384 article(s) in World Science

FORMATION OF COMMUNICATIVE AND SPEAKING COMPETENCE OF SOCIAL WORKERS IN THE PROCESS OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING

the article analyses the levels of communication skills of future social workers at the final stage of the research. it is stated that implementation of communication and speaking training is conditioned by the necessity of forming a competent specialist who has deep theoretical knowledge, communication skills necessary for establishing constructive interpersonal interaction and providing assistance to different groups of clients, and operates innovative technologies methods of assistance. it is possible to achieve a high level of professional competence during training, through a specially organized educational process aimed at the development of professional, communication and speaking skills that form the basis of future work of a social worker. the results of the study showed positive changes in the students of the experimental group, which made it possible to conclude on the efficiency of the proposed experimental method of forming the communicative and speaking competence of future social workers in the process of professional training. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Social Workers
  • Communication Skills
  • Professional Training
  • Experimental Group
  • Knowledge Communication
PRACTICAL TRAINING OF PERSONAL OF REGULAR SUBDIVISIONS OF STRUCTURAL UNITS OF OPERATIVE AND RESCUE SERVICE OF CIVIL PROTECTION OF UKRAINE

the article describes the contents of the concepts of independent training and official training of the personnel of the units of the operative and rescue service of civil protection of ukraine, describes the practical component of their professional training directly in the units. it is established that the main types of occupations in the system of official training are lectures, seminars, practical classes, tactical-special trainings, control and testing classes. types of practical training of rescuers are characterized: practical workout of training exercises (exercises and standards on special physical training), working out and correction of documents of operative response (plans, cards), operative-tactical study of service area and objects, solving tactical tasks, night test tactical tasks training, fire and emergency management, tactical training.at the same time, there is a contradiction between the increased level of requirements for the preparedness of rescuers in modern conditions and the traditional system of their professional training, which does not take into account changes in the extension and complication of professional tasks. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Professional Training
  • Practical Training
  • Civil Protection
  • Rescue Service
  • Physical Training
APPLYING THE INTEGRATIVE APPROACH IN THE PROCESS OF FORMING FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

the article deals with proving the advantages of multi-subject integrated training. it was defined the importance of taking into account the theoretical and methodological foundations of using an integrative approach in the process of forming future primary education teachers’ foreign language communicative competence. it was determined the specifics of conducting integrated courses, practical classes, including binary ones, in order to implement the professional training of future primary school teachers according to time requirements. the integration principle corresponds to the mental and physiological nature of the individual, through integration of a person-centered approach to training, as the student is able to choose basic knowledge and skills in different subjects and to apply them in practice. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Foreign Language
  • Primary School
  • Communicative Competence
  • Integrative Approach
  • School Teachers
МІКРОСТРУКТУРНА ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКА ПІДНИЖНЬОЩЕЛЕПНОЇ СЛИННОЇ ЗАЛОЗИ ЩУРА В НОРМІ

macroanatomy, topography of the submandibular salivary glands in rats, the size and mechanisms of functioning, are determined by the characteristics of the structure of the skull and cervical area, and the horizontal position of the animal body and features of the functional purpose of the glands. salivary glands ensure the consistency of homeostasis not only in the oral cavity, but also in the upper gastrointestinal tract, performing the primary enzymatic processing of food, helping the passage of food to the esophagus. apparently, there are no other organs that perform as many functions (secretory, secretory, excretory, secretory) and have such a significant impact on the condition of the organism, oral cavity and digestive system as a whole.this publication demonstrates microstructures characteristics of submandibular salivary gland of rats. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Oral Cavity
  • Salivary Glands
  • Cervical Area
  • Functional Purpose
  • Upper Gastrointestinal
ПРОЕКТИ ВИЩОЇ ПЕДАГОГІЧНОЇ ОСВІТИ В УКРАЇНІ ПЕРШОЇ ПОЛОВИНИ ХІХ Ст

the period of the first half of the nineteenth century is characterized by a significant number of the pedagogical education projects development, which can be divided into two main groups: the author’s (m. demkov, v. ivanovsky, g. kollontay, m. pirogov, м. troitsky, k. ushinsky, t.chacky, etc.) and official (authorized by the ministry of public education). among them are the projects of pedagogical institute in the "prior rules of public education" (1803), the general regulations of the russian imperial universities in 1804 and 1835, the pedagogical courses principles (1860, 1865); the draft of the teaching institute regulations (1862) and a number of others. it`s considered that author's approaches significantly influenced the content of the official group and even served as their basis.the analysis of the projects content is allowed to group them into two divisions. the first is the projects of educational institutions for the primary school teachers training (teachers' seminary, teacher's institutes), and the second one is educational institutions for the secondary school teachers training (pedagogical faculties, pedagogical institutes, pedagogical courses, pedagogical seminaries). at the same time, the first projects were planned as an independent, exclusively closed educational institutions of the residential type. their curricula had to provide the detailed learning of the primary schools disciplines and the teaching methods. a compulsory condition for the existence of the second group was their opening on the basis of universities, which according to the authors of the projects had to provide a broad compulsory education and special training for advanced teaching. the dominant for university teaching institutions was the viewpoint of their open type, which is slightly allowed to reduce the cost of teacher training, providing teacher applicants with scholarships rather than complete public funds.the common requirement for both types of projects was the requirement for compulsory in-depth pedagogical training, which, as a rule, reflected the need to follow the principle of theoretical pedagogical courses unity (pedagogy, didactics, knowledge about upbringing, history of pedagogical currents, etc.) and pedagogical training.thereby the pedagogical institute on this basis was opened in the structure of the university of st. volodymyr in kyiv in 1834. having passed the difficult historical path, today is known in the world educational space by a large-scale innovative activity as national pedagogical dragomanov university, it is still the custodian of the university pedagogical institute idea of the 1830s, traditions of teacher training. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Educational Institutions
  • Pedagogical Institute
  • Teacher Training
  • Public Education
  • School Teachers
ФОРМУВАННЯ У МАЙБУТНІХ ПЕДАГОГІВ ЗАКЛАДІВ ДОШКІЛЬНОЇ ТА ПОЧАТКОВОЇ ОСВІТИ ЗДОРОВ’ЯЗБЕРЕЖУВАЛЬНОЇ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТІ

