202 article(s) in Teisė

Better Regulation Impact On EU Law-Making
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 169-183

this paper aims to analyse these new rules introduced by the ec. the purpose is to evaluate whether or not these changes have altered the original institutional design significantly and to assess its impact on the “community method”, in other words on the ec prerogative to initiate the law-making machinery Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Law Making
  • Institutional Design
  • Eu Law
  • Better Regulation
  • The Law
The Value Of The Case For The Applicant: A Criterion For The Differentiation Of Case Proceedings Or Of Access To Justice
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 154-160

for the first time in ukraine, the institute of small claims procedure has been introduced in the updated civil procedural legislation. the differentiation of cases, which can be considered in simplified or general proceedings, is carried out not only on the basis of the size of the claim, but on the basis of a number of criteria, for instance, the value of the case for the applicant, assessment of which is the main aim of this paper Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Access To Justice
  • Small Claims
  • First Time
The Rule Of Law Crisis In The European Union: From Portugal To Poland (And Beyond
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 144-153

judicial independence is declared as a primary law obligation to be respected by every national body which may apply or interpret european union law. recent legislative reforms of national judicial systems in poland and other member states undermine the principles of judicial independence and mutual trust and raise the idea of a rule of law crisis, claiming for an intervention of the european union Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Rule Of Law
  • Judicial Independence
  • The European Union
  • Mutual Trust
Planning The Future Of A Disabled Person: Civil Law Solutions
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 132-143

if the disabled person wants to plan, guarantee and design a patrimonial strategy to safeguard future needs, how does the law respond? which are the legal instruments one can resort to in order to anticipate or organize mechanisms able to meet the special requirements of a disabled person? this paper aims to analyse this problem, making a connection with the rule of law Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Civil Law
  • The Rule Of Law
  • Future Needs
  • The Future
People With Disabilities, Self-Determination And Very Personal Acts
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 122-131

the evolution of medical, social and economic sciences and, more generally, the way of thinking has profoundly changed the relationship between society and people with disabilities: these persons, from the recipients of social protection and care, have become an active part of society. therefore, this publication analyzes the basis and limits of the powers of persons with disabilities in the context of ethical, political, religious and legal values Show More ... ... Show Less

  • People With Disabilities
  • Social Protection
  • Self Determination
  • Active Part
  • Persons With Disabilities
Challenges To Law In The Era Of Digitization (On The Example Of The Republic Of Belarus
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 113-121

despite the fact that digital technologies even in a short time change various aspects of social relations, law, as a normative structure, remains something like the last bastion of conservatism. the development of adequate answers to numerous challenges to the development of law in the context of digitalization should begin with the identification and awareness of these challenges, which this article is intended to make Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Social Relations
  • Digital Technologies
  • Time Change
  • Normative Structure
  • The Republic
Judicial And Legal Reform As An Element Of Implementation Of The EU-Ukraine Association Agreement In The Field Of Justice
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 103-112

the article considers distinctive features of the judicial and legal reform in ukraine in the context of european integration processes, determines the key elements of the institutional mechanism in the implementation of the eu–ukraine association agreement, outlines the main achievements and prospects in the reform of the judiciary in ukraine Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Legal Reform
  • Association Agreement
  • The Eu
  • European Integration
  • Institutional Mechanism
Connected Automated Driving: Civil Liability Regulation In The European Union
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 85-102

the aim of this article is to provide with the option of civil liability regulation of connected autonomous vehicles (cavs) and autonomous vehicles (avs) at the european union level in the light of introduction of connected automated driving (cad) on the common market Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Civil Liability
  • The European Union
  • Automated Driving
Ultima Ratio Principle In The Criminalization Of Tax Evasion
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 71-84

this article evaluates the significance of the principle of ultima ratio for the national process of criminalization. it also assesses the criminalization of tax evasion in the criminal code of the republic of lithuania using the criminalization criteria established in both national and international legal regulation, case law and criminal law doctrine Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Tax Evasion
  • Criminal Law
  • Case Law
  • Legal Regulation
  • Criminal Code
Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Lithuanian Individual Constitutional Complaint Model
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 49-70

