scholarly journals Mental Health and Its Association with Perceived Social Support During Covid-19 Pandemic Among Pakistani Doctors: A Comparative Study

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 11-16
Arshia Bilal ◽  
Zille Huma Mustehsan ◽  
Bisma Hasan ◽  
Naima Sarwar ◽  
Nisma Ayaz ◽  

Background: The Novel corona virus outbreak was initially reported in Wuhan state of China in December 2019, affecting more than 200 countries. Pakistan reported its first case in late February, Health care workers (HCW’s) have been under immense physical as well as mental pressure owing to the current situation rendering feelings such as anxiety, fear, aggression and sleep disturbances, which could lead to depression, stress and even suicidal thoughts. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 85 HCW’s of PAF hospital to assess the frequency of depression, anxiety, stress and their association with perceived social support among doctors, selected via simple random sampling. A modified Questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic variables and questions from pre-validated questionnaires including DASS 21 and MSPSS was filled online by the participants of this study. Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 23.0. Results: The study included HCWs with mean age of 28.3 years & 82.4% of them were female. Majority were medical graduates and belonged to Islamabad. Overall, 29.4%, 31.8% and 38.8% of HCWs had depression, anxiety and stress respectively. Doctors with high social support were less depressed, stressed and showed less anxiety than those who had low social support(p<0.05). Conclusion: The study concluded that among the mental health issues under consideration, stress was highest among HCWs and high social support positively affects their mental health.

SAGE Open ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 215824402091796
Iva Burešová ◽  
Martin Jelínek ◽  
Jaroslava Dosedlová ◽  
Helena Klimusová

In line with the current psychological approach to health in general, mental health is perceived not only as the absence of psychopathological disorders, but also the presence of well-being. The study contributes to the identification of possible sources affecting mental health in adolescence. This cross-sectional study focuses on the role of personality traits, dispositional optimism, and perceived social support in predicting mental health in adolescence. Mental health was assessed using Mental Health Continuum, personality traits using Big Five Inventory, dispositional optimism using Life Orientation Test—Revised and social support by Close Relationships and Social Support Scale. The research sample consisted of 1,239 respondents aged 12 to 19 years (mean age 15.56 years), 54.3% females and 45.7 % males. Sequential regression analysis revealed that demographic variables and personality characteristics together explained 33.5% of mental health variance, the strongest predictors being extraversion and neuroticism. Including dispositional optimism and perceived social support resulted in a significant increase of the explained variance. All predictors together explained 46.0% of the mental health variance.

2019 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 5
Blanca Ivett Franco Neri ◽  
Zuleyma Mendieta Ávila ◽  
Nancy Elizabeth Juárez Huicochea ◽  
Ricardo Castrejón Salgado

<p><strong>Objective:</strong> to know the prevalence of suicidal ideation and to determine the association between suicidal ideation and social support perceived by adolescents. <strong>Methods:</strong> analytical cross-sectional study. 267 adolescents between twelve and seventeen years old, both genders were evaluated, all beneficiaries of the General Regional Hospital with Family Medicine No.1, of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (imss), in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, who attended the external Family Medicine consultation for any reason other than a mental disorder. The information on the main variables of interest was obtained through Beck’s suicide ideation questionnaire and Vaux’s perceived social support scale. A descriptive analysis was carried out and a logistic regression model was adjusted to assess the strength of association between suicidal ideation and social support. <strong>Results:</strong> the prevalence of suicidal ideation was 16.48%. The estimated protection for suicidal ideation odds ratio (or) was or = 0.37 (ic 95% 0.16, 0.84, p = 0.018) and 0.30 (ic 95% 0.12, 0.71, p = 0.006) medium and high social support, respectively, in comparison to low social support. Additionally, it was noted that as more social support perceived by adolescents higher protection for suicidal ideation (p trending &lt;0.05). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> it was detected a high prevalence of suicidal ideation and also that the more perceived social support the less suicidal ideation in adolescents. These findings could help at the primary care level to support preventive programs that could be added to suicide prevention efforts.</p>

Medicina ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 55 (6) ◽  
pp. 278 ◽  
Ghadeer Alzboon ◽  
Gülşen Vural

Background and Objectives: Quality of life (QOL) assessment during pregnancy contributes to determining women’s unmet needs and preventing negative health outcomes. In this study, we aimed to identify the effects of participants’ characteristics, perceived stress, and perceived social support on their QOL. We also aimed to determine the differences in QOL according to these factors. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a city in Jordan. Purposive sampling was used to select 218 participants. Data was collected by the quality of life Short Form- 36(SF-36) survey, perceived stress scale (PSS), and The Multidimensional perceived Social Support Scale (MSPSS). Results: We found that only parity had a significant effect on the QOL. High-parity women had lower QOL scores than low-parity women. The participants reported high social support, specifically from their families and significant others. The 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey was a reliable tool for measuring the QOL in pregnancy. Conclusions: Parity factor and social support should be recognized in any health promotion intervention and during providing antenatal care. Further research is needed toassess the QOL during pregnancy.

