social recommendation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-26
Chengyuan Zhang ◽  
Yang Wang ◽  
Lei Zhu ◽  
Jiayu Song ◽  
Hongzhi Yin

With the rapid development of online social recommendation system, substantial methods have been proposed. Unlike traditional recommendation system, social recommendation performs by integrating social relationship features, where there are two major challenges, i.e., early summarization and data sparsity. Thus far, they have not been solved effectively. In this article, we propose a novel social recommendation approach, namely Multi-Graph Heterogeneous Interaction Fusion (MG-HIF), to solve these two problems. Our basic idea is to fuse heterogeneous interaction features from multi-graphs, i.e., user–item bipartite graph and social relation network, to improve the vertex representation learning. A meta-path cross-fusion model is proposed to fuse multi-hop heterogeneous interaction features via discrete cross-correlations. Based on that, a social relation GAN is developed to explore latent friendships of each user. We further fuse representations from two graphs by a novel multi-graph information fusion strategy with attention mechanism. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to combine meta-path with social relation representation. To evaluate the performance of MG-HIF, we compare MG-HIF with seven states of the art over four benchmark datasets. The experimental results show that MG-HIF achieves better performance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-33
Hui Li ◽  
Lianyun Li ◽  
Guipeng Xv ◽  
Chen Lin ◽  
Ke Li ◽  

Social Recommender Systems (SRS) have attracted considerable attention since its accompanying service, social networks, helps increase user satisfaction and provides auxiliary information to improve recommendations. However, most existing SRS focus on social influence and ignore another essential social phenomenon, i.e., social homophily. Social homophily, which is the premise of social influence, indicates that people tend to build social relations with similar people and form influence propagation paths. In this article, we propose a generic framework Social PathExplorer (SPEX) to enhance neural SRS. SPEX treats the neural recommendation model as a black box and improves the quality of recommendations by modeling the social recommendation task, the formation of social homophily, and their mutual effect in the manner of multi-task learning. We design a Graph Neural Network based component for influence propagation path prediction to help SPEX capture the rich information conveyed by the formation of social homophily. We further propose an uncertainty based task balancing method to set appropriate task weights for the recommendation task and the path prediction task during the joint optimization. Extensive experiments have validated that SPEX can be easily plugged into various state-of-the-art neural recommendation models and help improve their performance. The source code of our work is available at:

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-24
Minghao Zhao ◽  
Qilin Deng ◽  
Kai Wang ◽  
Runze Wu ◽  
Jianrong Tao ◽  

In recent years, advances in Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs) have given new insights into the development of social recommendation. However, many existing GCN-based social recommendation methods often directly apply GCN to capture user-item and user-user interactions, which probably have two main limitations: (a) Due to the power-law property of the degree distribution, the vanilla GCN with static normalized adjacency matrix has limitations in learning node representations, especially for the long-tail nodes; (b) multi-typed social relationships between users that are ubiquitous in the real world are rarely considered. In this article, we propose a novel Bilateral Filtering Heterogeneous Attention Network (BFHAN), which improves long-tail node representations and leverages multi-typed social relationships between user nodes. First, we propose a novel graph convolutional filter for the user-item bipartite network and extend it to the user-user homogeneous network. Further, we theoretically analyze the correlation between the convergence values of different graph convolutional filters and node degrees after stacking multiple layers. Second, we model multi-relational social interactions between users as the multiplex network and further propose a multiplex attention network to capture distinctive inter-layer influences for user representations. Last but not least, the experimental results demonstrate that our proposed method outperforms several state-of-the-art GCN-based methods for social recommendation tasks.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-28
Hao Wang ◽  
Defu Lian ◽  
Hanghang Tong ◽  
Qi Liu ◽  
Zhenya Huang ◽  

Social recommendation has achieved great success in many domains including e-commerce and location-based social networks. Existing methods usually explore the user-item interactions or user-user connections to predict users’ preference behaviors. However, they usually learn both user and item representations in Euclidean space, which has large limitations for exploring the latent hierarchical property in the data. In this article, we study a novel problem of hyperbolic social recommendation, where we aim to learn the compact but strong representations for both users and items. Meanwhile, this work also addresses two critical domain-issues, which are under-explored. First, users often make trade-offs with multiple underlying aspect factors to make decisions during their interactions with items. Second, users generally build connections with others in terms of different aspects, which produces different influences with aspects in social network. To this end, we propose a novel graph neural network (GNN) framework with multiple aspect learning, namely, HyperSoRec. Specifically, we first embed all users, items, and aspects into hyperbolic space with superior representations to ensure their hierarchical properties. Then, we adapt a GNN with novel multi-aspect message-passing-receiving mechanism to capture different influences among users. Next, to characterize the multi-aspect interactions of users on items, we propose an adaptive hyperbolic metric learning method by introducing learnable interactive relations among different aspects. Finally, we utilize the hyperbolic translational distance to measure the plausibility in each user-item pair for recommendation. Experimental results on two public datasets clearly demonstrate that our HyperSoRec not only achieves significant improvement for recommendation performance but also shows better representation ability in hyperbolic space with strong robustness and reliability.

Jie Liao ◽  
Wei Zhou ◽  
Fengji Luo ◽  
Junhao Wen ◽  
Min Gao ◽  

IEEE Access ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-1
Jiyong Zhang ◽  
Xin Liu ◽  
Xiaofei Zhou

Symmetry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (11) ◽  
pp. 2158
Xin Zhang ◽  
Jiwei Qin ◽  
Jiong Zheng

For personalized recommender systems, matrix factorization and its variants have become mainstream in collaborative filtering. However, the dot product in matrix factorization does not satisfy the triangle inequality and therefore fails to capture fine-grained information. Metric learning-based models have been shown to be better at capturing fine-grained information than matrix factorization. Nevertheless, most of these models only focus on rating data and social information, which are not sufficient for dealing with the challenges of data sparsity. In this paper, we propose a metric learning-based social recommendation model called SRMC. SRMC exploits users’ co-occurrence patterns to discover their potentially similar or dissimilar users with symmetric relationships and change their relative positions to achieve better recommendations. Experiments on three public datasets show that our model is more effective than the compared models.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Zhongxiu Xia ◽  
Weiyu Zhang ◽  
Ziqiang Weng

In recent years, due to the rise of online social platforms, social networks have more and more influence on our daily life, and social recommendation system has become one of the important research directions of recommendation system research. Because the graph structure in social networks and graph neural networks has strong representation capabilities, the application of graph neural networks in social recommendation systems has become more and more extensive, and it has also shown good results. Although graph neural networks have been successfully applied in social recommendation systems, their performance may still be limited in practical applications. The main reason is that they can only take advantage of pairs of user relations but cannot capture the higher-order relations between users. We propose a model that applies the hypergraph attention network to the social recommendation system (HASRE) to solve this problem. Specifically, we take the hypergraph’s ability to model high-order relations to capture high-order relations between users. However, because the influence of the users’ friends is different, we use the graph attention mechanism to capture the users’ attention to different friends and adaptively model selection information for the user. In order to verify the performance of the recommendation system, this paper carries out analysis experiments on three data sets related to the recommendation system. The experimental results show that HASRE outperforms the state-of-the-art method and can effectively improve the accuracy of recommendation.

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