Factors Associated With a Negative Emotional Response to News Media and Nationwide Emergency Text Alerts During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Korea

Ju-Yeon Lee ◽  
Mina Kim ◽  
Min Jhon ◽  
Ju-Wan Kim ◽  
Seunghyong Ryu ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (19) ◽  
pp. 10819
Shu-Mei Liu ◽  
Shu-Fang Shih ◽  
Bo Meng ◽  
Rui Zhen ◽  
Xiao-Ben Pan ◽  

The outbreak of the coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19) has greatly impacted the life and mental health of many people globally. The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with preventive behaviors and mental health among Chinese adults during their home quarantine in the COVID-19 period. An online questionnaire survey was administered in March 2020. The study participants were adults aged between 18 and 70 years old from 31 provinces in China. Of the 3878 participants, 1314 reported moderate levels of anxiety, and the remaining participants reported moderate to severe levels of anxiety. Findings revealed that females aged between 18 and 30 years old who had higher educational qualifications, greater levels of preventive knowledge, trust in the government, and resided in urban and medium-risk areas (R2 = 0.100, F = 27.97, p < 0.001) were more likely to exhibit preventive behaviors. In contrast, a higher negative emotional response was generally seen in males who had low levels of preventive knowledge and behaviors, higher risk perception of infection, lower trust in the government, and unhealthy lifestyles (R2 = 0.127, F = 32.33, p < 0.001). In addition, the high-risk perception of infection was positively associated with high odds of anxiety (AOR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.10–1.24), whereas a greater level of preventive knowledge (AOR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.19–0.70) and behaviors (AOR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.57–0.84), higher trust in the government’s COVID-19 pandemic mitigation measures (AOR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.71–0.83), and a healthier lifestyle (AOR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.79–0.99) were negatively associated with high odds of anxiety. Results showed that a lower level of anxiety and negative emotional response were associated with better preventive behaviors against COVID-19, which were influenced by preventive knowledge, risk perception, trust in the government’s COVID-19 pandemic mitigation measures, and healthy lifestyle. Findings in this study could help formulate health interventions for vulnerable groups related to gendered vulnerabilities in the COVID-19 environment to improve their mental health and preventive behaviors, especially during the period of a pandemic.

2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. 482-515
Kimon Kieslich ◽  
Frank Marcinkowski

The term Media Populism is used to indicate a ‘involuntary complicity’ between news media and populist movements based on the convergence of commercial media logic and populist communication style. It grants populists and their messages a high degree of media visibility. According to the literature, this applies more to tabloid media and infotainment content in commercial television than to upmarket media outlets and news programs. In this paper, we refer to another form of involuntary collaboration between news media and populists that is not based on similar communication styles, but simply on the fact that news media have to report on topics which populists claim issue ownership for. This applies foremost to upmarket media and public service broadcasting, which are obliged by their own quality standards or legal mandate to report completely and comprehensively on all topics of public concern. We are especially interested in the emotional response of German audiences to news coverage on two topics: mass migration and the role of Islam in Germany. With the help of two experiments, we demonstrate that public service news reporting on these issues provokes strong negative emotional reactions. What is more, our results indicate that media induced fear and anger lead to increased support for anti-migration and Islam-critical demands. Hence, German public service broadcasters may not only be ‘secret accomplices’ in creating negative emotions towards Muslim migration, but also facilitate populist movements.

