Behavioural change in primary care professionals undertaking online education in dementia care in general practice

2019 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 244 ◽  
Michael W. Bentley ◽  
Rohan Kerr ◽  
Margaret Ginger ◽  
Jacob Karagoz

A challenge facing general practice is improving the diagnosis, management and care of people with dementia. Training and education for primary care professionals about knowledge and attitudes about dementia is needed. Online resources can provide educational opportunities for health professionals with limited access to dementia training. An online educational resource (four modules over 3 h) was designed to assist primary care practitioners to develop a systematic framework to identify, diagnose and manage patients with dementia within their practice. Interviews and questionnaires (knowledge, attitudes, confidence and behavioural intentions), with practice nurses and international medical graduates working in general practices, were used to evaluate the resource. Participants’ knowledge, confidence and attitudes about dementia increased after completing the modules. Participants had strong intentions to apply a systematic framework to identify and manage dementia. In post-module interviews, participants reported increased awareness, knowledge and confidence in assessing and managing people with dementia, corroborating the questionnaire results. This project has demonstrated some early changes in clinical behaviour around dementia care in general practice. Promoting the value of applying a systematic framework with colleagues and co-workers could increase awareness of, and participation in, dementia assessment by other primary care professionals within general practices.

BMJ Open ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 7 (10) ◽  
pp. e016307 ◽  
Natalia Calanzani ◽  
Debbie Cavers ◽  
Gabriele Vojt ◽  
Sheina Orbell ◽  
Robert J C Steele ◽  

ObjectivesWe aimed to test whether a brief, opportunistic intervention in general practice was a feasible and acceptable way to engage with bowel screening non-responders.DesignThis was a feasibility study testing an intervention which comprised a brief conversation during routine consultation, provision of a patient leaflet and instructions to request a replacement faecal occult blood test kit. A mixed-methods approach to evaluation was adopted. Data were collected from proformas completed after each intervention, from the Bowel Screening Centre database and from questionnaires. Semi-structured interviews were carried out. We used descriptive statistics, content and framework analysis to determine intervention feasibility and acceptability.ParticipantsBowel screening non-responders (as defined by the Scottish Bowel Screening Centre) and primary care professionals working in five general practices in Lothian, Scotland.Primary and secondary outcome measuresSeveral predefined feasibility parameters were assessed, including numbers of patients engaging in conversation, requesting a replacement kit and returning it, and willingness of primary care professionals to deliver the intervention.ResultsThe intervention was offered to 258 patients in five general practices: 220 (87.0%) engaged with the intervention, 60 (23.3%) requested a new kit, 22 (8.5%) kits were completed and returned. Interviews and questionnaires suggest that the intervention was feasible, acceptable and consistent with an existing health prevention agenda. Reported challenges referred to work-related pressures, time constraints and practice priorities.ConclusionsThis intervention was acceptable and resulted in a modest increase in non-responders participating in bowel screening, although outlined challenges may affect sustained implementation. The strategy is also aligned with the increasing role of primary care in promoting bowel screening.

BMJ Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. e044843
Caroline Gibson ◽  
Dianne Goeman ◽  
Mark William Yates ◽  
Dimity Pond

IntroductionNationally and internationally it is well recognised that dementia is poorly recognised and suboptimally managed in the primary care setting. There are multiple and complex reasons for this gap in care, including a lack of knowledge, high care demands and inadequate time for the general practitioner alone to manage dementia with its multiple physical, psychological and social dimensions. The primary care nurse potentially has a role in assisting the general practitioner in the provision of evidence-based dementia care. Although dementia-care guidelines for general practitioners exist, evidence on resources to support the primary care nurse in dementia care provision is scarce. The ‘Australian Clinical Practice Guidelines and Principles of Care for People with Dementia’ provides 109 recommendations for the diagnosis and management of dementia. This protocol describes a Delphi study to identify which of the 109 recommendations contained in these multidisciplinary guidelines are relevant to the primary care nurse in the delivery of person-centred dementia care in the general practice setting.Methods and analysisUsing a Delphi consensus online survey, an expert panel will grade each of the recommendations written in the ‘Clinical Practice Guidelines and Principles of Care for People with Dementia’ as high-to-low relevance with respect to the role of the primary care nurse in general practice. To optimise reliability of results, quality indicators will be used in the data collection and reporting of the study. Invited panel members will include Australian primary care nurses working in general practice, primary care nursing researchers and representatives of the Australian Primary Health Care Nurses Association, the peak professional body for nurses working in primary healthcare.Ethics and disseminationThis study has been approved by The University of Newcastle Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) (H-2019-0029).Findings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and presented at scientific conferences.