this article analyses the main elements of the model of individual constitutional complaint enshrined in the constitution of the republic of lithuania and in the ordinary legislation. these elements are: objects of individual constitutional complaint; subjects entitled to lodge individual constitutional complaint and filters, which reduce the flow of individual constitutional complaints. this article aims to reveal the legal framework regulating these elements and to identify its advantages and disadvantages Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Advantages And Disadvantages
  • Legal Framework
  • The Republic
“Special Witness” – Between A Witness And Suspect
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 26-48

article 80 § 1, article 82 § 3 of the ccp providing that persons who might give testimony about their own possibly criminal activity may be questioned as witnesses with their consent, applying particular rules – so called “special witness” – are being analysed in this article. by revealing factual ground for becoming a “special witness”, its legal status, the author tries to find an answer to a question whether existing system of persons in the law of criminal procedure justifies existence of such a person, and overall whether this legal regulation is justified Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Legal Status
  • Criminal Activity
  • Criminal Procedure
  • Legal Regulation
  • The Law
The Importance Of Changing Abusive Behavior To Prevent Domestic Violence
  • Teisė;
  • 2020;
  • Vol 114();
  • Pages 8-25

the importance of working with domestic abusers is being analysed in the article. the need for correction of violent behaviour, based on international standards and empirical research, is emphasized by teaching perpetrators of domestic violence to adopt non-violent behaviour in interpersonal relationships with a view to changing violent behavioural patterns Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Domestic Violence
  • Violent Behaviour
  • Empirical Research
  • Interpersonal Relationships
  • International Standards
Introduction Of Criminal Liability For Prohibited Biomedical Researches In Lithuania
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 64-79

the criminal code of the republic of lithuania establishes criminal liability for prohibited biomedical research involving human beings or human embryos. this paper examines the historical origins and development of criminal liability for biomedicial research within the lithuanian legal framework. consideration is given as to what legal virtues (goods) are at risk when prohibited biomedical research is conducted. in this context, the authors discuss issues related to the structure of legal rule imposing criminal liability for prohibited biomedical research in lithuania Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Criminal Liability
  • Biomedical Research
  • Human Embryos
  • Human Beings
  • Historical Origins
Some Aspects Of The Modern Understanding Of Liberty In Law
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 214-223

in contrast to the philosophical (moral and religious) and psychological side of freedom, the legal side of freedom is poorly studied. this article is intended to fill this gap. as a result of the study, the author reveals the difference between freedom in law and freedom of the individual, reveals their characteristic features, and also substantiates the criterion of differentiation of subjective right and freedom in law Show More ... ... Show Less

  • The Individual
  • Characteristic Features
  • The Difference
The Role Of National Human Rights Mechanisms For Reporting And Follow-Up (Nmrf): Understanding These New Global Domestic Processes Using The Cases Of Georgia And Portugal As A Focus
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 168-189

this article reviews domestic human rights institutions called mechanisms for reporting and follow-up (nmrfs). the article scrutinizes how important state reporting on human rights has become, and then evaluates what nmrfs are, and what the different models of nrmfs are. the article focuses on the nations of georgia and portugal Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Human Rights
  • Follow Up
  • National Human
  • Important State
The Problems Of Implementing The Eprivacy Directive And Their Solutions In Eprivacy Regulation
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 139-154

this article attempts to describe the most significant practical problems in implementing the eprivacy directive and analyzes whether the legal preconditions for their solution are present in the draft of eprivacy regulation Show More ... ... Show Less

The Reopening Of Proceedings After The Judgment Of The Ecthr In Cases Against Lithuania
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 27-49

the author of this article examines the case law of the lithuanian courts of general jurisdiction and administrative courts related to the reopening of domestic criminal, civil, or administrative proceedings when the european court of human rights (hereinafter – the ecthr or the court) finds a violation of the convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms and/or protocols in the cases against lithuania Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Case Law
  • European Court Of Human Rights
  • Fundamental Freedoms
The 346 Clause Of TFEU Regulation In Different EU Member States
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 123-138

