Training of teachers of higher education institutions for the use of distance learning technologies in the context of digitalization

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (Extra-D) ◽  
pp. 605-612
Author(s):  
Iryna Astremska ◽  
Vitalii Honcharuk ◽  
Oksana Bialyk ◽  
Nataliia Horbatiuk ◽  
Yaroslav Martynyshyn ◽  
...  

This reflective study using exploratory research is based on a hypothesis because that the training of university teachers in the use of distance learning technologies will be effective if: the potential of distance learning technologies at the university has been determined; the essence and content of the notion "readiness of a university teacher to use distance learning technologies" are disclosed, indicators and levels of formation of the components of teacher readiness are determined university to this type of activity; the previous pedagogical conditions have been theoretically identified and experimentally substantiate. The study showed that, when conditions, means and efforts are well oriented, there are consistently satisfactory results in the use of distance learning technologies in the context of digitalization.

2020 ◽  
pp. 59-60
Author(s):  
I. Nizhenkovska ◽  
O. Kuznetsova ◽  
V. Narokha

This article analyses the effectiveness of distance learning technologies for students in the pharmaceutical departments of the universities in Ukraine during quarantine due to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. It is based on a study of distance learning implementation at the Department of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Toxicological Chemistry of the Bogomolets National Medical University (NMU) of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine using the NEURON education and information platform. The results of the online survey of the students of the Pharmaceutical Faculty of the Bogomolets NMU showed that online testing (99.1%), e-mail (91.2%) and text chats (88.5%) were the most commonly used distance learning technologies. The authors of the study conclude that it is necessary to develop specific distance learning technologies in medical (pharmaceutical) higher education institutions in order to increase course quality, competitiveness, flexibility and attractiveness.


2019 ◽  
Vol 70 (2) ◽  
pp. 271 ◽  
Author(s):  
Svitlana O. Sysoieva ◽  
Kateryna P. Osadcha

On the basis of the analysis of queries in Google Trends, Google Scholar, and the database of Volodymyr Vernadskyi National Library of Ukraine, a sample of historically structured knowledge systems has been obtained which can be used to describe the contribution of distance learning studies during the time slots available for each resource. According to the survey of students of four institutions of different education types (classical, technological, pedagogical and marine ones), the modern state-of-the-art of the application of distance learning technologies at higher education institutions is established. The analysis of the progressive ideas and practical achievements of countries of Europe, North America and Asia, which in recent years have made the significant progress in reforming their educational systems and the implementation of innovative technologies, has allowed to distinguish the following technological advances for the implementation of distance learning technologies: the adaptive learning technology, mobile learning, the virtual, supplemented and hybrid reality, the Internet of Things, systems of the next generation learning management, artificial intelligence and natural user interfaces. The following perspectives of the distance learning development in Ukraine are highlighted: updating of software and technical support and material resources of higher education institutions; provision of higher education institutions of Ukraine with the broadband Internet access; organization of cooperation of software developers for distance learning, distance education methodologists and lecturer; improvement the staffing of distance learning; development and distribution of platforms with intuitive non-complex software interfaces for creating distance courses; creation or adaptation of information technologies and electronic educational and methodological developments for the support of new technologies of distance learning at higher education institutions of Ukraine; studying the effectiveness of technological advances in the IT industry in the process of higher education teaching and learning, ensuring the process of obtaining an educational degree (bachelor’s degree, master’s degree) at higher education institutions of Ukraine through training at mass open distance courses.


Author(s):  
Yuliia Nenko

The paper has a two-fold purpose. The first purpose of the research is to clarify the concept of “readiness of teachers of higher education institutions to use distance learning technologies”, to determine the components and indicators of teachers’ readiness to use distance learning technologies. The other purpose is to announce the results of the conducted online survey on teachers’ readiness for distance learning; understand how distance learning methods are being implemented, which need to be modified or improved, establish the depth of complications associated with transitioning to online teaching due to the introduction of COVID-19 quarantine and provide the information to stakeholders to further improve the process of distance learning. The article is based on the survey of scientific literature on teachers’ readiness/preparedness to distance education and results of the authors’ COVID-19 Teachers’ Questionnaire with 485 faculty members of major higher education institutions of Cherkasy region (Ukraine). The author proves that the effectiveness of distance learning depends on subjective (teachers’ and students’ preparedness for distance education) and objective factors (material and technical base of higher education institutions). Components of teacher’s readiness for distance learning and their indicators are summarized: motivational, cognitive, operational, technological, creative, personal. The outcomes of the questionnaire have identified that most respondents lack theoretical knowledge and practical skills necessary for the implementation of distance learning and encounter difficulties in teaching during quarantine.


2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 209-229
Author(s):  
Barbora Nekardová

In this paper, I deal with the question of how university teachers perceive and evaluate their pedagogical development. I originate from a qualitative analysis of 9 in-depth semi-structured interviews with teachers from different faculties of Masaryk University who participated in a two-semester educational program aimed at increasing pedagogical competencies organized by the university. The respondents draw attention to the lack of educational opportunities to support pedagogical competencies, identifying several areas in which they would like to develop. That is why they had applied for a program organized by the University. As a part of this program, it wasn‘t the intensive full-time course led by experienced lecturers that teachers evaluated as the best, but a collaboration with a mentor they chose from their colleagues on their own. These findings are discussed in the context of current efforts of higher education institutions to achieve excellence in teaching.


