scholarly journals Surface display of carbonic anhydrase on Escherichia coli for CO2 capture and mineralization

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 460-473
Yinzhuang Zhu ◽  
Yaru Liu ◽  
Mingmei Ai ◽  
Xiaoqiang Jia
2019 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
pp. 103 ◽  
Byung Hoon Jo ◽  
In Seong Hwang

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a diffusion-controlled enzyme that rapidly catalyzes carbon dioxide (CO2) hydration. CA has been considered as a powerful and green catalyst for bioinspired CO2 capture and utilization (CCU). For successful industrial applications, it is necessary to expand the pool of thermostable CAs to meet the stability requirement under various operational conditions. In addition, high-level expression of thermostable CA is desirable for the economical production of the enzyme. In this study, a thermostable CA (tdCA) of Thermosulfurimonas dismutans isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent was expressed in Escherichia coli and characterized in terms of expression level, solubility, activity and stability. tdCA showed higher solubility, activity, and stability compared to those of CA from Thermovibrio ammonificans, one of the most thermostable CAs, under low-salt aqueous conditions. tdCA was engineered for high-level expression by the introduction of a point mutation and periplasmic expression via the Sec-dependent pathway. The combined strategy resulted in a variant showing at least an 8.3-fold higher expression level compared to that of wild-type tdCA. The E. coli cells with the periplasmic tdCA variant were also investigated as an ultra-efficient whole-cell biocatalyst. The engineered bacterium displayed an 11.9-fold higher activity compared to that of the recently reported system with a halophilic CA. Collectively these results demonstrate that the highly expressed periplasmic tdCA variant, either in an isolated form or within a whole-cell platform, is a promising biocatalyst with high activity and stability for CCU applications.

2017 ◽  
Vol 114 ◽  
pp. 1434-1443 ◽  
Philip Loldrup Fosbøl ◽  
Jozsef Gaspar ◽  
Bjartur Jacobsen ◽  
Jens Glibstrup ◽  
Arne Gladis ◽  

2017 ◽  
Vol 41 (4) ◽  
pp. 479-487 ◽  
Murali kannan Maruthamuthu ◽  
Jiyeon Hong ◽  
Kulandaisamy Arulsamy ◽  
Sivachandiran Somasundaram ◽  
SoonHo Hong ◽  

2008 ◽  
Vol 190 (9) ◽  
pp. 3344-3352 ◽  
Dibyendu Samanta ◽  
Debashis Mukhopadhyay ◽  
Saheli Chowdhury ◽  
Jaydip Ghosh ◽  
Saumen Pal ◽  

ABSTRACT The peptidyl transferase center, present in domain V of 23S rRNA of eubacteria and large rRNA of plants and animals, can act as a general protein folding modulator. Here we show that a few specific nucleotides in Escherichia coli domain V RNA bind to unfolded proteins and, as shown previously, bring the trapped proteins to a folding-competent state before releasing them. These nucleotides are the same for the proteins studied so far: bovine carbonic anhydrase, lactate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, and chicken egg white lysozyme. The amino acids that interact with these nucleotides are also found to be specific in the two cases tested: bovine carbonic anhydrase and lysozyme. They are either neutral or positively charged and are present in random coils on the surface of the crystal structure of both the proteins. In fact, two of these amino acid-nucleotide pairs are identical in the two cases. How these features might help the process of protein folding is discussed.

2013 ◽  
Vol 80 (1) ◽  
pp. 43-53 ◽  
Joseph P. Park ◽  
Min-Jung Choi ◽  
Se Hun Kim ◽  
Seung Hwan Lee ◽  
Haeshin Lee

ABSTRACTMussels attach to virtually all types of inorganic and organic surfaces in aqueous environments, and catecholamines composed of 3,4-dihydroxy-l-phenylalanine (DOPA), lysine, and histidine in mussel adhesive proteins play a key role in the robust adhesion. DOPA is an unusual catecholic amino acid, and its side chain is called catechol. In this study, we displayed the adhesive moiety of DOPA-histidine onEscherichia colisurfaces using outer membrane protein W as an anchoring motif for the first time. Localization of catecholamines on the cell surface was confirmed by Western blot and immunofluorescence microscopy. Furthermore, cell-to-cell cohesion (i.e., cellular aggregation) induced by the displayed catecholamine and synthesis of gold nanoparticles on the cell surface support functional display of adhesive catecholamines. The engineeredE. coliexhibited significant adhesion onto various material surfaces, including silica and glass microparticles, gold, titanium, silicon, poly(ethylene terephthalate), poly(urethane), and poly(dimethylsiloxane). The uniqueness of this approach utilizing the engineered stickyE. coliis that no chemistry for cell attachment are necessary, and the ability of spontaneousE. coliattachment allows one to immobilize the cells on challenging material surfaces such as synthetic polymers. Therefore, we envision that mussel-inspired catecholamine yielded stickyE. colithat can be used as a new type of engineered microbe for various emerging fields, such as whole living cell attachment on versatile material surfaces, cell-to-cell communication systems, and many others.

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