scholarly journals Digital Certificate Verification Scheme for Smart Grid using Fog Computing (FONICA)

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (5) ◽  
pp. 2549
Author(s):  
Shahid Mahmood ◽  
Moneeb Gohar ◽  
Jin-Ghoo Choi ◽  
Seok-Joo Koh ◽  
Hani Alquhayz ◽  
...  

Smart Grid (SG) infrastructure is an energy network connected with computer networks for communication over the internet and intranets. The revolution of SGs has also introduced new avenues of security threats. Although Digital Certificates provide countermeasures, however, one of the issues that exist, is how to efficiently distribute certificate revocation information among Edge devices. The conventional mechanisms, including certificate revocation list (CRL) and online certificate status protocol (OCSP), are subjected to some limitations in energy efficient environments like SG infrastructure. To address the aforementioned challenges, this paper proposes a scheme incorporating the advantages and strengths of the fog computing. The fog node can be used for this purpose with much better resources closer to the edge. Keeping the resources closer to the edge strengthen the security aspect of smart grid networks. Similarly, a fog node can act as an intermediate Certification Authority (CA) (i.e., Fog Node as an Intermediate Certification Authority (FONICA)). Further, the proposed scheme has reduced storage, communication, processing overhead, and latency for certificate verification at edge devices. Furthermore, the proposed scheme reduces the attack surface, even if the attacker becomes a part of the network.

2020 ◽  
Vol 114 (4) ◽  
pp. 3395-3418
Author(s):  
Md. Muzakkir Hussain ◽  
M. M. Sufyan Beg ◽  
Mohammad Saad Alam

2018 ◽  
Vol 2018 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Lingyun Lu ◽  
Tian Wang ◽  
Wei Ni ◽  
Kai Li ◽  
Bo Gao

This paper presents a suboptimal approach for resource allocation of massive MIMO-OFDMA systems for high-speed train (HST) applications. An optimization problem is formulated to alleviate the severe Doppler effect and maximize the energy efficiency (EE) of the system. We propose to decouple the problem between the allocations of antennas, subcarriers, and transmit powers and solve the problem by carrying out the allocations separately and iteratively in an alternating manner. Fast convergence can be achieved for the proposed approach within only several iterations. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is superior to existing techniques in terms of system EE and throughput in different system configurations of HST applications.


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