scholarly journals Retrospective cohort study on preparation regimens for frozen embryo transfer

Monique Atkinson ◽  
Jenny Crittenden ◽  
Howard Smith ◽  
Cecilia Sjoblom Ahlstrom

Objective: To examine the pregnancy outcomes from frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles using different endometrial preparation regimens, compared to ovulation induction with letrozole (letrozole OI). Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Fertility centre in Sydney, Australia. Patient(s): 6060 frozen embryo transfer cycles. Interventions: Cycles were stratified into one of four ways to achieve endometrial preparation. These were either a natural, letrozole OI, OI with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH OI) or a programmed cycle. Main Outcome Measure(s): The primary outcome was live birth rate per embryo transfer (LBR). Secondary outcomes included clinical pregnancy and biochemical pregnancy rates, adverse events including miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth, neonatal death and multiple births. Ovarian stimulation parameters were also analysed including time taken to reach the luteal phase and the number of blood or urine tests required for monitoring of the cycle. Results: The LBR following letrozole OI cycles was higher when compared to natural cycles (OR 1.27 (1.07 – 1.49)) and programmed cycles (OR 2.36 (1.67 – 3.34)). There was no significant difference between letrozole OI and FSH OI LBR (OR 0.99 (0.76 – 1.28)). An improved LBR with letrozole OI compared to natural cycles was maintained when only women with a normal length cycle were considered (OR 1.44 (1.10 – 1.89)). There was a significant reduction in miscarriage rates when letrozole OI was compared to programmed cycles (OR 0.46 (0.26 – 0.83)). Conclusion(s): The use of letrozole OI for endometrial preparation in an FET cycle may be associated with higher LBR and lower miscarriage rate, compared to using a programmed cycle.

2020 ◽  
Wei Xiong ◽  
Ruiyi Tang ◽  
Peng Wu ◽  
Zhengyi Sun ◽  
jingran zhen ◽  

Abstract Background: GnRH-agonist is used to treat adenomyosis, but its efficacy in adenomyosis patients with uterine enlargement undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET) is unclear. Methods:The retrospective cohort study comprised 112 adenomyosis patients with uterine enlargement undergoing the first FET circle. A long-term GnRH-a pretreatment was administered to 112 patients with uterine enlargement. These patients were divided into two groups according to the therapeutic effect: patients with a normal-size uterus after GnRH-a treatment (GN group) and patients with an enlarged uterus after GnRH-a treatment (GL group). Results:Not all patients can shrink their uterus to a satisfactory level. After receiving GnRH-a pretreatment, the uterus returned to normal size in 77% of patients (GN group), and 23% of patients had a persistently enlarged uterus (GL group). The pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, and live birth rate were significantly higher in the GN group than in the GL group. Controlling for the confounding factors, normal uterus size (odds ratio [OR] 4.50; P=0.03) and low body mass index (OR 3.13; P=0.03) affected the odds of achieving live birth. The cut-off value selected on the ROC curve of uterus volume after GnRH-a treatment for detecting live birth was 144.7Conclusions:GnRH-a pretreatment was associated with the regression of adenomyosis lesions and improved clinical pregnancy outcomes in the adenomyosis patients with uterine enlargement whose lesion are GnRH-a susceptible on FET cycles. However, about a quarter of patients may not be less responsive to GnRH-a and have poorer pregnancy outcomes, especially in overweight women.

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