The Effectiveness of Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) Programme Among Adolescents in Cheras, Malaysia

Author(s):  
Zaitul Akmal AZ ◽  
Salmah N ◽  
ND Ismail ◽  
Muhammad Akmal MN ◽  
Khairatul Nainey K

Introduction: In Malaysia, the rate of adolescents involved in sexual activities has increased and starts at an earlier age. Data from NHMS 2017 showed that 7.3% among surveyed 13 to 17 years-old adolescents have already had sex. The rate of teenage pregnancies is also increasing at 3.7-3.9% between the years 2009 until 2011. Therefore, an effective SRH Programme should be conducted in schools to equip them with adequate knowledge regarding this subject.Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 145 randomly selected secondary school students aged 13 to 15 years old, attending the SRH Programme in a secondary school in Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia. The objective of this programme is to deliver knowledge and promote awareness among adolescents regarding SRH. The programme consists of intervention using adolescent-friendly module and games. A pre- and post-test were given to the participants to evaluate the effectiveness of the programme using the validated SRH questionnaire (Malay version). The questionnaire consists of fourteen and six items for knowledge and attitude, respectively.Results: The result showed an increase in the mean knowledge score (±SD) after the SRH Programme at the school from 7.25 ± 2.44 for pre-test to 9.70 ± 3.17 for post-test. The mean difference in pre- and post-test was 2.45 (95% CI: 2.02, 2.87) and was statistically significant (p<0.001). In terms of attitudes, the majority of the students felt that they have enough knowledge to make a gooddecision regarding sexual reproductive health issues after the SRH programme. However, there was only a small increment with regards to their attitudes on assertiveness.Conclusion: This study demonstrated an increase in the level of knowledge among adolescents in Cheras after the SRH programme using the adolescent-friendly module and games. However, there is no significant change in attitude among adolescents regarding SRH.Future SRH programmes need to be done regularly to instil positive attitudes among adolescents in dealing withsexual reproductive dilemmas.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S20

Author(s):  
Andi Muh asrul Irawan ◽  
Zakia Umami ◽  
Lusi Anindia Rahmawati

<p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left: -.25pt; text-align: justify;"><em><span lang="EN-ID">Masa remaja merupakan periode terjadinya pertumbuhan dan perkembangan secara dinamis dan pesat, baik fisik, psikologis, intelektual, sosial, tingkah laku, seksual yang dikaitkan dengan pubertas. Masa remaja merupakan peralihan dari masa remaja ke dewasa. Pertambahan berat dan tinggi badan mengikuti perkembangan kematangan seksual. Pentingnya pengetahuan tentang status gizi serta masalah masalah kesehatan reproduksi pada remaja untuk dapat mencegah masalah yang mungkin timbul karena kurangnya pengetahuan remaja mengenai kesehatan mereka.Tujuan pengabdian masyarakat adalah untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan remaja terkait. Metode pelaksanaan pengabdian masyarakat ini berupa pelatihan cara mengukur status gizi remaja, pemberian materi mengenai kesehatan reproduksi remaja, pengetahuan remaja diukur menggunakan desain one group pre-post-test. Siswa diberikan pertanyaan yang mengukur pengetahuan tentang gizi dan kesehatan reproduksi.Skor Rata-rata pengetahuan siswa sebelum diintervensi dengan Pendidikan gizi sebesar 5,06±1,83, setelah dilakukan intervensi Pendidikan gizi, skor rata-rata siswa meningkat sebesar 8,22±1,22, hal ini menunjukan terjadi peningkatan pengetahun siswa tentang gizi dan kesehatan reproduksi.</span></em></p><p> </p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left: -.25pt; text-align: justify;"><strong><span lang="EN-ID">Kata kunci :<em>Remaja, Pendidikan Gizi Pengetahuan, Reproduksi</em></span></strong></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left: -.25pt; text-align: justify;"><strong><span lang="EN-ID"><em><br /></em></span></strong></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left: -.25pt; text-align: justify;"><strong><span lang="EN-ID"><em>Abstract</em></span></strong></p><p><em>Adolescence is a period of dynamic and rapid growth, including physical, psychological, intellectual, social, behavioral, sexual relations with puberty. Adolescence is a transition from adolescence to adulthood. Weight gain and height follow the development of sexual maturity. The importance of knowledge about nutritional status and reproductive health issues in adolescents to be able to prevent problems that may arise due to the lack of knowledge of adolescents about their health. Community development was to increase the knowledge of adolescents. This method of implementing community development was how to measure the nutritional status of adolescents, providing material on adolescent reproductive health, adolescent knowledge was measured using a one group pre-post-test design. The mean of students' knowledge score before intervention with Nutrition Education was 5,06 ± 1,83, after nutrition education interventions, the mean of student knowledge score increased by 8,22 ± 1,22, it showed that the knowledge of students about nutrition and reproductive health was increased. </em></p><p><strong>Keywords: <em>Adolescence, Nutrition Education, Knowledge, Reproduction</em></strong></p>


