SLC34A2 promotes cancer proliferation and cell cycle progression by targeting TMPRSS3 in colorectal cancer

2021 ◽  
pp. 153706
Author(s):  
Yi Yang ◽  
Jiang Wu ◽  
Xiaofeng Yu ◽  
Qing Wu ◽  
Huihua Cao ◽  
...  
PLoS ONE ◽  
2014 ◽  
Vol 9 (9) ◽  
pp. e106571 ◽  
Author(s):  
Bruno Christian Koehler ◽  
Anna-Lena Scherr ◽  
Stephan Lorenz ◽  
Christin Elssner ◽  
Nicole Kautz ◽  
...  

2019 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 130-134 ◽  
Author(s):  
Saeed Noorolyai ◽  
Elham Baghbani ◽  
Leili Aghebati Maleki ◽  
Amir Baghbanzadeh Kojabad ◽  
Dariush Shanehbansdi ◽  
...  

Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains a universal and lethal cancer owing to metastatic and relapsing disease. Currently, the role of microRNAs has been checked in tumorigeneses. Numerous studies have revealed that between the tumor suppressor miRNAs, the reduced expression of miR-146a-5p and -193a-5p in several cancers including CRC tissues are related with tumor progression and poor prognosis of patients. The purpose of this study is to examine the role of miR-146 a-5p and -193 a-5p in CRC cell cycle progression. Methods: The miR-193a-5p and -146 a-5p mimics were transfected into HT-29 CRC cells via jetPEI transfection reagent and their impact was assessed on p53, cyclin B, and NF-kB gene expression. The inhibitory effect of these miRNAs on cell cycle was assessed by flow cytometry. The consequence of miR-193a-5p and miR-146 a-5p on the protein expression level of Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) was assessed by western blotting. Results: miR193a-5p and -146a-5p regulated the expression of MDM2 protein and p53, cyclin B, and NF-kB gene expression in CRC cells. Treatment of HT-29 cells with miRNA-146a-5p and -193a-5p induced G1 cell cycle arrest. Conclusion: The findings of our study suggest that miR146a-5p and -193a-5p may act as a potential tumor suppressor by their influence on cell cycle progression in CRC cells. Thus, miRNA-146a-5p and -193a-5p restoration may be recommended as a potential therapeutic goal in the treatment of CRC patients.


Author(s):  
Hongyou Zhao ◽  
Bin Yi ◽  
Zhipin Liang ◽  
Ches’Nique Phillips ◽  
Hui-Yi Lin ◽  
...  

2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chen-Hua Dong ◽  
Tao Jiang ◽  
Hang Yin ◽  
Hu Song ◽  
Yi Zhang ◽  
...  

Abstract Background: Lamin B2 (LMNB2) is involved in chromatin remodelling and the rupture and reorganization of the nuclear membrane during mitosis, which is necessary for eukaryotic cell proliferation. However, there are few reports on the expression and function of LMNB2 in colorectal cancer.Methods: A tissue microarray (TAM) was used to detect the expression of LMNB2 in 226 colorectal cancer tissues and the corresponding adjacent tissues. The CCK-8 colorimetric assay, EdU incorporation analyses, colony formation assays and cell cycle experiments were used to evaluate the effect of LMNB2 on colorectal cancer cell proliferation in vitro, and a mouse tumorigenic model was used to study the effect of LMNB2 on colorectal cancer cells in vivo. The main pathways and genes regulated by LMNB2 were detected by RNA sequencing. Dual-luciferase reporter assays were conducted to test the direct binding between LMNB2 and p21, and ChIP analysis showed that LMNB2 promotes cell proliferation by regulating the p21 promoter.Results: The results showed that LMNB2 expression is increased in colorectal cancer tissues. Highly expressed LMNB2 is associated with tumour size and TNM stage. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that LMNB2 can be used as an independent prognostic factor in patients with colorectal cancer. Functional assays indicated that LMNB2 obviously enhanced cell proliferation by promoting cell cycle progression in vitro and in vivo. LMNB2 facilitates cell proliferation via regulating the p21 promoter, whereas LMNB2 had no effect on cell apoptosis in terms of mechanism.Conclusion: LMNB2 promotes the proliferation of colorectal cancer by regulating p21-mediated cell cycle progression, indicating the potential value of LMNB2 as a clinical prognostic marker and molecular therapeutic target.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Chen-Hua Dong ◽  
Tao Jiang ◽  
Hang Yin ◽  
Hu Song ◽  
Yi Zhang ◽  
...  

AbstractColorectal cancer is the second common cause of death worldwide. Lamin B2 (LMNB2) is involved in chromatin remodeling and the rupture and reorganization of nuclear membrane during mitosis, which is necessary for eukaryotic cell proliferation. However, the role of LMNB2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) is poorly understood. This study explored the biological functions of LMNB2 in the progression of colorectal cancer and explored the possible molecular mechanisms. We found that LMNB2 was significantly upregulated in primary colorectal cancer tissues and cell lines, compared with paired non-cancerous tissues and normal colorectal epithelium. The high expression of LMNB2 in colorectal cancer tissues is significantly related to the clinicopathological characteristics of the patients and the shorter overall and disease-free cumulative survival. Functional analysis, including CCK8 cell proliferation test, EdU proliferation test, colony formation analysis, nude mouse xenograft, cell cycle, and apoptosis analysis showed that LMNB2 significantly promotes cell proliferation by promoting cell cycle progression in vivo and in vitro. In addition, gene set enrichment analysis, luciferase report analysis, and CHIP analysis showed that LMNB2 promotes cell proliferation by regulating the p21 promoter, whereas LMNB2 has no effect on cell apoptosis. In summary, these findings not only indicate that LMNB2 promotes the proliferation of colorectal cancer by regulating p21-mediated cell cycle progression, but also suggest the potential value of LMNB2 as a clinical prognostic marker and molecular therapy target.


Oncogenesis ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (10) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yang Sun ◽  
Chen Ye ◽  
Wen Tian ◽  
Wen Ye ◽  
Yuan-Yuan Gao ◽  
...  

AbstractTransient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels are the most prominent nonselective cation channels involved in various diseases. However, the function, clinical significance, and molecular mechanism of TRPCs in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression remain unclear. In this study, we identified that TRPC1 was the major variant gene of the TRPC family in CRC patients. TRPC1 was upregulated in CRC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues and high expression of TRPC1 was associated with more aggressive tumor progression and poor overall survival. TRPC1 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression, invasion, and migration in vitro, as well as tumor growth in vivo; whereas TRPC1 overexpression promoted colorectal tumor growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. In addition, colorectal tumorigenesis was significantly attenuated in Trpc1-/- mice. Mechanistically, TRPC1 could enhance the interaction between calmodulin (CaM) and the PI3K p85 subunit by directly binding to CaM, which further activated the PI3K/AKT and its downstream signaling molecules implicated in cell cycle progression and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Silencing of CaM attenuated the oncogenic effects of TRPC1. Taken together, these results provide evidence that TRPC1 plays a pivotal oncogenic role in colorectal tumorigenesis and tumor progression by activating CaM-mediated PI3K/AKT signaling axis. Targeting TRPC1 represents a novel and specific approach for CRC treatment.


The Prostate ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 77 (16) ◽  
pp. 1563-1572 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ermao Li ◽  
Luhao Liu ◽  
Futian Li ◽  
Lianmin Luo ◽  
Shankun Zhao ◽  
...  

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