the article discloses the fixed exclusion regulation of clause 346 in the treaty of function of the european union in different eu member states. a further assessment of different relevant judicial approaches to regulation are disclosed and evaluated in accordance with the european court of justice case law and procurement in the defense area doctrine Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Eu Member States
  • European Court Of Justice
  • The European Union
Admissibility Of The Use Of Electronic Means Of Evidence Obtained Unlawfully In A Civil Proceeding
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 205-213

the admissibility of the use of evidence obtained unlawfully, referred to as the fruit of the poisonous tree, still remains an unresolved issue on the basis of polish procedural law. the author in her paper will focus on such forms of evidence, which are more and more often the subject of evidentiary procedures, noting that this mainly concerns the content of private conversations conducted with the use of messengers and community portals, call recordings, and telephone billings, data obtained from mobile phones, or so-called print screens, which are often obtained in an illegal manner, interfering with the sphere of privacy of the other person Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Mobile Phones
  • The Other
  • Unresolved Issue
  • Procedural Law
  • The Subject
Criminal Intelligence And The Privacy Of Human Life
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 8-26

the article analyzes the problematic aspects of applicating the provisions of the criminal intelligence act to the disclosure criminal offences. the author goes deeper into how much of the means used by criminal intelligence can legitimately penetrate into the private life of citizens. the examples of the case law are used as an attempt to find a limit (proportionality) between personal freedom and security in applying criminal intelligence activities Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Criminal Intelligence
  • Human Life
  • Case Law
  • Private Life
  • Personal Freedom
The Relevance Of Consumer Behavior And Competition Of Products To Levying Excise Duties On Cosmetics Under EU Law
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 155-167

in bene factum, the court of justice of the european union ruled that cosmetic products should be exempt from excise duty on alcoholic beverages if they contain ethyl alcohol regardless the actual use of the product (consumer behavior). in order to assess the prerequisites for the proper application of eu law in the field of excise duty, the article assesses the mechanism of determining product competition at the eu and international trade law levels, which is important for the classification of products for tax purposes, including the extent to which cosmetic products compete with alcoholic beverages, how private business is limited by consumer habits, and possible governmental intervention in this context Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Consumer Behavior
  • Alcoholic Beverages
  • Eu Law
  • Cosmetic Products
  • Excise Duty
A Preliminary Ruling Instrument In The Constitutional Jurisprudence Of Lithuania
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 80-107

the judicial dialogue between the constitutional court of the republic of lithuania and the european court of justice is analyzed in this article. the variety of opinions, arguments, and the evolution of the approaches regarding the right or obligation of the constitutional court to refer for a preliminary ruling are researched. major events in the evolution were two referrals by the constitutional court in 2007 and 2017; both of these decisions to refer for the preliminary ruling are compared, and the similarities and differences analyzed. the potential of a preliminary ruling in the constitutional jurisprudence is demonstrated, with an emphasis on the indirect control of the legality of eu acts and the national identity clause Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Preliminary Ruling
  • Constitutional Court
  • Constitutional Jurisprudence
  • National Identity
  • Similarities And Differences
Regulation Of The Compatibility Of Tax-Liability Aggravating Factors With The Requirements Of The Protection Of Human Rights And Fundamental Freedoms
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 50-63

this article represents the results of an analysis focused on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms and tax norms provided in article no. 140, part. 4 of the law on tax administration of the republic of lithuania, where a list of tax-liability aggravating factors is provided. the results of the analysis are provided in the conclusions, together with recommendations on how to improve the present regulation Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Fundamental Freedoms
  • Protection Of Human Rights
  • Tax Administration
  • The Republic
Creditor’S Right To Information In Corporate Bankruptcy Proceedings
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 108-122

this article examines the practical problems deriving from the exercise of the creditor’s right to information regarding the course of corporate bankruptcy proceedings. the legal regulation of foreign states shows that creditors shall participate in bankruptcy proceedings actively. namely, timely information about the corporate bankruptcy proceedings allows creditors to exercise other rights and impact the decision-making in this process. disputes often arise regarding how creditors can use this right to information and what legitimate restrictions can be established for its implementation Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Corporate Bankruptcy
  • Right To Information
  • Decision Making
  • Legal Regulation
Blurring The Definition Of Employment Relations In Russia: Case Law On The General Notion And Some Atypical Forms Of Labor
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 113();
  • Pages 190-204

transformation of russian labour law in the last decades shows the clear trend to differentiation and fragmentation with constantly growing number of special norms covering specific (atypical) types of employment relationships. at the same time modern labour law reflects only some of recently appearing forms of employment, such as temporary agency work or telework. the paper deals with the definition of labor relations and some atypical forms of employment Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Labour Law
  • Labor Relations
  • General Notion
  • Employment Relationships
Baudinės Netesybos Ir Kitos Savo Prigimtimi Artimos Lupikiškos Sumos Lietuvos Respublikos Sutarčių Teisėje
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 112-129

