In the tutorial, the technology of creating digital cartographic works using the tools of geographical information systems (GIS) is considered; the technique of designing, compiling and designing General geographic, as well as a series of thematic maps of analytical and complex types is presented; the cartographic methods of image used most often in economic and social geography and their implementation through a block of geo-analysis and modeling of modern applied desktop GIS are considered in detail.
Corresponds to the Federal state educational standard of higher education of the last generation.
It is intended for students studying in the areas of bachelor and master 05.03.02 and 05.04.02 "Geography", 05.03.03 "Cartography and Geoinformatics", 05.04.06 "Ecology and environmental management", 21.03.02 "land Management and cadastres", as well as for novice GIS users.
This paper presents a methodology for the creation of homogeneous demographic regions with geographical information systems (GIS) and computational intelligence. The proposed method is unsupervised fuzzy classification performed by neural networks using the fuzzy Kohonen algorithm. GIS technology offers a powerful set of tools for the input, management, and output of data, whereas computational intelligence is used for the analysis and the classification of the data. The proposed methodology is applied to the municipality of Athens, in Greece. Finally the advantages and disadvantages of the approach are discussed.
The paper considers the problematic issues of the geographical information systems (GIS) use in the sociohygienic
monitoring (SHM). We analyzed scientific and practical publications on this subject that are freely
available on the largest Russian information portal of scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.RU during 2014-
2018, which allowed us to formulate the principles of organization and requirements for effective operation of
geographic and information systems in the socio-hygienic monitoring. An analysis of the implementation of
these principles at the present stage of development for the socio-hygienic monitoring system is presented, the
results of which were used in formulating priority tasks in the area of geographic and information technology
implementation into socio-hygienic monitoring and risk-based planning of control and supervisory measures:
to determine the necessary level of detail and an information list depicted on electronic maps for the
implementation of risk-based control planning; to provide organizational and regulatory and methodological
support for the hierarchical principle of GIS within Rospotrebnadzor operating on a single software product of
domestic developers for organizations and institutions; to work out the need to combine GIS with similar
systems of other departments involved in the data collection of social and hygienic monitoring (Rosstat,
Roshydromet, Rosprirodnadzor, Ministry of Health, etc.) to enable automated data export and import; to solve
staffing issues to ensure customization and subsequent GIS operation; to provide budget funding for the
purchase of licensed software products for GIS in SHM, preferably of Russian developers.