the article reveals relevance and practical need for the formation of preschool and primary education of health care competence in future teachers. analysed statistical data from the ministry of health regarding health status of children aged 0-17; a steady tendency was found for an increase in the number of children with diseases of different genesis. the experience of work of the khortytsia national academy of pedagogy on the formation of preschool and primary education of health-saving competence in future teachers is presented. on the basis of generalisation of theoretical and methodological principles of professional training in future teachers of preschool and elementary education institutions, a practical-oriented approach to the system formation of health-saving competence is created by creating in the college a health-friendly environment. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Future Teachers
  • Primary Education
  • Health Care
  • Health Status
  • Oriented Approach
DYNAMICS OF CELLULAR IMMUNE RESPONSE IN SHIGELLOSIS IN CHILDREN INFECTED WITH CYTOMEGALOVIRUS

the analysis of the cellular immune response indicators in shigellosis in 90 children aged four to ten years infected with cytomegolovirus. it was found that in the acute period of the disease in children with mixed infection, the content of cd3 +, cd4 + and cd8 + cells of peripheral blood decreases, and by the period of early reconvalescence, the full recovery of cellular immunity indicators in these children does not occur. the revealed features of cellular immunity in shigellosis in children infected with cmv may be the cause of an unfavorable course of the disease and require further research. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Cellular Immunity
  • Cellular Immune Response
  • Mixed Infection
PROBLEMS RELATED TO PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT SYSTEM OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT OR DISORDERS IN REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

in this article distinctive features related to the characteristic of children with hearing disorders due to story perception, teachers’ awareness level of research results related to mentioned problems, and some cultivated and justified approaches are presented. all researches are implemented in republic of armenian tigranyan no 14 special school. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Hearing Impairment
  • Support System
  • Special School
  • Hearing Disorders
  • Awareness Level
STIMULATION OF STUDENTS’ COGNITIVE ACTIVITIES IN THE PROCESS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING

currently the stimulation of students’ cognitive activity in learning a foreign language is one of the most pressing problems of pedagogy. in organizing the educational process of a foreign language, the motivation of students plays a significant role. successful student motivation helps to set priorities, activate and concentrate thinking, increase interest in learning a foreign language as a whole and perform specific tasks in particular. the article considers the most relevant and actual methods of stimulating students’ cognitive activity in the modern technical non- linguistic university, aimed at modern youth, their interests and hobbies. the most expedient methods of activating students' educational activities have been mentioned. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Foreign Language
  • Cognitive Activity
  • Significant Role
  • Educational Process
АЛГОРИТМ ДИАГНОСТИКИ И ХИРУРГИЧЕСКОГО ЛЕЧЕНИЯ БОЛЬНЫХ ЖКБ, СОЧЕТАННОЙ С ГАСТРОЭЗОФАГЕАЛЬНОЙ РЕФЛЮКСНОЙ БОЛЕЗНЬЮ И ГРЫЖЕЙ ПИЩЕВОДНОГО ОТВЕРСТИЯ ДИАФРАГМЫ

the results of examination and surgical treatment of 36 patients with cholelithiasis in combination with a hiatal hernia according to the developed algorithm, who were hospitalized and operated on in the clinic from 2014 to 2019, are presented. analysis of the early and long-term results of surgical treatment, it is proved that the surgical treatment of patients with cholelithiasis combined with gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia is improved. in practice, the choice of tactics is carried out by the calculation method using the original formula. thanks to the studies, it was possible to optimize the tactics of surgical treatment of patients with combined pathology. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Surgical Treatment
  • Hiatal Hernia
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Original Formula
ІНФОРМАЦІЙНА ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ ТА ІНФОРМАЦІЙНЕ ЗАБЕЗПЕЧЕННЯ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ АДВОКАТА В УКРАЇНІ

the scientific article analyzes the problems of legislation governing the activity of the advocacy and in the field of disclosure of technologies in the provision of services of protection, representation and other types of legal assistance to the client in providing legal information, drafting procedural and other legal documents aimed at ensuring the realization of the client's rights, freedoms and legitimate interests.the directions of reforming the law in the sphere of advocacy by amending the law of ukraine of introducing the latest rules of law that will regulate modern public relations with regard to information and communication technologies are proposed. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • The Law
  • Public Relations
  • Information And Communication Technologies
  • Scientific Article
  • Legal Assistance
СУЧАСНІ КОНЦЕПЦІЇ ФОРМУВАННЯ ПРИРОДНИЧОГО СВІТОГЛЯДУ В УМОВАХ НОВОЇ ПАРАДИГМИ ОСВІТНЬОГО СЕРЕДОВИЩА

this article examines the essence of the concepts that form the natural world as well as highlight the representatives who worked with such direction. worldview is shown as versatile as integrating knowledge and a sense of belief and practical, because it focuses on solving major problems of human existence, expresses the imperatives of human behavior and the meaning of life. concepts are identified that provide an effective impact of the educational environment on the educational paradigm. significant changes in the theory and practice of the educational process in the formation of a new education system in ukraine are described. worldview culture is seen as an integral quality of personality that develops in the process of education and upbringing, self-study and self-education. it characterizes the attitude of the person to the world, outlook potential, awareness, which are reflected in various aspects of activity, in particular professional. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Human Behavior
  • Education System
  • Theory And Practice
  • The World
  • Integral Quality
HUMAN CORONAVIRUSES. CURRENT STATUS OF THE ISSUE (LITERATURE REVIEW

