Induction of Bone Remodeling by Raloxifene-Doped Iron Oxide Functionalized with Hydroxyapatite to Accelerate Fracture Healing

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (5) ◽  
pp. 932-941
Gengqi Wang ◽  
Wenqiang Xu ◽  
Junjie Zhang ◽  
Tian Tang ◽  
Jing Chen ◽  

Repairing fractures in the presence of infection is a major challenge that is currently declining using nanotechnology. By producing iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) containing hydroxyapatite and Raloxifene (R-IONPs-HA), this study tries to target drug delivery, control infection and promotion of the cells proliferation/differentiation to repair damaged tissue. After the production of R-IONPs-HA through co-precipitation, the physicochemical features of the NPs were considered by SEM, TEM, DLS and XRD methods, and the possibility of drug release. The effect of R-IONPs-HA on MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation/differentiation was determined by CCK-assay and microscopic observations. Also, Gram-negative and -positive bacteria were applied to evaluate the antibacterial activity. Finally, cell differentiation biomarkers like an ALP, OCN, and RUNX-2 genes were examined by real time (RT)-PCR. The results showed that R-IONPs-HA was spherical with dimensions of 98.1 ± 1.17 nm. In addition, the results of Zeta and XRD confirmed the loading HA and R on IONPs. Also, the release rate of R and HA in 64 h with pH 6 reached 61.4 and 30.4%, respectively. The anti-bacterial activity of R-IONPs-HA on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria showed a significant reduction in infection. Also, MC3T3-E1 cells showed greater proliferation and differentiation by R-IONPs-HA compared to other groups. Increased expression of ossification genes such as OCN, and RUNX-2 confirmed this claim. Finally, R-IONPs-HA with good biocompatibility, antibacterial activity and ossification induction has great potential to repair bone fractures and prevent infection.

2014 ◽  
Vol 67 (3) ◽  
pp. 427-435 ◽  
Majed M. Masadeh ◽  
Ghadah A. Karasneh ◽  
Mohammad A. Al-Akhras ◽  
Borhan A. Albiss ◽  
Khaled M. Aljarah ◽  

2017 ◽  
Vol 41 (5) ◽  
pp. 2055-2061 ◽  
Tokeer Ahmad ◽  
Ruby Phul ◽  
Nafeesa Khatoon ◽  
Meryam Sardar

Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) were preparedviaa co-precipitation method and were then characterized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity after modification withOcimum sanctumleaf extract.

2017 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 801-807
Baghdad Science Journal

In this work, lead oxide nanoparticles were prepared by laser ablation of lead target immersed in deionized water by using pulsed Nd:YAG laser with laser energy 400 mJ/pulse and different laser pulses. The chemical bonding of lead oxide nps was investigated by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR); surface morphology and optical properties were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and UV-Visible spectroscopy respectively, and the size effect of lead oxide nanoparticles was studied on its antibacterial action against two types of bacteria Gram-negitive (Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcusaurus) by diffusion method. The antibacterial property results show that the antibacterial activity of the Lead oxide NPs was inversely proportional to the size of the nanoparticles in both Gram-negative and Gram-positive, and also it has been found that Gram-positive bacteria possess have greater sensitivity and less resistance to the lead oxide nanoparticles compared with Gram-negative bacteria.

Biomolecules ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 840 ◽  
Markus Witzler ◽  
Dominik Büchner ◽  
Sarah Shoushrah ◽  
Patrick Babczyk ◽  
Juliana Baranova ◽  

Bone tissue engineering is an ever-changing, rapidly evolving, and highly interdisciplinary field of study, where scientists try to mimic natural bone structure as closely as possible in order to facilitate bone healing. New insights from cell biology, specifically from mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and signaling, lead to new approaches in bone regeneration. Novel scaffold and drug release materials based on polysaccharides gain increasing attention due to their wide availability and good biocompatibility to be used as hydrogels and/or hybrid components for drug release and tissue engineering. This article reviews the current state of the art, recent developments, and future perspectives in polysaccharide-based systems used for bone regeneration.

Elaf Ayad Kadhem ◽  
Miaad Hamzah Zghair ◽  
Sarah , Hussam H. Tizkam, Shoeb Alahmad Salih Mahdi ◽  
Hussam H. Tizkam ◽  
Shoeb Alahmad

magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgO NPs) were prepared by simple wet chemical method using different calcination temperatures. The prepared NPs were characterized by Electrostatic Discharge (ESD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). It demonstrates sharp intensive peak with the increase of crystallinty and increase of the size with varying morphologies with respect to increase of calcination temperature. Antibacterial studies were done on gram negative bacteria (E.coli) and gram positive bacteria (S.aureus) by agar disc diffusion method. The zones of inhibitions were found larger for gram positive bacteria than gram negative bacteria, this mean, antibacterial MgO NPs activity more active on gram positive bacteria than gram negative bacteria because of the structural differences. It was found that antibacterial activity of MgO NPs was found it has directly proportional with their concentration.

Roxana Spulber ◽  
Carmen Chifiriuc ◽  
Mădălina Fleancu ◽  
Ovidiu Popa ◽  
Narcisa Băbeanu

Abstract In a nanobiotechnology world with many applications in biomedicine, a novel combination of inorganic-organic materials is needed to prove a novel functionality. Natural compounds from bee pollen extract coated on magnetite nanoparticles could open up a new way in apitherapy field. Iron oxide nanoparticles have proved special requirements for biological applications like superparamagnetic properties, high biocompatibility and nontoxic material. Magnetite nanoparticles functionalized with natural bioactive substances extracted from bee pollen have been characterised and investigated for antimicrobial activity. Previous findings demonstrate that magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) and pollen ethanolic extracts (PEE) exhibited antimicrobial activity against a large antimicrobial spectrum, including Grampositive, Gram-negative and antifungal microorganisms.

Rabia Irshad ◽  
Kamran Tahir ◽  
Baoshan Li ◽  
Aftab Ahmad ◽  
Azka R. Siddiqui ◽  

Zeljko Radovanovic ◽  
Katarina Mihajlovski ◽  
Lidija Radovanovic ◽  
Djordje Janackovic ◽  
Rada Petrovic

Synthetic hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, HAp) is very similar to the inorganic part of the bones and teeth of mammals. It is a well-known biomaterial with good biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and bioactivity. Nifuroxazide (C12H9N3O5, NFX) is a broad-spectrum antibacterial drug and poorly soluble in water. In order to increase the solubility of NFX, nanosized HAp powder and raw NFX drug were mixed giving, as a result, HAp/NFX conjugate. Characterization of the raw materials and the obtained conjugate confirmed the integration of NFX on the HAp surface. The in vitro study of drug release in simulated stomach acid and intestinal fluid showed a much faster release of NFX from HAp surface than those of raw drug. HAp/NFX conjugate showed an excellent inhibitory effect against Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and yeast Candida albicans, proving the nanosized HAp powder as a promising drug carrier.

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