scholarly journals Performance Analysis of Grid Integrated Hydro and Solar Based Hybrid Systems

2013 ◽  
Vol 2013 ◽  
pp. 1-7 ◽  
Sweeka Meshram ◽  
Ganga Agnihotri ◽  
Sushma Gupta

The renewable energy systems (RESs) are an attractive option to electrify the community as they are environment friendly, free of cost, and all-pervading. The efficiency of these energy systems is very low and can be improved by integrating them in parallel. In this paper, hydro (7.5 kW) and solar systems (10 kW) are taken as RESs and connected with the utility grid. Due to the intermittent nature of both the hydro and photovoltaic energy sources, utility grid is connected to the system for ensuring the continuous power flow. The hydro power generation system uses the self excited induction generator (SEIG) and converters. The AC/DC/AC converter is used as interface to connect the hydro turbine to the utility grid to adjust the generated voltage to the utility grid voltage. The solar generation system is the combination of PV array, boost converter, and solar inverter. The control of both the hydro and solar power plants is provided through the constant current controller. The analysis has been done to verify the existence of the proposed system. Results demonstrate that the proposed system is able to be put into service and can feed the community.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
W. I Abuzend ◽  
W. A El-Osta ◽  
M. A Ekhlat ◽  
E Borass

This paper investigates the costs that can be avoided by using wind energy in the central coastal area of Libya. The investigation of the capacity credit was performed in a previous work. The analysis included Fuel saving, capacity saving and emission reduction (NO, SO2 and CO2) to the atmosphere. The avoided costs were translated into equivalent energy costs of wind energy systems. The evaluation was conducted using the reliability (LOLP) analysis and the contribution of wind system during peak demand to the utility total electricity generation system. The calculations were carried out using WASP (Wien Automatic System Planning Package) for the proposed period of 2009-2019 where wind power installation would increase from 100 MW in 2009 to 500 MW in 2019. The results showed that the avoided costs of wind energy will increase from 2.4 c/kWh in 2009 to 8.6 c/kWh in 2019. The mean value of the avoided costs of wend energy over the 10-year period is 6 c/kWh, which would make wind power economically competitive with conventional power plants in Libya. Further investigations of detailed external costs of all energy systems in the national energy mix, as well as the feed in tariff, are recommended and should be introduced to the national energy sectors in order to promote implementation of wind energy and other renewable energy technologies.

2018 ◽  
Vol 7 (2.13) ◽  
pp. 357
Yusmartato . ◽  
Zulfadli Pelawi ◽  
Ramayulis . ◽  
Oris Krianto Sulaiman ◽  
Abdurrozzaq Hasibuan ◽  

The demand for electricity has increased substantially while the expansion of electricity generation, power transmission is very limited, due to environmental restrictions, consequently some transmission lines, limiting power factor. Power flow in the generation system, covering the area of North Sumatra and Aceh which is managed by PT. PLN (Persero), ETAP 4.0 (Electrical Transient Analizer Program) is a program that can display GUI (Graphical User Interface) with unlimited bus number, ETAP 4.0 is useful for Power flow study. The data required by ETAP 4.0 on a generation system is a one-line diagram, nominal kV, and generator, bus, transformer, transmission, and safety rating. The power flow approach method used is the Newton-Raphson method with maximum iteration of 99 and the accuracy of 0.000001. The problem of power flows under consideration is the normal state system, one transmission is disconnected, one of the plants is not operating. The results of the power flow study for each problem obtained the lowest bus voltage, the highest losses in the transmis. The largest power distributed in power plants, new in high voltage transmission, increases the power of power from power to load, changes in voltage problems and improves system stability. This paper aims to verify the capacitor's ability to improve voltage regulation (voltage stability) in electric power transmission systems, from this capacitor simulated using ETAP 4.0 included in Newton-Raphson model. 

Ricardo Q. Machado ◽  
Amílcar F. Q. Gonçalves ◽  
Simone Buso ◽  
José A. Pomilio

This paper proposes a solution for the direct connection of a three-phase induction generator to a single-phase feeder. This high power quality system is intended to be used in micro-hydro power plants applications with control of the water flow. It is employed to maintain the speed of the induction generator greater than its synchronous value. The difference between the generated power and the power consumed by the local load flows through the single-phase feeder. The power flow control is provided by a three-phase PWM inverter that additionally guarantees the local power quality. A system with good power quality must have sinusoidal and constant amplitude voltages, fixed frequency operation, balanced induction generator voltages and currents, harmonics and reactive power compensation. The paper describes the inverter control strategy, presents design criteria of the controllers, and shows experimental results.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (11) ◽  
pp. 3201
Henry Bory ◽  
Jose L. Martin ◽  
Iñigo Martinez de Alegria ◽  
Luis Vazquez

