Medical Students’ Reactive Anxiety as a Quality Criterion for Distance Learning during the SARS-COV-2 Pandemic

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 ◽  
pp. 86-93
Maria V. Sankova ◽  
Olesya V. Kytko ◽  
Yuriy L. Vasil'ev ◽  
Olga Yu. Aleshkina ◽  
Ekaterina Yu. Diachkova ◽  

Background: Numerous studies have shown an effect of rapidly spreading SARS-COV-2 on combined anxiety-depressive disorders and maladjustment syndrome occurrences. Objective: To determine the primary medical students’ reactive anxiety level and the final scores of their educational progress in distance learning during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The study involved 824 students at medical universities in Saratov and Moscow. The assessment of the reactive anxiety level was carried out according to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI; the average score of students' academic performance was calculated according to the data of the technological platform "1C: Enterprise" version 8.4.1. The survey was completed during distance learning in May 2020. The quality of distance learning was compared to a similar score for 2019, when students were trained in a traditional way. Statistical analysis was conducted using Statistica 6.0. Results: It was shown the presence of moderately severe disorders among the primary medical students according to the average score of reactive anxiety (43.28 ± 12.85), that expressed more in females s (p<0.05), After distance learning, lasting 25% of the whole course, the overall performance score in theoretical knowledge did not change significantly (p>0.05) but the practical skills suffered much especially in time trend (p<0.05). Novelty: It was found that a high level of the reactive anxiety negatively affects the students' adaptive capabilities and the education quality. The specificity of programs at different faculties can determine the state of the students' psychological status. Findings:Timely transition to online classes during pandemics helps to preserve the students' mental well-being and the quality of the educational process. The duration of distance learning for a practical course should not exceed 25% of the whole course. Doi: 10.28991/esj-2021-SPER-07 Full Text: PDF

Ziming Li ◽  
Julia Kiseleva ◽  
Maarten De Rijke

The performance of adversarial dialogue generation models relies on the quality of the reward signal produced by the discriminator. The reward signal from a poor discriminator can be very sparse and unstable, which may lead the generator to fall into a local optimum or to produce nonsense replies. To alleviate the first problem, we first extend a recently proposed adversarial dialogue generation method to an adversarial imitation learning solution. Then, in the framework of adversarial inverse reinforcement learning, we propose a new reward model for dialogue generation that can provide a more accurate and precise reward signal for generator training. We evaluate the performance of the resulting model with automatic metrics and human evaluations in two annotation settings. Our experimental results demonstrate that our model can generate more high-quality responses and achieve higher overall performance than the state-of-the-art.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Sultan Ucuk ◽  
Gulay Yildirim

PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the effect of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention methods training given by distance learning technique on the state anxiety level of the workers of a company serving in the communication sector.Design/methodology/approachThe sample of this experimental and cross-sectional study consisted of 52 people working in the communication sector. Data were collected using a questionnaire and the state anxiety inventory. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, variance analysis, Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney U and Tukey’s test.FindingsWhile the state anxiety scores of the workers working in the communication sector were 47.94 ± 4.90 before the training, they were found to be 43.98 ± 5.20 after the training.Research limitations/implicationsAs in every study, this study has some limitations. Although a homogeneous sample is tried to be formed since it only covers this group, it should be considered that there is a limitation in terms of generalizability. In addition, the fact that the knowledge score is not measured and the relationship between the knowledge score and the anxiety score is not evaluated should be considered as a limitation. Finally, it is also a limitation that the questionnaire form, which includes measurement tools, is applied online. It is thought that measuring errors can be minimized if questionnaires are applied face to face.Practical implicationsThe results of the study showed that the training given to the workers in the communication sector contributed positively to the reduction of anxiety levels. It is important to provide training and support to those with high anxiety levels. After providing effective protection for nurses/midwives under pandemic conditions and preventing their uncertainties, they can contribute to the reduction of anxiety levels by providing training to individuals who serve the society. It is recommended to plan health trainings for the anxiety of other sector workers serving the society and to focus on these groups. Thus, the effective protection of individuals and their service quality will increase and their anxiety may decrease.Originality/valueInformative support from nurses/midwives can make it easier to control anxiety arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. The results are important in order to draw attention to the anxiety of other sector workers serving the society and the importance of informative roles of nurses. In order to reduce the anxiety levels of workers in different sectors, it is recommended to conduct more supportive training activities and to draw attention to the workers serving the society.

