Role of Pcsk9 In The Diagnosis Thyroid Disorder in Patient Women

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-34
Hassanein Fadel Mohammed ◽  
Sarah Hassan Jaber

This study for the diagnosis of thyroid using pcsk9.The current study was conducted on seventy women patients suffering from thyroid disease attending in Center for diabetes and Endocrinology Unit in each of Al-Sadder Teaching Hospital and AL FURAT AL AWSAT Hospital in Al-Najaf province/ Iraq, and during the period from September until December 2017. The sample patients were divided into four study groups: premenopausal hypothyroidism patients group (20), postmenopausal hypothyroidism (15), premenopausal hyperthyroidism patients groups (17), and postmenopausal hyperthyroidism (18). The control group composed of 18 healthy women, also divided into premenopausal control and postmenopausal control.  The results indicated a significant increase (p<0.05) in pcsk9 in hypothyroidism patients compared with the control group, while a significant decrease (p<0.05) in pcsk9 in hyperthyroidism patients compared with the control group.  The results indicated a significant decrease (p<0.05) in pcsk9 in premenopausal hyperthyroidism patients compared with the control group, and a significant decrease (p<0.05) in pcsk9 in postmenopausal hyperthyroidism patients compared with the control group. The results indicated a significant increase (p<0.05) in pcsk9 in premenopausal hypothyroidism patients compared with the control group, and a significant increase (p<0.05) in pcsk9 in the postmenopausal hypothyroidism patients compared with the control group, also a significant increase in pcsk9 in postmenopausal than premenopausal.

2010 ◽  
Vol 23 (3) ◽  
pp. 5
A. Cianci ◽  
S. Caruso ◽  
S. Bandiera ◽  
M.G. Matarazzo ◽  
F. Rapisarda ◽  

The study values, through electromyography (emg), the stripped urethral sphyncter activity in women with stress incontinence (USI). 10 women with USI and 5 healthy women -control group- underwent urogynecologic examination, urodynamic examination and urethral electromyography examination. The endurance and extension of tension were took in the consideration. 9 women with USI had EGM showing denervation/renervation nervous damage, supported by potential&rsquo;s wideness and length higher than control group (&gt;300&mu;V), either during relax or cough, and the trace&rsquo;s absence of the interference with voluntary contraction. Only one woman with USI showed an EGM compatible with myogen damage: values &lt;100 &mu;V in all traces and negative anamnesis for risk factors. The Authors emphasize the role of EMG as a particular exam to study in deep the causes of urinary incontinence helpful to identify basic disorders of USI.

Hakan Guzel ◽  
Sahin Kahramanca ◽  
Oskay Kaya ◽  
Gulay Ozgehan ◽  
Demet Yilmazer ◽  

The need and timing of surgical intervention in patients with adhesive bowel obstruction is a dilemma. We aimed to investigate the role of three acute-phase reactants, namely procalcitonin (PCT), fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP) in this clinical condition We chose a rat model whose mechanical bowel obstruction was created with caecum ligation. There were two study groups and one control group. Each group contained ten subjects. The study groups had and six-hour obstruction samples. Blood PCT, fibrinogen and CRP levels were measured before and after the surgical procedure. These parameters were compared between the groups and they were also evaluated with the degree of histopathological changes occurred in terminal ileal tissue samples. Compared with the control group, PCT measurements showed a mild decrease in the early phase of obstruction but a significant elevation in the late phase (p: 0,977 and p: 0,001). Unlike PCT, fibrinogen levels increased at first but decreased later (p: 0,978 and p: 0,326). We observed an increase in CRP levels parallel to the prolonged duration of obstruction (p: 0,987 and p: 0,134). With regard to mucosal injury, PCT levels increased at first, and then decreased (p: 0,003). On the other hand, fibrinogen and CRP levels decreased at first, and then increased (p: 0,139 and p: 0,102). The acute-phase reactants PCT, fibrinogen and CRP associated with the duration of obstruction may help to determine the time of surgical intervention in patients with adhesive mechanical bowel obstruction.

2019 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 132-136
Ahmed Hasan Ahmed

