scholarly journals Stress, anxiety, and depression in infertile couples are not associated with a first IVF or ICSI treatment outcome

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Meijuan Peng ◽  
Mingyang Wen ◽  
Tao Jiang ◽  
Yangqian Jiang ◽  
Hong Lv ◽  

Abstract Background Psychological distress may exert a negative influence on reproductive function of couples at reproductive age. Couples seeking assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment may have a higher prevalence of psychological distress than fertile couples. However, whether psychological distress is associated with the outcome of ART treatment remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of pre-treatment psychological distress and clinical pregnancy rate among infertility couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Methods This nested case-control study was conducted based on women who underwent their first fresh IVF or ICSI cycle in the Jiangsu Birth Cohort Study (JBC) between November 2015 and January 2019. A total of 150 women who did not obtain clinical pregnancy after first IVF or ICSI fresh embryo transfer were identified as cases, and a total of 300 age matched women who obtained clinical pregnancy were identified as controls. Conditional logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between psychological distress and the outcome of first IVF or ICSI treatment, adjusting for multiple potential confounders. Results No statistically significant association was observed between score of maternal symptoms of psychological distress and clinical pregnancy. Adjusted ORs of logistic regression were 1.00 (95% CI 0.97-1.03) for anxiety, 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-1.02) for depression, and 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-1.01) for perceived stress, respectively. When treat depression and anxiety as categorical variables, 62 (13.8%) were classified as clinical depression, 11 (2.4%) were classified as clinical anxiety, among 450 women in the present study. Psychological distress symptoms were also not associated with clinical pregnancy rate. Adjusted ORs of logistic regression were 0.27 (95% CI 0.03-2.33) for anxiety, 0.88 (95% CI 0.46-1.68) for depression, respectively. Conclusions Our findings firstly indicated that psychological distress experienced prior to IVF/ICSI treatment was not associated with clinical pregnancy.

2018 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 105-109
Gir Dhari Sharma ◽  
Rajesh Adhikari ◽  
Shyam Sundar Parajuly ◽  
Kalpana Gautam Adhikari

Introduction: The incidence of infertility is about 10 to 15 % among reproductive age group. The cause of infertility may be either due to male factor or female factor or both. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the success rate of intrauterine insemination (IUI) in a private centre of Pokhara. Materials and Methods: This was a centre based retrospective study done in private fertility centre. Sub-fertile couples who were treated from January 1st 2015 to December 31st 2016 were enrolled for the study. Couples with unexplained male factor, ovulatory dysfunction, unilateral tubal occlusion and ejaculatory dysfunction were included in this study. Three hundred and eighty IUI cases were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical pregnancy rate was the primary outcome. Result: The success rate of IUI was 15.7%. It was higher among unexplained infertility cases. Clinical pregnancy rate was directly associated with the age of the patients, indications of infertility and number of cycles. Conclusion: Success rate of IUI in infertile couples who had unexplained infertility, tubal factor, ovulatory dysfunction was higher than male factor infertility and ejaculatory dysfunction.

2020 ◽  
Shanshan Liang ◽  
Jianzhi Yang ◽  
Haixia Wu ◽  
Shiyi Xiong ◽  
Ming Guo ◽  

Abstract BackgroundThis study focused on the assisted reproductive treatment (ART) outcomes of female patients with X chromosome mosaicism (XM), who underwent their first IVF/ICSI and day 2 or day3 fresh embryo transfer, and the possible impacts of the different mosaic types.Results78 couples with XM female and normal male were included as the X group. 78 couples with normal karyotype were included as the control group. Subgroup X1 included 41 45,X/46,XX cases, Subgroup X2 included 23 47,XXX/46,XX cases, and Subgroup X3 included 13 45,X/47,XXX/46,XX cases. With similar female age and similar body mass index (BMI), the X group had higher total gonadotropin (Gn) dosage than the control group (1800 IU VS 1612 IU). In subgroup analysis, the follical number during oocyte retrieval was less in subgroup X1 than that in X2 or X3. The fertilization rate was lower in subgroup X1 than that in subgroup X2. The utilization rate was higher in subgroup X2 than that in subgroup X3. The implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and miscarriage rate before 12 weeks' gestation were similar in all groups.ConclusionsFemale with 45,X cell line may face higher Gn dosage, less follical number during oocyte retrieval and fewer embryos. But female with X chromosome mosaicism may have similar clinical pregnancy rate and miscarriage rate after fresh embryo transfer.

