COVID-19 and Risk Factors of Anxiety and Depression in South Korea

Jinhee Hyun ◽  
Seokjoo Kim ◽  
Heeguk Kim ◽  
Yun-Jung Choi ◽  
Yun-Kyeung Choi ◽  
2012 ◽  
Vol 25 (2) ◽  
pp. 164-170 ◽  
Silje Kolltveit ◽  
Ida Ingridsdatter Lange-Nielsen ◽  
Abdel Aziz Mousa Thabet ◽  
Atle Dyregrov ◽  
Ståle Pallesen ◽  

2020 ◽  
pp. 1-14 ◽  
Hyunju Kim ◽  
Kyueun Lee ◽  
Casey M. Rebholz ◽  
Jihye Kim

Abstract No studies have investigated the associations between established plant-based diet indices and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We evaluated the associations between an overall plant-based diet index (PDI), healthy PDI (hPDI), unhealthy PDI (uPDI) and the MetS in a nationally representative sample using data from 14 450 Korean adults (≥19 years) in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012–2016. Dietary intakes were assessed by a semi-quantitative FFQ. In the PDI, all plant foods received positive scores. In the hPDI, only healthy plant foods received positive scores. In the uPDI, only unhealthy plant foods received positive scores. All indices reverse scored animal food intake. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between three PDI and the MetS by sex, adjusting for potential risk factors. A total of 23·3 % of Korean adults had the MetS. In the overall study population, individuals in the highest quintile of uPDI had greater odds (OR 1·54, 95 % CI 1·28, 1·86, Ptrend < 0·001) of the MetS than those in the lowest quintile. Higher uPDI score was associated with higher odds of hypertriacylglycerolaemia in men and abdominal obesity, high fasting glucose and hypertriacylglycerolaemia in women. No significant associations were observed between PDI, hPDI and the MetS. Greater adherence to unhealthy plant-based diets was associated with greater odds of the MetS and its components suggesting the importance of the quality of plant-based diet in South Korean adults. Sex differences may be considered when recommending plant-based diets for the prevention and management of metabolic diseases.

2012 ◽  
Vol 141 (5) ◽  
pp. 1070-1079 ◽  
S. B. HONG ◽  
E. Y. CHOI ◽  
S. H. KIM ◽  
G. Y. SUH ◽  
M. S. PARK ◽  

SUMMARYA total of 245 patients with confirmed 2009 H1N1 influenza were admitted to the intensive-care units of 28 hospitals (South Korea). Their mean age was 55·3 years with 68·6% aged >50 years, and 54·7% male. Nine were obese and three were pregnant. One or more comorbidities were present in 83·7%, and nosocomial acquisition occurred in 14·3%. In total, 107 (43·7%) patients received corticosteroids and 66·1% required mechanical ventilation. Eighty (32·7%) patients died within 30 days after onset of symptoms and 99 (40·4%) within 90 days. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the clinician's decision to prescribe corticosteroids, older age, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score and nosocomial bacterial pneumonia were independent risk factors for 90-day mortality. In contrast with Western countries, critical illness in Korea in relation to 2009 H1N1 was most common in older patients with chronic comorbidities; nosocomial acquisition occurred occasionally but disease in obese or pregnant patients was uncommon.

2015 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 71-77 ◽  
Simona Bertoli ◽  
Alessandro Leone ◽  
Veronica Ponissi ◽  
Giorgio Bedogni ◽  
Valentina Beggio ◽  

