences in the α, α’, and β phase evolution between L-PBF and EB-PBF and their process parameters.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document