Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, Handwashing Practices and its associated factors Among Mothers of Children Presenting in Paediatric Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital of a Developing Country.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 418
Shahzaib Maqbool ◽  
Maryam Haider ◽  
Ather Iqbal ◽  
Arham Ihtesham ◽  
Waleed Inayat Mohamed ◽  

Objective: Despite remarkable progress in scientific methods and measures against infectious disease transmission, the prevalence of infectious diseases is still on the rise in resource-poor countries. Hand hygiene is considered an effective way of fighting against deadly infectious diseases. Our study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and hand hygiene practices among mothers of children presenting for routine paediatric check-up in the department of paediatrics in a tertiary care hospital of Rawalpindi.Materials and Methods: It’s a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 400 mothers from the paediatric department of the Holy family hospital (HFH), Rawalpindi. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the study participants. A semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaire that included demographic details, knowledge, attitude, and practice levels were assessed through validated questionnaires used in previously published studies. Descriptive statistics were used for demographic details and chi-square analysis was used to find an association between handwashing practice with knowledge and attitude. A P<0.05 was taken as significant. Data analysis was done through SPSS.v.23.Results and Discussion: In total, 400 females participated in the study and the mean age (±SD) was 32.4±10.2 years. The mean age of children was 31.2±12.2 months. The level of good handwashing knowledge and attitude was 93% and 60% respectively. However, the level of good handwashing practice was just 40%. The age of mothers, residential area, occupation, socioeconomic status, and the level of knowledge regarding handwashing, showed significant association with handwashing practices.Conclusion: In our study handwashing practice among mothers was relatively low. Age of mothers, residential area, occupation, socioeconomic status, and the level of knowledge regarding handwashing, were significantly associated with handwashing practices.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 05 No. 04 October’21 Page: 418-423

Karavadi Sri Sai Vidusha ◽  
Margaret Menzil

Background: Healthcare providers (HCPs) have been identified as the most common vehicle for transmission of hospital acquired infections (HAIs) from patient to patient and within the healthcare environment. Hand hygiene has been identified as the single most important, simplest and least expensive means of preventing HAIs. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge of hand hygiene among healthcare providers in a tertiary care hospital in Bengaluru.Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among all the health care providers who have been working in the hospital for more than one year. Total 122 health care providers were included in the study. A semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was developed and used to obtain information on respondent’s socio-demographic characteristics, and knowledge of hand hygiene. For collecting data in this study, the World Health Organization (WHO) "Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire "revised 2009 edition was used. Descriptive statistics was used as necessary.Results: A total of 122 health care providers participated in the study. Among them 78 (63.9%) have received formal training in hand washing. The mean age of the study participants was 29.11±8.6 years. Majority opined that hand rubbing is required before palpation of the abdomen (86.9%) knowledge about hand hygiene was found to be moderate in majority of the study subjects (144 out of 200, 74%).Conclusions: In the present study the knowledge on hand hygiene among health care providers is moderate it highlights the importance of improving the current training programs targeting hand hygiene practices among health care providers.


Objective: The objective of the study was to study the prescribing patterns of cephalosporins in children following the implementation of Antibiotic Stewardship Program (ASP) in a tertiary care hospital at western India. Methods: This was an observational study of records using data of pre- and post-implementation of ASP. Data were collected from case files of children admitted to pediatric wards in the years 2012 and 2014, respectively. Data were analyzed to find the prescribing pattern of cephalosporin and its appropriateness in relation to ASP program guidelines. Results: Three hundred case files were collected and analyzed (n=150 each from the year 2012 and 2014). The mean age of patients in both years was 6.21 years±5.63 (the year 2012) and 5.88 years±5.88 in (the year 2014). Majority of children, that is, 47.3% were suffering from infectious diseases in the year 2012 while in the year 2014, 38.7% suffered from infectious diseases. Post-implementation of ASP, there was an improvement in the appropriateness of cephalosporin prescribing in terms of prophylactic and empirical treatments. Switch over of parenteral cephalosporins to oral was observed in 54.0% patients in 2012, while in 2014, it was seen in 51.3% of patients. There was a 4.6% rise in prescriptions containing 1st generation cephalosporins. Overall there was a significant impact of ASP in terms of appropriate cephalosporin prescribing (p=0.039). Conclusion: Implementation of ASP and its adherence by pediatricians can improve antibiotic prescribing in children.