2021 ◽  
Marion Cessot ◽  
Eloise Fraison ◽  
Elsa Labrune ◽  
Mehdi Benchaib ◽  
Bruno Salle

Abstract Introduction: Luteal insufficiency corresponds to a progesterone deficiency affecting women who receive treatment for in vitro fertilization (IVF). Different routes of progesterone administration exist and have varying degrees of acceptability to patients. The aim of this study was to compare two luteal phase support (LPS) treatments: oral dydrogesterone versus micronized vaginal progesterone on the clinical pregnancy rates after fresh embryo transfert. Material and Methods: This study was a retrospective, monocentric and observational study carried out in the reproductive medicine department at the University Hospital, Femme Mère Enfant in Lyon. 580 consecutive women between 18 and 43 years old, who completed an IVF cycle with or without ICSI, followed by fresh embryo transfer on the second or third day after oocyte retrieval (D2 or D3) or at the blastocyst stage (D5 or D6) between July 2019 and July 2020 were included.Results: In the univariate analysis, the clinical pregnancy rate per transfer was comparable between the MVP and OD groups (29.7% and 27.6% respectively with p = 0.6460). In the multivariate analysis, OD also appeared to be associated with a similar pregnancy rate compared to MVP, with a non-significant difference (p > 0.05) (OR [95% CI]): 0.922 [0.626; 1,358] with p = 0.6817. The use of OD compared to MVP did not significantly influence the clinical pregnancy rate in any age group (p > 0.05) (OR [95% CI]): 0.954 [0.657; 1.386] with p = 0.8057. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the clinical pregnancy rate, whether the patients belonged to the reference population of the center or not (p > 0.05) (OR [95% CI]): 2.367 [0.568; 3.568] with p < 0.0001. Conclusion: This is the largest retrospective study comparing these two routes of progestogens in LPS during IVF and it reinforces the use of the oral form to improve patients’ comfort.

2019 ◽  
Qing Li ◽  
Belén Herrero ◽  
Mao-Ling Zhu ◽  
Josée Lefebvre ◽  
William Buckett

Abstract Background: Although it is well documented on the study of intrauterine insemination (IUI), the effectiveness of various factors on IUI treatment is inconsistent. The aim of this study is to investigate the various factors that influence IUI outcome and attempt to set up optimal protocol for IUI patients. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study including1948 cycles (843 couples) that performed IUI between January 2012 and December 2013 in a single centre. Various factors that may affect IUI outcome were analyzed using chi-square. Moreover, we conducted multiple logistic regression to evaluate the main factors on the effects of IUI outcome. In addition, follicle growth and endometrial development relevant to conception were also assessed among protocols. Results: The clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) per cycle was 12.5% in the present study. Seven factors were identified to be associated significantly with CPR by multivariate logistic regression analysis: female age, type of infertility, ovarian stimulation protocol, preovulatory follicles, endometrial thickness, growing length of preovulatory follicle, post-washed total motile spermatozoa count (TMSC). Comparing with 11 days or less, more than 15 days for ovarian response and endometrial development before insemination induced a better success rate. Although ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophin or letrozole induced higher CPR when comparing to stimulation with clomiphene citrate or without stimulation, ovarian stimulation with letrozole was superior to gonadotrophin by its similar CPR to gonadotrophin but lower follicle number, without the risk of multiple pregnancy. Women younger than 41 years with elevated endometrial thickness inseminated with TMSC ≥ 4.0 million had better chance to obtain pregnancy. Number of treatment cycle was not a factor to affect CPR, with a stable CPR in the first four cycles. Conclusions: We conclude that women no more than 41 years old are suitable to perform at least 4 cycles of IUI before proceeding to IVF. The optimized IUI treatment requires ovarian stimulation with letrozole to induce one/two follicles and fertilize with four or more million motile spermatozoa and an elevated endometrium on day 15 or after in the cycle. Key words: infertility, intrauterine insemination, effective factors, clinical pregnancy rate.

