2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 189-197
Alexandra Vilela

Abstract As we write these lines, times of pandemics, to which a new crisis will surely be grappling, it seems to us that the Portuguese criminal law system will soon face new legislative changes. Therefore, we believe it is appropriate to mention two documents that could speed up such revisions and which are precisely the ones we have mentioned by title.

Ekonomia ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 25 (4) ◽  
pp. 63-72
Anna Płońska

The issue of collectiv e entities’ liability in the light of crucial assumptionsof proposed amendments to the Act on the Liability of Collective Entitiesfor Acts Prohibited under the Threat of PenaltyPursuant to the Act of 28 October 2002 — Act on the Liability of Collective Entities for Acts Prohibited under the Threat of Penalty, a new category of liability was introduced into the Polish criminal law system. There is no doubt that in certain cases the need to punish collective entities is justified and even necessary. However, after more than 15 years of the above mentioned Act being in force, due to the low eff ectiveness of its regulations regarding collective entities’ responsibility, its amendment becomes advisable. Although at the time of writing this article, work on the amendment of the provisions on collective entities’ liability is still in progress, the main assumptions of proposed legislative changes deserve attention. The key idea of the proposed changes is to increase the effi ciency of sanctioning collective entities, especially in cases of fi scal and economic off ences. This article aims at a general overview of the proposed changes in the light of current regulations, in terms of the new collective entity legal defi nition and the principles of its liability, including penalties.

2013 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
Lilik Mulyadi

<p align="center"><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p><p><em>T</em><em>his research’s aim is to analyze the penal mediation role from principle, norm, theory, and practical perspective of Indonesian criminal judicial system. This research is included into sociological and </em><em>normative legal research using statute approach, analytical and conceptual approach, case approach and perceptional approach. The data uses primary and secondary database through observation and interview, and then descriptively analyze in qualitative and quantitative methods. The result shows that the settlement of penal mediation still could not be facilitated in national act but it is implemented in partial cases by the discretion of law officers.</em></p><p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>penal mediation, the enforcement of criminal law system, Indonesia’s mores </em><em>institution.</em></p><p align="center"><strong>A</strong><strong>bstrak</strong></p><p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran mediasi penal dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Indonesia dari perspektif <em>pengkajian Asas, Norma, Teori dan Praktik. </em>Dilihat dari jenis penelitiannya merupakan penelitian hukum sosiologis dan normatif. Pendekatannya melalui pendekatan perundangan-undangan <em>(</em><em>Statute Approach), </em>pendekatan konseptual <em>(</em><em>Analytical and Conceptual Approach), </em>pendekatan kasus <em>(Case Approach), </em>dan pendekatan presepsional <em>(</em><em>perceptional approac). </em>Data yang digunakan primer dan sekunder. Pencarian data dengan pengamatan dan wawancara.  Kemudian data dianalisis secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif, selanjutnya ditulis secara deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mediasi penal penyelesaiannya tidak secara formil difasilitasi oleh negara melainkan melalui mekanisme lembaga adat (Peradilan Gampong, Budaya Bakar Batu, Lembaga Begundem dan awig-awig), karena selama ini mediasi penal tidak diatur pada tataran Undang-Undang melainkan dikenal secara terbatas melalui diskresi penegak hukum dan sifatnya parsial.</p><strong>Kata kunci: </strong>mediasi penal, sistem penegakan hukum pidana, lembaga adat Indonesia

Inés Moreno Martín-Pozuelo

Resumen. Durante los últimos años, el concepto de terrorismo machista ha cobrado un importante protagonismo en los medios de comunicación como vía para informar de los crímenes cometidos en el ámbito de la ley de violencia de género, si bien dicho uso del término no ha venido acompañado de un análisis jurídico del mismo. Por otra parte, la emergencia de conceptos como femicidio y la concienciación social respecto a la vinculación de las agresiones sexuales con el patriarcado como sistema social de dominación ponen de manifiesto la necesi­dad de reconsiderar de qué forma se configura la violencia contra la mujer en el sistema penal actual. Desde una metodología analítica, esta investigación se propone analizar los fundamen­tos jurídicos para entender la violencia contra la mujer como una forma de terrorismo.Palabras clave: violencia de género, terrorismo, femicidio, feminicidio, género, terrorismo machista.Abstract. During the last years, the concept of sexist terrorism has gained presence in the media as a way to inform about the commission of crimes against women. However, the use of this concept lacks in providing a legal analysis. On the other side, the emergency of no­tions such as femicide and the social acknowledgement of sexual aggressions as a consequence of the patriarchy brings to light the need to redefine in which way those crimes are considered under the criminal law system. This research aims to analyze the legal founds in order to con­sider violence against women as a form of terrorism.Keywords: gender violence, terrorism, femicide, feminicide, gender, sexist terrorism.

2018 ◽  
Vol 47 ◽  
pp. 41-52
Piotr Ochman

The subject of the article is the presentation of the genesis of criminalisation of capital fraud in the Polish Criminal Code. Further edits of the projects of this crime in the drafts of the current Criminal Code are also analysed, as well as the scope of criminalisation and the problem of repression of capital fraud in Polish criminal law. In addition, solutions proposed to criminalise capital fraud in neighbouring countries are presented. These analyses provide the basis for reporting significant legislative changes.

Viktoriya Sizova

The article is devoted to the study of the evolution, development and current state of the us criminal law system. The author considers the characteristic features inherent in modern American criminal law, its features, as well as the practical value and significance in relation to the continuity of positive experience.

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