scholarly journals State of Entrepreneurship Attitude and Intention among Malaysian Youngsters

2020 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 1
Hasliza Hassan ◽  
Abu Bakar Sade ◽  
Melissa Wendy Migin

<p><em>Entrepreneurship among the youngsters </em><em>in</em><em> Malaysia is expected to spice-up the existing socio-economic development momentum. Many initiatives have been introduced to spur the entrepreneurship spirit among the youngsters. This research focuses on the attitude and intention of the youngsters in becoming entrepreneurs. A cross-sectional research was conducted to determine the attitude and intention of the youngsters to be an entrepreneur using a survey questionnaire. Descriptive and correlation analyses were conducted using 425 data that were collected from students who have taken the entrepreneurship course at the Multimedia University, Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia. It is found that the youngsters have a positive attitude and intention towards entrepreneurship. Further findings also highlight that the positive attitude influences the positive intention for the youngsters to venture into entrepreneurship. Shaping the attitude and intention through the basic entrepreneurship knowledge that can be learned from formal education is expected to become an entrepreneurial engine to drive the economic development for the nation.</em></p>

2017 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Nneka Christina Okafoagu ◽  
Mansur Oche ◽  
Kehinde Joseph Awosan ◽  
Hashim Bala Abdulmulmuni ◽  
Godwin Jiya Gana ◽  

Textile dye workers are subject to occupational hazards on a daily basis due to exposure to precarious conditions in the workplace. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and safety practices and its determinants among textile dye workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 200 textile dye workers and the respondents were selected by multi stage sampling technique. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was processed using SPSS IBM version 20 and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Majority of the respondents (74.0%) had good knowledge of workplace hazards; (81.0%) had positive attitude and only 20% observed all the safety practices. Formal education (P=0.047); working less than 5 days a week (P=0.001) and permanent employment (P=0.013) were found to be determinants of respondents’ knowledge and attitude towards workplace hazards. Although the respondents had good knowledge and positive attitude, their lack of observance of safety practices brings to fore the need for direct safety instruction and training and retraining of textile dye workers on workplace hazards and safety practices.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (5) ◽  
pp. 2324-2335
Susana Moreira Bastos ◽  
Manuel Moreira Silva ◽  
Valeria Caggiano

The COVID-19 pandemic imposed dramatic changes on educational practices worldwide. This study aims to evaluate the distance learning experience of students during the COVID-19 pandemic by comparing results obtained in two countries: Italy and Portugal. A cross-sectional survey was used to analyse a survey questionnaire focused on two domains: digital skills and motivation to engage in distance learning. The results from Italian and Portuguese students indicated that majority showed a positive attitude towards online learning and the digital hybrid pedagogy. The recent e-learning experience created complex challenges and a variety of opportunities at the same time. Students and university staffs’ need for training was highly associated with motivation, engagement and connection with colleagues rather than with the infrastructures offered or the development of computer literacy. Keywords: COVID-19; digital skills; students' perceptions; students’ motivation.

2017 ◽  
Vol 6 (03) ◽  
pp. 5321
Pavani Varma Mudunuru* ◽  
Prasad S. V.

Malnutrition continues to be a major problem in the country and worldwide. The nutritional status of children is an indicator of socio-economic development of the country. To determine the prevalence of under nutrition in terms of underweight, stunting and wasting in rural area of Shamirpet Mandal. It is a cross sectional study.400 children were examined for their weights and heights. The relevant information was recorded from each village of the Mandal according to probability proportion to size. The prevalence of underweight among children 0-59 months is 42.5%, stunting 44.75% and wasting 31.5%. Malnutrition continues to be a major problem and requires a great attention as the children are future of the country.

