Clinical Correlation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 736-740
Author(s):  
Megha R Kotecha ◽  
Radhika R Paranjpe ◽  
Varsha V Manade ◽  
Sarang S Gotecha

To study the clinical correlation between pterygium and dry eye and to evaluate the status of tear film in patients with pterygium.100 eyes with pterygium were compared with 100 control eyes without pterygium. Patients between 20–70 years were included in the study. Detailed history was taken and Schirmer’s test and TBUT were performed on all to evaluate the status of dry eye. Schirmer’s test ˂10 mm and TBUT ˂10 seconds was considered abnormal. Maximum number (52) of patients affected with dry eye in both the groups were in the age group 31-40 years which statistically showed age as a significant factor of association for both pterygium and dry eye (P<0.01). Schirmer’s test was slightly reduced in patients with pterygium(18.73±5.69 mm). TBUT was significantly reduced in the case group (12.26±2.24sec). TBUT decreased maximally in 51-60 yrs age group (13.00±2.77sec) with pterygium showing a tear film unstability. On comparison of pterygia and controls with normal and abnormal tear film, Odd’s Ratio was 1.14 showing risk of dry eye in pterygia patients to be 1.14 times higher than controls. A close relationship exists between ocular irritation symptoms and functional evidence of tear instability. Schirmer’s test and TBUT should routinely be used in the outpatient department to diagnose dry eye in patients with pterygium and these patients should be promptly treated to prevent any sight threatening complications.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mary J. Underdown ◽  
Rodney R. Miles ◽  
Thomas G. Gross ◽  
Amanda C. Winters

CytoJournal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
pp. 34
Author(s):  
Francisco García-Molina ◽  
Maria Francisca Cegarra-Navarro ◽  
Renzo Javier Andrade-Gonzales ◽  
Francisco Martinez-Díaz

In this study, we present six cases of axillary or supraclavicular lymphadenopathies in the days following to the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine’s first dose and its study for fine-needle aspiration cytology (two patients), biopsy with a gross needle (two patients), and the evolution of two other patients. Cytological smears and histological sections reveal reactive nodes, predominantly T, CD8, and the presence of atypia with striking mitosis. Differential diagnosis with viral lymphadenopathies and lymphoma is important, so the clinical correlation, in a vaccination context, sudden appearance, and progressive decrease in days of the adenopathy, is essential. In this article, we have studied the cytohistological manifestations of post-Pfizer-BioNTech vaccination lymphadenopathy and discussed its differential diagnosis.


Pathologica ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Chiara Rossi ◽  
Gloria Simoncelli ◽  
Giovanni Arpa ◽  
Alessandra Stracuzzi ◽  
Paola Parente ◽  
...  

Pathologica ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Chiara Rossi ◽  
Gloria Simoncelli ◽  
Giovanni Arpa ◽  
Alessandra Stracuzzi ◽  
Paola Parente ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-3
Author(s):  
Youseung Kim ◽  
Varun Kesar ◽  
Douglas Grider ◽  
Maithili V. Chitnavis

A 65-year-old woman presented with three days of colicky abdominal pain. Abdominal imaging illustrated small bowel enteritis, ascites in both paracolic gutters, and incidental hepatic steatosis. Although ascites fluid demonstrated high neutrophil count consistent with peritonitis and the patient received adequate antibiotics, she clinically deteriorated. Subsequent exploratory laparotomy revealed necrotic appendix and multiple intra-abdominal abscesses. Histopathology showed acute suppurative appendicitis with multiple other intact small diverticula, indicating likely perforation of inflamed appendiceal diverticula with subsequent abscess formation and abdominal peritonitis. This case highlights the importance of ascites fluid analysis and continued clinical correlation, especially in cases of rare entities with atypical presentations.


Author(s):  
Arjun Bhugra ◽  
Supriya Gachinmath

Background and Objectives: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections in both outpatient and inpatient department received for routine bacterial culture and sensitivity. We looked for significant bacteriuria in re- quested repeat urine sample after primary urine culture yielded significant growth (>105  CFU/ml) of ≥3 types of colonies. Also studied, different isolates grown with their sensitivity pattern and contamination rates of urine samples from different departments. Materials and Methods: In routine, primary urine cultures yielding ≥3 types of colonies on Cystine Lactose Electrolyte Deficient (C.L.E.D) were requested for repeat samples, collected with aseptic precautions after proper instructions. Data was analyzed for the Microbiological profile and its clinical correlation. Results: Among 617 received requested urine samples, 292 (47.3%) yielded significant bacteriuria. Clinical details were available for 252 cases out of which 100 (39.7%) showed asymptomatic bacteriuria, 87 (34.5%) complicated UTI and 65 (25.7%) uncomplicated UTI. Null hypothesis was rejected as 292 (47.3%) of the received repeat samples showed significant bacteriuria and 325 (53%) showed normal flora/no growth i.e. there is a 50% chance of getting either a positive culture or normal flora/no growth in repeat urine samples after the primary urine culture showed ≥3 types of colonies. It indicates the importance of requesting repeat urine samples for an accurate urine culture report. Male patients were significantly associ- ated with significant bacteriuria and complicated UTI (p= 0.001). Escherichia coli (n=112, 28%) was the most common fol- lowed by Klebsiella species (n=66, 16.4%) and Enterococcus species (n=69, 17.2%). 183 (45.6%) isolates were Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) Gram Negative Bacilli (GNBs), Escherichia coli (50.3%) being most common. Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) (n=8, 2.0%) was also isolated. Conclusion: Our study justifies the rationale for asking a repeat urine samples which helps in providing an appropriate mi- crobiological report with antibiotic sensitivity pattern, hence preventing unwanted reporting of commensals/contaminants facilitating evidence based therapy.


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