Uniportal thoracoscopic surgery for difficult late stage empyema: Case series

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Klein Dantis

Early, aggressive, and minimally invasive approach is an advanced surgical approach for chronic empyema management. The traditional video-assisted technique is considered superior over open thoracotomy for empyema management; however, with further modification, the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (UVATS) has greater advantage for surgeons, providing better anatomical view of target tissues, allowing bimanual instrumentation similar to open approach, and nullifying the creation of dihedral angle by instruments that are not favorable in traditional VATS. The present case series describes different clinical scenarios including chronic empyema secondary to traumatic hemothorax, recurrent tubercular empyema following postoperative open decortication, and methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus chronic empyema in pediatric patient, which are effectively managed with UVATS approach.

Author(s):  
Harmik J. Soukiasian ◽  
Daniel Shouhed ◽  
Derek Serna-Gallgos ◽  
Robert McKenna ◽  
Vahak J. Bairamian ◽  
...  

Objective Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) can be associated with neurologic, arterial, or venous deficiencies. When nonsurgical treatment has failed to adequately palliate TOS, surgical intervention is indicated. The supraclavicular and transaxillary approaches are currently the most commonly used approaches for first rib resection, yet little has been reported to date on outcomes of minimally invasive procedures, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The purpose of this article was to describe a minimally invasive approach to TOS and the associated outcomes. Methods This study is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database. Patients who failed nonsurgical therapy for TOS were referred to our practice for evaluation of surgery with a VATS minimally invasive first rib resection. Between 2001 and 2010, 66 VATS procedures were performed on 58 patients (41 women, 17 men). Patients were followed postoperatively for a mean time of 13.5 months. Results Forty-one patients were women (70.7%), and the mean age was 40.5 years, with a patient age range of 17 to 59 years. The mean length of hospital stay was 2.47 days; median length of stay was 2 days. There were a total of eight complications (12.1%). There were no mortalities. Conclusions Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery first rib resection for TOS is another feasible option for TOS, which can be added to the armamentarium of the thoracic surgeon. The outcomes associated with our technique are comparable with the outcomes related to other current standards of care.


Author(s):  
Caitlyn Johnson ◽  
Benny Weksler

Lung hernias are rare and are most commonly secondary to blunt or penetrating trauma. Few cases have been reported after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and only one case after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy. We report a case of lung hernia after video-assisted, thoracoscopic, right upper lobectomy. The hernia was demonstrated by computerized tomography and repaired by minimally invasive techniques. We believe that the combination of removal of a large lung specimen and the presence of emphysema may predispose to lung herniation after thoracoscopic lobectomy. Thoracic surgeons should be aware of this possible complication.


2012 ◽  
Vol 2012 ◽  
pp. 1-5 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jesus Esquivel ◽  
Andrew Averbach

Introduction. Increasing numbers of patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) of appendiceal origin are being evaluated with a low tumor burden. We explored a minimally invasive approach for this group of patients.Materials and Methods. We designed a protocol in which patients with a PMP diagnosis would have a diagnostic laparoscopy. If limited carcinomatosis (PCI ≤ 10) is identified, the procedure will continue laparoscopically. If extensive carcinomatosis (PCI > 10) is found, then the procedure will be converted to an open approach.Results. From December 2008 to December 2011, 19 patients had a complete cytoreduction and HIPEC: 18 of them (95%) were done laparoscopically and 1 of them (5%) was converted to an open procedure. Mean PCI was 4.2. Grade 3 morbidity was 0, and one patient (5%) experienced a grade 4 complication, needing a reoperation for an internal hernia. There were no mortalities. Mean length of hospital stay was 5.3 days. At a mean follow-up of 17 months (1–37) all 19 patients are alive and free of disease.Conclusion. This study demonstrates that cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC via the laparoscopic route is feasible and safe and should be offered to patients with limited pseudomyxoma peritonei of appendiceal origin.


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