Shan-Ul-Haq Siddiqui

Background: Multi-morbid chronic diseases are increasingly placing a greater burden on individuals, communities and health care services. With advancing medical facilities, a growing proportion of the population is surviving longer with multiple chronic diseases. Sepsis is a life threatening infection with multiple organ dysfunctions leading to very high morbidity and mortality. Treating patients with multi-morbidities have always been more difficult when compared to patients with no co-morbid conditions. Hence, data from this study will empower us in exhibiting effective plans in the management of multi-morbidities with sepsis in our region. The study is aimed to determine the association of multi-morbidities with sepsis in adult patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This is a case-control study conducted in the Medicine Wards and Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary care hospital in Karachi during the period of May 2018 to October 2018. Results: In this study, 52 patients were enrolled. The mean age of patients was 59.35 ± 6.17. Socioeconomic Status showed significant association (p-value 0.034). The mean Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score was 2.13 ± 1.86. The odds ratio of having cancer [OR: 3.10 (0.10 – 80.1), p-value 0.50] and other multimorbidities like rheumatoid arthritis [OR: 3.30 (0.30 – 33.6), p-value 0.32] in cases of sepsis respectively were more than in controls but the data was not statistically significant. The mean length of hospital stay was 4.71 ± 2.08. Conclusion: Despite our study limitations, a strong association of socioeconomic status with cases and controls in admitted patients was seen and among them, the upper income groups were the most. Although, an association of cancers and multimorbidities like rheumatoid arthritis with cases and controls has been identified, it requires to be researched further. Consensus regarding the definition of multimorbidity should be made.

BMJ Open ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. e025299
Udagedara Mudiyanselage Jayami Esha Samaranayake ◽  
Yasith Mathangasinghe ◽  
Anura Sarath Kumara Banagala

ObjectiveTo identify the different perceptions on informed surgical consent in a group of Sri Lankan patients.MethodsA qualitative study was conducted in a single surgical unit at a tertiary care hospital from January to May 2018. The protocol conformed to the Declaration of Helsinki. Patients undergoing elective major surgeries were recruited using initial purposive and later theoretical sampling. In-depth interviews were conducted in their native language based on the grounded theory. Initial codes were generated after analysing the transcripts. Constant comparative method was employed during intermediate and advanced coding. Data collection and analyses were conducted simultaneously, until the saturation of the themes. Finally, advanced coding was used for theoretical integrations.ResultsThirty patients (male:female=12:18) were assessed. The mean age was 41±9 years. Sinhalese predominated (50.0%, n=15). Majority underwent thyroidectomy (36.7%, n=11). The generated theory categorises the process of obtaining informed consent in four phases: initial interaction phase, reasoning phase, convincing phase and decision-making phase. Giving consent for surgery was a dependent role between patient, family members and the surgeon, as opposed to an individual decision by the patient. Some patients abstained from asking questions from doctors since doctors were ‘busy’, ‘short-tempered’ or ‘stressed out’. Some found nurses to be more approachable than doctors. Patients admitted that having a bystander while obtaining consent would relieve their stress. They needed doctors to emphasise more on postoperative lifestyle changes and preprocedure counselling at the clinic level. To educate patients about their procedure, some suggested leaflets or booklets to be distributed at the clinic before ward admission. The majority disliked watching educational videos because they were ‘scared’ to look at surgical dissections and blood.ConclusionThe informed consent process should include key elements that are non-culture specific along with elements or practices that consider the cultural norms of the society.

Ravikant Patel ◽  
Hinaben R. Patel

Background: Gujarat Medical Education Research society started GMERS medical college and tertiary care Hospital in Valsad since last 4 years. As civil Hospital is converted in to tertiary care hospital and many of the departments running in different buildings so, searching the concern OPDs is difficult for patients, waiting time and patients satisfaction is important to avail the services. Patient satisfaction is one of the important goals of any health system, but it is difficult to measure the satisfaction. Aims & objectives were (1) to study the waiting time at various Out Patient Department (OPDs). and various investigation; (2) To study the accessibility of various department of hospital;  (3) To study the patient satisfaction on hospital process, behavior of hospital staff and treatment cost.Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study conducted in G.M.E.R.S. Hospital-Valsad for the period of 2 months and total 135 patients were interviewed availing the OPD Services.Results: The mean age of patient attending the OPD was 30.31±15.65 years and majority of them are female patient (54.07%). Hospital staff (48.89%) was main source of guidance for searching the OPDs for consulting the doctor. 54.07% patient registered 20 min after standing in queue. The mean waiting time was 12.16±2.35 min. 94.07% and 98.52% patients were satisfied with treatment cost and behavior of staff respectively.Conclusions: Many patients face the difficulties in finding the various departments. On an average 12 minutes of waiting time outside the various O.P.Ds. They were also satisfied with the treatment cost and behaviour of hospital staff.

2018 ◽  
Vol 5 (3) ◽  
pp. 888
Abhijit Kherde ◽  
Chaitanya R. Patil ◽  
Jyotsna Deshmukh ◽  
Prithvi B. Petkar

Background: Under nutrition is a global public health problem. There are numerous methods of assessment of malnutrition among which CIAF is the most recent, relatively robust since it envisages all the parameters for estimation of nutritional status of the children. So, this study was conducted to find the rates of composite index of anthropometric failure in the children attending the Immunoprophylaxis clinic in a tertiary care hospital of Nagpur and to find associations with the socio demographic variables.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Immunoprophylaxis clinic of a tertiary care institute in Nagpur from September 2016 to January 2017. The study subjects were the children attending the OPD of Immunoprophylaxis clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Necessary permissions were taken before the start of the study. Data was collected using pretested and pre-designed questionnaire. Height and weight were measured using standard guidelines and categorized into groups of CIAF as described by Nandy et al.Results: A total of 460 study subjects were enrolled in the study. The mean age group of the study subjects was 2.47±1.56 years. According to the grades of CIAF, 48.51% were having no failure. Age and gender were factors which were associated with failure status by CIAF.Conclusions: We found high rates of anthropometric failure in our study. The age groups less than 3 years had higher odds of being in failure when compared to more than 3 years age. Further, males had higher odds of being into failure when compared to females. Community based studies are recommended.

