The move towards technological ubiquity is allowing a more idiosyncratic and dynamic working environment to emerge that may result in the restructuring of information communication technologies, and changes in their use through different user groups’ actions. Taking a ‘practice’ lens to human agency, we explore the evolving roles of, and relationships between these user groups and their appropriation of emergent technologies by drawing upon Lamb and Kling's social actor framework. To illustrate our argument, we draw upon a study of a UK Fire Brigade that has introduced a variety of technologies in an attempt to move towards embracing mobile and ubiquitous computing. Our analysis of the enactment of such technologies reveals that Bystanders, a group yet to be taken as the central unit of analysis in information systems research, or considered in practice, are emerging as important actors. The research implications of our work relate to the need to further consider Bystanders in deployments other than those that are mobile and ubiquitous. For practice, we suggest that Bystanders require consideration in the systems development life cycle, particularly in terms of design and education in processes of use.
Blood is undeniably essential to save lives. The high demand for blood cannot compete with the amount collected through blood donation. In order to cater to the issue, researchers tend to focus more on the donors’ side. Meanwhile, the other party which is the blood bank continues to play its role to increase the blood supply. The blood bank processes blood in four stages: donation, screening, inventory and hospital pickup. This paper aims to address the challenges and issues in the local blood bank through ubiquitous computing, specifically at the blood donation stage. Blood donation is the most critical stage where the blood bank engages directly with the donors. The issues and challenges faced by the blood bank are uncovered by, interviews, field study and literature reviews. The proposed solution takes advantage of the ubiquitous computing concept that enables devices to communicate with each other seamlessly. With the advancement of mobile technology, smartphones become the closest of any devices to achieve ubiquitous computing. Communication technologies like Near Field Communication and Wi-Fi aid the interaction between the user and the system which are expected to solve the challenges and issues of blood donation.
People with ASD often need to access AAC in situations where a tabletop digital device is not practical. Recent advancements have made more powerful, portable, and affordable communication technologies available to these individuals. Proloquo2Go is a new portable augmentative and alternative communication system that runs on an iPhone or iPod touch and can be used to meet the diverse needs of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who are ambulatory and have difficulty using speech to meet their full daily communication needs. This article examines Proloquo2Go in light of the best practices in AAC for individuals with ASD such as symbols, visual supports, voice output, and inclusion.
AbstractNew communication technologies allow patients to communicate with their physicians from anywhere using computer or smartphone. Adding video to the mere phone call optimizes the personal contact between patient and physicians regardless of distance. Legal and reimbursements requirements must be taken into account, especially only certified software products must be used. In addition, patient consent is needed and confidentiality must be assured. The video patient consultation can be reimbursed by the health insurance companies. As with all new technologies, the introduction of these video consultations faced some challenges. Although patients and physicians have expressed great interest in this technology, it has been rarely used so far. The current COVID crisis increased the need for video consultations resulting in an increasing use of video patient consultation. It can be expected that this demand will still exists after the COVID crisis.