2017 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 134-141 ◽  
Chandra Prasad Dhakal ◽  
Govinda Nepal

Microfinance institutions are established to promote the financial activities mainly saving and credit in community. Microfinance’s activities are focused on reducing poverty level of community people. Poor, disadvantaged, marginalize and women are in mainstream of microfinance’s programs. The study was focused on finding out the contribution of microfinance on socio-economic development of rural community. The study was based on the quantitative design. Cross-sectional data was collected from the 8 microfinances of Syangja district. Purposive sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents. The perceptual analysis of data reported the significant contribution of micro-finance in social change and development. Microfinances working since 2 to 20 years covering the diverse field of social activities were the samples of the study. There was a need to improve the internal management of microfinance to provide the services more effectively.

2021 ◽  
Oksana Lozova ◽  
Alina Kryshtal ◽  

In the article the authors consider the problems of aging of the population of Europe, analyze the "silver economy" in European countries and the possibility of its implementation in Ukraine. Forms and ways of formation of education of elderly people in Europe are considered. The current state and development of non-formal education of the elderly in Ukraine are studied. Problems and prospects of functioning of third age universities for the national economy of Ukraine are determined. In Ukraine, it is important to realize the potential of education of people of respectable age for the socio-economic development of the state, to preserve its human capital. To create an optimal model of educational environment for the elderly, it is important to provide conditions for maximum satisfaction of educational and communicative needs of this cohort of people, taking into account previous experience, knowledge, skills and abilities, as well as individual characteristics of the elderly.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 97
P. Ikezam ◽  
E. I. Elenwo ◽  
C. U. Oyegun

Nigeria discovered crude oil in 1956. Instead of making sustainable economic progress since, the country spiraled into serious economic waste and loss, due to pollution from crude oil, corruption, neglect of the oil producing regions and high handedness of the IOCs/NOCs. Today, not only are legitimate oil exploration pipelines leaking oil into the environment, illegal artisanal refineries are contributing to pollution problems and by extension economic and health effects. This study thus investigated, effects of artisanal refinery on the environment, public health and socio-economic development of communities in the Niger Delta Region. The cross-sectional research design was used in this study. The target population comprised of illegal bunkering/artisanal refining sites and households that dwell within the artisanal refinery sites. The Taro Yamane formula was used to determine the sample sizes for state and 400 was realized for each state. 1324 artisanal refining sites were determined and using Taro Yamane equation 313 sites were derived. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for data analysis. The study found that, locals complained about how artisanal refineries affected their environment, health and economics. These effects varied spatially based on the result of the Kruskal Wallis test at P<0.05. However, some of the locals identified that, despite the environmental pollution because of illegal artisanal refining in the area, some economic gains abound. It is therefore the position of this study that artisanal refining be improved, so that the environmental and health effects be reduced, while making room for sustainable economic development.

Joyce Ama Quartey ◽  
Okyere Darko Desmond ◽  
Joseph Yensu

Rural banks play enormous role in ensuring socio-economic development in Ghana. However, it has been observed that these rural banks face a number of challenges that affect their sustainability. This study examined the determinants of financial sustainability of the Rural Banks in Ghana. The cross- sectional survey was used where questionnaires were designed to collect data. The selections of the respondents were done using the snow ball sampling procedures to locate the 150 customers of three rural banks. The results from the multiple regression analysis showed that the amount of loans significantly affect the financial sustainability of the Rural Banks. The findings further showed that a unit increase in loan interest would lead to 20.5 percent reduction in the number of years a customer had been with the bank thereby affecting their financial sustainability. It was obvious from the study that loans and advances were not in the best of quality. Since these have bearing on the sustainability of the banks, it is recommended that management of these banks put in place rigorous strategies to improve the credit appraisal systems and boost loan recovery.

Hasliza Hassan

Entrepreneurship is continuously being emphasized to stimulate socio-economic development and stability. Although initiatives have been taken to create an entrepreneurship intention among youngsters, as to which initiative is the most worthwhile is still nebulous. Primary data were collected using a survey questionnaire and the data were analysed by structural equation modelling. Based on the research analysis, the entrepreneurship intention among youngsters should be encouraged by emphasizing attitude, perceived behavioural control, entrepreneurial education, and financial support. This research indicates that subjective norm and market availability does not encourage youngsters to venture into entrepreneurship.   

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