pressure sensing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 236 ◽  
pp. 111802
Hao Shi ◽  
Qinglong Tang ◽  
Kalim Uddeen ◽  
Gaetano Magnotti ◽  
James Turner

2022 ◽  
pp. 004051752110698
Haisu Ni ◽  
Shu Fang ◽  
Tanyu Wang ◽  
Yitao Liu ◽  
Hao Liu ◽  

Although flexible wearable conductive textiles for various applications have attracted great attention from researchers in recent years, it is still a great challenge to fabricate conductive textiles with the advantages of a simple fabrication process, excellent flexibility, environmental friendliness, and superior performance. Carbonized cellulose materials are gradually emerging in flexible electronics due to their flexibility, low cost, abundant raw materials, and electrical conductivity. Herein, carbonized cotton fabrics were fabricated from cotton fabrics via a simple carbonization process. Then carbonized cotton/thermoplastic polyurethane composites, with excellent electric heating performance and pressure sensing performance, were fabricated through a dip-and-dry method. Carbonized cotton/thermoplastic polyurethane composites show satisfactory electrical conductivity, electric heating temperature rising performance, heating stability, and resistance stability. The surface temperature of carbonized cotton/thermoplastic polyurethane composites can reach ≈53°C within 1.5 min at 5 V. Besides this, the fabricated flexible pressure sensor based on carbonized cotton/thermoplastic polyurethane composites exhibits the combined superiority of a wide working range (0–16 kPa), high sensitivity (98.77 kPa−1), and excellent durability (>4000 cycles). Moreover, the finger motions and wrist pulse can be monitored in real time. These results demonstrate the potential application value and broad developmental prospects of carbonized cotton/thermoplastic polyurethane composites in flexible wearable electronics.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 424
Samuel Kärnell ◽  
Liselott Ericson

There is growing interest in using electric motors as prime movers in mobile hydraulic systems. This increases the interest in so-called pump-controlled systems, where each actuator has its own drive unit. Such architectures are primarily appealing in applications where energy efficiency is important and electric recuperation is relevant. An issue with pump-controlled systems is, however, mode-switch oscillations which can appear when the pressure levels in the system are close to the switching condition. In this paper, the mode-switching behavior of different generalized closed and open circuit configurations is investigated. The results show that the choice of where to sense the pressures has a huge impact on the behavior. They also show that, if the pressure sensing components are properly placed, closed and open circuits can perform very similarly, but that mode-switch oscillations still can occur in all circuits. Active hysteresis control is suggested as a solution and its effectiveness is analyzed. The outcome from the analysis shows that active hysteresis control can reduce the risk for mode-switch oscillations significantly.

Gaochuang Yang ◽  
Yawen Yang ◽  
Tiandi Chen ◽  
Jinqing Wang ◽  
Limin Ma ◽  

Photonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 31
Xiaokang Song ◽  
Liangtao Hou ◽  
Xiangyu Wei ◽  
Hang Su ◽  
Chang Li ◽  

A high sensitivity optical fiber gas pressure sensor based on paralleled Fabry–Pérot interferometers (FPIs) was demonstrated. One micro-cavity FPI is used as a reference FPI (FPI-1) to generate a Vernier effect and the other FPI (FPI-2) is used as a sensing tip. Both FPIs are connected by a 3-dB coupler to form a paralleled structure. The FPI-1 was fabricated by fusion splicing a piece of hollow core fiber (HCF) between two sections of single-mode fibers (SMF), whereas FPI-2 was formed by fusion splicing a section of HCF between SMF and a piece of HCF with a slightly smaller inner diameter for sensing pressure. The gas pressure sensitivity was amplified from 4 nm/MPa of single FPI to 45.76 nm/MPa of paralleled FPIs with an amplification factor of 11.44 and a linearity of 99.9%. Compared with the traditional fiber gas pressure sensors, the proposed sensor showed great advantages in sensitivity, mechanical strength, cost, and temperature influence resistant, which has potential in adverse-circumstance gas pressure sensing.

2022 ◽  
Vol 427 ◽  
pp. 131896 ◽  
Guihua Yan ◽  
Shuaiming He ◽  
Sen Ma ◽  
Anqi Zeng ◽  
Gaofeng Chen ◽  

Small ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 2270001
Jiankun Huang ◽  
Jingbin Zeng ◽  
Xue Zhang ◽  
Gengchen Guo ◽  
Rui Liu ◽  

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