in the 21st century, when medicine seemed to be steadily progressing and developing, studying and applying new methods of diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases in order to prevent the occurrence of epidemics, a new infectious agent (virus) of the respiratory system appears, which has the ability of emergence, causes a rather high mortality rate among the population and triggers experts' concern about the unpredictability of the evolution of the virus. this article provides a brief analysis of the literature on coronaviruses and the diseases they can cause in humans, in particular the clinical features in childhood. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Mortality Rate
  • Literature Review
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Clinical Features
  • High Mortality
ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ МОТИВАЦІЙНО-ПОТРЕБОВОЇ СФЕРИ ОСОБИСТОСТІ, ЩО ПЕРЕБУВАЄ У ПРОЦЕСІ ПОШУКУ РОБОТИ

the article presents the results of the study of the structure of personal activity motivation in the process of finding a job, highlights the main components that influence motivation and allow you to identify the motives that motivate a person to find a job. using the factor analysis method, it is shown that the motivation of jobseekers in different types of employment has a multidimensional structure, the five most important factors were identified and analyzed, an attempt was made to determine the system of relevant key factors, psychological components and the structure of their relationships, external and internal conditions that promote or interfere with motivational processes. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Factor Analysis
  • Analysis Method
  • Key Factors
  • Different Types
  • Main Components
CONSTITUTIONAL-LEGAL BASES OF REALIZATION OF ELECTORAL RIGHTS OF THE CITIZENS OF UKRAINE

the periodic conduct of elections and the renewal of the electoral legislation attest to ukraine’s emergence as a democratic and rule of law state. the purpose of the article is to analyze the constitutional-legal foundations of the exercise of the electoral rights of the ukrainian citizens. it is noted that one of the oldest and most widespread and effective forms of direct democracy is elections, an institution of democracy that allows one to vote and be elected. however, it is noted that in ukraine from 1991 to 2020 there were several independent electoral systems, which implies the use of proportional and majoritarian systems, as well as mixed ones − their varieties for holding different types of elections.the constitutional provisions stated in the article testify to the orientation of the ukrainian society to ensure in ukraine the implementation of the constitutional guarantees regarding the electoral rights of the citizens and the importance of this right, along with other guaranteed rights. attention is paid to the electoral code of ukraine, adopted on december 19, 2019, which is a codified legislative act that defines the guarantees of electoral rights of the citizens of ukraine to participate in the formation of the composition of representative bodies of the state power, representative body of the autonomous republic of crimea and representative bodies and elected officials of the local self-government of ukraine, regulates the organization and holding of different types of elections. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Different Types
  • Rule Of Law
  • State Power
  • Ukrainian Society
  • Autonomous Republic
USE OF WOUND PROTECTOR FOR PREVENTION OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

the work is based on the experience of 759 cholecystectomies performed in 2015-2018. patients with a 3-4 grades of microbial contamination of wounds were divided into two groups: the first, with removal of the gallbladder traditionally with specimen retrieval container and the second, where proposed method of combined use of container and wound protector was used − 19 patients.surgical site infection in laparoscopic cholecystectomy was detected in 5.40% (41 patients out of 759). during surgical interventions related to the second grade of microbial contamination (clean-contaminated), the frequency of ssi was 2.50%, to the third grade (contaminated) − 11.76%, and to the fourth grade (dirty) − 34.92%. using the proposed method for the simultaneous use of the retrieval container and the double-ring wound protector in the second and third grades of wounds in lc allowed to reduce the frequency of ssi from 37.70% to 5.26%. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Wound Protector
  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
  • Microbial Contamination
  • Site Infection
  • Simultaneous Use
ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ПЕРЕБІГУ ГНІЙНО- НЕКРОТИЧНИХ ПРОЦЕСІВ ПАЛЬЦЯ У КОРІВ В ЗАЛЕЖНОСТІ ВІД УМОВ УТРИМАННЯ

among other etiological factors housing conditions have ability to affect the severity of the course of purulent-necrotic processes of the finger in cows. timely diagnosis of septic inflammatory processes of the finger providing qualified assistance in the early stages of the disease in the barn farms. under these conditions, the course of purulent-necrotic processes was accompanied by less pronounced clinical symptoms (slight swelling, soreness when pressed on the hoof, pulsation of the finger arteries, increase in local temperature, discharges from a wound and a slight increase in overall body temperature, decrease in milk yields within 10-15%).diagnosis of disease in the process of progression, namely: permanent maceration of the distal extremity, lameness from moderate to severe, untimely orthopedic treatments and removal of manure is the consequences of loose-housing barn. cows lost productivity within 15-20%. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Body Temperature
  • Clinical Symptoms
  • Temperature Decrease
  • Housing Conditions
  • Distal Extremity
ПСИХОЛОГІЧНІ ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ОСІБ, СХИЛЬНИХ ДО УНИКАННЯ В СКЛАДНИХ ЖИТТЄВИХ СИТУАЦІЯХ

a comparison and analysis of temperament peculiarities and character features, self-regulation, cognitive and activity style, communicative, perceptive and іnteractive competence, emotional intelligence and barriers in communication, emotional states and direction, life values, coping strategies for persons with different level of inclination to avoidance in complex life situations are made. interconnections between inclination to avoidance and rigidity, reactivity, assertiveness, social contacting in complex life situations, asocial inclination, moral normativity, activity modeling and evaluation, chaotic and controlled cognitive and activity style, self-regulation, communicative competence, social intuition, conflict behavior, stress-resilience, aggressiveness, sadness, gnostic and gloristic emotional direction are analyzed and interpreted. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Self Regulation
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Life Values
  • Moral Normativity
  • Comparison And Analysis
НАПРЯМИ МУЗИЧНОЇ ПОЛІТИКИ НІМЕЦЬКОЇ МУЗИЧНОЇ РАДИ

