Effect of Admixture on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Recycled Brick Aggregate Concrete

Author(s):  
Md Jahidul Islam ◽  
Md Shahjalal ◽  
Md. Mehedi Hasan ◽  
Zarin Tasnim Chowdhury

With the increasing population of the world, the rate of development of infrastructure is increasing day by day; which has placed a massive demand for natural aggregates. Besides, huge amount of demolished construction wastes are generated all over the world which creates pressure on the environment as well as landfills. Therefore, it is necessary to find a sustainable solution to adopt these C&D wastes as an alternative to natural aggregates for construction purposes. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to explore the influence of superplasticizers while adopting recycled brick aggregate (RBA) in the sustainable concrete application as a coarse aggregate. Six different mixes are considered with 100% replacement of recycled brick aggregate and three diverse water-cement (w/c) ratios, such as 0.40, 0.45, and 0.50. To improve the workability and mechanical characteristics of concrete a superplasticizer is used as an admixture. Fresh properties of concrete, compressive strength at normal and high temperatures, flexural strength and splitting tensile strength are presented. The results indicate that addion of superplasticizer improves slump values and reduces air voids of concrete. Although strengths of RBA concrete are lesser than the virgin brick aggregate concrete, they are still satisfactory in the application for structural concrete and can be also significantly improved by incorporating admixture. Finally, this research will help to recycle the brick aggregate instead of dumping it as waste in a landfill.

2014 ◽  
Vol 775-776 ◽  
pp. 69-74 ◽  
Author(s):  
Monica Castoldi Borlini Gadioli ◽  
Mariane Costalonga de Aguiar ◽  
Carlos Maurício Fontes Vieira ◽  
Verônica Scarpini Candido ◽  
Sérgio Neves Monteiro

Brazil is currently one of the world leading producers and exporters of ornamental stones. The increasing production also generates a proportionally huge amount of wastes. Depending on stones such as granite, these wastes may be composed of relatively high content of alkaline oxides. This is a low melting point flux with advantage for a potential addition of the waste into common clay ceramic. Thus, the present work investigated the addition of a granite waste, generated during the sawing stage using the multi-wire technology, into clayey ceramics fired at 1200oC. This ceramic added with up to 30 wt% waste were evaluated in terms of linear shrinkage, water absorption and flexural strength. It was found that the waste fluxing compounds promoted a reduction in water absorption and increase in strength that are associated with an improved clayey ceramic.


2019 ◽  
Vol 5 (5) ◽  
pp. 1007-1019 ◽  
Author(s):  
Babar Ali ◽  
Liaqat Ali Qureshi ◽  
Ali Raza ◽  
Muhammad Asad Nawaz ◽  
Safi Ur Rehman ◽  
...  

Despite plain cement concrete presenting inferior performance in tension and adverse environmental impacts, it is the most widely used construction material in the world. Consumption of fibers and recycled coarse aggregates (RCA) can add ductility and sustainability to concrete. In this research, two mix series (100%NCA, and 100%RCA) were prepared using four different dosages of GF (0%GF, 0.25%GF, 0.5%GF, and 0.75%GF by volume fraction).  Mechanical properties namely compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and flexural strength of each concrete mixture was evaluated at the age of 28 days. The results of testing indicated that the addition of GF was very useful in enhancing the split tensile and flexural strength of both RCA and NCA concrete. Compressive strength was not highly sensitive to the addition of GF. The loss in strength that occurred due to the incorporation of RCA was reduced to a large extent upon the inclusion of GF. GF caused significant improvements in the split tensile and flexural strength of RCA concrete. Optimum dosage of GF was determined to be 0.25% for NCA, and 0.5% for RCA concrete respectively, based on the results of combined mechanical performance (MP).


