Educating Children and the New Norm

Author(s):  
Zabidi Azhar Mohd Hussin

The lockdown from March to November 2020 in its various forms have seriously impacted education of children, both nationally and internationally. In Malaysia; more than 1 million students were affected and 100,000 teachers and 20,438 members of school support staff were forced to stay at home. UNICEF noted that 24 million children around the world will drop out and students from vulnerable communities will be particularly and failed to return to class. This has forced almost all education providers to switch the education deliveries online. While some of the more established educational institutions which are more prepared than others, sailed plainly through this switch, a sizable majority found this switch a devastating blow to the delivery of education especially to children. The Parent Group for Education, Malaysia reported that 66% Malaysian children do not have good internet connectivity at home and the Ministry of Education also reported that 37% do not own devices for online learning. The outcome of these is almost predictable. 20% children were discovered to have lost interest in schoolwork and become demotivated while 7% have indeed dropped out from school. Although most children are no stranger to handphones and other devices, the use of these for education is daunting. For the first 10 weeks of the MCO, online teaching is noted to be adhoc, random, unstructured and even non-existent. Timetable was created in May but not strictly adhered to by teachers who are not familiar with technology. The Ministry of Education set up a free portal such as www.eduwebtv.moe.edu.my and the Digital Educational Learning Initiative Malaysia (DELIMA) as immediate mitigation. The future and the new norm for education is predictable and we have no choice. Online education delivery has to be strengthened by firm efforts to boost connectivity. School digital packages should consist of laptops or tablets, with video cams, telecommunication towers, especially in the rural areas must be built urgently. Mini and micro credentialing of children and teachers must be held to train them on the basics of online teaching, while more immersive applications are being prepared. We have little choice.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S4

Author(s):  
Farokh Feizi ◽  
Morteza Bakhtiarvand

This study addresses the educational challenges faced by students in rural multi-grade classes in the context of the global epidemic of Covid 19. Rural students in this course face unprecedented challenges in trying to adapt to a new way of life and learning. This study was conducted with the aim of creating a better future for these students and in line with critical research of the current situation. In order to collect data, participatory action research method was used. A total of 12 students from elementary multi-grade classes (fourth, fifth and sixth grades) and 6 teachers participated in this study. This study answers two key questions: What are the learning challenges for rural learners during Covid 19? How can their teaching and learning be enhanced? The results showed that while our education decision-making system promoted online learning as the only alternative at the time, many rural students were deprived of teaching and learning. This is due to reasons such as lack of hardware resources for Internet connection, lack of Internet network coverage in many villages, poor learning management system, economic poverty, heavy financial cost of Internet use, weakness or lack of necessary technological knowledge in some Rural teachers, the lack of Internet cafes in rural areas, the lack of fixed ADSL Internet in rural areas, has not been able to meet the educational needs of rural students.


Author(s):  
Jialu Chen ◽  
Yingxiao Han ◽  
An Li

In recent years, with the development of society and the progress of science and technology, online learning has penetrated into people's daily life, and people's demand for high-quality curriculum products is more and more strong. From a macro perspective, the continuous growth of national financial investment in education, the continuous upgrading of China's consumption structure, the development of 5G technology and the popularization of AI intelligence make online teaching less limited. The online education industry is showing an explosive growth trend. More and more online education institutions are listed for financing, and the market value is soaring. However, in 2019, except for GSX, the latest online learning platforms such as New Oriental, Speak English Fluently and Sunlands, have been in a state of loss. Most of these agencies seize the market by increasing advertising investment, but at the same time, they also bring huge marketing costs, which affect the financial performance of the company. With the enhancement of Matthew effect, large-scale educational institutions occupy a large market through free classes and low-price classes, while small and medium-sized institutions with weak capital strength are often unable to afford high sales costs, facing the risk of capital chain rupture. Taking new Oriental online as an example, this paper analyzes the problems existing in the marketing strategies of online education institutions. It also puts forward suggestions on four aspects, which are target market, differentiated value, marketing mix and marketing mode, so as to make sure that online education institutions can control marketing expenses and achieve profits by improving course quality, expanding marketing channels and implementing precise positioning.


