radiological findings
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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (3) ◽  
pp. 592-598
Johannes Jacobus Pretorius ◽  
Juliane Hiesgen ◽  
Michael Myburgh ◽  
Farhana E Suleman

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Maryam Najafinejad ◽  
Fatemeh Cheraghali ◽  
Bahman Aghcheli ◽  
Abdolhalim Rajabi ◽  
Leila Barati ◽  

The COVID-19 disease usually leads to mild infectious disease in children, but some develop serious complications. Here, we describe the characteristics of children with COVID-19 in northern Iran, the Golestan province. Ninety-one confirmed cases were enrolled in the study, aged 0–18 years. Demographic, clinical, comorbidity, laboratory, and radiological data were compared based on the disease severity (admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) or not) and disease outcome (recovered or deceased). Sixteen (17.5%) cases were hospitalized in ICU, and 8/91 (8.8%) deceased. Fever and cough were the most common clinical symptoms. Among all symptoms notified there were no significant differences between severe and milder cases, or between those who deceased and recovered. Failure to thrive (FTT), malignant disease and neurological disease were significantly more prevalent in severe cases as was frequently reported comorbidities. Laterality, ground-glass opacity, and lung consolidation were the most common findings in chest computed tomography. The data confirms that the COVID-19 disease has various presentations in children, and clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings may help predict the development of severe forms of COVID-19 among children.

Federica Penner ◽  
Pietro Zeppa ◽  
Fabio Cofano ◽  
Andrea Bianconi ◽  
Marco Ajello ◽  

AbstractConfirmation bias is the tendency to seek information and evidence in order to confirm a preexisting hypothesis while giving less importance and overlook an alternative solution. This report describes the case of a 52-year-old man with a long history of neck pain and bilateral upper limbs paresthesias with a cervical intracanal inhomogeneously enhancing lesion. Despite all the preoperative radiological findings, a spinal meningioma an anterior approach was performed. The mass ended up being a large migrated hernia with the involvement of two levels. Before suggesting treatment, especially surgery, physicians and practitioners need to evaluate all of the possible alternatives in order to optimize patient outcome.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 6
Michel Gustavo Mondragon-Soto ◽  
Lior Elkaim ◽  
Alexander G. Weil

Background: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS), the mainstay of the treatment for hydrocephalus, is associated with relatively high revision rates. Transient hydrocephalus due to intermittent VPS obstruction should be recognized as a cause of VPS malfunction. While transient VPS dysfunction is well-recognized complication, there is a relative paucity of well-documented cases in the literature. Case Description: We present the case of a 4-year-old boy with a history of vascular malformation and hydrocephalus secondary to intraventricular hemorrhage. The patient presented with transient, self-resolving hydrocephalus (without intervention), as documented by clinical and radiological findings. Conclusion: Transient hydrocephalus due to intermittent VPS dysfunction in children is a rare entity, but it should be suspected in certain patients with VPS presenting with transient or self-improving symptoms.

Prasad Krishnan ◽  
Abhijit Ray

AbstractIn the article, the classical radiological findings in trichilemmal cysts of the scalp are described.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (4) ◽  
Hanieh Hosseinnezhad ◽  
Seyyed Morteza Hozhabrossadati ◽  
Ali Reza Khalesi ◽  
Mahmoud Ganjifard

Background: Coronavirus, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in humans, mainly causes respiratory and gastrointestinal manifestations that can range from a simple cold to severe clinical symptoms or death. On the other hand, COVID-19 patients’ hospitalization in the intensive care unit (ICU) have serious problems, which can affect their mortality; therefore, the awareness of these problems has a main role in decision-making in the early stages. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ICU. Methods: This cross-sectional (descriptive-analytical) study was conducted on patients with COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to the ICU of Valiasr Hospital, Birjand, Iran, in 2020. A total of 111 patients, including 51 female and 63 male subjects, were enrolled in this study using convenience sampling. Demographic data, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, radiological findings, supportive methods of oxygen therapy, and clinical outcomes were collected using a checklist and compared between two groups (i.e., survivors and nonsurvivors). Results: Among 111 patients (including 59 nonsurvivors and 52 survivors), the numbers of mortalities within the age ranges of ≥ 75 and ≤ 44 years were the highest and lowest, respectively. In the survived patients, hypertension (50.8%), diabetes mellitus (47.5%), heart disease (44.1%), and chronic obstructive lung disease (23.7%) were the most common comorbidities. Moreover, dyspnea (81.1%), fever and chills (73%), cough (64.9%), muscle pain (45%), and weakness, and lethargy (42.3%) were the most common symptoms of the patients. Based on the comparison of survived and nonsurvived groups, diarrhea (P < 0.001), sore throat (P < 0.001), nausea (P < 0.001), and vomiting (P < 0.0001) were significantly higher in the group of survived patients. Among the radiological findings (i.e., chest X-ray and high-resolution computed tomography), bronchoalveolar markings (P = 0.05) and pleural effusion (P = 0.02) were higher in the nonsurvived patients. The average Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score ≥ 16 was reported with a higher mortality rate. Conclusions: Risk factors, including dyspnea, older age, comorbidities, and high APACHE II score, could increase the risk of poor clinical outcomes and help identify ill patients with a poor prognosis at the beginning of ICU admission.