in the article it is defined the notion of musical policy as a consistent concept of state activities which influence the support and development of music, music education, music facilities, economics of music life etc. the constituent parts of the music policy of modern germany are determined. it is analyzed the impact and the importance of leo kestenberg’s reformation activity for the development of the music policy of prussia in the 1920s, it is explained the role of the music policy in modern frg and its overall state control of the country’s music life in particular. it is outlined a strategic direction of the activity of german music council (gmc; deutsche musikrat –dmr) – organization of music life and formation of the music policy in a new social context. it is established that the music policy is also a social policy which strives for preservation of general national state interests. the tasks and directions of the implementation of the music policy of frg are singled out. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Social Context
  • Social Policy
  • Music Education
  • The Impact
METHOD OF WRITING DISCURSIVE ESSAYS ON SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL TOPICS

the article discusses essential problems of discursive essay writing method during professional formation of a future teacher, conceptual approaches and technique of step-by-step preparation for its writing, as well as approaches to assessing and analyzing the level of performance using defined set of criteria given specifics of social and pedagogical problems. general theoretical bases of interpretation of discourse features and logic and technological support of its implementation are described, given the specifics of essay writing method, which was not relevant in the system of information and reproductive professional education. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Essay Writing
  • Professional Education
  • Future Teacher
  • Technological Support
  • Professional Formation
МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКОЙ НЕОПРЕДЕЛЕННОСТИ НА ОСНОВЕ Z-ЧИСЕЛ В СИСТЕМАХ МНОГОКРИТЕРИАЛЬНОГО ПРИНЯТИЯ РЕШЕНИЙ

the article is devoted to the problem of multi criteria decision making under linguistic uncertainty. information of different approaches for modelling linguistic uncertainty have been analyzed. the concept of z- numbers proposed by l. zadeh have been presented. z-number is presented as cortege of two fuzzy number a and b, where a is analyzed factor, b is reliability of an assessment. the method of conversion z- numbers into generalized fuzzy numbers have been applied. as test problem have been used supplier selection problem. as decision making model have been used group weighted average method. all calculations and results were presented. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Decision Making
  • Average Method
  • Generalized Fuzzy Numbers
  • Supplier Selection Problem
РОЗРОБКА ІНСТРУМЕНТАЛЬНОГО МЕТОДУ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ФАКТУРИ ТКАНИНИ

modern consumers attach increasing importance to tactile sensations and the general perception of the surface of fabrics, therefore, the study of the structure and properties of woven textures is an urgent task of textile production. in textile technologies, organoleptic research methods are used mainly, which give a subjective visual and tactile assessment of the surface of the tissues. therefore, there was a need to develop an instrumental method for determining the texture of fabrics, which was implemented on the basis of the existing method for studying the texture of hard surfaces. it is based on the idea of creating a constant mode of illumination of the object of observation, which is a tissue sample. the proposed method is based on the use of a special optical device for determining the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of textures and is a viewing chamber containing a mechanism for changing the lighting mode and a mechanism for capturing tissue images. for an objective assessment of the state of the surface of the tissues, the invoice indicator is calculated − the invoice coefficient. the implementation of the developed method allows to increase the efficiency of the processes of design-design of fabrics, to predict the appearance of fabrics and to ensure compliance with the texture of the fabric of the model of the garment. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Research Methods
  • Tissue Sample
  • Instrumental Method
  • Structure And Properties
  • Qualitative And Quantitative Characteristics
ФАКТОРЫ, ВЛИЯЮЩИЕ НА ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ РЕКРЕАЦИОННО-ОЗДОРОВИТЕЛЬНЫХ КОМПЛЕКСОВ В УКРАИНЕ

the main factors affecting the formation of recreational and health complexes in ukraine are identified in the article. importance of unique recreational potential of ukraine and establishment of recreational and health rehabilitation facilities is proved. the research indicates that modern recreational and health complex is a synergy of natural potential, the latest rehabilitation and medical technologies, professionalism of employees and uniqueness of architectural solutions. the significance of architectural solutions goes beyond aesthetic perception and comfort. architecture of these objects significantly affects the person's physical health due to elaborate location of the building, its area-based planning and design of facades and interiors. proposals for optimal placement of recreational and health complexes and their volume-spatial and functional planning solutions can be developed only as a result of analysis of economic, social, climatic and urban factors. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Physical Health
  • Optimal Placement
  • Aesthetic Perception
  • Medical Technologies
  • Main Factors
ROAD-CLIMATE ZONING FOR WATER-THERMAL MODE REGULATION IN TRANSPORT STRUCTURES

the article considers the problems of road-climatic zoning of the territory of ukraine. the shortcomings of the existing system and the need to update and improve it were justified. the purpose of work was formed and realized taking into account modern approaches to meteorological data processing and segmentation methods. the study is based on long-term observations of weather conditions throughout the country. using the moisture-thermal regime calculation and analytical system, the collected static meteorological information was processed and tables of the initial data for further analytical processing were obtained. the paper describes the methodology of cluster analysis using as the main tool for the typification of territories and the allocation of morphologically homogeneous humid areas. the result of the work was the elaboration of a road and climatic zoning map under the wetting conditions of the road subgrade working layer. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Climatic Zoning
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Initial Data
  • Data Processing
  • Analytical Processing
USING THE SPH METHOD FOR MODELING THE CRYSTALLIZATION PROCESS OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS

the purpose of the study was to obtain castings with increased mechanical properties by low-pressure casting using excess pressure on the crystallized casting. the simulation of the process of filling and crystallization of prototypes using the sph method was carried out. the studies were carried out on a modernized low-pressure injection molding machine model u8261. prototypes were obtained from ak7ch alloy, special attention is paid to interfacial interaction and intensification of the heat transfer process due to the application of excess pressure. based on the data obtained, it was found that during crystallization under excessive pressure there is a supercooling effect that reduces the casting solidification time. the use of the sph method for modeling foundry processes has shown a high level of reliability and requires further development. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Sph Method
  • Excess Pressure
  • Heat Transfer
  • Low Pressure Casting
НОВІ НАПРЯМКИ ВИКОРИСТАННЯ ВОДНЕВОЇ ЕНЕРГЕТИКИ У СУДНОБУДУВАННІ

the article analyzes the main problems and prospects for the development of hydrogen energy in shipbuilding. currently, there is an increase in interest of large companies and government agencies in hydrogen fuel cells (fcs). two main reasons for this can be distinguished: high fuel cell efficiency (70-80%) and their environmental benefits. but in the near future the mass introduction of technology is unlikely to happen, it is still necessary to solve a number of problems associated with the production and operation of special power plants, and reduce their cost. when technological barriers are overcome, hydrogen energy will reach a new level and, possibly, will be as widespread as traditional or hydropower today. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Hydrogen Energy
  • Government Agencies
  • Hydrogen Fuel Cells
THE METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF DETERMINING THE OPERATION CONDITION OF A ROAD FOR ITS TECHNICAL EXPERTISE

carrying out a technical examination of a cost estimate of a section of a highway is based on its certain technical and functional state. different methods are used to establish the operational state. the expert method is the simplest, most affordable and, with strict adherence to the technique, provides high reliability. the essence of this method is the subjective consideration of situations from which one or more optimal ones should be selected. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Functional State
  • Technical Expertise
  • Operation Condition
  • Strict Adherence
  • Methodological Basis
РАЗРАБОТКА СИСТЕМЫ УПРАВЛЕНИЯ СОЛНЕЧНЫМ ТРЕКЕРОМ НА БАЗЕ КОНТРОЛЛЕРА АРДУИНО

the panels that track the sun using a tracker produce 30% more energy (per day) than stationary. the article discusses the development of a solar tracker and its control system based on the arduino controller. the results of experiments conducted on a stationary panel and a solar tracker are presented. a comparative analysis of the experimental results is presented. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Solar Tracker
  • Control System
  • Comparative Analysis
  • Experimental Results
  • The Sun
PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY IN STEVEDORING COMPANIES

the study is dedicated to identification of problematic aspects of financial risk assessment methodology on the example of stevedoring companies. in research established the list of issues for improvement the methodology of financial risk assessment both in theoretical and practical aspects. formulated industry features of the stevedoring companies’ activity, relevant factors from the perspective of financial risk impact on results of activity, among which are distinguished: loss of net sales, exchange rate instability and decrease of financial stability. it was found that the loss of net income from the sale of state stevedoring companies of ukraine occurred: due to the failure to fulfill the plan of cargo processing by reducing the number of the number of ship-measures and change of the nomenclature of cargo towards the less profitable and instability of the us dollar. particular attention is paid to assessing the level of financial stability of state-owned stevedoring companies in ukraine and identifies a downward trend in recent years. it is argued that the definition of factors that affect financial risks should be conducted using factor analysis, mathematical models that require comprehensive consideration of uncertainty factors and related to the peculiarities of stevedoring companies operation. the feasibility of drawing up a financial risk map and the options of management's response to their presence have been proved. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Financial Risk
  • Financial Stability
  • Risk Assessment Methodology
ЭТИЧЕСКИЕ ПОСТУЛАТЫ АСПЕКТОВ БИОЭТИКИ В РАКУРСЕ МЕДИКО-БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ

bioethics is the new starting point of philosophical thought. its formation and development is directly related to the transformation of medical ethics as a whole. a traditional methodological tool for acquainting oneself with the scientific, socio-political and moral essence of bioethics in the modern world is an excursion into the history of the origin and stages of the development of the subject. interest in bioethics is, first of all, an indicator of global public attention to human rights, the use of new technologies and medical experiments on people, which in turn create serious legal and moral problems in society. today, there is a need to study theoretical and historical aspects in order to study and classify this issue. the article discusses and sets out in detail the foundations of an ethical attitude to the human person from the perspective of biomedicine. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Human Rights
  • Philosophical Thought
  • Starting Point
  • The Subject
  • Society Today
PREDISPOSING FACTORS AND TREATMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS AFTER SURGERIES PERFORMED FOR TIBIAL FRACTURES

tibial fractures are very common injuries that require surgical management. for many cases, when the fracture involves the joint further complications occur, such as joint stiffness, osteoarthritis, aseptic necrosis of articular surfaces, ankylosis, infection complications, etc. to prevent joint stiffness open reduction and internal fracture fixation is used. that allows better positioning of fracture fragments forming joint surface and improve outcome. the article analyses results of surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures as well as biomechanical factors that are affecting the joint within the healing process and in later outcome period. various treatment procedures are suggested to prevent development of osteoarthritis or to decrease its severity. the following options are used on all stages of treatment starting since the moment of injury, primary surgical procedures, rehabilitation period, and further non-surgical treatment in the internal medicine department. important roles are assigned for use of chondroprotective drugs, intraarticular injections of hyaluronic acid, physiotherapy and physical activity. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Joint Stiffness
  • Tibial Fractures
  • Internal Fracture
  • Non Surgical Treatment
ДІАГНОСТИЧНА ЦІННІСТЬ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ТРАНСФЕРИНУ НА РІЗНИХ СТАДІЯХ РОЗВИТКУ АНЕМІЇ ЗЛОЯКІСНОГО НОВОУТВОРЕННЯ У ПАЦІЄНТІВ ІЗ УРОТЕЛІАЛЬНИМ РАКОМ СЕЧОВОГО МІХУРА