2020 ◽  
Vol 30 (Supplement_5) ◽  
K C S Gasque ◽  
A F Lemos ◽  
M M S Rodrigues ◽  
J P V Vilaça ◽  
D G Araujo ◽  

Abstract UNA-SUS System was established to enforce the National Policy of Continuing Education in Health, and it is composed of a Network of 34 public institutions (mostly Universities), responsible for online educational offerings, in response to the demands generated by the Ministry of Health. The system produces courses that are committed to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (specially Goals 3, 4, 5, 10, and 16). Objectives to verify the profile of users and the penetrance of UNA-SUS online courses and their contribution to the democratization of Continuing Education of health workers. Methods Data were collected from Arouca Platform and statistical analysis was performed by the Open Free Software R 3.6. Results There were more than 2.8 million enrollments, counting more than 1 million students, from every SUS health regions, Brazilian municipalities and states. Courses with the greatest demands were related to important clinical situations faced by the Primary Care professionals in Brazil. There was a predominance of women (80%), whites (36%), followed by browns (33%), singles (57%) and in the age group of 21 to 40 years (70%). Nurses, doctors and dentists were the professionals who most sought courses at UNA-SUS. No relationship was found between enrollment in population-weighted self-instructional courses and the Brazilian State HDI, but a negative relationship was established between the Gini coefficient and enrollment in courses, showing that the more unequal the region, the fewer enrolled students it had. Conclusions The UNA-SUS is effective in providing continuing education through free, online course offerings, reaching users from different Brazilian geographic regions, including those leaving in areas with few presential or free educational opportunities, contributing to improve the service offered by the Brazilian Public Health System. Key messages Continuing education for Health Professionals in Brazil using online education courses is democratic. UNA-SUS is an effective system to consolidate the National Policy of Continuing Education.

2020 ◽  
Vol 70 (691) ◽  
pp. e138-e145 ◽  
Christina Avgerinou ◽  
Cini Bhanu ◽  
Kate Walters ◽  
Helen Croker ◽  
Remco Tuijt ◽  

BackgroundMalnutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, and is very common in frail older people. However, little is known about how weight loss in frail older people can be managed in primary care.AimsTo explore the views and practices of primary care and community professionals on the management of malnutrition in frail older people; identify components of potential primary care-based interventions for this group; and identify training and support required to deliver such interventions.Design and settingQualitative study in primary care and community settings.MethodSeven focus groups and an additional interview were conducted with general practice teams, frailty multidisciplinary teams (MDTs), and community dietitians in London and Hertfordshire, UK (n = 60 participants). Data were analysed using thematic analysis.ResultsPrimary care and community health professionals perceived malnutrition as a multifaceted problem. There was an agreement that there is a gap in care provided for malnutrition in the community. However, there were conflicting views regarding professional accountability. Challenges commonly reported by primary care professionals included overwhelming workload and lack of training in nutrition. Community MDT professionals and dietitians thought that an intervention to tackle malnutrition would be best placed in primary care and suggested opportunistic screening interventions. Education was an essential part of any intervention, complemented by social, emotional, and/or practical support for frailer or socially isolated older people.ConclusionsFuture interventions should include a multifaceted approach. Education tailored to the needs of older people, carers, and healthcare professionals is a necessary component of any intervention.

2020 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
Meghan Bourque ◽  
Tony Foley

Background: General Practitioners (GPs) play a central role in caring for people with dementia. There is a growing demand for GP-led community-based dementia care, as advocated in the Irish National Dementia Strategy (INDS). However, there is a paucity of research exploring GPs' views on dementia care since publication of the INDS. The aim of this qualitative study is to develop a deeper understanding of how to improve the quality of dementia care in General Practice, explored from the perspective of Irish GPs.Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with GPs. GPs who completed the “Dementia in Primary Care” CPD module at University College Cork in Ireland were purposively recruited. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by thematic analysis.Results: 12 interviews were conducted with 7 female and 5 male participants. Experience in General Practice ranged from 3 to 32 years. Most GPs practiced in mixed urban-rural settings (n = 9) and had nursing home commitments (n = 8). The average interview length was 45 minutes. Six major themes emerged from the data set, including resourcing primary care, addressing disparities in secondary care, community-centered care as patient-centered care, linking a dementia network, universal access to care, and raising public awareness.Conclusion: GPs find dementia care to be a complex and challenging aspect of primary care. While education and training is advocated by GPs, service delivery must be reconfigured. This will necessitate adequate financial resourcing and the restructuring of community-based dementia care services.

2012 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 239 ◽  
Marjan Kljakovic ◽  
Jo Risk

INTRODUCTION: Understanding patients’ awareness of the anatomical placement of their body organs is important for doctor–patient communication. AIM: To measure the correct anatomical placement of body organs by people from Australian and New Zealand general practices METHOD: A questionnaire survey containing drawings of 11 organs placed in different locations within each drawing. RESULTS: Among 1156 participants, there was no difference in the proportion of correct placement of 11 organs between Australian (51.7%) and New Zealand (49.6%) general practices. There was a positive correlation between the proportion of correctly placed organs and the age participants left school (p=0.012) and a negative correlation with the number of GP visits in the previous year (p=0.040). Participants from rural Australia were more likely to correctly place organs than urban participants (p=0.018). The mean proportion of organs correctly placed for doctors was 80.5%, nurses 66.5%, allied health 61.5%, health administrators 50.6% and the remaining consulting patients 51.3%. DISCUSSION: Patients from Australian and New Zealand general practice were poorly aware of the correct placement of organs. Health professionals were moderately better than patients at correct placement. KEYWORDS: Health knowledge; attitudes; practice; anatomy; general practice