2018 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-58
Author(s):  
Roza Mildawati

[ID] Concrete is a very popular building material used in the world of construction services, consisting of a mixture of Portland Cement (PC) or other hydraulic cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregates and water, with or without using additional materials. The quality of materials such as cement also greatly affects the strength of the concrete after hardening, so the selection of cement quality must be in accordance with the concrete planning regulations in order to obtain optimal results. In Indonesia there are many new cement factories that produce to meet the needs of the community, one of which is the Conch brand cement. So in connection with the above, Conch cement can be examined to compare the value of compressive strength and flexural strength with old cement, namely cement Padang, Tiga Roda, Holcim and Bosowa which are generally always used in concrete planning at this time.The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of compressive strength and flexural strength of the concrete and the multiplier between cement Padang, Three Wheels and Conch at 28 days of age. In this study using the method SNI 03-2834-2000. With cylindrical test specimens (150 mm x 300 mm) and size beams (150 mm x 150 mm x 600 mm) three specimens were made for each cement.The maximum concrete compressive strength is found in Padang cement with a compressive strength of 45.86 Mpa, for the minimum compressive strength found in Tiga Roda cement with compressive strength value of 40.19 Mpa and for the compressive strength of cement Conch there is a second with compressive strength value 42.84 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete compressive strength with each cement brand still not reached the planned concrete compressive strength of 38 MPa. The maximum concrete flexural strength is found in Padang cement with a flexural strength value of 5.03 Mpa, for a minimum flexural strength value found in Tiga Roda cement with a flexural strength value of 3.96 Mpa and for the value of Conch cement compressive strength there is a second with flexural strength 4.43 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete flexural strength with each cement brand that has not reached the 4.4 Mpa plan, namely the three-wheeled cement brand. [EN] Concrete is a very popular building material used in the world of construction services, consisting of a mixture of Portland Cement (PC) or other hydraulic cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregates and water, with or without using additional materials. The quality of materials such as cement also greatly affects the strength of the concrete after hardening, so the selection of cement quality must be in accordance with the concrete planning regulations in order to obtain optimal results. In Indonesia there are many new cement factories that produce to meet the needs of the community, one of which is the Conch brand cement. So in connection with the above, Conch cement can be examined to compare the value of compressive strength and flexural strength with old cement, namely cement Padang, Tiga Roda, Holcim and Bosowa which are generally always used in concrete planning at this time.The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of compressive strength and flexural strength of the concrete and the multiplier between cement Padang, Three Wheels and Conch at 28 days of age. In this study using the method SNI 03-2834-2000. With cylindrical test specimens (150 mm x 300 mm) and size beams (150 mm x 150 mm x 600 mm) three specimens were made for each cement.The maximum concrete compressive strength is found in Padang cement with a compressive strength of 45.86 Mpa, for the minimum compressive strength found in Tiga Roda cement with compressive strength value of 40.19 Mpa and for the compressive strength of cement Conch there is a second with compressive strength value 42.84 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete compressive strength with each cement brand still not reached the planned concrete compressive strength of 38 MPa. The maximum concrete flexural strength is found in Padang cement with a flexural strength value of 5.03 Mpa, for a minimum flexural strength value found in Tiga Roda cement with a flexural strength value of 3.96 Mpa and for the value of Conch cement compressive strength there is a second with flexural strength 4.43 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete flexural strength with each cement brand that has not reached the 4.4 Mpa plan, namely the three-wheeled cement brand.


Recycled aggregates (RCA) are the aggregates which are made up of crushed, inorganic particles that are obtained from the construction demolition debris. Now a day’s protection of environment is the ultimate challenge to the society. So the usage of RCA’s is the best alternative for the aggregates which are obtained naturally in the construction activity. The scope of using these recycled concrete aggregates is increasing day by day. It reduces the cost effectively as we are using waste concrete as recycled aggregates. The main focus of this paper is to use find the strength qualities of recycled aggregates so as to use it as an alternative for the natural aggregates in high strength concrete for various construction activities. Comparison of workability, compressive strength, tensile strength, elastic modulus and flexural strength of recycled aggregate concrete is made with natural aggregate concrete. Here M25 grade concrete is taken and the natural aggregates were replaced with recycled aggregates in various percentages of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. The mix design for these replacement ratios are done by using code of IS 10262-2009. In order to determine the properties which were mentioned above a total of 60 cubes, 10 beams and 40 cylinders were casted. The compressive strength and tensile strength of RCA concrete have been determined for 7 days and 28 days where as the modulus of elasticity and the flexural strength of RCA concrete are determined after curing for the period of 28 days. The tests done on RCA concrete are compared with concrete which is obtained by natural aggregates As per IS codification the parameters which were determined are reducing moderately as the amount of aggregates which are recycled is being raised