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] straipsnyje „baudinės netesybos ir kitos savo prigimtimi artimos lupikiškos sumos lietuvos respublikos sutarčių teisėje“ autorė tiria baudinių netesybų sampratą, pateikiamą teisės doktrinoje ir teismų praktikoje. straipsnyje taip pat analizuojamas užsienio arbitražų teismų sprendimų pripažinimo ir vykdymo lietuvos respublikoje klausimas, kai viena iš šalių prašo nepripažinti ir neleisti vykdyti sprendimo, kuriuo priteista sutartimi sulygta suma, mokėtina dėl sutarties pažeidimo, remdamasi tuo argumentu, kad suma yra baudinė savo prigimtimi (lupikiška), todėl prieštaraujanti viešajai tvarkai. pateikiami teismų praktikos pavyzdžiai leidžia atskleisti su baudinių netesybų ir savo prigimtimi artimų sumų kvalifikavimu susijusią problematiką Show More ... ... Show Less

Interesų Konflikto Koncepcija Pagal Lietuvos Ir Europos Sąjungos Viešųjų Pirkimų Teisę Ir Teismų Praktiką
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 45-66

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] iki tol, kol buvo įgyvendinta 2014 metų es ir atitinkamai 2017 metų lietuvos viešųjų pirkimų teisės reforma, interesų konfliktai viešuosiuose pirkimuose, jų samprata, požymiai, teisinis vertinimas, objektyvios praktinės apraiškos nebuvo plačiai analizuojamos nei teisės doktrinoje, nei teismų praktikoje. iš esmės šiuo aspektu pasikeitus teisinei ekosistemai, nurodytas mokslinis tyrimas tapo aktualus. mokslinis interesų konfliktų teisinis pagrindimas tapo ypač reikalingas, kai teismai vienas po kito susidūrė su praktinėmis šio reiškinio situacijomis ir pradėjo kelti susijusius klausimus ne tik nacionalinėje teismų praktikoje, bet ir, bent jau lietuvos teismų atveju, adresavo klausimus es teisminėms institucijoms. atitinkamai ši publikacija yra skirta išspręsti minėtą akademinės analizės poreikį ir atsakyti į klausimus, kas yra laikoma intersų konfliktu bei kaip jį vertina es ir lietuvos teismai, nagrinėdami viešųjų pirkimų ginčus Show More ... ... Show Less

Išankstinio Administracinių Ginčų Nagrinėjimo Ne Teisme Institutas Lietuvoje: Teisinio Reguliavimo Aiškinimo Problematika
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 67-91

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] straipsnyje analizuojama lietuvos teismų praktika, susiklosčiusi išankstinio administracinių ginčų nagrinėjimo ne teisme vertinimo srityje, siekiant patikrinti prielaidą dėl šios jurisprudencijos nenuoseklumo, vertinant administracinių ginčų nagrinėjimą kaip ikiteisminį instituciniu ir funkciniu požiūriu. autorė stengiasi ištirti, kokios teisės aiškinimo taisyklės yra įtvirtintos šioje jurisprudencijoje ir kokiais teisiniais argumentais asmenų ginčų ir skundų nagrinėjimas konkrečiose administracinėse srityse teismuose kvalifikuojamas ikiteisminiu administracinių ginčų nagrinėjimu, bei įvertinti šios teismų praktikos nuostatų įtaką šio ginčų nagrinėjimo instituto formavimui ir asmens teisės į veiksmingą teisinę gynybą jame apimčiai Show More ... ... Show Less

