scholarly journals Coronary Artery Disease and Cancer: Treatment and Prognosis Regarding Gender Differences

Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 434
Stefan A. Lange ◽  
Holger Reinecke

Cardiovascular disease and cancer remain the leading causes of hospitalization and mortality in high-income countries. Survival after myocardial infarction has improved but there is still a difference in clinical outcome, mortality, and developing heart failure to the disadvantage of women with myocardial infarction. Most major cardiology trials and registries have excluded patients with cancer. As a result, there is only very limited information on the effects of coronary artery disease in cancer patients. In particular, the outcomes in women with cancer and coronary artery disease and its management remain empiric. We reviewed studies of over 27 million patients with coronary artery disease and cancer. Our review focused on the most important types of cancer (breast, colon, lung, prostate) and hematological malignancies with particular attention to sex-specific differences in treatment and prognosis.

Circulation ◽  
1996 ◽  
Vol 93 (3) ◽  
pp. 440-449 ◽  
Isabelle Behague ◽  
Odette Poirier ◽  
Viviane Nicaud ◽  
Alun Evans ◽  
Dominique Arveiler ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (13) ◽  
pp. 2759
Krzysztof Bryniarski ◽  
Pawel Gasior ◽  
Jacek Legutko ◽  
Dawid Makowicz ◽  
Anna Kedziora ◽  

Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is a working diagnosis for patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease on coronary angiography. It is a heterogenous entity with a number of possible etiologies that can be determined through the use of appropriate diagnostic algorithms. Common causes of a MINOCA may include plaque disruption, spontaneous coronary artery dissection, coronary artery spasm, and coronary thromboembolism. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an intravascular imaging modality which allows the differentiation of coronary tissue morphological characteristics including the identification of thin cap fibroatheroma and the differentiation between plaque rupture or erosion, due to its high resolution. In this narrative review we will discuss the role of OCT in patients presenting with MINOCA. In this group of patients OCT has been shown to reveal abnormal findings in almost half of the cases. Moreover, combining OCT with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was shown to allow the identification of most of the underlying mechanisms of MINOCA. Hence, it is recommended that both OCT and CMR can be used in patients with a working diagnosis of MINOCA. Well-designed prospective studies are needed in order to gain a better understanding of this condition and to provide optimal management while reducing morbidity and mortality in that subset patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 49 (6) ◽  
pp. 030006052110196
Heyu Meng ◽  
Jianjun Ruan ◽  
Xiaomin Tian ◽  
Lihong Li ◽  
Weiwei Chen ◽  

Objective This study aimed to investigate whether differential expression of the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor A ( RORA) gene is related to occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods This was a retrospective study. White blood cells of 93 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 74 patients with stable coronary artery disease were collected. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were used to measure RORA mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Results RORA mRNA expression levels in peripheral blood leukocytes in patients with AMI were 1.57 times higher than those in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Protein RORA levels in peripheral blood of patients with AMI were increased. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that high expression of RORA was an independent risk factor for AMI, and it increased the risk of AMI by 2.990 times. Conclusion RORA expression levels in patients with AMI is significantly higher than that in patients with stable coronary artery disease. High expression of RORA is related to AMI and it may be an independent risk factor for AMI.