Background: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the most common form of inherited ataxia, comprising one-half of all hereditary ataxias with a carrier rate between 1 in 60 to 1 in 90 and with a disease prevalence of 1 per 29,000. It can occur in two forms the classic form or in association with a vitamin E dependent ataxia. The precise role of Vitamin E in the nervous system is unknown; An Oxidative attack is suspected to play a role in Ataxia with Vitamin E deficiency, as well as in Friedreich ataxia. Vitamin E is the major free-radical-trapping antioxidant. Objective: Theobjectives of the study is to asses vitamin E level in patients with Friedreichs ataxia phenotype in Iraqi patients. Type of the study:Cross-sectional study. Method: This study was conducted at the neuroscience hospital and Baghdad teaching hospital during the period from the 1st of November 2013 through November 2014. Forty patients with friedreich's ataxia attended in neuroscience hospital and Baghdad teaching hospital during this period; there was12 male, 20 female patients and their age range between (4-50) years. Results: Regarding the level of vitamin E in patients in the present study, The study revealed that mean level of vitamin E for Friedreich ataxia patients was (10.92 μg/ml) ranging from (8-18 μg/ml),while in the control group the mean was (28.06μg/ml) ranging from (22-36μg/ml), the difference in mean level was found to be statistically significant (p=0.0001.) Thirty percents of (FRDA) patients was (8-9.9μg/ml), while half of patients (50%) were within (10-11.9 μg/ml),and low percentage (15 %)of patients were within (12-13.9 μg/ml ). The rest (5%) were had vitamin E level equal or more than 14 μg/ml. these finding revealed that majority of Friedreich ataxia patients were found with low level of vitamin E (32 patients(80%)), and low percentage with normal level (8 patients(20%.)) Patients with Friedreich ataxia were found to have a comparable level 10.47±1.79(8.4-13.5),11.48±2.61(9.4-18) and 10.66±1.26(9-12.5) for those with less than 10 years, 10-19 years , equal or more than 20 years of age respectively (p=0.382), while it was found to have a significantly decreasing level with advance in the age for the control group, 30.57±4.61(24.5-36), 27.46±3.16(23.7-33.5), 25.50±3.03 (22.9-29) for those less than 10 years, 10-19 years, 20 years or more respectively (p=0.006.) Vitamin E level in relation to Gender showed that Friedriech ataxia male patients had significantly higher vitamin E level compared to females [12.05±2.66 (9.0-18.0) compared to 10.17±1.07 (8.4-12.0)] (p=0.003), while relation to gender in the control group was not of significant value statistically [27.08±2.90 (22.9-30.0) for male compared to 29.04±4.97 (23.7-36) for females] , p=0.136. Conclusion: In the light of the results of the present study, the following conclusions were made:  The level of vitamin E in friedreichs ataxic phenotype patients was subnormal than normal range representing 80% of the sample selected for the test.  The level of vitamin E in male patients of freidriechs ataxic phenotype patients was higher than female patients.  

2013 ◽  
Vol 62 (2) ◽  
pp. 17-22 ◽  
Valentina Mikhaylovna Denisova ◽  
Vladimir Vsevolodovich Potin ◽  
Mariya Igorevna Yarmolinskaya ◽  
Yekaterina Mikhaylovna Timofeyeva

Aromatase is the key enzyme, which converts androgens into estrogens. To study the role of aromatase in pathogenesis of endometriosis 57 patients and 15 healthy women of reproductive age were examined. Aromatase activity was detected by reaction of estrogens on aromatase inhibitor letrozol intake. Ovarian source of detected aromatase activity was proved by suppression of reaction on letrozole intake during therapy with gonadotropin- releasing hormone agonist. Aromatase activity in recalculation on antral follicle in endometriosis patients withII–IV stages was higher than in healthy women, though total ovarian aromatase activity was not differed from control group because of low number of antral follicles in endometriosis patients. The disturbance of folliculogenesis in endometriosis is connected probably with hyperestronaemia, which has ovarian and extragonandal origin.

Abdelhakam G. TAMOMH ◽  
Mohammed A. SULIMAN ◽  
Sabah R. YOUSIF ◽  

Background: We aimed to evaluate a potential link between colonization of gingival crevices by the Entamoeba gingivalis as oral parasite microbiome and Hepatitis B infection among gum disease Sudanese patients. Methods: This study was conducted on 448 gum disease patients attending to Dental Clinic of Kosti Teaching Hospital, Kosti, Sudan in 2017-2018. Oral symptoms were registered in 336 patients at different stages of the HBV infection and in 112 HBV seronegative gum disease control. All participants were screened for HBV using ELISA test. Unstimulated whole saliva and gingival scraping were obtained and analyzed for the presence of the amoeba using a parasitological technique. Results: Statistically highly significant correlation was found between the detection of the E. gingivalis in Saliva/gingival scraping and gum illness disease with HBV-infected patients than healthy control group (P<0.05). There was high association between the occurrence of the amoeba among the two groups and smoking, snuffing habitats (P<0.05), inversely, no association with the oral personal hygiene. Conclusion: The presence of the amoeba was not related to the degree of gum diseases only, but to the HBV infection diagnosis. To our knowledge, this is the first study of E. gingivalis in association with HBV infection among gum disease Sudanese patients; maybe predict the role of oral parasitic microbiome in the status of gum disease in HBV infection.