in clause the items of information on transport protein of iron - transferrin are stated. its physiological role and clinical importance is shown.the content of iron in the blood whey (szh) and index of general iron- binding ability of the whey (ozhss) were determined by batofenantrolin method. the index of the unsaturated iron-binding ability of the whey (nzhss) was calculated as a difference between ozhss and szh. the coefficient of saturation of transferrin by iron (kntzh) was determined as correlation of maintenance of szh to ozhss. the contents of transferrin (tf) was determined on the index of ozhss, ferritin (fn) by a radiometric method. dynamics of the contents of the transferrin of the patients with anemia of malignant growth in patients with urothelial cancer of the urinary bladder. the conclusion about importance of the given parameter for laboratory diagnostics of iron deficiency condition and anemia of malignant growth is made. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Iron Binding
  • Malignant Growth
  • Binding Ability
  • Iron Deficiency
  • Urinary Bladder
ПИТАННЯ СТАТЕВОГО ВИХОВАННЯ МОЛОДІ ДОНЕЦЬКОГО РЕГІОНУ

sex education is an integral part of the overall school and family upbringing process. one of the main tasks of modern domestic educational institutions is properly organized education in the sexual sphere. the goal of sexual education and preparation for family life should be the prevention and correction of major sexual behavior. the article presents the survey results on the issues of sexual education of young people in donetsk region at the present stage. problematic issues were identified regarding sexual education, contraception, family planning and obtaining information about sexually transmitted diseases based on an anonymous survey conducted by medical university students. the main directions of educational work concerning these issues are identified. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Sexual Education
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Family Planning
  • Young People
  • University Students
CLINICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL FEATURES OF ROTAVIRUS GASTROENTERITIS IN CHILDREN INFECTED WITH HERPES VIRUSES

the article presents the results of a comparative analysis of clinical and immunological parameters in children with rotavirus gastroenteritis without background infection and those infected by herpes viruses. it was established that in children with rotavirus infection (rvi) on the background of infection by herpes viruses occurs with less pronounced symptoms of intoxication and a less frequency of vomiting at the onset of the disease, in combination with longer duration (more long period) of fever and diarrheal syndrome. such features are probably associated with the formation of a hypergical regime of the functioning of the immune response in the group of patients with background infection by herpes viruses, in contrast to patients with mono- rvi, in whom the immune system functions in a normal compensation mode. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Herpes Viruses
  • Rotavirus Gastroenteritis
  • Immune Response
  • Immune System
  • Comparative Analysis
ВЛИЯНИЕ ПРОЦЕССА ЭКСТРАКЦИИ НА ФИЗИКО- ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА ЭКСТРАКТА ЧАЙНОГО ЛИСТА, ВЫРАЩЕННЫХ В УСЛОВИЯХ ЛЕНКОРАНСКО-АСТАРИНСКОГО РЕГИОНА АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ

the object of the study has been a fresh leaf of green tea grown in the lenkoran-astara zone of the republic of azerbaijan, dried green and black tea and liquid and dry extract based on them. in order to study the effect of technological parameters on extractiveness, the following factors have been selected: temperature, extraction time, hydraulic module (ratio of raw material to extractant). the density of the obtained extract has been determined by the pycnometer method, the viscosity by viscometers of various diameters, and the dry matter content by the refractometric method. the results of experimental studies show that the optimum conditions for the transition of the maximum amount of extractive substances to a solvent during the extraction of black and green tea with water are 363.15 k, the extraction time is 180-200 min, and the ratio of raw material to extractant (hydraulic module) is 1:20. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Green Tea
  • Raw Material
  • Extraction Time
  • Dry Matter Content
КОНФЛИКТ «ЛИЧНОСТЬ И РЕАЛЬНОСТЬ» В РОМАНЕ Ж.-Ф. ТУССЕНА «МЕСЬЕ

the article is dedicated to the work of toussin, author of the novel "monsieur". the novel, written in the style of "minimalism", lacks a logical, consistent narrative. at the same time, scrupulous detailing of all his actions, actions, and conditions prevails. the episodes described in detail are not further developed. direct allusions of educational literature in the work of toussin are absent. toussin’s novel "monsieur", most likely, is a peculiar variation of the game with the philosophical story of the xviii century, where there is a hidden dialogue between the author and voltaire. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • The Novel
  • Xviii Century
  • Educational Literature
СОТРУДНИЧЕСТВО В СФЕРЕ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ ПРАВ ЖЕНЩИН РЕСПУБЛИКИ УЗБЕКИСТАН С ОРГАНАМИ ООН ПО ПРАВАМ ЧЕЛОВЕКА: ТЕКУЩЕЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ

the article is devoted to the issues of cooperation of uzbekistan with un human rights bodies in the field of women's rights. the author considers issues of cooperation with the un human rights treaty bodies, subsidiary bodies and specialized agencies, as well as with special un rapporteurs and programs on ensuring and protecting human rights. the article highlights the main directions and forms of cooperation in this direction. an overview of the recommendations of these structures regarding uzbekistan and the results of cooperation is given. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Human Rights
  • Women's Rights
  • Women’S Rights
ОСНОВНІ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ СУТНОСТІ ТА ЗМІСТУ ПОНЯТТЯ ІНДИВІДУАЛЬНОЇ ОСВІТНЬОЇ ТРАЄКТОРІЇ СТУДЕНТА В ПРОЦЕСІ ПРОФЕСІЙНОЇ ПІДГОТОВКИ