Reform Of Civil Justice In Ukraine: A Differentiation Of Action Proceedings And Review Of Court Decisions
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 234-245

[full article, abstract in english, abstract in russian] during the reform of 2014–2017 ukrainian legislation was approved significantly, among them the constitution, laws, related to judiciary and litigation, enforcement as well. the advocacy reform is last. this has led to the evolutionary renewal of justice in ukraine, which was positively faced by the international community. this article proposes to consider some components of civil justice reform, which were substantially updated, as well as to analyse their compliance with international and european standards. this refers to (1) a general review of judicial statistics and (2) new approaches to the trial of a court of first instance – order, simplified, general proceedings, criteria for demarcation of civil cases (3), and (4) peculiarities of settling a dispute with the participation of a judge. the conclusions summarize the most progressive results of reforms, as well as make suggestions on further development of the potential of civil justice Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Civil Justice
  • Full Article
  • Court Decisions
  • General Review
  • Article Abstract
Enforcement Of Mediated Settlement Agreements
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 205-217

[full article, abstract in english; abstract in lithuanian] upon the recent finalization of the singapore mediation convention, a comparative analysis is conducted in the article between the newly prepared instrument and two other international enforcement mechanisms of mediated agreements offered by the eu mediation directive and siac-simc arb-med-arb protocol, both currently in force Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Full Article
  • Comparative Analysis
  • English Abstract
  • The Eu
  • Article Abstract
Jungtinių Tautų Tikslinės Finansinės Priemonės: Peržiūros Procedūrų Atitiktis Teisės Į Teisingą Procesą Standartams
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 145-157

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] straipsnyje ginčijama, kad jungtinės tautos, nustatydamos individualizuotas finansines ribojančias priemones, privalo veikti suderinamai su fundamentalių žmogaus teisių, konkrečiai – teisės į teisingą procesą – reikalavimais. atsižvelgiant į tai ir į, kaip ginčijama, aktualias teisės į teisingą procesą garantijas, ginčijama, kad šiuo metu užtikrinami peržiūros mechanizmai tikslinių finansinių ribojančių priemonių adresatams jungtinių tautų lygmeniu negali būti laikomi atitinkantys teisės į teisingą procesą reikalavimus, atitinkamai šiuo metu susiklosčiusi padėtis jungtinių tautų lygmeniu vertintina kaip nesuderinama su fundamentalių žmogaus teisių reikalavimais Show More ... ... Show Less

Konstitucinio Teismo Įgaliojimai Aiškinti Savo Nutarimus, Išvadas, Sprendimus: Teisinio Reguliavimo Problemos Ir Tobulinimo Galimybės
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 92-111

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] šiame straipsnyje bandoma atskleisti lietuvos respublikos konstitucinio teismo nutarimo, išvados, sprendimo aiškinimo institutą reglamentuojančių nuostatų problemas ir pateikti jų sprendimo galimybes, t. y. siūlymus, kaip būtų galima tobulinti šį institutą reglamentuojančias konstitucinio teismo įstatymo nuostatas. daugiausiai dėmesio šiame darbe skiriama trims šio instituto probleminiams aspektams: sprendimų dėl konstitucinio teismo nutarimo, išvados, sprendimo aiškinimo teisinei galiai; prašymų išaiškinti konstitucinio teismo nutarimą, išvadą, sprendimą nagrinėjimo objektams; subjektams, galintiems inicijuoti konstitucinio teismo nutarimo, išvados, sprendimo aiškinimą Show More ... ... Show Less

Taxation Of Gratuitous Acquisition Of The Ownership Of Tangible Property And Property Rights In Polish And Lithuanian Tax Legislation Selected Problems
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 218-233