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (06) ◽  
pp. 332-337
Author(s):  
Shailendra Verma ◽  
◽  
Lavanya Nandan ◽  
Sibi Samuel ◽  
◽  
...  

A pre experimental study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching program regarding respiratory care of intubated patients in terms of knowledge and practice among the ICU staff nurses working in selected hospital at Delhi, NCR, The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of Plan Teaching Programme (PTP) on knowledge and practice regarding the respiratory care of intubated patient among ICU staff nurses. This study was conducted on 30 staff nurses of Lady Harding medical college and hospital Delhi NCR. Pre- experimental research design was adopted and purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. A structured knowledge questionnaire of 25 questions and practice checklist of 30 items were prepared to assess the knowledge and practice of the staff nurses. Data obtained were analyzed and interpreted by using both descriptive and inferential statistics in terms of frequency, percentages, Mean, S.D and Co-relation. Findings showed that In Pre-test Majority of Staff Nurses i.e. 19 (63%) were having V. good knowledge respectively. Whereas in Post Test 17 (57%) were having excellent knowledge regarding care of intubated patient in ICU which indicates an increase in knowledge score. In Pre-test Majority of Staff Nurses i.e. 19 (63%) were having V. good knowledge respectively. Whereas in Post Test 17 (57%) were having excellent knowledge regarding care of intubated patient in ICU which indicates an increase in knowledge score. The mean Post test practice check list score of Staff Nurses is (21.63) which is higher than the mean Pre test practice check list (14.23), with the mean difference of 7.4. The obtained mean difference was found to be statistically significant. The calculated t value is 23.81 which is greater than the table value at 0.05 level of significance at df (29).The findings revealed that the coefficient of correlation between post test knowledge score and post test practice score regarding respiratory care of intubated patient in ICU among staff nurses is 0.94 which is statistically significant.


2019 ◽  
Vol 22 (13) ◽  
pp. 2500-2508 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kamer Gur ◽  
Saime Erol ◽  
Hasibe Kadioglu ◽  
Ayse Ergun ◽  
Rukiye Boluktas

AbstractObjective:The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a Transtheoretical Model-based programme titled ‘Fruit &amp; Vegetable-Friendly’ on the fruit and vegetable (F&amp;V) consumption of adolescents.Design:A quasi-experimental study. The ‘Fruit &amp; Vegetable-Friendly’, a multicomponent intervention based on the Transtheoretical Model, was completed in eight weeks. The data were collected one week before the intervention, one week after the completion of the intervention and six months after the post-test with an F&amp;V intake questionnaire and the stages of change, processes of change (α = 0·91), situational self-efficacy (α = 0·91) and decisional balance (α = 0·90 for pros, α = 0·87 for cons) scales. Data were analysed with the Friedman, Wilcoxon and marginal homogeneity tests.Setting:A public secondary school in Istanbul, Turkey.Participants:Seven hundred and two adolescents.Results:The mean (sd) F&amp;V intake of adolescents in the passive stages rose from the daily average at the time of the pre-test of 3·40 (1·79) portions to 5·45 (2·54) portions on the post-test and to 5·75 (2·70) portions on the follow-up test (P &lt; 0·01). While the students in the passive stages represented 41·6 % of the participants prior to the programme, this rate fell to 23·7 % at the post-test and to 22·7 % at the follow-up. Students in the active stages first represented 58·5 % of the participants; this rate rose to 76·4 % at the post-test and to 77·2 % at the follow-up test.Conclusions:The programme was effective in increasing the amount of F&amp;V the adolescents consumed on a daily basis.


