INAF Online Lab: can hands-on, educational laboratories be online?

Federica Duras ◽  
Livia Giacomini ◽  
Giulia Mantovani

<p><strong>INAF <em>Online Lab</em></strong> is the name of the project born within EduINAF (the online magazine of the Italian Institute of Astrophysics) during the Covid-19 pandemic and the subsequent rearrangement of the outreach and teaching activities normally carried out in person. These online laboratories are an example of how to virtually take by the hand those same young people with whom only a year ago it was possible, and indeed natural, to interact live. From their schools or homes, the students are guided through the activity by an experienced operator, and take on the role of astronomers while building, observing, learning and wondering about the great mysteries of space. The four online laboratories currently active have been optimized to be perfectly usable during science festivals in an interactive way and at practically no cost.</p> <p>Throughout the presentation, we will describe the project and its possible applications and evolutions, with some examples to be shown to the audience.</p>

2011 ◽  
Vol 26 (S2) ◽  
pp. 83-83 ◽  
L. Domokos ◽  
C. Cretu ◽  
H. Nagy ◽  
A. Mihai

Internet addiction is an excessive, ingrained habit and a thoughtless on-line/offline computer usage which can be divided into three subgroups related with games, web pages with sexual contents or email and internet chat programs. The causal factors of this trouble are still debated.AimsThe purpose of our study is to survey the habits of teenagers concerning the use of internet and furthermore to investigate the frequency of internet addiction and its predisposing factors.Material and methodsWe investigated the habits of high school students (n = 154) in the county of Mureş using questionnaires (Internet Addiction Test).ResultsYoung people spend daily an average of 3 hours and 38 minutes in front of a computer. 45% of the boys spend daily more than two hours with computer games while 74, 53% of the girls chat daily. 3, 41% of the adolescents think that they spend a lot of time on the net and their learning and school problems are a result of this. 9,3% of the teenage boys spend daily more than 4 hours 20 minutes in front of a computer (weekly 30 hours), what is qualified as dependence according to the American specialists. There is a strong correlation between internet addiction and parents divorce.ConclusionsThe rate of young people addicted to internet gains considerable importance. Moreover this addiction is associated with other addictions so there would be a serious need for health education programs already in high schools.

2015 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
Joaquín Ibáñez-Alfonso ◽  
Rong Wei Sun ◽  
Gertina J. van Schalkwyk

The purpose of this project was to investigate the role of perceived parenting styles in the choice of identity processing and commitment among a group of Chinese youth. Examining the identity processing styles of 209 young people using the ISI-4 (Smits et al., 2008) and Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ; Buri, 1991), we hypothesised that parental styles and family socio-economic status would differentially impact the identity commitment of youth in Macao. The findings corroborated Berzonsky's (2004) model, with minor differences, showing a positive relation between authoritative parenting and informational processing and identity commitment. However, a negative relation between a normative processing style and identity commitment was found in the Chinese sample. Testing for the moderating effect of socioeconomic status showed that authoritative parenting combined with high SES levels lead to the informational processing style.

2016 ◽  
Vol 40 (5) ◽  
pp. 584 ◽  
Jane M. Burns ◽  
Emma Birrell ◽  
Marie Bismark ◽  
Jane Pirkis ◽  
Tracey A. Davenport ◽  

This paper describes the extent and nature of Internet use by young people, with specific reference to psychological distress and help-seeking behaviour. It draws on data from an Australian cross-sectional study of 1400 young people aged 16 to 25 years. Nearly all of these young people used the Internet, both as a source of trusted information and as a means of connecting with their peers and discussing problems. A new model of e-mental health care is introduced that is directly informed by these findings. The model creates a system of mental health service delivery spanning the spectrum from general health and wellbeing (including mental health) promotion and prevention to recovery. It is designed to promote health and wellbeing and to complement face-to-face services to enhance clinical care. The model has the potential to improve reach and access to quality mental health care for young people, so that they can receive the right care, at the right time, in the right way. What is known about the topic? One in four young Australians experience mental health disorders, and these often emerge in adolescence and young adulthood. Young people are also prominent users of technology and the Internet. Effective mental health reform must recognise the opportunities that technology affords and leverage this medium to provide services to improve outcomes for young people. What does this paper add? Information regarding the nature of young people’s Internet use is deficient. This paper presents the findings of a national survey of 1400 young Australians to support the case for the role of technology in Australian mental health reform. What are the implications for practitioners? The Internet provides a way to engage young people and provide access to mental health services and resources to reduce traditional barriers to help-seeking and care. eMental health reform can be improved by greater attention toward the role of technology and its benefits for mental health outcomes.

Crisis ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 39 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-36 ◽  
Kuan-Ying Lee ◽  
Chung-Yi Li ◽  
Kun-Chia Chang ◽  
Tsung-Hsueh Lu ◽  
Ying-Yeh Chen

Abstract. Background: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. Method: Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan's Birth Registry (1978–1997) with Taiwan's Death Registry (1985–2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), paternal suicide (n = 26,887), or the suicide of both parents (n = 281). Each exposed child was matched to 10 children of the same sex and birth year whose parents were still alive. This yielded a total of 398,081 children for our non-exposed cohort. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to compare the suicide risk of the exposed and non-exposed groups. Results: Compared with the non-exposed group, offspring who were exposed to parental suicide were 3.91 times (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.10–4.92 more likely to die by suicide after adjusting for baseline characteristics. The risk of suicide seemed to be lower in older male offspring (HR = 3.94, 95% CI = 2.57–6.06), but higher in older female offspring (HR = 5.30, 95% CI = 3.05–9.22). Stratified analyses based on parental sex revealed similar patterns as the combined analysis. Limitations: As only register-­based data were used, we were not able to explore the impact of variables not contained in the data set, such as the role of mental illness. Conclusion: Our findings suggest a prominent elevation in the risk of suicide among offspring who lost their parents to suicide. The risk elevation differed according to the sex of the afflicted offspring as well as to their age at exposure.

2019 ◽  
Vol 135 ◽  
pp. 03081 ◽  
Artur Gudmanian ◽  
Liubov Drotianko ◽  
Sergiy Sydorenko ◽  
Oksana Zhuravliova ◽  
Sergiy Yahodzinskyi

The paper looks at the major technological, sociocultural and linguistic factors that are changing the nature of interpersonal communication in the Information Age, and some manifestations of these changes. Rapid progress of technology, above all, the advent of the Internet, brought about dramatic changes in the modes and parameters of human communication over the recent decades. New types of written communication arose and have firmly established themselves on the global scale – in social networks, chats, blogs, forums and various Internet communities. Having created unprecedented possibilities for connecting with people irrespective of their location, age or social status, innovative technology is at the same time challenging standards of communication ethics and speech culture. Sociocultural transformations in the modern society, democratization of social relations contribute to weakening of speech norms and deterioration of overall speech culture, especially among young people. The increasing role of English as a language of global communication and its reputation of the dominant language of new technology and virtual reality are inevitably influencing speech habits of the Internet users across the globe. The combined work of all these factors results in visible deterioration of speech culture, standardization and simplification of speech, elimination of cultural specificity, tendency to replace expressive language means with emoji, downgrading of style, defying norms of spelling, word use and grammar. Obvious irreversibility of technological progress and the growing share of life people spend online call on specialists from various related fields to continue comprehensive analysis of transformations of speech culture in the modern world with the aim to assess societal risks and work out timely and adequate countermeasures.

2008 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 45-45 ◽  
Natalie G. Robinson ◽  
Katherine M. White ◽  
Ross McD. Young ◽  
Peter J. Anderson ◽  
Melissa K. Hyde ◽  

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