2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (10) ◽  
pp. 13-16
V Manikandan ◽  
K Kathiresan

Technology transfer plays a milestone in the pharmaceutical industry during the citation of drug discovery to drug product development. Technology transfer technique transferred from Research & Development (R&D) department to production department through the process of the research phase, development phase, and production phase for further product commercialization. This study was an attempt to discuss the reasons and importance of technology transfer, processing steps for technology transfer, and its documentation report. Establishing confirmation technique for all kinds of documentation and will be inspected and accepted by quality assurance department before the technologies reaches the production department. Hence, the proposed transferring technique will help to develop the product through the processes mentioned in the documentation report.

2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Syaiful Rahman

Abstract: The students 'reading ability is low, it certainly affects the students' writing ability. Implementation of the School Literacy Movement is a solution to students' low reading ability. This study aims to describe the pattern of Implementation of School Literacy Movement that took place in SMP Negeri 5 Malang. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive type that describes the School Literacy Movement in SMP Negeri 5 Malang. Data collection techniques using observation, interviews, and documentation. The results showed that the pattern of implementation of school literacy measures in SMP Negeri 5 Malang included: 1) The habituation phase was carried out by way of students bringing reading books from home or borrowing books to the library. At this stage a class reading corner was prepared, reading 15 minutes before learning began, and a literacy journal; 2) The Development and Learning Phase increases the school resources especially at the State Junior High School 5 Malang, namely the existence of a reading corner in each class, an increase in the number of books, a 30-minute reading club, and a product of the School Literacy Movement.Keywords: School Literacy Movement, Habituation Phase, Development Phase, LearningAbstrak: Kemampuan membaca peserta didik tergolong rendah pasti berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan menulis peserta didik. Implementasi Gerakan Literasi Sekolah menjadi solusi atas kemampuan membaca siswa yang rendah.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pola Implementasi Gerakan Literasi Sekolah yang berlangsung di SMP Negeri 5 Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis deskriptif yang mendeksripsikan Gerakan Literasi Sekolah di SMP Negeri 5 Malang. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pola implementasi geakan literasi sekolah di SMP Negeri 5 Malang meliputi: 1) Tahap Pembiasaan dilaksanakan dengan cara peserta didik membawa buku bacaan dari rumah atau meminjam buku ke perpustakaan. Pada tahap ini sudah disiapkan pojok baca kelas, membaca 15 menit sebelum pembelajaran dimulai, dan jurnal literas; 2) Tahap Pengembangan dan Pembelajaran meningkatkan sumber daya sekolah khusnya di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 5 Malang yaitu adanya pojok baca di masing-masing kelas, penambahan jumlah buku, adanya club baca 30 menit, dan hasil produk Gerakan Literasi Sekolah.Kata Kunci: Gerakan Literasi Sekolah, Tahap Pembiasaan, Tahap Pengembangan,  Pembelajaran

John D. Cash

SynopsisBlood transfusion services, in almost all parts of the developed world, are subject to the same rigours of quality standards as those applied to the rest of the pharmaceutical industry. These standards are established and monitored by governments but are greatly enhanced by staff involvement and commitment. More recent developments, which in some respects are unique to blood transfusion services, have been the commitment of many blood transfusion services to engage in an audit process which seeks to define better the most appropriate uses of blood and blood products.

2018 ◽  
pp. 399-404
S. Nassir Ghaemi

Newer and better medications are obtained as part of the drug discovery process, which occurs mainly in the pharmaceutical industry. This process is hampered by excessive attention to marketing demands, as opposed to scientific exploration. It also is impaired by the psychiatric profession’s mistaken ideologies, whether psychoanalytic orthodoxy in the past or DSM beliefs of the present. Wrong clinical phenotypes impair finding new pharmacological mechanisms and targeting them well to the write clinical indications. Perhaps as a consequence, no treatments have been developed in the last few decades, since DSM-III, that are more effective than prior agents. Progress for the future in drug discovery will require not just better neurobiological work, but also a new approach to clinical diagnoses in psychiatry.

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