2021 ◽  
pp. 14-18
Author(s):  
Jyoti Agrawal

A survey was conducted to assess the impact of lockdown due to COVID-19 on online education of undergraduate learners of government colleges Umarban, district Dhar (454449) Madhya Pradesh, India. An online as well as offline survey was conducted from 10 October 2020 to 15 March 2021 to collect the information. To analyze the possibility and attention of students for online education, various online quizzes were conducted in which a structural questionnaire link using ‘Google form’ was sent to students through WhatsApp. A total of 265 students were taken for the survey. The simple percentage distribution was used to assess the learning status of the study participants. During the lockdown period, around 15.47% of learners were involved in e-learning. Most of the learners were used android mobile for attending e-learning. The present study revealed that around 60% of students were seen to involve in farming during lockdown instead of online classes. In addition to this, 45% of students never joined an online class during the entire session. Further analysis demonstrated that 13% of students do not have their own mobile phone, nearly 18% could not join due to poor internet connectivity, 21% of students faced unfavorable study environment at home and 3% of students have other reasons. This study also showed a comparative analysis of the presence of students before and after the COVID 19 pandemic. As the ratio of presence of students in physical and virtual classrooms was 2.32. The overall results from this study revealed that especially in rural areas COVID – 19 pandemic had affected more adversely on classroom attendance, where people already do not want to give importance to education. Higher education institutions may benefit from these findings while formulating strategies to support students during this pandemic. Moreover, to promote education in COVID 19 era strong strategies are urgently needed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 01-06
Author(s):  
Siti Safura

The pandemic of Coronavirus has influenced all levels of education in the whole world. This impact forces the Ministry of Education to switch from traditional education to online education. As a result, educators must run this policy to teach the classroom and students must adapt to this situation. This research aimed to find out students’ perception of online learning during the Coronavirus pandemic. This research employed the qualitative design and used the survey method to distribute the questionnaires. The object of this research was twenty-seven students of the English Department, University of Muhammadiyah Aceh. The obtained data was analyzed through descriptive analysis to see how online class is perceived by students during the pandemic. The result of this research shows that the students share the positive perceptions toward online learning during the Coronavirus pandemic. The finding also displays the hesitation of students in deciding the problem faced in having the online class.


2020 ◽  
Vol 36 (5) ◽  
pp. 58-70
Author(s):  
Henk Huijser ◽  
Rachel Fitzgerald

Changing learner demographics and requirements are driving an increase in the range of private education available in the higher education sector. To stay current, universities may need to adapt to learner needs and rethink how they deliver education. This case study evaluates a model of delivery that is a collaboration of a traditional public university and a private education provider to design and deliver online education for a specific demographic where the private provider undertakes the online teaching and collaborates with the university on the design. Initial evidence suggests that the partnership model has the potential to work well with good communication and adjustments from both sides, including addressing assumptions about preparedness for online. Early indications further suggest that this model facilitates rapid change and deeper understanding about online learning, and that it brings shared benefits and rewards.


2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (5) ◽  
pp. 183-190 ◽  
Author(s):  
Madinah Nabukeera

Higher education faced unplanned, unwanted, un experienced, tense test in online learning with Novel Covid-19 pandemic. For all the stakeholders participating in this type of training from lecturers, students and support ICT staff its unwelcome but the university systems were stuck on how they have to go through to ensure that they end Semester II academic year 2019/20. Early January 2020, the outbreak of the Covid-19 caused Ugandan universities to close the physical campuses following a presidential directive. On 20th March 2020, from lower primary, secondary education to universities. This forced university administration to instruct teaching staff to teach all courses on-line apart from practical courses that need laboratory training. This paper focused on instructional strategies in Uganda and focuses on a case of Islamic University in Uganda Females’ Campus (IUIUFC). Fifteen specific instructional strategies are presented to summarize current online teaching experiences for university instructors who might conduct online education in similar circumstances. The study concluded with 15 high impact principles for online education. Keywords: Covid-19, instructional strategies, online teach and learning, academic managers and IUIUFC


