Environmental Engineering
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2022 ◽  
Vol 148 (2) ◽  
Daniel B. Oerther ◽  
David A. Chin ◽  
David A. Vaccari

Luis Hernando Carmona-Ramírez ◽  
Vladimir Henao-Céspedes

<p class="0abstract">Augmented reality (AR) is an emerging technology that has permeated different spheres of life, one of them is education, and specifically the teaching-learning process at different educational levels and objects of study. For this reason, this paper presents the development of a learning model of quadric surfaces mediated by a mobile AR application and based on didactic engineering. The model was applied to a group of environmental engineering students of the Catholic University of Manizales. To obtain information on the use of the application and the learning results obtained, some intervention instruments were developed. The students stated that the use of AR allowed them to better understand the concepts of quadric surfaces, even more so in a time of pandemic by COVID-19, where education was highly measured by ICTs.</p>

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 70-82
A. S. Fleenko ◽  
A. F. Demianenko

Information modeling technology also known as BIM is becoming an important part of working with data in various fields of activity. At the same time, there are still no specific recommendations for the transition to the use of digital models at the survey stage. Although engineering survey data is the basis for further actions within the life cycle of objects. The article characterizes the methodology for the modernization of engineering surveys in the context of information modeling, operating with the methods of systems analysis, foresight research and risk management. The combination of these methods allows you to identify ways of development and characterize them. All changes in the engineering survey system are described using the example of the engineering and environmental section. This is due to the fact that environmental engineering surveys use information from other sections of the survey and show reactions to changes in the system. The authors believe that under existing conditions, the most effective direction is the presentation of the results of engineering surveys in a standard form, provided that they are supplemented with a set of digital models by type of survey. In this case, it is assumed that the role of information modeling will gradually increase.

Inventions ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 84
Renan Rocha Ribeiro ◽  
Elton Bauer ◽  
Rodrigo Lameiras

Low-cost electronics developed on easy-to-use prototyping platforms, such as Arduino, are becoming increasingly popular in various fields of science. This article presents an open-source and low-cost eight-channel data-logging system for temperature and humidity monitoring based on DHT22 (AM2302) sensors, named HIGROTERM. The system was designed to solve real needs of the Laboratory of Material Testing of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Brasília. The system design, functionalities, hardware components, source code, bill of materials, assemblage and enclosure are thoroughly described to enable complete reproduction by the interested reader. The terminologies and instructions presented were simplified as much as possible to make it accessible to the greatest extent to researchers from different areas, especially those without electronics background. The data-acquisition system has an estimated total cost of USD 96.00, or USD 136.00 if eight sensor nodes are included, with a considerable margin for cost reduction. The authors expect that the HIGROTERM system may both be a valuable low-cost and customizable tool for the readers, as well a source of innovation and interest in low-cost electronics for real problem-solving in various fields of science.

2021 ◽  
Vol 66 (1) ◽  
pp. 25-33
Adeniyi Afolabi Rodiya ◽  
Daudua Aluyah Okodugha ◽  
Emmanuel Aleonolu Adoga ◽  
Samuel Olaiya ◽  
Michael Okafor

This study was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti to evaluate the water holding capacities of soil under different fertilizers. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD). The treatments: control, poultry waste, biochar and urea fertilizer replicated four times were incorporated into the soil and maize seed planted. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis. Soil samples were analyzed for moisture contents, bulk densities, particle densities and water holding capacities. Maize yield was also analyzed. The result obtained showed a significant (p< 0.05) changes in maize yield for the different fertilizers. It also shows a non-significant (p<0.05) effect on water holding capacities of the soils incorporated with different fertilizers. The study concluded that fertilizers has no effect on the water holding capacity of the soil and that poultry waste amended soil will produce higher yield.

Haifeng Gong ◽  
Zhi Qiu ◽  
Ye Peng ◽  
Bao Yu ◽  
Zhixiang Liao ◽  

AbstractThe demulsification and dewatering of the W/O emulsion are widely used in petrochemical industry, oilfield exploitation, and resource and environmental engineering. However, efficiently treating emulsion via traditional single methods. In this study, a new double-field coupling demulsification and dewatering device is proposed, where the conical structure of the device is double spherical tangential type. The numerical model for double-field coupling is established, especially, the population balance model (PBM) is used to simulate the coalescence and breakup of dispersed droplets under the double-field coupling action. And the effects of three conical structures on the internal flow and separation efficiency are analyzed. Results show that the conical structure has a significant effect on the coalescence of droplets, especially the double spherical tangential cone is more conducive for improving the coalescence ability of small droplets and improving the separation efficiency of the device. After optimization, the optimal R value of the double spherical tangential coupling device is 300 mm, and the separation efficiency can be up to 96.32%, which is 6.13% higher than the separation efficiency of the straight double-cone coupling device.

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