the author provided the theoretical grounding of the essential characteristics of the concept of “individual educational trajectory”. based on the logem of the system of the methodological approaches (holistic- emergent, humanitarian, axiological, trans-communicative, personal- activity, praxeological, projected, competent, creative-acmeological), she formulated the definition of the individual educational trajectories of the future teachers of the music art and she outlined briefly the structural content of the research question which is represented with two blocks: personal potential (motivational-value, personal-experience, orientation- cognitive, communicative reflexive and regulatory components) and its realization in the educational activities. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Personal Experience
  • Research Question
  • Educational Activities
  • The Future
  • Methodological Approaches
THE T MODEL OF APPLYING SOCIAL MARKETING IN HEALTH PROMOTION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

the present work analyses 8 models of social marketing (1984-2008) that appear in the specialised literature. because each of them presents important elements, here appeared the necessity of an integrative simplified model. the premises for creating the t model for the implementation of social marketing in the republic of moldova are: the need for behavioural change programs, the limited development of social marketing, low knowledge of health specialists on the concept of social marketing, creative but fragmented use of social campaigns to promote a healthy lifestyle. the t model can be taken over by other countries where the concept of social marketing is not sufficiently promoted and where public health specialists do not have advanced knowledge in this field. the model is a practical tool, described in terms of: the basic principles, the conceptual scheme and the methodological steps of implementation. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Social Marketing
  • Republic Of Moldova
  • The Republic
  • Public Health
  • Advanced Knowledge
РЕЗУЛЬТАТИ ПЕДАГОГІЧНОГО ЕКСПЕРИМЕНТУ З ФОРМУВАННЯ ІНФОРМАЦІЙНОЇ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТІ МАЙБУТНЬОГО ПЕДАГОГА ПРОФЕСІЙНОГО НАВЧАННЯ В ЗАКЛАДАХ ВИЩОЇ ОСВІТИ

training teachers is an important task of modern pedagogy and requires new approaches to the organization of the educational process. the use of information and communication technologies for the purpose of forming the information competence of the future vocational teacher is an important element of the formation of his professional competence. the article describes the stages of conducting a pedagogical experiment to develop the information competence of a future teacher of vocational training in domestic higher education institutions. the organization and methodology of the experimental study are described in detail, its results are given, the methods of diagnostics are described and so on. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Higher Education
  • Experimental Study
  • Vocational Training
  • The Future
  • Vocational Teacher
ЭКОИННОВАЦИИ В ТРАНСПОРТЕ И ЭНЕРГЕТИКЕ КАК СПОСОБ РЕШЕНИЯ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ КЛИМАТА

the analysis of the market of electric transport and renewable energy in the world and the impact of the development of these industries on export diversification and economic growth of countries was carried out. the impact of eco-innovation on world markets and international trade has been determined, experience in supporting eco-innovation industries has been systematized, and the impact of this support on economic growth and diversification of countries' exports has been studied. it has been revealed that the development of electric transport takes place on the basis of the existing automotive industry, however, for countries with small economies, especially exporters of raw materials, it becomes economically feasible to support electrification of all vehicles within the country and the development of alternative energy sources to reduce the load on the environment due to the increasing load on the grid. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • The Impact
  • Economic Growth
  • Electric Transport
  • Small Economies
  • Increasing Load
ТЕОРЕТИКО-МЕТОДИЧНІ ОСНОВИ ВИБОРУ СТРАТЕГІЇ ІННОВАЦІЙНОЇ АКТИВНОСТІ ПЕРСОНАЛУ

the theoretical and methodological aspects of strategic management of innovative activity of the personnel are investigated. the classification of strategies of innovative activity of the personnel is offered. the characteristics and methodological approaches of substantiation of managerial decisions at the choice of strategy and its implementation are specified. ways to motivate employees to participate in innovative development are identified. integrated use of methods of stimulating innovative work is envisaged. the suggestions presented in the article can be the basis for solving the tasks of developing optimal actions to stimulate innovative activity of staff and increase the efficiency of the innovation process. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Innovative Activity
  • Strategic Management
  • Innovative Development
  • Methodological Approaches
THE EFFORTS OF KING ABDULLAH II BIN AL HUSSEIN TO PROTECT ISLAMIC SANCTITIES

the purpose of this study was to present the efforts of king abdullah ii to protect the islamic shrines, and this was done using a historical approach and a descriptive analytical approach that identifies the origins of the hashemites and their ongoing efforts to restore the islamic shrines, then it was first identified and the second reconstruction of the hashemites. finally, third, king abdullah ii's efforts were made to monitor the hashemite ancestors in restoring and protecting islamic and christian holy sites, and at the end of the study, potential outcomes of king abdullah ii's efforts to restore and protect islamic holy sites were identified. he called for a series of results, the most important of which is that king abdullah ii reiterated his real and practical interest in restoring and protecting islamic holy places after the campaign of his hashemite ancestors. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Analytical Approach
  • Practical Interest
  • Potential Outcomes
  • Historical Approach
  • Second Reconstruction
ДИНАМІКА ПАТОМОРФОЛОГІЧНИХ ЗМІН В ШАРАХ СІТКІВКИ ЧЕРЕЗ ДВОХТИЖНЕВИЙ ОПІОЇДНИЙ ВПЛИВ З ПОДАЛЬШОЮ ВІДМІНОЮ ОПІОЇДУ ТА ЧОТИРЬОХТИЖНЕВОЮ КОРЕКЦІЄЮ В ЕКСПЕРИМЕНТІ