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (5) ◽  
pp. 786-803
Author(s):  
Asish Seeboo ◽  
Chetanand Choollun

In this piece of research, n attempt was made to produce a sustainable concrete with the partial replacement of both fine and coarse natural aggregates with two different non-biodegradable wastes. The selected wastes were fine glass and shredded rubber tires. Fine glass passing through 4.75 mm BS sieve was utilised for the partial replacement of fine natural aggregates. Coarse natural aggregates were partially replaced with shredded rubber passing through 20 mm sieve and retained on 6.30 mm sieve. Several mixes with varying % of fine glass but with a fixed 10 % of shredded rubber were tested. Optimum fine glass content was determined to be in the order of 20 %. The resulting concrete exhibited lower plastic and hardened densities (2040 and 2117 kg/m3 respectively) in comparison to normal plain concrete. The static modulus of elasticity was found to be 18.3 GPa (mean value), while the splitting tensile strength was 2.37 MPa. The flexural strength showed a significant increase of 20.3% compared to the control mix. The results concluded that the concrete thus produced is a viable means of disposing of such non-biodegradable wastes (rubber and glass), thus reducing the loads at landfills. This new genre of concrete was produced at a lower cost than normal concrete because of the very low pre-treatment costs of the recycled wastes used. Furthermore, the properties tend to indicate that the concrete could be applied where lower strength and high durability properties are warranted. Hence precast slabs were made from the new design concrete and were tested along a stretch of a highly trafficable pedestrian walkway on the University campus. The slabs were continuously monitored for defects such as cracks, broken corners and slabs for a period of 24 consecutive weeks. After the test period it was observed that only 4 out of the 80 precast slabs had hairline cracks. Hence concluding the enhanced durability properties of the new design concrete. Doi: 10.28991/cej-2021-03091690 Full Text: PDF


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 629
Author(s):  
Sergio A. Zamora-Castro ◽  
Rolando Salgado-Estrada ◽  
Luis Carlos Sandoval-Herazo ◽  
Roberto Angel Melendez-Armenta ◽  
Erick Manzano-Huerta ◽  
...  

The use of concrete in civil infrastructure is highly demanded in structural and nonstructural elements. However, the high production of concrete could lead to severe pollution in the world. This pollution can be decreased using sustainable materials mixed with cement to obtain sustainable concrete. These sustainable materials include reinforcing fibers (e.g., steel, polypropylene, carbon fibers), recycled materials (e.g., tire rubber, crushed glass, plastic, industrial waste) as well as organic and inorganic elements as concrete aggregates and reinforcement elements. The sustainable construction materials can reduce the amount constitutive elements of concrete required for civil constructions. In addition, some sustainable materials added to cement could improve some properties of the concrete, like the compressive and flexural strength of concrete structural elements. Thus, the maintenance requirements or early replacement of these structural elements could be decreased. This review presents recent investigations about the performance of different sustainable concrete types. In addition, we include the effects on the mechanical properties of the concrete caused by the incorporation of several sustainable materials. In addition, recommendations for the use and testing of sustainable concrete are reported. These materials have potential applications in the sustainable concrete infrastructure in future smart cities.


2021 ◽  
Vol 889 (1) ◽  
pp. 012011
Author(s):  
Ajay Rana ◽  
Abhishek Sharma ◽  
Kshitij Jassal