2020 ◽  
pp. 41-48

This study aimed to illustrate the role of inhibin gene as a candidate gene in women with premature ovarian failure (POF) . In this studysixty women who suffered from POF ; and have menopause at least 8 months after the last period , whose ages range between (20-39) years, venous blood samples were collected from these patients who are admitting to the Children and Maternity Hospital and Al-Hilla teaching hospital in Hilla city/Iraq . Also, forty women with no history of menopause with age range approximately matched to that of patients were included as control group . The genotyping was carried out by using PCR , RFLP and SCCP techniques to identify variants in some of candidates genes associated with POF . So regarding to INHα1 gene , the result showed that there is a significant differences between patients and control groups that related to the presence this subunit .The result of RFLP to investigate the variant in this gene showed that most of patients and all control were homozygous for the wild type G allele , and G allele frequency was (92.8%) in patients group and (100%) in control group whereas A allele frequency was (7.2%) POF patients group and (0%) in the control group . The GG genotypes have frequency (85.7%) in POF and (100%) in control group, whereas the AG was found to be (14.3%) and (0%) in patients and control respectively . The results of INHβA1, INHβB1and INHβB2 mutational screening , it was found that there is a significant differences between presence and absence of this gene in patients and control group at (P value 0.01) for INHβA1. , while no one of patients and control groups show missing of INHβB1and INHβB2 subunits . Using SSCP technique to investigate the presence of variants in INHβA1, INHβB1and INHβB2 genes . The results illustrate that there is a significant differences in comformational changes of these gene subunits in patients and control subjected to this study. And this gave an indicator to relationship of the variants in these subunits with arising of POF in women in our population .

2017 ◽  
Vol 66 (3) ◽  
pp. 16-24 ◽  
Edvard K. Aylamazyan ◽  
Mariya I. Yarmolinskaya ◽  
Nigar F. Ganbarli ◽  
Natalia N. Tkachenko ◽  
Gulrukhsor Kh. Tolibova ◽  

Materials and methods. 28 patients with GE of I-II degrees of prevalence (R-AFS) were included in the study. Control group consisted of 11 healthy women. All the patients underwent laparoscopy and hysteroscopy with histological examination of ovarian tissue, peritoneum and endometrium; patients with GE also were performed histological examination of endometrioid of heterotopies. Definition of levels of kisspeptin, FSH, LH, prolactin, AMH, estradiol, estrone, androgens (free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone – DHEA) in peripheral blood in healthy women and in patients with GE were conducted by ELISA on the 2nd and 8th days of menstrual cycle. Immunohistochemical method was used to evaluate expression of metastine (kisspeptin) and its receptor in ovarian tissue, peritoneum, in endometrioid heterotopies and in endometrium. Results. Hormonal survey has revealed that the level of kisspeptin in peripheral blood was reliably higher compared to its level in the control group. Immunohistochemical study found that in patients with GE area of expression of KISS and KISS1R receptor in endometrium was reliably lower when compared with these values in the control group. In the foci of endometrioid heterotopies, which were located on the pelvic peritoneum, it was observed a reliable increase in protein КІЅЅ1 expression and receptor KISS1R compared to fragments of intact peritoneum. The area of expression of receptor KISS1R in endometrioid heterotopies was reliably higher than the area of its expression in endometrium of patients with GE and in endometrium of women of the control group. Direct correlation between the area of protein expression (KISS) in endometrium with level kisspeptin on the 8th day of menstrual cycle in peripheral blood (rs = 0,90) has been revealed. It has been determined that the level of kisspeptin on the 2nd day of menstrual cycle in peripheral blood correlates with the area of expression of receptor KISS1R in peritoneum (rs = 0,57). A direct correlation between the area of expression of receptor KISS1R in peritoneum with the level of kisspeptin on the 8th day of menstrual cycle in serum has been found (rs = 0,90). Conclusion. The obtained data show a definite role of kisspeptin in pathogenesis of genital endometriosis. It can be assumed that the increase in the level of metastine (kisspeptin) in peripheral blood and increased expression of KISS1 in endometrioid heterotopies and especially its receptor KISS1R are compensatory-adaptive response aimed at deterrence of further spread of endometriosis. The obtained results justify the need to continue research in this direction for a deeper understanding of pathogenesis of the disease and possible use of kisspeptin as biomarker for non-invasive diagnostics as well as potential targeted therapy of GE.