2020 ◽  
Vol 25 (Supplement_2) ◽  
pp. e29-e30
Amelie Bastarache ◽  
Genevieve Normand

Abstract Background Preoperative anxiety is a prevalent phenomenon in the pediatric population. The impact of anxiety can be seen in the children and accompanying family and have significant consequences during anesthesia, the perioperative and postoperative period. Previous studies examining risk factors of anxiety were contradictory and a few studied children aged under 5. Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between parental anxiety and child anxiety in patients undergoing elective surgery in a tertiary pediatric center. The secondary objectives were to identify the cohort characteristics and the risk factors associated with higher anxiety. Design/Methods In this prospective cohort study, 166 children aged from 2 to 12 years old, who had a surgery between March and June 2019, were analyzed. Children’s anxiety at induction was assessed by the anesthesiologist with the Modified Yale Preoperative Scale Short form (mYPAS-SF). Anxiety level of children over 8 years old was self-assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Child form (STAIC) during the preoperative evaluation. Parents’ anxiety was measured with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory form (STAI). Data recorded included personal, familial and sociodemographic details, past healthcare history and prior separations. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression were performed to identify possible risk factors of children’s anxiety and association between child and parent anxiety. Results The prevalence of significant anxiety at induction was 39.8%. No significant association was observed between the level of anxiety of parents compared to their children except in the group of children aged over 8. In this population, statistically significant correlation was observed between the STAIC and the STAI score, with a Pearson coefficient of 0.4. Children aged 2 to 5 years old and parents aged 15 to 35 years old, being an only child and no anterior history of separation were all associated with higher anxiety at induction. In the adjusted analysis, being five years or older was a protective factor (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.12;0.45, p&lt;0.001). Conclusion Parent anxiety does not seem to be a good indicator of children’s anxiety even if an association was observed in the group of 8 to 12 years old. Children under 5 are more at risk of preoperative anxiety and could benefit from new technologies and preparative strategies to lower their anxiety level. Anxiety at induction remains difficult to predict and more studies on the subject need to be carried out.

2016 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 24
Noer Rohmah

<span><em>Islamic education has important role in the human life that based on Five </em><span><em>Basic of the State, because religion is motivation of life and the important </em><span><em>tool of development and self-control. Therefore, religion should be known, </em><span><em>understood, and practiced by humans in order to be fully human in life.</em><br /><span><em>Nowadays, learning of Islamic Education in the school is more focused on </em><span><em>formal and memorization (verbal) and theoretical things, not focused on the </em><span><em>purpose so forget about the ability to control themselves and how to build</em><br /><span><em>faith. Because of it, teachers need to do various innovation in the process </em><span><em>of implementation strategy of Islamic Education in the school, in order to </em><span><em>improve quality of Islamic Religion that signed by various change both of </em><span><em>cognitive, affective, and psychomotor.</em><br /><span><strong>Keywords: </strong><span><em>Innovation of Learning Strategy of Islamic Education, Quality </em><span><em>of Islamic Education.</em></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span><br /><br class="Apple-interchange-newline" /></span></span>

2014 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 113-120 ◽  
Agnieszka Bołdak ◽  
Monika Guszkowska

Summary Study aim: To determine the role of gender and experience level as factors differentiating state anxiety before and after a parachute jump, and to ascertain relationships between state anxiety and temperament features. Material and methods: The research involved 143 parachutists (98 men and 45 women) aged from 17 to 49 years old, including 73 beginners and 70 advanced parachutists. The following questionnaires were applied: the Formal Characteristics of Behavior-Temperament Inventory by Zawadzki and Strelau, the Sensation Seeking Scale by Zuckerman, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory of Spielberger et al. Results: There was a significant decrease in state anxiety level after a parachute jump (before M = 32.66; after M = 28.57; p < 0.001). Its level is significantly higher in beginners than in experienced skydivers (p < 0.001). The level of experience is also a negative predictor of state anxiety level before the jump and its decrease after the jump. Conclusion: As experience grows, the positive adaptation to stress caused by parachute jump appears, which results with lowering the state anxiety level.

