scholarly journals Predicting pathogenicity for novel hearing loss mutations based on genetic and protein structure approaches

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Paula I. Buonfiglio ◽  
Carlos D. Bruque ◽  
Vanesa Lotersztein ◽  
Leonela Luce ◽  
Florencia Giliberto ◽  

AbstractHearing loss is a heterogeneous disorder. Identification of causative mutations is demanding due to genetic heterogeneity. In this study, we investigated the genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss in patients with severe/profound deafness. After the exclusion of GJB2-GJB6 mutations, we performed whole exome sequencing in 32 unrelated Argentinean families. Mutations were detected in 16 known deafness genes in 20 patients: ACTG1, ADGRV1 (GPR98), CDH23, COL4A3, COL4A5, DFNA5 (GSDDE), EYA4, LARS2, LOXHD1, MITF, MYO6, MYO7A, TECTA, TMPRSS3, USH2A and WSF1. Notably, 11 variants affecting 9 different non-GJB2 genes resulted novel: c.12829C > T, p.(Arg4277*) in ADGRV1; c.337del, p.(Asp109*) and c.3352del, p.(Gly1118Alafs*7) in CDH23; c.3500G > A, p.(Gly1167Glu) in COL4A3; c.1183C > T, p.(Pro395Ser) and c.1759C > T, p.(Pro587Ser) in COL4A5; c.580 + 2 T > C in EYA4; c.1481dup, p.(Leu495Profs*31) in LARS2; c.1939 T > C, p.(Phe647Leu), in MYO6; c.733C > T, p.(Gln245*) in MYO7A and c.242C > G, p.(Ser81*) in TMPRSS3 genes. To predict the effect of these variants, novel protein modeling and protein stability analysis were employed. These results highlight the value of whole exome sequencing to identify candidate variants, as well as bioinformatic strategies to infer their pathogenicity.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2014 ◽  
Vol 9 (10) ◽  
pp. e109178 ◽  
Jie Qing ◽  
Denise Yan ◽  
Yuan Zhou ◽  
Qiong Liu ◽  
Weijing Wu ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Somayeh Khatami ◽  
Masomeh Askari ◽  
Fatemeh Bahreini ◽  
Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori ◽  
Saeed Hematian ◽  

Abstract Background Clinical genetic diagnosis of non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) is quite challenging. With regard to its high heterogeneity as well as large size of some genes, it is also really difficult to detect causative mutations using traditional approaches. One of the recent technologies called whole-exome sequencing (WES) has been thus developed in this domain to remove the limitations of conventional methods. Methods This study was a report on a research study of two unrelated pedigrees with multiple affected cases of hearing loss (HL). Accordingly, clinical evaluations and genetic analysis were performed in both families. Results The results of WES data analysis to uncover autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) disease-causing variants was reported in the present study. Initial analysis identified two novel variants of MYO15A i.e. c.T6442A:p.W2148R and c.10504dupT:p.C3502Lfs*15 correspondingly which were later confirmed by Sanger validations and segregation analyses. According to online prediction tools, both identified variants seemed to have damaging effects. Conclusion In this study, whole exome sequencing were used as a first approach strategy to identify the two novel variants in MYO15A in two Iranian families with ARNSHL.

Cell Reports ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 25 (6) ◽  
pp. 1446-1457 ◽  
Weiwei Shi ◽  
Charlotte K.Y. Ng ◽  
Raymond S. Lim ◽  
Tingting Jiang ◽  
Sushant Kumar ◽  

2018 ◽  
Vol 44 ◽  
pp. S95
M. Dahmani ◽  
F. Ammar Khodja ◽  
C. Bonnet ◽  
D. Djennaoui ◽  
S. Ouhab ◽  

2020 ◽  
Pengfei Liang ◽  
Fengping Chen ◽  
Shujuan Wang ◽  
Qiong Li ◽  
Wei Li ◽  

Abstract Background: Hereditary non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) has a high genetic heterogeneity with >152 genes identified as associated molecular causes. The present study aimed to detect the possible damaging variants of the deaf probands from six unrelated Chinese families.Methods: After excluding the mutations in the most common genes, GJB2 and SLC26A4, 12 probands with prelingual deafness and autosomal recessive inheritance were evaluated by whole-exome sequencing (WES). All the candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing in all patients and their parents.Results: Biallelic mutations were identified in all deaf patients. Among these six families, 10 potentially causative mutations, including 3 reported and 7 novel mutations, in 3 different deafness-associated autosomal recessive (DFNB) genes (MYO15A, COL11A2, and CDH23) were identified. The mutations in MYO15A were frequent with 7/10 candidate variants. Sanger sequencing confirmed that these mutations segregated with the hearing loss of each family.Conclusions: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach becomes more cost-effective and efficient when analyzing large-scale genes compared to the conventional polymerase chain reaction-based Sanger sequencing, which is often used to screen common deafness-related genes. The current findings further extend the mutation spectrum of hearing loss in the Chinese population, which has a positive significance for genetic counseling.

2015 ◽  
Vol 97 ◽  

SummaryNext-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have played a central role in the genetic revolution. These technologies, especially whole-exome sequencing, have become the primary tool of geneticists to identify the causative DNA variants in Mendelian disorders, including hereditary deafness. Current research estimates that 1% of all human genes have a function in hearing. To date, mutations in over 80 genes have been reported to cause nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL). Strikingly, more than a quarter of all known genes related to NSHL were discovered in the past 5 years via NGS technologies. In this article, we review recent developments in the usage of NGS for hereditary deafness, with an emphasis on whole-exome sequencing.

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