scholarly journals Effect of Intrauterine Administration of Seminal Plasma for Patients with Recurrent Implantation Failure Before FET: Study Protocol for a Prospective Randomised Controlled Trial

ling CUI ◽  
Fang Wang ◽  
Yonghong Lin

Abstract Background: To assess the effect of intrauterine administration of seminal plasma for patients with recurrent implantation failure before frozen-thawed embryo transfer. Methods: Trial design: This is a parallel group, randomized (1:1 allocation ratio) controlled trial.Participants: All patients will be recruited from Chengdu Women’s and Children’s Central Hospital. Inclusion criteria: 1. Women after IVF/ICSI treatment in Chengdu Women’s and Children’s Central Hospital. 2.Infertile women with a history of recurrent implantation failure. 3.Infertile couples (both male and female) aged between 20 and 39 years;4. Couples who have at least 1 good quality embryos for transfer. 5. Males had negative in infectious disease test. 6. The males have semen. 7. Women who intend to undergo FET after IVF or ICSI or pre-implantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A). 8. Competent and able to give informed consent. Intervention and comparator: Treatment group receiving intrauterine administration of seminal plasma before frozen-thawed embryo transfer. Main outcomes: Clinical pregnancy after frozen-thawed embryo transfer. Randomisation: Patients will be randomly allocated to either treatment or control group at 1:1 ratio. Random numbers will be generated by using software SPSS 25.0 performed by an independent statistician from Chengdu Women’s and Children’s Central Hospital. Blinding (masking): Only the data analyst will be blinded to group assignment. Numbers to be randomised (sample size): To account for a 10% dropout rate, we will recruit 174 patients (87 in each group). Trial status: The date of approval is 31rd May 2021, version 2.0. Recruitment started on 1rd June and is expected to end in July 2022. Discussion: Intrauterine administration of seminal plasma before frozen-thawed embryo transfer of patients with recurrent implantation failure may improve clinical pregnancy rate, it has great Page 2 of 14 significance for assisted reproduction. Trial registration: The study protocol has been approved by the ethics committees at Chengdu Women’s and Children’s Central Hospital. The trial was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2100046803. Registered on 28 May 2021.

2016 ◽  
pp. 80-84
Thi Tam An Nguyen ◽  
Minh Tam Le ◽  
Ngoc Thanh Cao

Background: Laser assisted hatching technique based on the hypothesis to make an artificial hole on zona pellucida (ZP) that can help embryo hatching out of ZP easily. This technique has been shown to increase implantation and pregnancy rates in women of advanced age, in women with recurrent implantation failure and following the transfer of frozen–thawed embryos. This study described the outcome of frozen–thawed embryo transfers with laser assisted hatching (LAH), which is one of the safest method in nowadays. Purpose: To assess the effect of assisted hatching technique on the clinical outcomes in vitrified-warmed transfer cycles. Method: A total of 65 thawed-transfer cycles with 153 thawed-embryos undertaken within a 12-month period were analysed, Assisted hatching with laser zona thinning was performed with one-quarter of the zona pellucida circumference. The overall thawed-embryos (day 3) were kept in culture overnight. Patient were prepared the suitable endometrium and transferred embryos advantageously. Results: In which, having the rate of survival embryos were 143 occupying 94.3%, the percentage of grade 1 and 2 embryos occupied 55.9% and 29,3% respectively, and that were enrolled LAH before transfering of frozen–thawed embryos. The average transferred embryos were 2.4±0.8, The rate of implantation per transferred embryos and per transferred embryos cycles was 19.5% and 43.1% respectively. The rate of clinical pregnancies per embryo transfer cycles occupied 33.8% with percentage of early miscarriages (biochemical pregnancies and early clinical miscarriages) was 12.3%. The rate of ongoing pregnancies was 30.8% and multiple pregnancies was low just 12.3%. This result was equal or higher than other researchs in embryos transfer had or no LAH. Conclusion: LAH contributed to stable frozen–thawed embryos transfer effectiveness. Key words: Laser assisted hatching, frozen–thawed embryos transfer, zona pellucida (ZP)

BMJ Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. e050248
Sania Latif ◽  
Bassel H Al Wattar ◽  
Neerujah Balachandren ◽  
Tomasz Lukaszewski ◽  
Ertan Saridogan ◽  

IntroductionAdenomyosis can adversely reduce chances of pregnancy in couples undergoing assisted conception. We aim to evaluate the effect of two different downregulation protocols on the reproductive outcomes in women with moderate and severe adenomyosis undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FTET).Methods and analysisWe will conduct a two-armed pragmatic randomised clinical trial comparing modified downregulation with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue for 6 weeks to standard downregulation with GnRH analogue for 1 week prior to FTET. Our primary outcome is clinical pregnancy, defined as a viable intrauterine pregnancy confirmed by ultrasound at greater than 6 weeks gestation, with other secondary reproductive, neonatal and safety outcomes. We aim to randomise 162 patients over 3 years to achieve 80% power for detecting a 20% difference in the primary outcome at 5% significance.Ethics and disseminationTo date there is no consensus on the optimal protocol for management of subfertile women with adenomyosis. Modified downregulation could improve the clinical pregnancy rate by reducing the endometrial inflammatory reaction and/or myometrial contractility and their impact on uterine receptivity in women with moderate and severe adenomyosis of the uterus undergoing FTET. The MODA trial is designed to offer pragmatic, real-life evaluation of the optimal protocol for downregulation for this population during assisted conception treatments. Our findings will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national and international scientific meetings and congresses. Ethical approval was granted by the NHS Research Ethics Committees (19/LO/1567).Trial registration numberNCT03946722.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
pp. 79-85
Ioan BOLEAC ◽  
Manuela NEAGU ◽  
Dorina CODREANU ◽  

Recurrent implantation failure is represented by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after transfer of at least 4 good-quality embryos in a minimum of 3 fresh or frozen cycles in a woman under the age of 40 years. One of the recent approaches in studying the window of implantation was building the expression profile of the genes of the endometrial cells. We performed a retrospective study which investigated if endometrial receptivity tests improved the outcomes of IVF procedures in patients with recurrent implantation failure. We enrolled 47 couples with RIF and divided them in 2 groups: the first group of 22 couples performed the ERA test and the embryo transfer according to the result of the test; the second group of 27 couples had the embryo transfer done without the ERA test. Our conclusion was that the ERA test did not improve the outcomes for patients with recurrent implantation failure.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document