2019 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 371
Nilesh S. Sonawane ◽  
Chaitanya R. Patil

Background: Tuberculosis is major public health problem especially in the low and middle income countries like India. We conducted a study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice related to tuberculosis among the patients attending our tertiary care institute.Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital on the patients attending OPD of tertiary care hospital in Maharashtra. The patients with debilitating illness or bed bound patients and those diagnosed and cured of tuberculosis or were on treatment of tuberculosis were excluded from the study. A pretested and designed questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice about the cause, clinical features and treatment of tuberculosis.Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 43.34±11.23 years with male: female ratio of 1.45. About 16.67% of the subjects stated that cause of TB is bacteria, 51.33% reported that cough was the most common symptom, 58.67% believed that it spreads from person to person and among the people who said it spreads 58.67% said that it can be preventable.Conclusions: About 1/5th of the study subjects expressed the cause of TB is bacteria or germs, and more than ½ believed that TB spreads from person to person. About 2/3rd of the patients felt that TB was a very serious disease; more than ½ of them expressed fear if they were diagnosed with TB but more than ½ of them also expressed rejection if they have a TB patient as a closed one.

Varsha Medasani ◽  
Paquirissamy Oudeacoumar ◽  
Rao Chitralekhya ◽  
Saurabh Krishna Misra

<p class="abstract"><strong>Background:</strong> Skin diseases are a major health problem in the paediatric age group and are associated with significant morbidity. Dermatoses in children are more influenced by socioeconomic status, dietary habits, climatic exposure and external environment as compared to adults. The present study was undertaken to know the prevalence of paediatric dermatoses among patients attending Dermatology outpatient department in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Methods:</strong> All newly diagnosed, untreated male and female paediatric patients (from neonates to adolescents ≤19 years of age) attending Dermatology OPD, from October 2015 to September 2017 were evaluated to study the prevalence and patterns of paediatric dermatoses. The skin disorders were classified into groups like infections, infestations, eczemas, acne, hypersensitivity disorders, sweat gland disorders, pigmentary disorders, nevi, keratinisation disorders, hair and scalp disorders, papulosquamous disorders, bullous disorders, nail disorders, drug reactions, other dermatoses.<strong></strong></p><p class="abstract"><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of pediatric dermatoses in our OPD is 25.21%. Incidence of pediatric dermatoses was found to be more in males 237 (59.39%) than in females 162 (40.60%) and the majority of the patients were in adolescent age group (217; 54.38%). Present study showed that majority of cases belonged to the lower socioeconomic group 186(46.6 %). In our study, majority (58.98%) of dermatoses belonged to infections and infestations group. Of the infective dermatoses, fungal infections (27.88%) were the most common.</p><p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Infectious dermatoses were commonly seen in this study that may be due to poverty, overcrowding, poor hygiene. There is an increasing trend of fungal infections which might be related to hygiene and environment. </p>

Bikram K. Gupta ◽  
Shubham Tomar ◽  
Anukul Karn ◽  
Jassimran Singh ◽  
Aditi Agrawal ◽  

Background: Every medical student in India have to undergo a compulsory rotatory internship for completion of their course where they encounter various medical emergencies and apply their medical knowledge. An early encounter to a basic life support course and training will increase the efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thus the outcome of the patient. This study was designed to test knowledge of MBBS students in a tertiary care hospital.Methods: This observational study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Uttar Pradesh and used a preformed validated questionnaire to test awareness and knowledge of basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a sample of 500 MBBS students. Descriptive analysis was performed on the questionnaire responses. All data obtained from the questionnaire was evaluated and statistically analysed using software IBM SPSS Statistics software version 24 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) for MS windows.Results: With a response rate of 47% among 500 MBBS students, the mean score obtained was 2.34±1.066 out of a maximum score of five. A maximum score of 2.804±1.055 obtained by 5th-year students. Surprisingly, first-year students achieved an average score of 2.66±0.97, which was higher than that of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th year students. 87% of students were like-minded to participate in the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) awareness program. Only 45% of students correctly answered the order of CPR as C-A-B (chest compression-airway-breathing).Conclusions: The study showed that though the awareness and importance of basic life support (BLS) are high among the medical students, the accurate knowledge required in performing BLS is inadequate. This study also showed that the National medical commission has taken a positive step in the incorporation of BLS in the curriculum.

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