2019 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Zahra Dehbashi ◽  
Shaheen Khazali ◽  
Fateme Davari Tanha ◽  
Farnaz Mottahedian ◽  
Mahsa Ghajarzadeh ◽  

Abstract Background Endometriosis can exert obvious negative effects on women’s quality of life. Excisional surgery is among the most effective treatments for severe pelvic endometriosis. The prevalence of severe pelvic adhesions following a laparoscopic examination of severe endometriosis varies between 50 and 100%. Temporary intraoperative ovarian suspension is a method for the reduction of adhesions is in the treatment of severe pelvic endometriosis. Given the importance and the prevalence of endometriosis and its complications, we conducted the present study to determine more effective adhesion-reducing methods with a view to improving the quality of the treatments provided. Methods The present prospective double-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 50 women of reproductive age (≥ 19 years) diagnosed with severe pelvic endometriosis on transvaginal ultrasound scans and vaginal examinations at Yas Hospital between 2014 and 2017. Women with severe endometriosis (stage III, stage IV, and deep infiltrating endometriosis) requiring an extensive bilateral dissection of the pelvic walls and the rectovaginal space, with preserved uterus and ovaries, were included in the study. The preoperative severity of ovarian adhesions was assessed in terms of ovarian motility, measured through a combination of gentle pressures applied with the vaginal probe and abdominal pressures applied with the examiner’s free hand. A table of random numbers was used to choose which ovary to suspend. The entire study population received standard general anesthesia. In the laparoscopic examination of the cases with severe endometriosis, both ovaries were routinely suspended to the anterior abdominal wall with PROLENE sutures. At the end of the surgery, one of the ovaries was kept suspended for 7 days, whereas the other ovarian suspension suture was cut. At 3 months postoperatively, all the patients underwent ultrasound scans for the assessment of ovarian motility and adhesions. The severity of pelvic pain was defined according to a visual analog score. After surgery, infertile women were followed for 2-4 years, and were contacted regarding the infertility treatment. Chemical and clinical pregnancy rates was compered between the two groups. Results Three months after laparoscopy, the adhesions were mild in 41 (82%) patients and moderate in 9 (18%) on the suspended side, and mild in 12 (24%) patients and moderate in 38 (76%) on the control side (P < 0.001). The mean dysmenorrhea score was 6.8 ± 1.5 before surgery and 4.5 ± 1.4 after surgery (P < 0.001). The chemical pregnancy rate and clinical pregnancy rate were not different in the suspended and control groups (P = 0. 62, P = 0.64). Conclusions The reduction in adhesions via ovarian suspension surgery promises reductions in the complications of endometriosis.

2014 ◽  
Vol 2014 ◽  
pp. 1-5 ◽  
Tal Lazer ◽  
Shir Dar ◽  
Ekaterina Shlush ◽  
Basheer S. Al Kudmani ◽  
Kevin Quach ◽  

We examined whether treatment with minimum-dose stimulation (MS) protocol enhances clinical pregnancy rates compared to high-dose stimulation (HS) protocol. A retrospective cohort study was performed comparing IVF and pregnancy outcomes between MS and HS gonadotropin-antagonist protocol for patients with poor ovarian reserve (POR). Inclusion criteria included patients with an anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) ≤8 pmol/L and/or antral follicle count (AFC) ≤5 on days 2-3 of the cycle. Patients from 2008 exclusively had a HS protocol treatment, while patients in 2010 had treatment with a MS protocol exclusively. The MS protocol involved letrozole at 2.5 mg over 5 days, starting from day 2, overlapping with gonadotropins, starting from the third day of letrozole at 150 units daily. GnRH antagonist was introduced once one or more follicles reached 14 mm or larger. The HS group received gonadotropins (≥300 IU/day) throughout their antagonist cycle. Clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the MS protocol compared to the HS protocol (P=0.007). Furthermore, the live birth rate was significantly higher in the MS group compare to the HS group (P=0.034). In conclusion, the MS IVF protocol is less expensive (lower gonadotropin dosage) and resulted in a higher clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate than a HS protocol for poor responders.

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