our article aims to study the pathomorphological manifestations of angio- and neuroretinopathies as a result of chronic exposure to therapeutic doses of opioid analgesics and the possibility of correction of these changes with the help of pentoxifylline at early stages of destructive changes in the layers of the retina. this goal was achieved by using a histological retinal imaging technique. histological preparations were prepared according to the conventional method using the dyes hematoxylin, eosin, and (azan) in compliance with the method of heidenhain.the results of the study in the future will allow us to form a pathomorphological base, which can be used for comparative characterization of the dynamics of the growth of pathomorphological changes in the retinal layers during the short and long term exposure to low doses of opioids and the correction of these changes with pentoxifylline at the early and late stages of opioid exposure. the above will further enable us to establish the most optimal time framework for which there is a characteristic set of pathomorphological manifestations of the initial phenomena of angioneuroretinopathy in the layers of the retina, which is best exposed to corrective effects. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Conventional Method
  • Long Term
  • The Future
  • Hematoxylin Eosin
  • Late Stages
ОПТИМІЗАЦІЯ КОМПЛЕКСНОГО ЛІКУВАННЯ ІЗ ЗАСТОСУВАННЯМ ПРЕФОРМОВАНИХ ФАКТОРІВ У ЖІНОК У ПОСТМЕНОПАУЗАЛЬНОМУ ПЕРІОДІ, ХВОРИХ НА ОСТЕОАРТРОЗ КОЛІННИХ СУГЛОБІВ

the article presents the issues of complex treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with the use of preformed factors in postmenopausal women compared to standard drug therapy. the study included 60 women aged 50 to 75 years with clinical manifestations of osteoarthritis of the knee joints in the postmenopausal period. complex treatment with preformed factors has been found to be an effective treatment for this category of patients, improving the clinical course of osteoarthritis by 53% and improving quality of life. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Osteoarthritis Of The Knee
  • Complex Treatment
  • Quality Of Life
  • Drug Therapy
  • Effective Treatment
РЕФОРМУВАННЯ СИСТЕМИ ОРГАНІВ АНТИМОНОПОЛЬНОГО КОМІТЕТУ УКРАЇНИ ЗА ЄВРОПЕЙСЬКИМИ СТАНДАРТАМИ ЗАХИСТУ ЕКОНОМІЧНОЇ КОНКУРЕНЦІЇ

the competition is flexible and needs to be controlled by competing agencies on the commodity markets. the competition control quality and decision-making speed depends on the competence and professionalism of the competition agencies, which eliminates the control of other state bodies and business structures. the competing agencies independence has also the preventing effect of such agencies use in the fight against competitors, and putting pressure on business. the proposed scientific study analyses the legal status of the antimonopoly committee of ukraine as a competition authority, identifies aspects of improving the efficiency of its activity and proposes ways to reform the system of bodies of the antimonopoly committee of ukraine in accordance with european standards of economic competition protection. the interaction mechanisms between the central apparatus and territorial divisions of the antimonopoly committee of ukraine are identified and decentralization ways of control and supervisory functions of the antimonopoly committee of ukraine through the antitrust authorities system are proposed. the research focuses on both law making and competition enforcement in relation to the activities of the antimonopoly committee of ukraine. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Decision Making
  • Competition Control
  • Central Apparatus
  • Competition Enforcement
  • Law Making
THE ROLE OF AMERICAN AND SOVIET WOMEN REPORTERS IN COVERING WORLD WAR II: SPECIFICS OF COVERAGE OF MILITARY ISSUES IN 20Th CENTURY JOURNALISM

a war correspondent has no border, no gender, no religion or race. the only thing a war reporter has - the skills of delivering truth, reflection of the reality in the way it is.the soviet space was absolutely closed to journalism and combat women journalists’ involvement in wars. the field almost consisted of males. consequently, it seems impossible to analyze and compare the technique of writing of american and sovietwomen. if america freely accepts women for being actively involved in covering war activities, the soviets obviously refused to do so.the role of a war correspondent is much bigger than one can suppose. being a war reporter is more than implementing their responsibilities. it goes deeper into the history. a professional combat reporter is a historian facing the history and keeping it for the next generation.the paper considers advantages and disadvantages of being a female combat correspondent in the soviet space and the united states of america.the role of american and soviet women reporters in covering wwii. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Soviet Space
  • World War
  • Advantages And Disadvantages
  • Absolutely Closed
КОМПЛЕКС ВИМІРЮВАННЯ ОСНОВНИХ ПАРАМЕТРІВ ҐРУНТУ ТА ПЕРЕДАЧІ ЇХ НА ВІДДАЛЕНИЙ СЕРВЕР

this paper presents the development of software-hardware complex that performs the function of measuring the basic soil parameters (ph and soil moisture, photosynthetically active radiation, temperature and humidity, soil depth) and provides the transfer of these data to a remote server. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Soil Moisture
  • Photosynthetically Active Radiation
  • Soil Depth
  • Soil Parameters
COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AS A MANDATORY COMPONENT OF THE PROFESSIONALISM OF SOCIAL PEDAGOGUE

the article is devoted to the study of the phenomenon of communicative competence of a social pedagogue. the relevance of the topic of the article is due to the social significance of the issue of the communicative competence formation in the future social pedagogue. the work emphasizes the importance of forming a professional culture of communication among students of higher educational institutions. it is noted that the effectiveness of communicative competence in the work of the future social pedagogue depends on a number of significant components: motives, goals, actions, operations, communication barriers that can change in the process of professional activity. it is noted that the profession of a social pedagogue is distinguished by a variety of functional, role, interpersonal and intergroup relationships. they are complex, ambiguous, closely intertwined, since they cover the social, psychological, moral, economic, legal and many other spheres of life. all this necessitates fluency in the language as a means of communication for future successful professional activities. it is proved that communicative competence is an important component of the professional development of the future social pedagogue and one of the most important components of his professional growth. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Social Pedagogue
  • Communicative Competence
  • The Future
  • The Social
  • Intergroup Relationships
INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES OF AGRICULTURE IN UZBEKISTAN

this article reflects the issues of sustainable development of the agricultural sector of uzbekistan, the innovative activity of the sector, as well as issues of effective management. Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Sustainable Development
  • Agricultural Sector
  • Innovative Activity
  • Effective Management