2019 ◽  
Vol 43 (7) ◽  
pp. 1136-1150
Supavich (Fone) Pengnate

Purpose Clickbait has become a popular strategy for attracting online users by enticing them to follow the link to a particular website to read further. The purpose of this paper is to fill a gap in the literature by providing empirical evidence of how clickbait headlines affect online users’ emotional and behavioral responses, specifically emotional arousal and intention to read news. In addition, it is an early attempt to examine pupillary dilation response as an indicator of emotional arousal in the online news context. Design/methodology/approach An experiment was conducted primarily to examine the levels of emotional arousal evoked by two treatment groups of online news headlines, news and clickbait, compared to a neutral control group. Emotional arousal was assessed using two approaches – pupillary dilation response recorded by an eye-tracking device and the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) – and the results were compared. The influence of emotional arousal on intention to read news was hypothesized and tested. Findings The level of emotional arousal evoked by the headlines varies. In general, clickbait headlines generate a higher level of emotional arousal than do the neutral headlines but a lower level than the news headlines. The results also indicate that the level of emotional arousal measured by pupillary dilation response and by SAM are somewhat consistent. Emotional arousal appears to be a significant predictor of intention to read news. Originality/value This study is an initial attempt to investigate how clickbait headlines influence online users’ perceptions and responses, which will be of interest to researchers and news media publishers. The current study also provides evidence for adopting pupillary dilation response, an unobtrusive measure of emotional response, as an alternative methodology for future studies that investigate emotional arousal related to textual information in the online news context.

Melissa MacKay ◽  
Taylor Colangeli ◽  
Daniel Gillis ◽  
Jennifer McWhirter ◽  
Andrew Papadopoulos

Rising COVID-19 cases in Canada in early 2021, coupled with pervasive mis- and disinformation, demonstrate the critical relationship between effective crisis communication, trust, and risk protective measure adherence by the public. Trust in crisis communication is affected by the communication’s characteristics including transparency, timeliness, empathy, and clarity, as well as the source and communication channels used. Crisis communication occurs in a rhetorical arena where various actors, including public health, news media, and the public, are co-producing and responding to messages. Rhetorical arenas must be monitored to assess the acceptance of messaging. The quality and content of Canadian public health and news media crisis communication on Facebook were evaluated to understand the use of key guiding principles of effective crisis communication, the focus of the communication, and subsequent public emotional response to included posts. Four hundred and thirty-eight posts and 26,774 anonymized comments were collected and analyzed. Overall, the guiding principles for effective crisis communication were inconsistently applied and combined. A limited combination of guiding principles, especially those that demonstrate trustworthiness, was likely driving the negative sentiment uncovered in the comments. Public health and news media should use the guiding principles consistently to increase positive sentiment and build trust among followers.

2006 ◽  
Vol 130 (7) ◽  
pp. 1941-1949 ◽  
Fernando S. Velayos ◽  
Edward V. Loftus ◽  
Tine Jess ◽  
W. Scott Harmsen ◽  
John Bida ◽  

1994 ◽  
Vol 72 (01) ◽  
pp. 033-038 ◽  
N Schinaia ◽  
A M G Ghirardini ◽  
M G Mazzucconi ◽  
G Tagariello ◽  
M Morfini ◽  

SummaryThis study updates estimates of the cumulative incidence of AIDS among Italian patients with congenital coagulation disorders (mostly hemophiliacs), and elucidates the role of age at seroconversion, type and amount of replacement therapy, and HBV co-infection in progression. Information was collected both retrospectively and prospectively on 767 HIV-1 positive patients enrolled in the on-going national registry of patients with congenital coagulation disorders. The seroconversion date was estimated as the median point of each patient’s seroconversion interval, under a Weibull distribution applied to the overall interval. The independence of factors associated to faster progression was assessed by multivariate analysis. The cumulative incidence of AIDS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis at 17.0% (95% Cl = 14.1-19.9%) over an 8-year period for Italian hemophiliacs. Patients with age greater than or equal to 35 years exhibited the highest cumulative incidence of AIDS over the same time period, 32.5% (95% Cl = 22.2-42.8%). Factor IX recipients (i.e. severe B hemophiliacs) had higher cumulative incidence of AIDS (23.3% vs 14.2%, p = 0.01) than factor VIII recipients (i.e. severe A hemophiliacs), as did severe A hemophiliacs on less-than-20,000 IU/yearly of plasma-derived clotting factor concentrates, as opposed to A hemophiliacs using an average of more than 20,000 IU (18.8% vs 10.9%, p = 0.02). No statistically significant difference in progression was observed between HBsAg-positive vs HBsAg-negative hemophiliacs (10.5% vs 16.4%, p = 0.10). Virological, immunological or both reasons can account for such findings, and should be investigated from the laboratory standpoint.

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