AbstractObjectiveConflicting data are available on the prevalence of binge eating behaviour (BE) in individuals seeking to lose or maintain weight. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of and the risk factors for BE in a large sample of men and women starting a weight loss or maintenance programme.DesignCross-sectional study. BE was defined as a Binge Eating Scale (BES) score ≥18. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Italian Depression Questionnaire were used to assess anxiety and depression. Besides sex, age and BMI, marital status, educational level, smoking and physical activity were evaluated as potential risk factors for BE. Uni- and multivariable Poisson working regression models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and marginal probabilities.SettingNutritional research centre.SubjectsAdults (n 6930; 72 % women) with a median age of 46 years (range 18–81 years) were consecutively studied.ResultsBE prevalence in the pooled sample was 17 %. At multivariable analysis, being a woman (PR=2·70), smoking (PR=1·15) and increasing BMI (PR=1·05 for 1 kg/m2 increase) were risk factors for BE. On the contrary, being older (PR=0·99 for 1-year increase), performing physical activity (PR=0·89) and being married (PR=0·88) were protective factors for BE. Anxiety and depression were more common in subjects with BE.ConclusionsBE is common in individuals seeking to lose or maintain weight. The prevalence of BE is higher in young obese women. However, BE is present also in men, elders and normal-weight subjects.

2010 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 455-460 ◽  
Francisco Gil ◽  
G. Costa ◽  
F.J. Pérez

AbstractObjective:The purpose of this study was to assess the psychological care needs of cancer patients throughout the healthcare process: after diagnosis, after medical treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy) and during follow-up.Method:A total of 703 ambulatory cancer patients were assessed in this study. The inclusion period was from April 1, 2005 to April 30, 2007. The first psychological scales used were the 14-item Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS), which has two sub-scales for anxiety (7 items) and for depression (7 items). All patients with a score ≥14 were assessed through the Structured Clinical Interview for Psychiatric Disorder (SCID-I) of the DSM-IV. All data were compared with sociodemographic and medical characteristics.Results:Of the 703 cancer patients in the study, 349 were men and 354 women, with a mean age of 53 years. The median time between the cancer diagnosis and our clinical interview was 6 months (range, 12 days to 190 months). Overall, the screening tools indicated that one in four patients needed psychological care. The most common psychiatric diagnosis was adjustment disorder (129 cases), whereas 10 patients were diagnosed with major depression. Using a HADS cut-off score of >7 for anxiety and depression, 28% and 17% of patients, respectively, were classified as “possible clinical cases.” Risk factors for distress included age <65 years, asthenia, constipation, and a low performance status. However, chemotherapy treatment was found to be a protector against distress in cancer patients.Significance of Results:Chemotherapy treatment is interpreted by the patients as a protector against cancer, thereby reducing distress levels.

2000 ◽  
Vol 30 (1) ◽  
pp. 11-22 ◽  

Background. There is considerable disagreement about what happens to the risk of anxiety and depression disorders and symptoms as people get older.Methods. A search was made for studies that examine the occurrence of anxiety, depression or general distress across the adult life span. To be included, a study had to involve a general population sample ranging in age from at least the 30s to 65 and over and use the same assessment method at each age.Results. There was no consistent pattern across studies for age differences in the occurrence of anxiety, depression or distress. The most common trend found was for an initial rise across age groups, followed by a drop. Two major factors producing this variability in results were age biases in assessment of anxiety and depression and the masking effect of other risk factors that vary with age. When other risk factors were statistically controlled, a more consistent pattern emerged, with most studies finding a decrease in anxiety, depression and distress across age groups. This decrease cannot be accounted for by exclusion of elderly people in institutional care from epidemiological surveys or by selective mortality of people with anxiety or depression.Conclusion. There is some evidence that ageing is associated with an intrinsic reduction in susceptibility to anxiety and depression. However, longitudinal studies covering the adult life span are needed to distinguish ageing from cohort effects. More attention needs to be given to understanding the mechanism behind any ageing-related reduction in risk for anxiety and depression with age. Possible factors are decreased emotional responsiveness with age, increased emotional control and psychological immunization to stressful experiences.