2017 ◽  
Vol 66 (3) ◽  
pp. 60-70
Nadezhda Yu. Katkova ◽  
Olga I. Bodrikova ◽  
Anzhelika V. Sergeeva ◽  
Larisa D. Andosova ◽  
Ksenia A. Shahova ◽  

Premature labour (PL) is one of the most actual and unsolved problem of obstetrics. There are many data in the li terature about the role of the disturbed ratio of pro- and antiinflammatory cytokines, neopterin in the implementation of PL. Many authors support the theory of the predominant fetus factor in the initiation of PL. The goal of our research is studying of the characteristics of the local immune status, neopterin and cortisol levels in various variants of preterm labour. Materials and methods. 77 patients were divided into 2 groups. The main group (52 pregnant women with PL) was also divided into 2 subgroups: the first (1A) subgroup consisted of 28 pregnant women with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) without regular labour contractions. Another subgroup (1B) was presented by 24 women with labour activity and unruptured amniotic sac (true PL). In the control group we included 25 women with term labour. The level of the expression of mRNA genes of a congenital immunity in a cervical canal by the test-system ImmunoQuantex (IL1B, IL10, IL18, TNF2, TLR4, GATA3, CD68, B2M), as well as serum levels of neopterin and cortisol. The results were analyzed by standard statistical methods. Results. There were no significant difference in the expression levels of most of the genes of innate immunity between the study groups (p > 0.05). The investigation of expression of TLR4, GATA3 genes in different types of PL revealed a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in patients with PROM (1A subgroup). In addition in the 1A subgroup the inflammation index was higher (Me = 99,5%, p < 0.01). There were no fundamental difference in the state of the local immune status between groups of true preterm and term labour. Analysis of neopterin content among the subjects showed a significant increase in the main group (PL) compared with the control group (p = 0.0064). The comparison of the neopterin level between different variants of PL had a higher index (p < 0.025). The concentration of cortisol in the study groups had no principle difference from the main (PL) group and control group (p > 0.05). The maximum cortisol level was found in the subgroup 1B (true PL), which is significantly higher than in the subgroup 1A (with PROM) and in the control group (p < 0.01). Conclusion. The difference in the state of local immune status in different variants of premature labour demonstrates different mechanisms of initiation of preterm labour. It is likely that the ratio of TLR4/GATA3 and index of inflammation determins the onset of preterm labour. The level of neopterin can be used as a marker of the onset of PL. The increase of cortisol determines the role of the fetus factor in the onset of labour.

2015 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 223
C. Dores ◽  
I. Dobrinski

In vertebrates, the primary cilium is a nearly ubiquitous organelle present in somatic cells, but little is known about its function in the male gonad. We investigated the role of primary cilia in testis cells using in vitro formation of seminiferous tubules and in vitro culture of testicular somatic cells by inhibiting the primary cilium with CiliobrevinD, a cell-permeable, reversible chemical modulator that inhibits the major component of the organelle: ATPase motor cytoplasmic dynein. We analysed in vitro cultures for the presence of primary cilia and the activation of hedgehog signalling through translocation of Gli2 to the nuclei; in vitro tubule formation was evaluated by length and width of tubules formed. Methods: testicular cells were harvested from neonatal pigs by 2-step enzymatic digestion. Cells (50 × 106 mL–1) were plated on 100 mm Petri dishes in 15 mL of DMEM + 5% FBS + 50 U of penicillin and incubated at 37°C in 5% CO2 in air overnight, cells remaining in suspension and those slightly attached were removed and the somatic cells attached were trypsinized to obtain a single cell suspension, and then submitted to two different protocols: in vitro culture (A) or in vitro tubule formation (B), n = 5 replicates each. For A, somatic cells were replated on coverslips in 24-well plates and cultured in serum free media for 48 h, then for the treated group, 10 mM of CiliobrevinD was added for 24 h, attached cells from control and treated groups were fixed in 4% PFA and characterised by immunocytochemistry for ARL13B, Vimentin, and Gli2. For B: 1 × 106 cells were added to 24-well plates coated with 1 : 1 diluted Matrigel, the control group was kept in serum free media and to the treated group was added 20 mM CiliobrevinD at Day 0. Results: A) primary cilia were present in 89.3 ± 2.3% of cells cultured in serum-free media for the control group and Gli2 was located in the nuclei of 90.2 ± 1.2% of cells; in the CiliobrevinD-treated group the percentage of primary cilia decreased (P < 0.05) to 3.1 ± 2.5% and nuclear Gli2 to 3.9 ± 0.7; B) tubules formed in the control group were significantly longer and wider than the ones formed when CiliobrevinD was added (9.91 ± 0.35 v. 5.540 ± 1.08 mm and 339.8 ± 55.78 v. 127.2 ± 11.9 µm, respectively, P < 0.05 by Student's t-test). In conclusion, the inhibition of ATPase motor cytoplasmic dynein perturbs formation of primary cilia in testicular somatic cells, blocks Hedgehog signalling, and impairs in vitro tubule formation. Therefore, primary cilia on testicular somatic cells appear to be essential for testicular morphogenesis.Research was supported by 5 R01 OD016575-13.

2001 ◽  
Vol 64 (2) ◽  
pp. 95-103 ◽  
G.C. Agnoli ◽  
R. Borgatti ◽  
M. Cacciari ◽  
P. Lenzi ◽  
M. Marinelli ◽  

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