scholarly journals Calcium supplementation during pregnancy and long‐term offspring outcome: a systematic literature review and meta‐analysis

Päivi Korhonen ◽  
Kati Tihtonen ◽  
Jaana Isojärvi ◽  
Riitta Ojala ◽  
Ulla Ashorn ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (3) ◽  
pp. 272-289
Norhafizan Abdul Wahab ◽  
Othman Talib ◽  
Fazilah Razali ◽  
Nurzatulshima Kamarudin

Computational Thinking (CT) has been increasingly embraced as a reformation in STEM education. This paper discusses why the implementation of CT would have a considerable effect on STEM education. The first objective of this systematic literature review is to identify the subjects that incorporate the most elements of CT in STEM education. Secondly, it aims to provide an overview of CT practices in the classrooms. Finally, the major findings of this study seek to discuss the benefits and challenges of the use of CT in STEM education. Fifteen articles were methodically selected from Scopus, Web of Science, Dimensions, and Google Scholar databases as the relevant studies to be discussed in this systematic study, based on the PRISMA Statement (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) review technique. This review identifies current research gaps and directions for the practice and implementation of CT in STEM education. Further analysis of the articles has contributed to a conclusion that CT has become more widespread and multi-disciplinary and seems to have propagated improvements in STEM education. Still, a new study is required, especially on long-term implications.

2020 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
pp. 4810 ◽  
Hanna Górska-Warsewicz ◽  
Olena Kulykovets

The aim of this study was to analyze hotel brand loyalty (HBL) based on a systematic literature review conducted according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statements. Following these statements, we searched two databases (Scopus and Web of Science) for studies containing the term ‘hotel brand loyalty’. Additionally, the backward and forward snowballing methods were applied. Only empirical studies concerning loyalty towards brand hotels were included, resulting in 26 studies in the final review. The quality of the various studies was evaluated according to the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal checklist. The studies included in the systematic review were analyzed in three areas: general details and study design (authorship, year of publication, type of study, research country or location, characteristic of the sample population, the purpose of stay or travel, type of hotels, hotel brands), research specifications (factors/variables, hypotheses, measurement items, data analysis), and general findings (findings related to HBL and managerial recommendations). To summarize the results, word cloud visualization was applied. For studies included in the systematic review, HBL was analyzed on two levels: in the context of factors determining the guest/tourist loyalty to the hotel brands (such as frequently mentioned brand awareness, brand image, and perceived quality) as well as those pertaining to models of brand equity. This highlighted the need for managers to perform activities in terms of brand experience and shape long-term relationships in order to strengthen loyalty to hotel brands.

2016 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 303-310 ◽  
Michael Thiel

AbstractIntroductionThe prognosis of preterms and ill newborns has improved substantially during the last decades. Besides conventional methods, additional interventions play an important role in this development. Managing parents' needs under the circumstances of intensive care can be a crucial aspect of dealing with this difficult situation. But data on this group has not been systematically evaluated so far.MethodWe performed a systematic literature review following the PRISMA criteria. Keywords were neonates, neonatology, newborn, preterm, parents, and spirituality. All study types in English and German were included.ResultsAfter evaluating the abstracts of the initial search results, we considered 33 studies eligible for analysis. Study types are surveys, interviews (qualitative studies), case reports, and reviews. Topics were parents, ethnical differences, medical staff, and palliative care.DiscussionThere is a variety of studies on spirituality in neonatology with a broad spectrum of study types. A meta-analysis is difficult, especially because of the heterogeneity of the study designs, patient numbers and questionnaires used. Although the studies are promising, short-term and long-term outcomes have not been evaluated yet. Interesting endpoints such as the influence on mortality, morbidity and duration of hospital stay cannot be stated. Thus it is too early to derive practical recommendations for the medical staff from these studies.ConclusionAlthough there is a body of data on spirituality in neonatology that addresses several important aspects, even more studies on the impact of parents' needs and the consequences for the medical staff are required.

Diabetes ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 67 (Supplement 1) ◽  
pp. 1159-P

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