Abstract In concrete industry, a huge amount of natural aggregates is used in the making of concrete every day. The environment is being exploited by mining for the gain of natural aggregates, resulting in an environmental instability in nature. As a result, an alternate source to substitute natural aggregates in concrete is required. A lot of waste materials have gain attention now a days into the concrete industry as a substitute to natural materials. Fly ash, a waste product of thermal power plants, meets the criterion for being utilised as an aggregate substitute in concrete because of its pozzolanic activity. Coarse fly ash is manufactured using a good manufacturing method and is light in weight. Keeping this into view, the impact of partial replacement of natural coarse aggregates with coarse fly ash aggregates produced using the colds bonded method is explored in this paper. The major focus of this study is on testing for flexural strength of self-cured concrete, as flexural strength is a key criterion for rigid pavement design. In this study, coarse fly ash aggregates are utilised in concrete in different proportions to substitute natural aggregates, and the optimal value for flexural strength is determined using a curing additive. The findings of this experiment indicated that when fly ash aggregates and curing additives were used optimally, the flexure strength improved, which is enough for the construction of rigid pavement as criteria fixed by Indian Standards.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ahmad Sarhan Alyaseen ◽  
Siddarth Shah ◽  
Ravindra Solanki ◽  
Bhavik Daxini ◽  
Yogesh K. Alwani

Abstract Recycled aggregates have an important role to play in construction activities in the world today to save natural aggregates because of industrial development. The goal of the research is to assess the suitability of recycled aggregates for the construction of new roads, which will help to achieve the efficiency of road construction and also Assist to prevent environmental deterioration in the extraction and reducing pollution. In contrast with natural aggregates, recycled aggregates are of lower quality, mainly due to the brittle nature of the cement mortar attached to them. The point of the study is to increase the performance of RCAs in an environmentally friendly managing RCAs. In this process, RCAs are first soaked in acetic acid solution in which acetic acid reacts with cement attached to the surface of the RCA. This reaction weakens the attached mortar and allows separating from the RCAs by using mechanical friction later. Treated RCAs have lower water absorption and lower cement mortar adhesion. These RCAs that have been used as aggregates in new concrete, increased the compressive strength, the tensile strength, and the flexural strength of the concrete by 26%, 11% and 26% at 28 days, respectively. It is clean, safe, efficient, and a new method to be applied so no harmful products are used and no dangerous substances are incorporated into the RCAs that are being treated. The waste treatment solution was used as a solvent for fresh construction, increasing the strength of the concrete as well as decreasing its environmental effects.


Author(s):  
Krishna Singh Kanyal ◽  
Yash Agrawal ◽  
Trilok Gupta

Concrete is an essential construction material and major component of concrete is cement. There is a huge amount of carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere during manufacturing process of cement which has negative impact on the environment. Thus it become necessary to discover a substitute material for cement in concrete. Rapid industrialization generates a significant quantity of waste material which are causing negative effect on environment. These wastes can be a replacement for traditional material which are used in concrete like cement or fine aggregate. Red mud is waste material which generated from bauxite ore at the time of production of aluminium by the Bayer process. In this review paper, the effort is made to present the properties of concrete with red mud after studying several research papers. This paper discusses the properties of red mud concrete such as workability, compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength, water absorption and modulus of elasticity. This paper shows the feasibility of partial substitution of cement in concrete by red mud. The study shows that incorporating red mud resulted increase in strengths of concrete such as compressive, split tensile and flexural strength. The water absorption of concrete decrease as increase in red mud content, it can be established that there is a possibility for using red mud in concrete as a binder ingredient for sustainable construction.


2017 ◽  
Vol 2017 ◽  
pp. 1-9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Saul Rico ◽  
Roshanak Farshidpour ◽  
Fariborz M. Tehrani

Masonry construction is the most widely used building method in the world. Concrete masonry is relatively low in cost due to the vast availability of aggregates used within the production process. These aggregate materials are not always reliable for structural use. One of the principal issues associated with masonry is the brittleness of the unit. When subject to seismic loads, the brittleness of the masonry magnifies. In regions with high seismic activity and unspecified building codes or standards, masonry housing has developed into a death trap for countless individuals. A common approach concerning the issue associated with the brittle characteristic of masonry is addition of steel reinforcement. However, this can be expensive, highly dependent on skillfulness of labor, and particularly dependent on the quality of available steel. A proposed solution presented in this investigation consists of introducing steel fibers to the lightweight aggregate concrete masonry mix. Previous investigations in the field of lightweight aggregate fiber-reinforced concrete have shown an increase in flexural strength, toughness, and ductility. The outcome of this research project provides invaluable data for the production of a ductile masonry unit capable of withstanding seismic loads for prolonged periods.


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