Author(s):  
Madhavi Madhukar Narayane ◽  
Savita Bansiram Pohekar

Introduction: Leukaemia is a blood cancer which affect the bone marrow. The cells of leukaemia or abnormal cells continue to grow and divide, resulting in the normal blood cells being crowded out. Thus, planned teaching on leukaemia management among patients with leukaemia would improve their health and mold them into a healthy quality of life. Aim: To determine the effectiveness of planned teaching program on management of leukaemia among leukaemia patients. Materials and Methods: The interventional one group pre-test and post-test study design with a Quantitative research approach was used. The present study was carried out in selected hospitals of Nagpur from January 2017 to March 2017. The sample size was 60. Validated pre-tested pre-designed structured questionnaires were used. Data collected were entered into the Microsoft Excel sheet. The statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Frequencies and percentages were presented for categorical variables. Reliability analysis was done by the Guttman split-half coefficient and was found to be 0.90. Results: The pre-test findings show that 23 (38.33%) had a poor level of knowledge score, 31 (51.67%) had average knowledge and 06 (10%) of them had good knowledge and no one of them had found a very good level of knowledge. After planned teaching in the post-test, 12 (20%) had a good knowledge score and 48 (80%) had very good knowledge, showing an increase in the knowledge score, post-test. The Mean score value of the pre-test was 07.57 and the post-test was 21.13 (p-value is 0.001), Hence it indicates that planned teaching was effective. There was a significant association between knowledge scores of leukaemia patients with respect to education of leukaemia patients (p-value 0.014 i.e. <0.05) and area of residence (p-value 0.047 i.e. <0.05). Conclusion: The study showed that the leukaemia management education was successful in improving the awareness about management of leukaemia and thus helps them to understand the nature and management of the disease as well as to take the required measures to avoid complications.


2019 ◽  
pp. 2
Author(s):  
Christy Antony

Background: Mind maps are highly effective visual aids that enable students to group together different ideas and enable teachers to present ideas visually and assess their students’ conceptual development and understanding. The present study was to assess effectiveness of mind mapping technique vs lecture method regarding psychological test on knowledge among nursing students at St. James College of Nursing Chalakudy. The study included 50 first year B.Sc. nursing students, 25 in lecture group and 25 in mind mapping group. Materials and methods: A Quasi-experimental non randomized control group design was adopted and nonprobability convenient sampling technique was used to select the samples. Structured teaching programme regarding psychological test was administered on both group and knowledge level of the students was evaluated immediately after the teaching (‘0 day’) and 7th day to assess the retention of knowledge. Data collected by using structured questionnaire and analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.   Results:The study revealed that the mean post test knowledge score of students on ’0’day in mind mapping group is (13.52) higher than the lecture group (9). The calculated t value (7.66) is higher than the table value (6.06) at 0.05 level of significance. The mean of the post test knowledge of students on 7th day by using mind map score is 13.32, it is higher than mean of the lecture method knowledge score (8.80). The calculated t value is (7.92) is greater than the table value (2.60) at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: There for it can be concluded that the mind mapping teaching method is very effective than lecture method among the nursing student on psychological test. The study shows that mind mapping technique help the student to learn, recall, organize and make information meaningful. So they can perform and get good result in examination by using mind mapping technique.


2020 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 126
Author(s):  
Nur Asnah Sitohang ◽  
Cut Adeya Adella

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) is the management of hygiene and health when women experience menstruation. The main problem in adolescents related to menstruation is the lack of knowledge about MSM and poor water sanitation. Many girls don't have the right understanding that menstruation is a normal biological process. Community service aims to improve students' knowledge and attitudes about menstrual health management. The method used is socializing; identify the state of menstrual health service facilities in schools: bathrooms, water, information; carry out bathroom renovations; provide educational media about menstrual health management in the form of posters, videos, leaflets, modules and flip sheets. Pre-test and post-test aims to identify students' knowledge and attitudes about menstrual health management. Analysis of the data used is the dependent t test. The knowledge of students before being given health education majority was in the sufficient category and thereafter increased to good. Likewise, students' attitudes increase to be positive. The statistical test results obtained mean difference of 7.72 and P Value = 0.001, it can be concluded that there is a significant effect of health education on knowledge. For attitudes the mean difference is 1.62 and the P value  = 0.001, it can be concluded that there is a significant influence on health education on student attitudes. Therefore it is suggested to the school to include this topic in the subject matter. So students can apply it early and their reproductive health can be maintained.