2014 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
pp. 98 ◽  
Smita Shah ◽  
Jessica K. Roydhouse ◽  
Brett G. Toelle ◽  
Craig M. Mellis ◽  
Christine R. Jenkins ◽  

The need for more evidence-based interventions in primary care is clear. However, it is challenging to recruit general practitioners (GPs) for interventional research. This paper reports on the evaluation of three methods of recruitment that were sequentially used to recruit GPs for a randomised controlled trial of an asthma communication and education intervention in Australia. The recruitment methods (RMs) were: general practices were contacted by project staff from a Department of General Practice, University of Sydney (RM1); general practices were contacted by staff from an independent research organisation (RM2); and general practices were contacted by a medical peer (chief investigator) (RM3). A GP was defined as ‘recruited’ once they consented and were randomised to a group, and ‘retained’ if they provided baseline data and did not notify staff of their intention to withdraw at any time during the 12-month study. RM1 was used for the first 6 months, during which 34 (4%) GPs were recruited and 21 (62%) retained from a total of 953 invitations. RM2 was then used for the next 5 months, during which 32 (6%) GPs were recruited and 26 (81%) were retained. Finally over the next 7 months, RM3 recruited 84 (12%) GPs and retained 75 (89%) GPs. In conclusion, use of a medical peer as the first contact was associated with the highest recruitment and retention rate.

Ashvanthi Nadira Sriranjan ◽  
Ruth Abrams ◽  
Geoff Wong ◽  
Sophie Park

Abstract Background: Less than half of postnatal depression cases are identified in routine clinical assessment. Guidelines and current literature suggest that general practitioners (GPs) may have an opportunistic role in detecting postnatal depression due to their early contact and existing rapport with many new mothers. There is limited research on the diagnostic approaches chosen by GPs in different GP−patient contexts. Our small-scale study evaluates the thought processes of seven GPs based in one practice when forming a clinical diagnosis of postnatal depression under different contexts. Methods: Seven GP participants were interviewed using case vignettes about postnatal depression, based on an adapted Johari’s window framework. A realist approach to analysis was undertaken with the intention of understanding GPs’ responses to different situations. Context−mechanism−outcome configurations were constructed, and a programme theory was formed to consolidate the findings. Findings: Findings suggest that diagnoses may be a clinician-led or collaborative process between GP and patient. In collaborative contexts, stigmatising views were addressed by GPs, time for self-reflection was encouraged and mothers’ views were accounted for. Clinician-led diagnoses often occurred in contexts where there was a lack of acknowledgement of symptoms on behalf of the patient or where safety was a concern. The personal and clinical experience of GPs themselves, as well as effective communication channels with other primary care professionals, was significant mechanisms. Conclusion: GPs use a variety of strategies to support patient disclosure and acceptance of their condition. The complexity of GP−patient contexts may influence the clinical thought process. We address some of the gaps in existing literature by exploring postnatal depression diagnosis in primary care and provide tentative explanations to suggest what works, for whom and in what contexts.

2003 ◽  
Vol 23 (02) ◽  
pp. 255-264

2019 ◽  
Vol 29 (Supplement_4) ◽  
S Gautier ◽  
Y Bourgueil

Abstract Background In France, primary care is organised according to the principles of private practice: independent providers, payment by fee for service, freedom of settlement... Successive reforms have introduced more regulation i.e. gatekeeping role for GPs, better recognition of professional groups, new forms of payment and promotion of team work and multi-professional practices. Today, the concept of Health Territorial and Professional Communities (HTPC) is becoming a key element of health care reform encouraging primary care professionals to meet with specialists and social workers at a larger level than practice. HTPC should address issues such as access to services, coordination of care and promoting of preventive actions toward populations. This implies change in the roles, skills, methods and resources needed on both professional and regulatory sides. This study explores levers of the professional commitment in the HTPC and resources necessary for it. Methods We conducted a qualitative multiple case study in three French regions. Data was collected from thirty semi-structured interviews with key national informants, regional regulators and health professionals themselves. Results Professional commitment emerges at a local level on a territory defined by the collaboration practices and habits following a bottom-up process. The integration of care relies on the size of the HTPC which allows them to know each other and to work together to improve access to care and patient’s disease management. In order to achieve that, professionals claim to have access to administrative health data and to be able to analyze it. They need to develop news skills in management and group animation. The function and training of coordination professionals appear to be essential. Conclusions The professional commitment in HTPC relies on professional empowerment toward collective activities. This requires autonomy, skills and new roles both for professionals and regulatory authorities. Key messages French government relies on professionals’ investment at the territorial level by implementing HTPC to guarantee access to care and respond to population needs in primary care. HTPC implementation implies radical change for the professionals to undertake social and populational responsibility for which public health professionals should help to meet the challenge.

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