Implicit ethnic–racial self-stereotyping’s relation to children’s body mass index and diet: The moderating role of self-esteem.

2021 ◽  
Luis M. Rivera ◽  
Alexandra K. Margevich
2018 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 205510291877425 ◽  
Ashraf Sadat Ahadzadeh ◽  
Shameem Rafik-Galea ◽  
Masoumeh Alavi ◽  
Mansour Amini

This study examined the correlation between body mass index as independent variable, and body image and fear of negative evaluation as dependent variables, as well as the moderating role of self-esteem in these correlations. A total of 318 Malaysian young adults were conveniently recruited to do the self-administered survey on the demographic characteristics body image, fear of negative evaluation, and self-esteem. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to test the research hypotheses. The results revealed that body mass index was negatively associated with body image, while no such correlation was found with fear of negative evaluation. Meanwhile, the negative correlation of body mass index with body image was stronger among those with lower self-esteem, while a positive association of body mass index with fear of negative evaluation was significant only among individuals with low self-esteem.

Ana P. Sehn ◽  
Anelise R. Gaya ◽  
Caroline Brand ◽  
Arieli F. Dias ◽  
Roya Kelishadi ◽  

AbstractObjectivesThe combination of sleep duration, television (TV) time and body mass index (BMI) may be related to the alteration of cardiometabolic risk. However, there are few studies that use these variables grouped, and showing the moderating role of age. This study aimed to verify if the combination of sleep duration, TV time and BMI is associated with cardiometabolic risk and the moderating role of age in this relationship in youth.MethodsCross-sectional study conducted with 1411 adolescents (611 male), aged 10–17 years. Sleep duration, TV time and BMI were assessed and grouped into eight categories. Cardiometabolic risk was assessed by a continuous metabolic risk score, including the following variables: low HDL-cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, dysglycemia, high systolic blood pressure, high waist circumference and low cardiorespiratory fitness. Generalized linear models were used to test moderation of age in the relationship between the eight categories of sleep duration/television time/BMI with cardiometabolic risk.ResultsCardiometabolic risk factor showed association with all overweight or obesity independent of sleep time and TV time. Age moderated the relationship between sleep duration/television time/BMI with cardiometabolic risk. This association was stronger in younger adolescents (11 and 13 years), indicating that individuals with inadequate sleep, prolonged TV time and overweight/obesity present higher cardiometabolic risk values when compared to 15-year-old adolescents.ConclusionOverweight/obesity, independently of sleep duration and TV time, is the main risk factor for cardiometabolic disorders in adolescence. When moderated by age, younger adolescents that presented the combination of risk factors had higher cardiometabolic risk.

Joreintje Mackenbach ◽  
Marielle Beenackers ◽  
J. Noordzij ◽  
Joost Oude Groeniger ◽  
Jeroen Lakerveld ◽  

Low self-control and financial strain may limit individuals’ capacity to resist temptations in the local food environment. We investigated the moderating role of self-control and financial strain in the relation between the food environment and higher body weight. We used data from 2812 Dutch adults who participated in the population-based GLOBE study in 2014. Participants’ home addresses and the location of food retailers in 2013 were mapped using GIS. The density of fast food retailers and the totality of food retailers in Euclidean buffers of 250, 400 and 800 m around the home were linked to body mass index and overweight status. A higher density of fast food outlets (B (95% confidence interval (CI)) = −0.04 (−0.07; −0.01)) and the totality of food outlets (B (95% CI) = −0.01 (−0.01; −0.00)) were associated with a lower body mass index. Stratification showed that associations were strongest for those experiencing low self-control or great financial strain. For example, every additional fast food outlet was associated with a 0.17 point lower BMI in those with great financial strain, while not significantly associated with BMI in those with no financial strain. In conclusion, we did find support for a moderating role of self-control and financial strain, but associations between the food environment and weight status were not in the expected direction.

2013 ◽  
Vol 41 (5) ◽  
pp. 395-402 ◽  
A. Altıntaş ◽  
F. H. Aşçı ◽  
A. Kin-İşler ◽  
B. Güven-Karahan ◽  
S. Kelecek ◽  

Appetite ◽  
2008 ◽  
Vol 50 (2-3) ◽  
pp. 562
P. Lattimore ◽  
A. Roefs ◽  
A. Jansen ◽  
A.-K Fett ◽  
N. Geschwind ◽  

Caroline Brand ◽  
Camila Felin Fochesatto ◽  
Arieli Fernandes Dias ◽  
Anelise Reis Gaya ◽  
Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins ◽  

2019 ◽  
Vol 65 (2) ◽  
pp. 239-247 ◽  
Melissa K. Peckins ◽  
Sonya Negriff ◽  
Janet U. Schneiderman ◽  
Elana B. Gordis ◽  
Elizabeth J. Susman

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