2019 ◽  
Vol 6 (Supplement_2) ◽  
pp. S100-S101
Jung Ho Kim ◽  
Hi Jae Lee ◽  
Woon Ji Lee ◽  
Hye Seong ◽  
Jin young Ahn ◽  

Abstract Background Infective endocarditis (IE) is a potentially lethal disease that has undergone constant changes in epidemiology and pathogen. Treatment of IE has become more complex with today’s myriad healthcare-associated factors as well as regional differences in causative organisms. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the overall trends, microbiological features, clinical characteristics and outcomes of IE in South Korea. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with the diagnosis of probable or definite IE according to the modified Duke Criteria admitted to a tertiary care center in South Korea between November 2005 and August 2017. Poisson log-linear regression was used to estimate time trends of IE incidence rate and mortality rate. Risk factors for in-hospital mortality were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis including an interaction term. Results There were 419 IE patients (275 male vs. 144 female) during the study period. The median age of the patients was 56 years. The annual incidence rate of IE of our institution was significantly increased. (RR 1.05; 95% CI, 1.02–1.08; P = 0.006) The mortality rate showed trends toward down, but not statistically significant (P = 0.875). IE was related to a prosthetic valve in 15.0% and 21.7% patients developed IE during hospitalization. The mitral valve was the most commonly affected valve (61.3%). Causative microorganisms were identified in 309 patients (73.7%) and included streptococci (34.6%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (15.8%) and enterococci (7.9%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 14.6%. Logistic regression analysis found aortic valve endocarditis (OR 3.18; P = 0.001), IE caused by staphylococcus aureus (OR 2.32; P = 0.026), a presence of central nervous system embolic complication (OR 1.98; P = 0.031), a high SOFA score (OR 1.22; P = 0.023) and a high Charlson’s comorbidity index (OR 1.11; P = 0.019) as predictors of in-hospital mortality. On the other hand, surgical intervention for IE was found to be a protective factor against mortality. (OR 0.25, P < 0.001) Conclusion Although IE has been increasing, the mortality rate has not yet reduced significantly. Studies on causative organisms of IE and risk factors for mortality are warranted in improving prognosis. Disclosures All authors: No reported disclosures.

2020 ◽  
Vol 104 (S3) ◽  
pp. S413-S413
Eunjeong Kang ◽  
Jina Park ◽  
Yaerim Kim ◽  
Dong-Wan Chae ◽  
Jung Nam An ◽  

Heart ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 107 (2) ◽  
pp. 135-141 ◽  
Jung Ho Kim ◽  
Hi Jae Lee ◽  
Nam Su Ku ◽  
Seung Hyun Lee ◽  
Sak Lee ◽  

ObjectiveThe treatment of infective endocarditis (IE) has become more complex with the current myriad healthcare-associated factors and the regional differences in causative organisms. We aimed to investigate the overall trends, microbiological features, and outcomes of IE in South Korea.MethodsA 12-year retrospective cohort study was performed. Poisson regression was used to estimate the time trends of IE incidence and mortality rate. Risk factors for in-hospital mortality were identified with multivariable logistic regression, and model comparison was performed to evaluate the predictive performance of notable risk factors. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression were performed to assess long-term prognosis.ResultsWe included 419 patients with IE, the incidence of which showed an increasing trend (relative risk 1.06, p=0.005), whereas mortality demonstrated a decreasing trend (incidence rate ratio 0.93, p=0.020). The in-hospital mortality rate was 14.6%. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, aortic valve endocarditis (OR 3.18, p=0.001), IE caused by Staphylococcus aureus (OR 2.32, p=0.026), neurological complications (OR 1.98, p=0.031), high Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (OR 1.22, p=0.023) and high Charlson Comorbidity Index (OR 1.11, p=0.019) were predictors of in-hospital mortality. Surgical intervention for IE was a protective factor against in-hospital mortality (OR 0.25, p<0.001) and was associated with improved long-term prognosis compared with medical treatment only (p<0.001).ConclusionsThe incidence of IE is increasing in South Korea. Although the mortality rate has slightly decreased, it remains high. Surgery has a protective effect with respect to both in-hospital mortality and long-term prognosis in patients with IE.

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