1977 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 357-358 ◽  
George F. Nixon ◽  
John C. Steffeck

The test/retest reliability of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was studied utilizing 49 male freshman medical students. Test/retest reliabilities were obtained for three periods of administration, August-April, August-July, and April-July (8 mo., 11 mo., and 3 mo. respectively). As predicted for anxiety-state, low reliabilities were obtained. Anxiety trait reliabilities varied from .539 to .292. This trend of moderate to low reliabilities over relatively long periods of time may cause researchers to be cautious about long-term predictive reliabilities of anxiety trait.

2016 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
Dahlia Dessianyanthi ◽  
Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis

Public service is one form of the state apparatus functions as a public servant as well as a<br />servant of the state. Seeing an increasingly competitive business world today, the company that<br />provide public service need to change their customer services into a profit center. The quality of<br />service provides an important link between the company and customers, also can help to push the<br />company to achieve their goals and give positive image. Company's image depends on how the<br />company give their services to the customer. Companies are required to constantly monitor public<br />perceptions or opinions about the company, through its institutional functions of Public Relation (PR).<br />The purpose of this research is to analyze the customer's perception of the quality of public services at<br />PLN UPJ Bekasi Kota, and the relationship between the internal and external factors with the<br />customer's perception of public services at PLN UPJ Bekasi Kota. The results of this research show<br />the customer’s perception on the quality of public services at PLN UPJ Bekasi Kota is good with the<br />average score equal to 3.86. Correlation test showed that there are five significant correlation, which<br />is the relationship between education level and assurance, education level and responsiveness,<br />education level and tangibles, income level and tangibles, and the frequency of respondents calling<br />and responsiveness.<br />Keywords: Public Service, Quality of Service, PLN

Natalia Hrabovenko ◽  

The article defines the essence of the concept of "public management of education quality". The author emphasizes that public quality management of education is a practical activity of public authorities aimed at creating conditions for the implementation of quality educational process, satisfaction of citizens' rights to quality education, ensuring effective social development with appropriate resources in the field of education. Public administration is primarily a function of public authorities in the practical implementation of the course. It is substantiated that the state policy in the field of education is determined by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and implemented by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the central executive body in the field of education and science, other central executive bodies and local governments. First of all, in order to control and assess the quality of education, a public authority was established - the State Quality Service of Education of Ukraine. It is proved that ensuring the quality of education is one of the main conditions for mobility, compatibility and attractiveness of the education system of any country. The main tools and procedures of the state education quality management are singled out, in particular: licensing, accreditation, standardization, public accreditation of educational institutions, institutional audit, monitoring of education quality, attestation of pedagogical workers, certification of pedagogical workers, public supervision. It is determined that an important role in the quality management of education is given to the accreditation of educational programs. The procedure is to assess the educational program for its compliance with the standard of education, as well as the ability of the educational institution to ensure that students achieve the knowledge, skills and abilities required by the requirements of the educational program.

Millena Katrine Andrade Santos ◽  
Rebeca Lira de Oliveira Prado Vieira ◽  
Lavynia Carmo Brito ◽  
Mylena Andrade Oliveira ◽  
Suellen Stefhane Santos Britto ◽  

Introduction: Nursing education has been undergoing transformations in due to the need to adapt to the market demands. Thus, within the academic context, it is necessary to observe the quality of training linked to the demands of the contemporary world. To assess this quality, the National Institute of Studies and Research uses instruments to outline the quality panorama of the courses through the evaluation of students, through the result of the National Student Performance Exam, in addition to using the educational indexes: administrative category, institutional nature, number of vacancies offered and course concept. Objective: To outline the current panorama of undergraduate nursing courses in the Northeast region, establishing a relation with the quality of teaching based on the evaluation of educational indices. Methodology: Document research, of a descriptive character and qualitative approach, using secondary data from the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira of the Ministry of Education, available in April 2020. The sample consists of 336 institutions that offer 406 undergraduate courses in nursing in the Northeast. The data were compiled in an Excel®️ spreadsheet and statistically analyzed using the SPSS 12.0 program. Results: It was observed that the face-to-face modality stands out with 89% coverage in the region, but distance learning includes the largest number of places. Public education institutions stand out with the higher concepts of the course. The NSPE evaluation concept 2 was the one that most appeared in the evaluated courses. The state of Bahia has the largest amount of courses, with 24.5%, and Sergipe was the lowest index (5.4%), but it has an average of vacancies higher than the average in the region. Final considerations: The analysis of this study shows a deficit in the quality of undergraduate nursing courses in the Northeast. Further studies in the area of ​​Nursing Education are needed to analyze the monitoring of its quality.

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