2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (7) ◽  
Gabriel Isola Braga ◽  
Jefferson Filgueira Alcindo ◽  
Luis Gustavo Narciso ◽  
Fernanda Bovino ◽  
Thomas Alexander Trein ◽  

ABSTRACT: This article evaluated the vital parameters, blood gas measurements, cortisol values and radiological findings of goat kids born at term and prematurely during the first 48 hours of life. For this purpose, 24 kids from 24 goats were used and assigned to groups as follows: Group I, eight kids born through cesarean sections performed at 149 days of gestation; Group II, eight kids born through cesarean sections performed at 143 days of gestation; Group III, eight kids born through cesarean sections performed at 143 days of gestation, whose mothers received 20 mg of dexamethasone. Group I had lower heart rate values than the other groups at 60 minutes after birth. In terms of temperature, there was no difference between the groups. The pH values were reduced shortly after birth, rising at 24 and 48 hours in all animals studied. In terms of the cortisol levels, the values increased significantly at birth (M0), with the highest values obtained in animals in group II. These values decreased at 48 hours after birth in the evaluated goats. The animals belonging to group I showed better radiographic aspects, and throughout the 48 hours of evaluation, all newborns exhibited adequate respiratory adaptation. It can be concluded that antenatal dexamethasone administered at 143 days of gestation did not influence neonatal viability, metabolic or radiographic parameters. The metabolic changes found are consistent with the extrauterine adaptation period that animals in this stage of life.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 20-28
Hideki Fujii ◽  
Tetsuo Hayama ◽  
Toshiomi Abe ◽  
Motoi Takahashi ◽  
Ayano Amagami ◽  

Aims Although the short stem concept in hip arthroplasty procedure shows acceptable clinical performance, we sometimes get unexplainable radiological findings. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate changes of radiological findings up to three years postoperatively, and to assess any potential contributing factors on such radiological change in a Japanese population. Methods This is a retrospective radiological study conducted in Japan. Radiological assessment was done in accordance with predetermined radiological review protocol. A total of 241 hips were included in the study and 118 hips (49.0%) revealed radiological change from immediately after surgery to one year postoperatively; these 118 hips were eligible for further analyses. Each investigator screened whether either radiolucent lines (RLLs), cortical hypertrophy (CH), or atrophy (AT) appeared or not on the one-year radiograph. Further, three-year radiographs of eligible cases were reviewed to determine changes such as, disappeared (D), improved (I), stable (S), and progression (P). Additionally, bone condensation (BC) was assessed on the three-year radiograph. Results CH was observed in 49 hips (21.1%), AT was observed in 63 hips (27.2%), and RLLs were observed in 34 hips (14.7%) at one year postoperatively. Among 34 hips with RLLs, 70.6% showed change of either D or I on the three-year radiograph. BC was observed in younger patients more frequently. Conclusion The Fitmore stem works well in a Japanese population with favourable radiological change on hips with RLLs. Longer-term follow-up is required to determine clinical relevance. Cite this article: Bone Jt Open 2022;3(1):20–28.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 123
K. Venkataramana Reddy ◽  
Chapay Soren ◽  
M. Geethika ◽  
N. Dharani ◽  
K. Sruthi Reddy

A 7-month-old female child, born to 2nd degree consanguineous marriage brought with complaints of gross developmental delay. Her examination revealed spasticity in all 4 limbs with brisk deep tendon reflexes with intact primitive reflexes and exaggerated startle reflex. Her MRI brain showed demyelination signs in bilateral thalami, dentate hila, and thickened optic chaisma. Age of presentation, clinico-radiological findings were suggestive of early infantile form of Krabbe disease.  

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