Micro-hydro power plants (μHPPs) are a major energy source in grid-isolated zones because they do not require reservoirs and dams to be built. μHPPs operate in a standalone mode, but a continuously varying load generates voltage unbalances and frequency fluctuations which can cause long-term damage to plant components. One method of frequency regulation is the use of alternating current-alternating current (AC-AC) converters as an electronic load controller (ELC). The disadvantage of AC-AC converters is reactive power consumption with the associated decrease in both the power factor and the capacity of the alternator to deliver current. To avoid this disadvantage, we proposed two rectifier topologies combined with symmetrical switching. However, the performance of the frequency regulation loop with each topology remains unknown. Therefore, the objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of the frequency regulation loop when each topology, with a symmetrical switching form, was inserted. A MATLAB® model was implemented to simulate the frequency loop. The results from a μHPP case study in a small Cuban rural community called ‘Los Gallegos’ showed that the performance of the frequency regulation loop using the proposed topologies satisfied the standard frequency regulation and increased both the power factor and current delivery capabilities of the alternator.

Thomas A. Ulrich ◽  
Roger Lew ◽  
Ronald L. Boring ◽  
Torrey Mortenson ◽  
Jooyoung Park ◽  

Nuclear power plants are looking towards integrated energy systems to address the challenges faced by increasing competition from renewable energy and cheap natural gas in wholesale electricity markets. Electricity-hydrogen hybrid operations is one potential technology being explored. As part of this investigation a human factors team was integrated into the overall engineering project to develop a human system interface (HSI) for a novel system to extract steam for a coupled hydrogen production process. This paper presents the process used to perform the nuclear specific human factors engineering required to develop the HSI for this novel and unprecedented system. Furthermore, the early integration of the human factors team and the meaningful improvements to the engineering of the system itself in addition to the successful development of the HSI for this particular application are described. Lastly, the HSI developed is presented to demonstrate the culmination of the process and disseminate a potential HSI design for electricity-hydrogen hybrid operations that may be useful for others exploring similar integrated energy systems concepts.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (15) ◽  
pp. 4665
Duarte Kazacos Winter ◽  
Rahul Khatri ◽  
Michael Schmidt

The increasing number of prosumers and the accompanying greater use of decentralised energy resources (DERs) bring new opportunities and challenges for the traditional electricity systems and the electricity markets. Microgrids, virtual power plants (VPPs), peer-to-peer (P2P) trading and federated power plants (FPPs) propose different schemes for prosumer coordination and have the potential of becoming the new paradigm of electricity market and power system operation. This paper proposes a P2P trading scheme for energy communities that negotiates power flows between participating prosumers with insufficient renewable power supply and prosumers with surplus supply in such a way that the community welfare is maximized while avoiding critical grid conditions. For this purpose, the proposed scheme is based on an Optimal Power Flow (OPF) problem with a Multi-Bilateral Economic Dispatch (MBED) formulation as an objective function. The solution is realized in a fully decentralized manner on the basis of the Relaxed Consensus + Innovations (RCI) algorithm. Network security is ensured by a tariff-based system organized by a network agent that makes use of product differentiation capabilities of the RCI algorithm. It is found that the proposed mechanism accurately finds and prevents hazardous network operations, such as over-voltage in grid buses, while successfully providing economic value to prosumers’ renewable generation within the scope of a P2P, free market.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (3) ◽  
pp. 600
Bin Ouyang ◽  
Lu Qu ◽  
Qiyang Liu ◽  
Baoye Tian ◽  
Zhichang Yuan ◽  

Due to the coupling of different energy systems, optimization of different energy complementarities, and the realization of the highest overall energy utilization rate and environmental friendliness of the energy system, distributed energy system has become an important way to build a clean and low-carbon energy system. However, the complex topological structure of the system and too many coupling devices bring more uncertain factors to the system which the calculation of the interval power flow of distributed energy system becomes the key problem to be solved urgently. Affine power flow calculation is considered as an important solution to solve uncertain steady power flow problems. In this paper, the distributed energy system coupled with cold, heat, and electricity is taken as the research object, the influence of different uncertain factors such as photovoltaic and wind power output is comprehensively considered, and affine algorithm is adopted to calculate the system power flow of the distributed energy system under high and low load conditions. The results show that the system has larger operating space, more stable bus voltage and more flexible pipeline flow under low load condition than under high load condition. The calculation results of the interval power flow of distributed energy systems can provide theoretical basis and data support for the stability analysis and optimal operation of distributed energy systems.

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