[full article, abstract in english] the comparison of the inheritance tax legislation in poland and lithuania shows clearly that inheritance tax is a simple tax, with no special legal or financial complexity. therefore, there are no serious issues concerning the assessment and/or payment of the tax. the assessment process and the amounts of the tax are taxpayer-friendly. it is worth noting solutions such as a 30% reduction in the taxable amount, no deduction of debt and charges, no complicated procedure for determining the taxable amount, respecting the double taxation avoidance principle, or the fact that no tax liability in respect of inheritance tax may re-arise.the case is not the same with the polish gift and inheritance tax act. the only advantage of the polish law, as compared to the lithuanian law, is that the scope of taxable property is broader and, therefore, the higher, personal income tax would not apply to many types of the taxable property.the author expects this paper to be the first is a series of papers introducing polish taxpayers, tax authorities and legislative bodies to legal solutions relating to the taxation of gratuitous acquisition of tangible property and property rights in other european countries. the polish gift and inheritance tax act is a highly complicated piece of legislation. its complexity causes tax disputes and does not encourage good relations between taxpayers and tax authorities. what is more, it is often the source of family conflicts Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Inheritance Tax
  • Property Rights
  • Tax Legislation
  • Family Conflicts
  • Article Abstract
Motor Third Party Liability After CJEU Interpretation Of The Directive 103/2009/EC In Vnuk Judgment
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 130-144

[full article, abstract in english; abstract in lithuanian] the aim of this article is to assess the consequences of the interpretation of the terms ‘vehicle’ and ‘use of a vehicle’ in the light of the case of damijan vnuk v zavarovalnica trigalev (c-162/13) the court of justice of the european union (cjeu) in accordance with the objectives set out in the motor insurance directive Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Full Article
  • The European Union
  • Motor Insurance
  • Article Abstract
Friedrich Georg Von Bunge: Hochinteressanten Persönlichkeit Des 19. Jahrhunderts, Die Nicht In Den Engen Rahmen Der Spezialisierten Wissenschaften Des 21. Jahrhunderts Passt
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 246-270

[full article, abstract in german] friedrich georg von bunges lebens entwickelte sich dergestalt, dass er noch vor dem 30. geburtstag für die ii. abteilung der persönlichen kanzlei seiner kaiserlichen hoheit zu arbeiten begann und dies in den folgendenmehr als 30 jahren fortsetzte (1831–1865). bunge besaß zweifelsohne eine besondere begabung für die kodifizierung, denn als er zweimal die chance hatte, richter zu werden (anfangs am hofgericht in riga und 1865 am obersten gericht des reichs in st. petersburg, dem senat), dann lehnte er beide male ohne nachdenken ab. ihn interessierte stets die wissenschaftliche und kodifizierungsarbeit mehr als die am gericht oder in der verwaltung oder selbst die pädagogische an der universität.wenn bis jetzt bunges leben in der historischen literatur in unterschiedliche abschnitte aufgeteilt wurde (professur an der universität tartu 1830–1842, ratsherr in tallinn 1843–1856, st. petersburg 1856–1865, als er dort mit seiner familie weilte), dann unterschätzt diese einteilung grundlos die persönlichen prioritäten seiner tätigkeit und ermöglicht nicht, seine wirkliche bedeutung bei den gesetzgeberischen reformen des russischen imperiums des 19. jahrhunderts zu erkennen. um bunges anteil im größeren zusammenhang zu verstehen, muss betont werden, dass er vierunddreißig jahre seines lebens mit der kodifizierung des rechts desrussischen reichs verbunden war.wenn wir uns im rahmen der geschichte der institutionen die bedeutung der ii. abteilung der persönlichen kanzlei seiner kaiserlichen hoheit verdeutlichen wollen, dann war bunge einer jener besonders mit estland verbundenen juristen, dessen tätigkeit zweifelsohne einen untrennbarenteil der aktivitäten der ganzen abteilung bildete.wenn wir für das bessere verständnis unserer geschichte im bunten muster des 19. jahrhunderts bedeutende wendepunkte und durchbrüche finden möchten, dann können wir über das leben bunges sagen, dass er sich größtenteils aufgaben widmete, die wenigstens einen wichtigen bestandteil der rechtsreformen des 19. jahrhunderts umfassten, nämlich die ordnung des privatrechts der ostseeprovinzen. oder war sein leben vielleicht sogar ein untrennbarer teil jener reformen?wenn wir das leben und die taten friedrich georg von bunges erforschen, dann dürfen wir ihn keinesfalls in das prokrustes-bett der heutigen wissenschaften zwängen. in diesem fall untersuchen wir nicht die geschichte (die lebensgeschichte eines mannes), sondern genießen es für unsere gegenwärtigen fragen eine heutige antwort in einem intellektuellen spiel zu erhalten. leider geht bei diesem spiel das mögliche subjekt der untersuchung, in diesem fall die historische persönlichkeit professor friedrich georg von bunge, verloren. in den augen junger wissenschaftler mutiert bunge auch zu einer rückständigen person, die nichts verstand von der fragestellung einer heutigen eng begrenzten forschungsrichtung. der junge forscher versucht, eine neue geschichte zu konstruieren, in der die zentrale frage, eine konkrete historische persönlichkeit, zu einem mittelpunkt, einer sonne der juristen des 19. jahrhunderts wird.geschichte kann von verschiedenen fragestellungen ausgehend geschrieben werden und darin besteht ihr besonderer charme. doch muss betont werden, dass ungeachtet der forschungsarbeit der juristen eine monografie über bunge als intellektuelle und schöpferische persönlichkeit, in der er selber im mittelpunkt steht, noch ungeschrieben ist. es bleibt zu hoffen, dass das unter der ägide der gelehrten estnischen gesellschaft in tartu stattgefundene seminar, auf dem vertreter verschiedener wissenschaften zusammentrafen, in der zukunft dabei hilft, die bunge-forschung in den rahmen unterschiedlicher wissenschaften einzubetten und ein bild zu erschaffen von einer hochinteressanten persönlichkeit des 19. jahrhunderts, die irgendwie nicht in den engen rahmen der spezialisierten wissenschaften des 21. jahrhunderts passt Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Full Article
  • Article Abstract
Penki Okupacijos Dešimtmečiai Šimtametėje Lietuvos Teisės Raidos Panoramoje
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 8-22

