Examination of Spreading-Induced Changes in Fire Properties in Upper Layer of Compartment

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (5) ◽  
pp. 139-146
Seunggoo Kang

In this study, a large compartment was used and opening shapes were changed to set fire-source conditions and then combustion tests were conducted to quantitatively measure temperature and heat flux near a façade wall. In addition, q was inferred from the relationship between z and q for the top of the opening under different fire-source conditions and for various opening shapes so that q could be used as a reference index.

2010 ◽  
Vol 26-28 ◽  
pp. 1172-1176
Guang Ma ◽  
Yun De Shen ◽  
Zhen Zhe Li ◽  
Dong Ji Xuan ◽  
Tai Hong Cheng ◽  

Thermoforming is one of the most versatile and economical processes available for shaping polymer products. The heating time and heater power must be optimized for obtaining good products efficiently. In this study, the method for calculating the required heat flux was researched at first. In the following step, the analytic solution was studied for getting optimal heating time and heater power. Finally, the relationship between heater power and heating time was discussed. The developed method in this study will be widely used to shorten the cycle time under the condition of satisfying requirements of thermoforming.

Angelica Mazzoletti ◽  
Domenico Albano ◽  
Francesco Bertagna ◽  
Claudio Tinoco Mesquita ◽  
Raffaele Giubbini

Abstract Background-Aim The relationship between perfusion pattern and stress-induced changes in Left Ventricular Mechanical Dyssynchrony (LVMD) has been previously described with controversial results using stress-rest perfusion imaging studies. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between perfusion pattern and stress-induced changes in LVMD usingo regadenoson/rest13N-NH3 PET/CT. Methods There were 74 patients who underwent stress-rest 13N-NH PET/CT from January 2014 to October 2018 excluding patients with left bundle branch block, ventricular pacing and myocardial necrosis. The patients were divided into those with reversible perfusion defects at stress (Ischemic group, n = 18) and patients without reversible perfusion defects (non-ischemic group, n = 56). The LVMD parameters included: phase standard deviation (PSD) and phase histogram bandwidth (PHB), after stress and at rest. The ΔPSD (post-stressPSD-restPSD) and ΔPHB (post-stressPHB—restPHB) were calculated to measure stress-induced changes in LVMD. Results There were no significant differences in LVMD parameters between post-stress and at rest in both groups. The PSD post-stress, ΔPSD and PHB post-stress were significantly higher in the ischemic group. Conclusions Using a vasodilator as a stress, the PSD and PHB post-stress and ΔPSD were significantly higher in the ischemic patients than the non-ischemic group, while there were no significant differences in each cohort between stress and rest indices.

Youngsup Song ◽  
Yangying Zhu ◽  
Daniel J. Preston ◽  
H. Jeremy Cho ◽  
Zhengmao Lu ◽  

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