Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among incarcerated people in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Public Health ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 75-82
S. Mehmandoost ◽  
M. Khezri ◽  
G. Mousavian ◽  
F. Tavakoli ◽  
F. Mehrabi ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Behailu Terefe Tesfaye ◽  
Temesgen Mulugeta Feyissa ◽  
Azmeraw Bekele Workneh ◽  
Esayas Kebede Gudina ◽  
Mengist Awoke Yizengaw

Background. In Ethiopia, chronic liver disease (CLD) is the 7th leading cause of death, accounting for about 24 deaths per 100000 populations in 2019. Despite its burden, there is a lack of compiled pieces of evidence on CLD in the country. Thus, this systematic review and meta-analysis is intended to provide the pooled estimates of CLD etiologies and mortality rate in CLD patients in Ethiopia. Method. PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, institutional repositories, national digital library, and the bibliography of the eligible articles information were the source of data for the present review. The keywords “hepatitis, chronic” [Mesh], “end-Stage Liver Disease” [Mesh], “chronic liver disease”, “liver cirrhosis” [Mesh], and “Ethiopia” were used for the searches. Overall, we retrieved 199 records and 12 were included in this review. We used the DerSimonian-Laird random-effects models to perform the meta-analysis. We conducted subgroup and meta-regression analyses to account for the heterogeneity of the estimates. Result. Hepatitis B virus, alcohol, and hepatitis C virus are the three most common etiologies of CLD in Ethiopia accounting for a pooled estimate of 40.0% [95% CI: 29.0, 51.0, I2 = 96.3, p < 0.001 ], 17.0% [95% CI: 9.0, 25.0, I2 = 96.7, p < 0.001 ], and 15.0% [95% CI: 9.0, 21.0, I2 = 95.8, p < 0.001 ], respectively. Unidentified etiology report has a substantial contribution accounting for an estimated pooled proportion of 45% [95% CI: 34.0, 56.0%, Q = 32.08, p < 0.001 , I2 = 87.53] of the CLD cases in the country. On the other hand, the overall hospital mortality rate in CLD patients is 25.0% [95% CI: 2.0, 47.0, I2 = 94.6, p < 0.001 ] in Ethiopia. Conclusion. Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and alcohol are the three most common contributors to CLD cases in Ethiopia. The authors warrant routine screening and strengthening of preventive and treatment programs for viral hepatitis B and C, further enhancing the alcohol policy of the country.

2019 ◽  
Vol 39 (9) ◽  
Xinhao Zhou ◽  
Shiqiang Fang ◽  
Mian Wang ◽  
Ali Xiong ◽  
Chao Zheng ◽  

Abstract Background: The liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) has been demonstrated as a powerful and promising biomarker of hepatic diseases. However, the researches on the accuracy of miR122 detection in chronic viral hepatitis have been inconsistent, leading us to conduct this meta-analysis to systematically summarize the diagnostic value of circulating miR-122 in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated chronic viral hepatitis. Methods: A comprehensive literature search (updated to January 30, 2019) in PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, CNKI, Wanfang, and CQVIP databases was performed to identify eligible studies. The sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive and negative likelihood ratios (PLR and NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the curve (AUC) were pooled to explore the diagnostic performance of circulating miR-122. Subgroup and threshold effect analysis were further carried out to explore the heterogeneity. Results: Overall, 15 studies were finally included in this meta-analysis according to the exclusion and inclusion criteria. The pooled estimates indicated a moderately high diagnostic accuracy for circulating miR-122, with a sensitivity of 0.92 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.86–0.95], a specificity of 0.84 (95% CI, 0.78–0.89), a PLR of 5.7 (95% CI, 4.7–8.1), a NLR of 0.1 (95% CI, 0.06–0.18), a DOR of 57 (95% CI 25-129), and an AUC of 0.93 (95% CI, 0.91–0.95). The subgroup analysis demonstrated that diagnostic accuracy was better for HCV-associated chronic viral hepatitis patients and non-Chinese compared with other subgroups. In addition, we found that serum might be a more promising matrix for detecting the expression of miR-122 than plasma. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that circulating miR-122 have a relatively high diagnostic value for chronic viral hepatitis detection, especially in the patients with HCV-associated chronic viral hepatitis. However, further large cohort studies are still required to confirm our findings.

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