2020 ◽  
pp. 78-79
Author(s):  
Geetanjali Singh ◽  
Mansi Choudhary

Birthing ball is originally evolved in 1963 and its miles used as a physical remedy for the neurodevelopment remedy. It became delivered as a childbirth tool in 1980 through Perez and Simkin, Perez in 2001 said that the birthing ball turned into physically beneficial use in the course of pregnancy and labor by means of generating most advantageous positioning and pain discount at some stage in contraction whilst eliciting non-recurring motion. The size of population included this study was 80 GNM Nursing Final year students which were selected according to inclusive and exclusive criteria. The mean difference of 9.03 points in knowledge scoring between pre-test (7.65±1.21) and post-test (16.68±1.41) was statistically strongly significant (p<0.001). This is clearly reflected that the planned teaching programme regarding birthing ball exercise for promotion of normal birth of GNM Nursing final year students found to be effective in improving knowledge about birthing ball exercise for promotion of normal birth.


2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 98
Author(s):  
Edarho Oghenevwede Oyovwi

The study examined the effects of outdoor science activities on student’s academic achievement and retention in science in Delta South Senatorial District. The quasi-experimental design was used specifically, the non-equivalent pre-test, post-test control group design. Four research questions and hypotheses were raised and formulated to guide the study. The population consists of all senior secondary school two (SSII) science students in all the Government-owned public schools in the Senatorial District with an estimation of fifteen thousand, two hundred and seventy-five students (15,275). A sample of two hundred and fifty (250) SSII science student’s randomly selected from four (4) public mixed secondary schools in the Senatorial District was used for the study. The instrument used for data collection was the Science Achievement Test (SAT) which was validated by experts in the field of Science, Measurement and Evaluation. The reliability of the instrument was established using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 which yielded coefficient of internal consistency of 0.82. Data were collected by administering the Science Achievement Test (SAT) as a pre-test. Post-test and post-post-test (follow up test). The data obtained were analysed using mean, standard deviation, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The results showed that there was a significant difference in the mean achievement and retention scores between students taught using outdoor science activities and those taught without outdoor science activities. There was no significant difference in the mean achievement scores between male and female students taught science with outdoor science activities and there was a significant difference in the mean retention scores between male and female students taught science with outdoor science activities in favour of male students. Based on the findings, it was concluded that outdoor science activities may be an option in promoting students’ academic achievement and retention in science students. Based on this, it was recommended that science teachers should adopt outdoor science activities in teaching science at the secondary school levels and that Government should provide an essential outdoor learning environment in schools to facilitate outdoor science activities.


Author(s):  
Ester Eveline Sihite ◽  
Debora Chaterin Simanjuntak

This study aims to enhance students’ writing skills through Daily Journal writing. This research was divided into three steps: giving pre-test, giving treatment (writing daily journal), and giving posttest. The result showed significant difference between control and experimental group. Experimental participants was improved through the writing of daily journal, and the score gained by participants showed that there was a significant effect on students’ writing skills. The achievements showed that the mean difference of post-test scores between the two groups was -.45433 and for the standard error mean was .03840 with pValue .050 (see Table 3), means that Ha is accepted and Ho is not accepted. It means, writing daily journal is strong enough to improve the students’ writing skills. Keywords: Journal Writing, Writing Skills, Daily Journal Variations


Author(s):  
Jumaa Awlad Haimudah

The study aimed to reveal the effectiveness of a guidance programme to reduce the anxiety level of mothers of the pupils who are going to pass the baccalaureate exam at Sidi A'baz secondary school in the wilaya of Ghardaia,Algeria.To achieve the study objectives,it was selected a sample of 35 mothers that had the highest grades on the scale of anxiety.The study was conducted on a sample of six mothers who accepted to attend the sessions of the guidance programme.The researcher used two tools:The Tyler's anxiety scale whose psychometric properties were remeasured and a guidance programme to reduce the level of anxiety,prepared by the researcher, consisted of seven sessions for four weeks;the duration of the session ranged from 50 to 90 minutes.In order to answer the study questions,it was used the Mann Whitney Test.After the statistical analysis,the study results showed statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the mothers' group in the pre test and the post test on the anxiety scale in favour of the post test.


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