Tomonori Itoh ◽  
Hiromasa Otake ◽  
Takumi Kimura ◽  
Yoshiro Tsukiyama ◽  

AbstractThe purpose of this study was to assess early and late vascular healing in response to bioresorbable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stents (BP-SESs) for the treatment of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 106 patients with STEMI and 101 patients with stable-CAD were enrolled. Optical frequency-domain images were acquired at baseline, at 1- or 3-month follow-up, and at 12-month follow-up. In the STEMI and CAD cohorts, the percentage of uncovered struts (%US) was significantly and remarkably decreased during early two points and at 12-month (the STEMI cohort: 1-month: 18.75 ± 0.78%, 3-month: 10.19 ± 0.77%, 12-month: 1.80 ± 0.72%; p < 0.001, the CAD cohort: 1-month: 9.44 ± 0.78%, 3-month: 7.78 ± 0.78%, 12-month: 1.07 ± 0.73%; p < 0.001 respectively). The average peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA) score in the STEMI cohort was significantly decreased during follow-up period (1.90 ± 1.14, 1.18 ± 1.25, and 1.01 ± 0.72; p ≤ 0.001), whereas the one in the CAD cohort was not significantly changed (0.89 ± 1.24, 0.67 ± 1.07, and 0.64 ± 0.72; p = 0.59). In comparison with both groups, differences of %US and PLIA score at early two points were almost disappeared or close at 12 months. The strut-coverage and healing processes in the early phase after BP-SES implantation were significantly improved in both cohorts, especially markedly in STEMI patients. At 1 year, qualitatively and quantitatively consistent neointimal coverage was achieved in both pathogenetic groups.

Wiebe G Knol ◽  
Ali R Wahadat ◽  
Jolien W Roos-Hesselink ◽  
Nicolas M Van Mieghem ◽  
Wilco Tanis ◽  

Abstract OBJECTIVES In patients with unknown coronary status undergoing surgery for acute infective endocarditis (IE), the need to screen for coronary artery disease (CAD) and the risk of embolization during invasive coronary angiography (ICA) are debated. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a non-invasive alternative in these patients. We aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of ICA and CCTA to diagnose CAD, and the necessity to treat CAD to prevent CAD-related postoperative complications. METHODS In this single-centre retrospective cohort study, all patients with acute aortic IE between 2009 and 2019 undergoing surgery were selected. Outcomes were any clinically evident embolization after preoperative ICA, in-hospital mortality, perioperative myocardial infarction or unplanned revascularization and postoperative renal function. RESULTS Of the 159 included patients, CAD status was already known in 14. No preoperative diagnostics for CAD was done in 46/145, a CCTA was performed in 54/145 patients and an ICA in 52/145 patients. Significant CAD was found after CCTA in 22% and after ICA in 21% of patients. In 1 of the 52 (2%) patients undergoing preoperative ICA, a cerebral embolism occurred. The rate of perioperative myocardial infarction or unplanned revascularization in patients not screened for CAD was 2% (1 out of 46 patients). CONCLUSIONS Although the risk of embolism after preoperative ICA is low, it should be carefully weighed against the estimated risk of CAD-related perioperative complications. CCTA can serve as a gatekeeper for ICA in most patients with acute aortic IE.

Martin Bahls ◽  
Michael F. Leitzmann ◽  
André Karch ◽  
Alexander Teumer ◽  
Marcus Dörr ◽  

Abstract Aims Observational evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) is inversely and sedentarism positively related with cardiovascular disease risk. We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to examine whether genetically predicted PA and sedentary behavior are related to coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke. Methods and results We used single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with self-reported moderate to vigorous PA (n = 17), accelerometer based PA (n = 7) and accelerometer fraction of accelerations > 425 milli-gravities (n = 7) as well as sedentary behavior (n = 6) in the UK Biobank as instrumental variables in a two sample MR approach to assess whether these exposures are related to coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction in the CARDIoGRAMplusC4D genome-wide association study (GWAS) or ischemic stroke in the MEGASTROKE GWAS. The study population included 42,096 cases of coronary artery disease (99,121 controls), 27,509 cases of myocardial infarction (99,121 controls), and 34,217 cases of ischemic stroke (404,630 controls). We found no associations between genetically predicted self-reported moderate to vigorous PA, accelerometer-based PA or accelerometer fraction of accelerations > 425 milli-gravities as well as sedentary behavior with coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke. Conclusions These results do not support a causal relationship between PA and sedentary behavior with risk of coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke. Hence, previous observational studies may have been biased. Graphic abstract

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Anastasia V. Ponasenko ◽  
Anna V. Tsepokina ◽  
Maria V. Khutornaya ◽  
Maxim Yu. Sinitsky ◽  
Olga L. Barbarash

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