2017 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 65-75 ◽  
Author(s):  
Raghu Naath Singh ◽  
David Hurley

Objective of the study was to assess selected principles of effective online education. Elements of those principles were identified and ranked in terms of their relative importance through Delphi procedures. Research steps included (1) a review of relevant literature critically reporting challenges and credibility of online course delivery experienced in the higher education, (2) developing a list of major principles for online learning (efficacy, student empowerment, and academic integrity) based on the literature, (3) selecting a sample through a chain-referral technique of faculty members and supporting technology staff involved in online teaching at selected university campuses, (4) interviewing respondents in two rounds to rank goals and means of each of the three evaluative principles, and (5) analyzing data and subjecting them for reliability and validity analyses. The study found strong academic support in the matters of efficacy and student empowerment for online teaching; but also found some concerns respondents had about the issues of maintaining adequate integrity of online courses.    Keywords: online education, teaching-learning process, identifying three effectiveness evaluation principles of efficacy, student empowerment and academic integrity; ranking goals and means for three principles through Delphi method, reliability, validity 


2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 79
Author(s):  
Tahani I. Aldosemani

The main purpose of this study is to quantitatively identify the most recurrent ethical challenges instructors usually encounter in their online teaching and the most effective strategies to solve and avoid these challenges. Among the faculty members, 52% stated that they encountered certain ethical challenges in their teaching. Although ANOVA tests showed that there is no significant difference between instructors with different academic degrees and different teaching experiences. This shows that that the probability of these challenges could occur in online learning environments regardless instructors’ academic degree or online teaching experiences.


Author(s):  
Dr. Diganta Kumar Das

Covid-19 Pandemic is a situation which affects mostly on economic life of the households and thereby also affects the education style of the students in almost worldwide. Today the system of education shift from offline education to the online learning. The online education does not reach all the students particularly living in rural areas. Unavailability of electricity, mobile phones, laptops having internet facility, bad network connection in rural areas, poor background of BPL families etc. are the numerous issues because of which the online education will not reached the poor students in rural areas. Under this drawback a study on attitude of college students on online learning environment in rural flood affected areas of Assam has been undertaken. A total of 150 degree students at Brahmaputra Valley of Assam have been randomly collected. For the purpose of the study Lakhimpur district of Assam was purposively selected by the researcher. The analysis of the study concludes that there is a positive contact of online learning on students during Pandemic situation. But the students living rural areas are deprived from getting the benefit of online learning in the district under study.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Peter Serdyukov

PurposeWith the rapid transition of education from the traditional, classroom- or campus-based to the online format, there grows a need for not only taking advantage of online technology but also assessing actual and potential effects it can make on the learners, learning, education, and society. One of the risks inherent in online learning is its growing formalization both in the organization of the learning and in its process, which may gravely affect students’ learning, health, cognition, behavior and quality of the learning outcomes. It can also produce serious implications for the society. This article investigates the origins of formalization, its forms and stages, and discusses asynchronous, precision, and automated learning formats from this perspective. Among many issues, the impact of formalization on the learner's development and socialization is considered. The author offers a pragmatic solution for deformalization of online learning.Design/methodology/approachQualitative analysis of contemporary research literature, educational trends and practices.FindingsIt was found that formalism permeates online education in many ways. It is present in asynchronous, precise and automated learning and may produce significant impact on students, their learning, and society.Research limitations/implicationsThis is a qualitative research based on the analysis of current research literature and teaching practices.Practical implicationsWhile formalism in education is an unavoidable evil, its impact must be diminished. Critical analysis and practical recommendations offered may help improve online teaching and learning.Social implicationsFormalism affects both students' socialization in the online learning environment, and patterns of socialization in the society. It also impacts students’ cognition and behaviors. So, counteracting formalism may benefit the society's well-being.Originality/valueThe authors could not find any publications on this topic. So this is an original material which may contribute to improving online teaching and learning.


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