Mentoring has long been believed to be an effective means of developing students' clinical, research, and teaching skills to become competent professionals. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) has developed two online mentoring programs, Student to Empowered Professional (S.T.E.P. 1:1) and Mentoring Academic Research Careers (MARC), to aid in the development of students. This paper provides a review of the literature on mentoring and compares and contrasts mentoring/mentors with clinical supervision/preceptors. Characteristics of effective mentors and mentees are offered. Additionally, the benefits of clinical mentoring such as, teambuilding in the workplace, retention of new staff, leadership development, and improved job satisfaction are discussed.
The training of midwives in recent years has been consistent with the development of technology, the growing demands of the field of obstetric services, from patients and legislative changes, but, nevertheless, the emphasis has not yet been placed on mastering professional skills and communication. Clinical practice is a form of training associated with high responsibility, good theoretical training and mastered skills and competencies during training sessions. During clinical practice, students should master a number of practical skills, they should be able to develop the necessary confidence and the necessary professional self-esteem. Proper and appropriate organization of clinical practice contributes to the creation of positive motivation for learning, the development of cognitive interests that were once formed, become active internal factors for improving the quality, effectiveness and selfesteem in relation to educational activities. The activities of teachers and mentors should be aimed at working more closely with students during clinical practice, so that they can prepare well and fully independently during practical training to perform the specified skills.
Motivation is important for creating a professional orientation that is passed on by practitioners and is a prerequisite for choosing a future workplace for students. Mentors from training bases are people who can guide young professionals to train them, educate them on professional responsibility, and teach them how to communicate with patients and colleagues. Students need daily incentives for active, purposeful and constant efforts for all types of activities, so that they can gain the necessary confidence and be ready for the requirements of their chosen profession.