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] straipsnyje mėginama apibendrinti sovietmečio lietuvos teisės mokslo raidos praradimų (ir pasiekimų) rezultatus ir pasvarstyti apie išliekamąją šių rezultatų reikšmę Show More ... ... Show Less

Pedofilija Kaip Liga Ir Kaip Paskata Nusikalsti
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 23-44

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka vokiečių kalba] straipsnyje analizuojama pedofilijos ir seksualinės prievartos prieš vaikus problematika kriminologiniu, baudžiamuoju teisiniu ir medicininiu požiūriu. pedofiliją pirmiausia svarbu suvokti kaip ligą, kuri gali būti paskata nusikalstamam elgesiui, tačiau įvairių tyrimų duomenimis, didžiąją dalį seksualinio smurto prieš vaikus atlieka ne pedofilai. straipsnyje aptariama pedofilijos samprata, paplitimas, etiologija ir seksualinės prievartos prieš vaikus prevencijos priemonės Show More ... ... Show Less

Small Satellites: National Regulatory Challenges
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 190-204

[full article, abstract in english; abstract in lithuanian] this article analyses the regulation of space activities, especially small satellites activities. its purpose is to analyse the relevant international legal framework and discuss the possible future national space legislation in lithuania. it has been divided into two chapters. chapter 1 summarises the relevant international space law and addresses essential aspects related to the authorisation of space activities, registration of objects launched into outer space, liability issues, insurance requirements and debris mitigation issues. chapter 2 deals with reasons to adopt the national space legislation in lithuania and discusses what legal aspects should be covered by the national law in order to guarantee balance between the regulation and promotion of small satellite activities. finally, it includes the model law on the promotion of national space activities and the establishment of a national space registry of the republic of lithuania Show More ... ... Show Less

  • National Space
  • Space Activities
  • Small Satellites
  • Space Law
  • Debris Mitigation
Socialinės (Gerovės) Valstybės Modelio Raida Ir Įtaka Socialinei Apsaugai Prancūzijoje
  • Teisė;
  • 2019;
  • Vol 111();
  • Pages 158-177