GeroPsych ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 30 (2) ◽  
pp. 61-70 ◽  
Lia Oberhauser ◽  
Andreas B. Neubauer ◽  
Eva-Marie Kessler

Abstract. Conflict avoidance increases across the adult lifespan. This cross-sectional study looks at conflict avoidance as part of a mechanism to regulate belongingness needs ( Sheldon, 2011 ). We assumed that older adults perceive more threats to their belongingness when they contemplate their future, and that they preventively react with avoidance coping. We set up a model predicting conflict avoidance that included perceptions of future nonbelonging, termed anticipated loneliness, and other predictors including sociodemographics, indicators of subjective well-being and perceived social support (N = 331, aged 40–87). Anticipated loneliness predicted conflict avoidance above all other predictors and partially mediated the age-association of conflict avoidance. Results suggest that belongingness regulation accounts may deepen our understanding of conflict avoidance in the second half of life.

2017 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 10
Narendra Kumar Singh ◽  
Nishant Goyal

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a high familial, social and economic burden. Schizophrenia is also associated with a high level of disability which may create impediments on the social and economic areas of the patients as well as on their respective family networks. Families with schizophrenia may encounter problems such as impairment of health and well being of other family members, restriction of social activities of the family members and shrinking of support from the social network. Aims: The present study examined the difference in perceived social support and burden of care between the male and female caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study examining the difference in perceived social support and burden of care between the male and female caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. The sample consisted of 60 (30 male and 30 female) caregivers of the patients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia as per ICD-10-DCR. Results and Conclusion: This study revealed that male caregivers perceived more social support and less burden of care as compared to female caregivers. Key words: Gender, social support, burden

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
Jie Li ◽  
Syeda Zerin Imam ◽  
Zhengyue Jing ◽  
Yi Wang ◽  
Chengchao Zhou

Abstract Background Adolescent pregnancy is a risk factor for suicide. We aimed to assess the prevalence of suicide attempts among young women with adolescent pregnancy in Bangladesh and to explore its associated factors. Methods In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed young women with adolescent pregnancy in urban and rural areas in Bangladesh to assess suicide attempts, socio-demographic and pregnancy-related characteristics, perceived health status, and perceived social support. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between potentially related factors and suicide attempts. Results Of the participants, 6.5% (61/940) reported suicide attempts in the past 12 months, and the majority (88.5%) of the attempts happened within one year after the pregnancy. Participants with more years after first pregnancy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.47, 95% CI: 0.37–0.61) and more perceived social support from friends (OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.55–0.86) were less likely to have suicide attempts, and those perceived bad health status compared with good/fair health status (OR = 8.38, 95% CI: 3.08–22.76) were more likely to attempt suicide. Conclusions Women with adolescent pregnancy were at high risk of suicide attempts, especially those during the first postnatal year. The risk of suicide attempts attenuated with the time after pregnancy, and perceived social support from friends was a protective factor and perceived bad health status was a risk factor for suicide attempts among young women who have experienced adolescent pregnancy.

2021 ◽  
pp. 002076402110018
Yeliz Karaçar ◽  
Kerime Bademli

Background: The study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-stigmatization and perceived social support in caregivers of schizophrenia with patient. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used. The study sample consisted of 84 participants who cared for schizophrenic patients registered in a community mental health center. In the data collection, the ‘Self-stigmatizing Scale for Families’ and ‘Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale’ were used. The data were analyzed via frequency, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach’s alpha analysis, linear regression, Pearson correlation analysis, independent samples t-test, and ANOVA test. Results: Self-stigmatization (32.48 ± 15.15) and perceived social support (44.36 ± 22.88) were found to be moderate in caregivers. Self-stigmatization was found to be higher in caregivers who do not work; have a spouse, mother, or father; have a disease; do not receive support from their family and have not received any education about schizophrenia ( p < .05). It was determined that, with increasing age, perceived social support decreases, and the perception of social support increases in caregivers who are high school graduates, working, having children, have no illness, and are educated about schizophrenia ( p < .05). It was determined that, as the level of perceived social support increases in caregivers, self-stigmatization decreases ( p < .05). Conclusion: It was determined that, as the perceived social support increases in caregivers, self-stigmatization decreases. We recommend providing informative support about schizophrenia, to increase hope and social-skill training, and to implement interventions that include caregivers in the fight against stigma.

Naila Yaqoob ◽  
Sadaf Ahsan

Objective: The present study investigated the impact of perceived social-support and parental-bonding in predicting suicidal intent among self-harm patients.Methods: Cross-sectional research design was used in current study. Study was conducted at Foundation University, Rawalpindi from February, 2019 to September, 2019. A purposive sample of 50 self-harm patients was collected from different mental health departments of hospitals of Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Peshawar. Participants were administered Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Parental-Bonding Instrument (PBI) and Beck Suicide Intention Scale (BSIS). Data was analyzed through SPSS using correlation, t test and regression. Differences on the basis of demographic variable were also studied.Results: The main results of the study specified that social support and parental bonding’ factor ‘care’ had significant negative correlation with suicide intent. Moreover, it negatively predicted suicide intent. Whereas, parental boding’ factor ‘overprotectiveness’ had significant positive correlation with suicide intent and significantly positively predicted suicide intent. Conclusion: The outcomes of present study emphasized that social-support and parental bonding both can play substantial roles in saving lives. Researchers and mental health experts will be able to start examine about the factors that distinguish deliberate self-harm from attempted suicide as well as the characteristics common to both conducts. Continuous...

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