2020 ◽  
Vol 99 (8) ◽  
pp. 854-860 ◽  
Author(s):  
Valery I. Popov ◽  
Olga Yu. Milushkina ◽  
Natalya A. Skoblina ◽  
Svetlana V. Markelova ◽  
Natalya V. Sokolova ◽  
...  

Introduction. The modern development of information and communication technologiesand the current epidemiological situation have led to the widespread use of distance educational technologies. The article presents the results of a statistical analysis of the data obtained during the hygienic assessment of the characteristics of the lifestyle and activity of students in the period of active introduction of forms and methods of distance education.Material and methods. An online survey of 498 students in 2019 during the period of traditional education and 1587 students in April 2020 during the implementation of the educational process in the distance format was conducted. The coordinator of the work was the Department of Hygiene of the Pediatric Faculty of the N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow.Results. The obtained data allows talking about the negative impact of electronic devices on the lifestyle of students. A significant increase in the time of the use of gadgets (almost twice) and their number (2-4) when transferring the educational process to a remote format is proved. In general, the use of stationary and mobile electronic devices in more than 50% of respondents amounted to five hours or more. A decrease in the quality characteristics of the lifestyle of students in higher education during the transition to distant education has been established, while more than a third of them do not realize this. As risk factors, a decrease in motor activity, visual impairment, neuropsychic stress, poor nutrition, etc. In the absence of direct contact with university teachers, the opportunities for creating healthy lifestyle skills within the university are reduced and the importance of teachers as an authoritarian influence and a personal example for students is reduced.Conclusion. Informatization and the introduction of distance learning technologies in the higher education system require comprehensive studies of the advantages and disadvantages of such a learning format. The forced mass introduction of distance learning technologies in the educational process has exposed many problems that have not yet been given sufficient attention and, in the future, they can become the basis for promising research in the field of educational hygiene. The results obtained suggest that modern students do not pay enough attention to their lifestyle in the period of the distant education.


2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 62-80
Author(s):  
Alexander V. Fedotov ◽  
Elena A. Polushkina

Problem and goal. The active introduction of e-learning and distance learning technologies in the educational process, the reform of traditional models of learning and education have become priority areas of reforms and initiatives in various national education systems in the 21st century. Given that public spending is the main source of funding for education in the OECD countries, assessing the economic impact of implementing a digital educational environment at different levels of education under pressure on public budgets has become a key issue for national governments and educational organizations, as well as the subject of special research. In Russian practice assessment of the economic effect of the full-scale use of e-learning and distance learning technologies in the implementation of educational programs of secondary professional (training of middle-level specialists) and higher education have not yet been carried out. For these purposes, a methodology has been developed, which, however, needs to be tested. Results. The study identified a list of costs required to ensure the full use of e-learning and distance educational technologies in realization of educational programs of secondary vocational (training of mid-level professionals) and higher (including graduate school) education; the methodlogy for assessing the economic effect of these measures is justified, and calculations are made based on this methodology. Conclusion. The developed methodology has shown its effectiveness and needs further research and quantitative analysis.


2021 ◽  
pp. 19-27
Author(s):  
Ирина Геннадьевна Алмазова ◽  
Галина Александровна Корякина ◽  
Светлана Николаевна Числова

Анализируется проблема разработки, характеристики и реализации важного условия организации образовательного процесса в университете с применением технологий дистанционного обучения, связанного с созданием в университете качественной цифровой образовательной среды, развития технической инфраструктуры и повышения квалификации вузовских преподавателей с целью эффективного использования ими технологий дистанционного обучения в процессах цифровой трансформации высшей школы. Причем такое условие анализируется не только с позиции повышения эффективности организации исследуемого процесса, но и с позиции обеспечения деятельности вуза, отвечающей требованиям мировых стандартов, что чрезвычайно важно в формате реализуемой государственной программы Российской Федерации «Развитие образования» на 2018–2025 гг. Приводятся данные опроса студентов и преподавателей университета, освещающие результаты измерения уровня эффективности реализации проверяемого условия организации образовательного процесса в университете с применением технологий дистанционного обучения. The materials of this publication analyze the problem of development, characteristics and implementation of an important condition for the organization of the educational process at the university with the use of distance learning technologies, associated with the creation of a high-quality digital educational environment, the development of technical infrastructure and advanced training of university teachers in order to effectively use distance learning technologies in the processes of digital transformation of higher education. And a certain condition is analyzed not only from the perspective of improving the efficiency of the organization of the process under study, but the operations of the University that meets the requirements of world standards, which is extremely important in the format of the State program of the Russian Federation “Development of education” for 2018–2025. The results of study of the levels of effectiveness of the implementation of the conditions are tested and and the data of the questionnaire survey of students and teachers are provided. The article describes the terms “distant education” and “distant learning”. The synonymy of their meanings and the peculiarities of their use in the context of the characteristics of a special way of implementing the educational process at the university are noted. The features of the implementation of the selected condition that took place in 2020 are noted: flexibility in taking into account the time frame of classes and in choosing an individual pace of training; modularity; the use of various types of communication; wide coverage of the audience of students.


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