[straipsnis ir santrauka lietuvių kalba; santrauka anglų kalba] straipsnyje nagrinėjamos prancūzijos socialinės (gerovės) valstybės susiformavimo prielaidos nuo didžiosios prancūzijos revoliucijos (1798 m.) ir jos raida iki šiuolaikinio socialinės (gerovės) valstybės modelio, taip pat prancūzijos socialinės (gerovės) valstybės modelio įtaka socialinės apsaugos teisių garantijoms ir teisiniam reguliavimui prancūzijos respub­likoje. taip pat aptariama gerovės (socialinės) valstybės teorinė samprata, analizuojama šiuolaikinės gerovės valstybės prancūzijoje koncepcija ir nagrinėjamos konkrečios socialinės apsaugos teisių garantijos, atsiradusios iš socialinės (gerovės) valstybės koncepcijos. be to, pateikiamos išvados, susijusios su socialinės (gerovės) valstybės raidos etapų klasifikavimu bei socialinės apsaugos pagrindinių principų (tokių kaip socialinis solidarumas) įtvirtinimu prancūzijos teisės sistemoje Show More ... ... Show Less

RESPUBLIKOS PREZIDENTO ĮGALIOJIMAI ĮSTATYMŲ LEIDYBOS PROCESE
  • Teisė;
  • 2017;
  • Vol 105(105);
  • Pages 22

straipsnyje analizuojami respublikos prezidento konstituciniai įgaliojimai įstatymų leidybos procese, kuriuos panaudodamas jis veikia kaip atsvara įstatymų leidžiamajai valdžiai: įstatymų leidybos iniciatyvos teisė, seimo ir referendumu priimtų įstatymų promulgavimas ir seimo priimtų įstatymų grąžinimas seimui pakartotinai svarstyti, taip pat kreipimasis į konstitucinį teismą kaip priemonė paveikti įstatymų leidybos procesą Show More ... ... Show Less

ATVIROJI VAGYSTĖ IR JOS KVALIFIKAVIMO YPATUMAI
  • Teisė;
  • 2017;
  • Vol 105(105);
  • Pages 7

straipsnyje nagrinėjamas lietuvos respublikos baudžiamojo kodekso 178 straipsnio (vagystė) 2 dalyje numatytas kvalifikuojamasis veikos požymis „atvirai“. pateikiama šio požymio samprata baudžiamosios teisės moksle ir teismų praktikoje, atskleidžiami tam tikri probleminiai šio požymio nustatymo aspektai ir kai kurie su šiuo požymiu susiję kvalifikavimo ypatumai Show More ... ... Show Less

СФЕРА ПРАВОВОГО РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ: ПРОБЛЕМЫ ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЯ И СООТНОШЕНИЯ С ПРЕДМЕТОМ ПРАВОВОГО РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ
  • Teisė;
  • 2017;
  • Vol 105(105);
  • Pages 212

в статье исследуется актуальная для современного правоведения проблема определения сферы правового регулирования. рассматриваются различные подходы авторов к определению данной категории. проводится соотношение сферы правового регулирования с такой смежной юридической категорией, как предмет правового регулирования. излагается позиция о недопущении отождествления сферы и предмета правового регулирования Show More ... ... Show Less

THE ROLE OF SIDIS V. F-R PUBLISHING CO. CASE IN THE FORMATION OF RIGHT TO BE FORGOTTEN
  • Teisė;
  • 2017;
  • Vol 105(105);
  • Pages 188

the given article displays the case of sidis v. f-r publishing co., which features a suit of a former adolescent prodigy, william sidis against the new yorker newspaper for publishing an article “where are they now? april fool” where his biography as well as a then-present style of life were portrayed. this case possesses a particular concordance for the theory of “right to be forgotten” as a derivative of right to privacy in common law as well as having triggered the issues of celebrity-related public interest and article newsworthiness tests applied by us courts in later cases Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Right To Be Forgotten
  • Public Interest
  • Common Law
  • Right To Privacy
MULTIMODALINIO KROVINIŲ VEŽIMO TEISINIS (NE)REGULIAVIMAS LIETUVOJE
  • Teisė;
  • 2017;
  • Vol 105(105);
  • Pages 135

straipsnyje analizuojamas multimodalinio krovinių vežimo teisinis reguliavimas lietuvoje, multimodalinio krovinių vežimo sutarčiai taikytina teisė ir teikiama lietuvos teisinio reglamentavimo tobulinimo siūlymų Show More ... ... Show Less